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Chapter 14: The Financialization of Everyday Life (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781315114255 Year: Pages: 23 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Economics --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:06:39
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Abstract

The term “financialization of everyday life” has become a buzzword in recent years. As it is often the case with buzzwords, the financialization of everyday life literature is informed by a variety of conceptual uses, theoretical traditions, and critical angles. This chapter provides an overview of this dynamic field. The first part looks at different definitions of the financialization of everyday life, contrasting three main uses of the term. The second part focuses on the commonalities across different stands of the financialization of everyday life literature and explains their shared starting point: the socio-economic processes associated with neoliberalism that are seen to have given rise to everyday financialization. The third part, in turn, discusses the differences between the main theoretical traditions as part of which the financialization of everyday life has been studied: (1) Foucauldian governmentality approaches that undoubtedly had the biggest impact on the field, (2) (cultural) economic sociology in a Weberian and Zelizerian tradition, (3) social studies of finance, and (4) the sociological study of inequality. The fourth part examines the critical angles used by each tradition, and the chapter concludes by considering the ways in which the field enables constructive criticism of contemporary finance.

The Politics of Uncertainty

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ISBN: 9780367903374 Year: Pages: 196 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: University of Sussex
Subject: Economics --- Environmental Sciences --- Social Sciences --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-10 23:58:25
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"Why is uncertainty so important to politics today? To explore the underlying reasons, issues and challenges, this book’s chapters address finance and banking, insurance, technology regulation and critical infrastructures, as well as climate change, infectious disease responses, natural disasters, migration, crime and security and spirituality and religion. The book argues that uncertainties must be understood as complex constructions of knowledge, materiality, experience, embodiment and practice. Examining in particular how uncertainties are experienced in contexts of marginalisation and precarity, this book shows how sustainability and development are not just technical issues, but depend on deeply political values and choices. What burgeoning uncertainties require lies less in escalating efforts at control, but more in a new – more collective, mutualistic and convivial – politics of responsibility and care. If hopes of much-needed progressive transformation are to be realised, then currently-blinkered understandings of uncertainty need to be met with renewed democratic struggle. Written in an accessible style and illustrated by multiple case studies from across the world, this book will appeal to a wide cross-disciplinary audience in fields ranging from economics to law to science studies to sociology to anthropology and geography, as well as professionals working in risk management, disaster risk reduction, emergencies and wider public policy fields."

Advanced Mathematical Methods: Theory and Applications

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ISBN: 9783039282463 9783039282470 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-247-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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The many technical and computational problems that appear to be constantly emerging in various branches of physics and engineering beg for a more detailed understanding of the fundamental mathematics that serves as the cornerstone of our way of understanding natural phenomena. The purpose of this Special Issue was to establish a brief collection of carefully selected articles authored by promising young scientists and the world's leading experts in pure and applied mathematics, highlighting the state-of-the-art of the various research lines focusing on the study of analytical and numerical mathematical methods for pure and applied sciences.

Keywords

ultraparabolic equation --- ultradiffusion process --- probabilistic representation --- mathematical finance --- linear elastostatics --- layer potentials --- fredholmian operators --- fractional differential equations --- fractional derivative --- Abel-type integral --- time delay --- distributed lag --- gamma distribution --- macroeconomics --- Keynesian model --- integral transforms --- Laplace integral transform --- transmutation operator --- generating operator --- integral equations --- differential equations --- operational calculus of Mikusinski type --- Mellin integral transform --- fractional derivative --- fractional integral --- Mittag–Leffler function --- Riemann–Liouville derivative --- Caputo derivative --- Grünwald–Letnikov derivative --- space-time fractional diffusion equation --- fractional Laplacian --- subordination principle --- Mittag-Leffler function --- Bessel function --- exterior calculus --- exterior algebra --- electromagnetism --- Maxwell equations --- differential forms --- tensor calculus --- Fourier Theory --- DFT in polar coordinates --- polar coordinates --- multidimensional DFT --- discrete Hankel Transform --- discrete Fourier Transform --- Orthogonality --- multispecies biofilm --- biosorption --- free boundary value problem --- heavy metals toxicity --- method of characteristics --- relativistic diffusion equation --- Caputo fractional derivatives of a function with respect to another function --- Bessel-Riesz motion --- Mittag–Leffler function --- matrix function --- Schur decomposition --- Laplace transform --- fractional calculus --- central limit theorem --- anomalous diffusion --- stable distribution --- fractional calculus --- power law --- n/a

Fuzzy Sets, Fuzzy Logic and Their Applications

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ISBN: 9783039285204 9783039285211 Year: Pages: 366 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-521-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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The present book contains 20 articles collected from amongst the 53 total submitted manuscripts for the Special Issue “Fuzzy Sets, Fuzzy Loigic and Their Applications” of the MDPI journal Mathematics. The articles, which appear in the book in the series in which they were accepted, published in Volumes 7 (2019) and 8 (2020) of the journal, cover a wide range of topics connected to the theory and applications of fuzzy systems and their extensions and generalizations. This range includes, among others, management of the uncertainty in a fuzzy environment; fuzzy assessment methods of human-machine performance; fuzzy graphs; fuzzy topological and convergence spaces; bipolar fuzzy relations; type-2 fuzzy; and intuitionistic, interval-valued, complex, picture, and Pythagorean fuzzy sets, soft sets and algebras, etc. The applications presented are oriented to finance, fuzzy analytic hierarchy, green supply chain industries, smart health practice, and hotel selection. This wide range of topics makes the book interesting for all those working in the wider area of Fuzzy sets and systems and of fuzzy logic and for those who have the proper mathematical background who wish to become familiar with recent advances in fuzzy mathematics, which has entered to almost all sectors of human life and activity.

Keywords

fuzzy analytic hierarchy process --- decision-making --- partial consensus --- posterior aggregation --- fuzzy topology --- fuzzy convergence --- lattice-valued convergence --- ?-convergence space --- relative topologicalness --- p-topologcalness --- diagonal condition --- neighborhood condition --- fuzzy sets (FSs) --- uncertainty --- center of gravity (COG) defuzzification technique --- triangular fuzzy numbers (TFNs) --- grey numbers (GNs) --- fuzzy relation equations (FRE) --- grade point average (GPA) index --- residuated lattice --- soft set --- filter --- t-filter --- t-int-soft filter --- BCK/BCI-algebra --- (?,?)-US set --- (?,?)-US subalgebra --- (?,?)-US (closed) ideal --- (?,?)-US commutative ideal --- fuzzy topology --- fuzzy convergence --- ?-convergence space --- regularity --- intuitionistic fuzzy set --- similarity --- counterintuitive --- fuzzy graph --- picture fuzzy graph --- social network --- direct product --- lexicographic product --- strong product --- Interval-valued complex fuzzy sets --- distance measures --- rotational invariance --- reflectional invariance --- dynamic multiple attribute decision making --- fuzzy regression --- interval type-2 fuzzy sets --- fuzzy topology --- fuzzy convergence --- ?-convergence --- diagonal condition --- L-cotopological space --- L-topological space --- degree of L-continuity --- degree of L-closedness --- degree of L-openness --- performance management --- green supply chain --- decision making --- nonlinear mathematical modeling --- FMCG industries --- fuzzy DEMATEL --- bipolar fuzzy relation --- bipolar fuzzy reflexive (resp., symmetric and transitive) relation --- bipolar fuzzy equivalence relation --- bipolar fuzzy partition --- (a, b)-level set --- fuzzy logic --- finance --- banking --- banking crisis management --- fuzzy number --- ?-limit set --- periodic point --- Zadeh’s extension --- smart health --- fuzzy collaborative intelligence --- fuzzy analytic hierarchy process --- suitability --- picture fuzzy numbers --- interaction operations --- partitioned Heronian --- aggregation operators --- hotel selection --- Pythagorean fuzzy set --- Dempster–Shafer evidence theory --- basic probability assignment --- medical diagnosis --- interval-valued fuzzy soft set --- interval-valued fuzzy soft topology --- interval-valued fuzzy soft point --- interval-valued fuzzy soft neighborhood --- interval-valued fuzzy soft quasi-neighborhood --- interval-valued fuzzy soft separation axioms

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