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A European Public Investment Outlook

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Book Series: Open Reports Series ISSN: 2399-6668 (Print); 2399-6676 (Online) ISBN: 9781800640115 / 9781800640139 Year: Volume: 9 Pages: 224 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0222 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-17 17:50:05
License: CC-BY-4.0

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This outlook provides a focused assessment of the state of public capital in the major European countries and identifies areas where public investment could contribute more to stable and sustainable growth. A European Public Investment Outlook brings together contributions from a range of international authors from diverse intellectual and professional backgrounds, providing a valuable resource for the policy-making community in Europe to feed their discussion on public investment. The volume both offers sector-specific advice and highlights larger areas which should be prioritized in the policy debate (from transport to social capital, R&D and the environment).The Outlook is structured into two parts: the chapters of Part I respectively explore public investment trends in France, Germany, Italy, Spain and Europe as a whole, and illuminate how the legacy of the 2008 Global Financial Crisis is one of insufficient public investment. Part II investigates some areas into which resources could be channelled to reverse the recent trend and provide European economies with an adequate public capital stock.The essays in this outlook collectively foster a broad approach to and definition of public investment, that is today more relevant than ever. Offering up a timely and clear case for the elimination of bias against investment in European fiscal rules, this outlook is a welcome contribution to the European debate, aimed both at policy makers and general readers.

China's Energy Revolution in the Context of the Global Energy Transition

Book Series: Advances in Oil and Gas Exploration & Production ISBN: 9783030401542 Year: Pages: 700 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-40154-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Technology --- Agriculture (General) --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:59:04
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This open access book is an encyclopaedic analysis of the current and future energy system of the world’s most populous country and second biggest economy. What happens in China impacts the planet. In the past 40 years China has achieved one of the most remarkable economic growth rates in history. Its GDP has risen by a factor of 65, enabling 850,000 people to rise out of poverty. Growth on this scale comes with consequences. China is the world’s biggest consumer of primary energy and the world’s biggest emitter of CO2 emissions. Creating a prosperous and harmonious society that delivers economic growth and a high quality of life for all will require radical change in the energy sector, and a rewiring of the economy more widely. In China’s Energy Revolution in the Context of the Global Energy Transition, a team of researchers from the Development Research Center of the State Council of China and Shell International examine how China can revolutionise its supply and use of energy. They examine the entire energy system: coal, oil, gas, nuclear, renewables and new energies in production, conversion, distribution and consumption. They compare China with case studies and lessons learned in other countries. They ask which technology, policy and market mechanisms are required to support the change and they explore how international cooperation can smooth the way to an energy revolution in China and across the world. And, they create and compare scenarios on possible pathways to a future energy system that is low-carbon, affordable, secure and reliable. ;

Model-Based Tools for Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Processes

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039284245 9783039284252 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-425-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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The Special Issue on “Model-Based Tools for Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Processes” will curate novel advances in the development and application of model-based tools to address ever-present challenges of the traditional pharmaceutical manufacturing practice as well as new trends. This book provides a collection of nine papers on original advances in the model-based process unit, system-level, quality-by-design under uncertainty, and decision-making applications of pharmaceutical manufacturing processes.

Advances in Hard-to-Cut Materials: Manufacturing, Properties, Process Mechanics and Evaluation of Surface Integrity

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039283545 9783039283552 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-355-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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The rapid growth of modern industry has resulted in a growing demand for construction materials with excellent operational properties. However, the improved features of these materials can significantly hinder their manufacture and, therefore, they can be defined as hard-to-cut. The main difficulties during the manufacturing/processing of hard-to-cut materials are attributed especially to their high hardness and abrasion resistance, high strength at room or elevated temperatures, increased thermal conductivity, as well as resistance to oxidation and corrosion. Nowadays, the group of hard-to-cut materials is extensive and still expanding, which is attributed to the development of a novel manufacturing techniques (e.g., additive technologies). Currently, the group of hard-to-cut materials mainly includes hardened and stainless steels, titanium, cobalt and nickel alloys, composites, ceramics, as well as the hard clads fabricated by additive techniques. This Special Issue, “Advances in Hard-to-Cut Materials: Manufacturing, Properties, Process Mechanics and Evaluation of Surface Integrity”, provides the collection of research papers regarding the various problems correlated with hard-to-cut materials. The analysis of these studies reveals the primary directions regarding the developments in manufacturing methods, characterization, and optimization of hard-to-cut materials.

Assessment of Energy–Environment–Economy Interrelations

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ISBN: 9783039288090 / 9783039288106 Year: Pages: 274 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-810-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Energy consumption and economic growth have been of great interest to researchers and policy-makers. Knowing the actual causal relationship between energy and the economy with respect to environmental degradation has important implications for modeling environmental and growth policies. The eleven chapters included herein aim to help researchers, academicians, and especially decision-makers to understand relevant issues and adopt appropriate methods to tackle and solve relevant environmental problems. Various methods from different disciplines are proposed and applied to various environmental and energy issues.

Intelligent Optimization Modelling in Energy Forecasting

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ISBN: 9783039283644 9783039283651 Year: Pages: 262 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-365-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Accurate energy forecasting is important to facilitate the decision-making process in order to achieve higher efficiency and reliability in power system operation and security, economic energy use, contingency scheduling, the planning and maintenance of energy supply systems, and so on. In recent decades, many energy forecasting models have been continuously proposed to improve forecasting accuracy, including traditional statistical models (e.g., ARIMA, SARIMA, ARMAX, multi-variate regression, exponential smoothing models, Kalman filtering, Bayesian estimation models, etc.) and artificial intelligence models (e.g., artificial neural networks (ANNs), knowledge-based expert systems, evolutionary computation models, support vector regression, etc.). Recently, due to the great development of optimization modeling methods (e.g., quadratic programming method, differential empirical mode method, evolutionary algorithms, meta-heuristic algorithms, etc.) and intelligent computing mechanisms (e.g., quantum computing, chaotic mapping, cloud mapping, seasonal mechanism, etc.), many novel hybrid models or models combined with the above-mentioned intelligent-optimization-based models have also been proposed to achieve satisfactory forecasting accuracy levels. It is important to explore the tendency and development of intelligent-optimization-based modeling methodologies and to enrich their practical performances, particularly for marine renewable energy forecasting.

Keywords

short-term load forecasting --- weighted k-nearest neighbor (W-K-NN) algorithm --- comparative analysis --- empirical mode decomposition (EMD) --- particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm --- intrinsic mode function (IMF) --- support vector regression (SVR) --- short term load forecasting --- crude oil price forecasting --- time series forecasting --- hybrid model --- complementary ensemble empirical mode decomposition (CEEMD) --- sparse Bayesian learning (SBL) --- multi-step wind speed prediction --- Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition --- Long Short Term Memory --- General Regression Neural Network --- Brain Storm Optimization --- substation project cost forecasting model --- feature selection --- data inconsistency rate --- modified fruit fly optimization algorithm --- deep convolutional neural network --- multi-objective grey wolf optimizer --- long short-term memory --- fuzzy time series --- LEM2 --- combination forecasting --- wind speed --- electrical power load --- crude oil prices --- time series forecasting --- improved complete ensemble empirical mode decomposition with adaptive noise (ICEEMDAN) --- kernel learning --- kernel ridge regression --- differential evolution (DE) --- artificial intelligence techniques --- energy forecasting --- condition-based maintenance --- asset management --- renewable energy consumption --- Gaussian processes regression --- state transition algorithm --- five-year project --- forecasting --- Markov-switching --- Markov-switching GARCH --- energy futures --- commodities --- portfolio management --- active investment --- diversification --- institutional investors --- energy price hedging --- metamodel --- ensemble --- individual --- regression --- interpolation

Application of Optimization in Production, Logistics, Inventory, Supply Chain Management and Block Chain

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039285228 / 9783039285235 Year: Pages: 618 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-523-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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The evolution of industrial development since the 18th century is now experiencing the fourth industrial revolution. The effect of the development has propagated into almost every sector of the industry. From inventory to the circular economy, the effectiveness of technology has been fruitful for industry. The recent trends in research, with new ideas and methodologies, are included in this book. Several new ideas and business strategies are developed in the area of the supply chain management, logistics, optimization, and forecasting for the improvement of the economy of the society and the environment. The proposed technologies and ideas are either novel or help modify several other new ideas. Different real life problems with different dimensions are discussed in the book so that readers may connect with the recent issues in society and industry. The collection of the articles provides a glimpse into the new research trends in technology, business, and the environment.

Keywords

inventory --- defectives --- inspection errors --- full trade credit --- partial trade credit --- supplier selection process --- multicriteria decision making (MCDM) --- edible oil --- fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP) --- green data envelopment analysis (GDEA) --- optimization --- integer linear programming --- sustainable --- supplier selection --- order allocation --- supply chain management --- e-commerce --- O2O channel --- customer acquisition cost --- transshipments --- electric power distribution --- Lean manufacturing --- multi-stage production system --- fuzzy demand --- imperfect products --- reworking --- lean manufacturing --- sustainability --- process imperfection --- uncertain information --- decomposition principle --- triangular fuzzy number --- human-based production system --- offline inspection --- optimization --- inspection cost --- outgoing quality --- learning behavior --- transport infrastructure --- develop strategies --- optimal algorithms --- business performance --- resilient supply chain --- supplier selection --- fuzzy optimization --- disruption risks --- preservation technology investment --- refrigerated trucks --- waste reduction --- controllable probabilistic deterioration rate --- supply chain management --- supply chain inventory --- imperfect quality --- inspection --- carbon emission --- deteriorating items --- industry 4.0 --- dynamic job-shop scheduling --- simulation --- decision support systems --- internet of things --- four-dimensional transportation problem --- fixed charge --- space constraint --- budget constraint --- substitute and complimentary items --- rough interval --- lead-time reduction --- production modelling --- optimization --- inventory control --- backorder --- imperfect manufacturing system --- backordering --- defective products --- rework --- inspection --- inventory --- smart production --- variable demand --- advertisement --- energy --- rework --- system reliability --- airborne particulate matter --- Bayesian approach --- change point detection --- likelihood ratio test --- time series analysis --- air quality --- supply chain management --- inventory control --- distribution-free approach --- revenue sharing --- radio frequency identification --- information asymmetry --- CLSC management --- O2O channel --- random defective rate --- hybrid manufacturing- remanufacturing strategy --- stochastic-petri net modeling --- sustainable healthcare system --- staff absenteeism --- patient’s queue --- mixed integer nonlinear programming --- data envelopment analysis --- benchmarking --- petrochemical industries --- technical and super-efficiencies --- multidimensional scaling --- efficiency and scatter plots --- price discounts --- stochastic-price dependent demand --- newsvendor --- pricing policy --- scheduling --- evolutionary algorithm --- robustness --- multi-objective --- machine breakdown --- inventory --- pricing --- complementary products --- substitutable products --- deterioration --- inventory modelling and optimization --- Trade-credit financing --- Cash discounts --- permissible delays in payments --- Supply chain management --- economic order quantity (EOQ) --- mathematical solution procedure --- deteriorating items --- mathematical analytic tools and techniques --- managerial considerations and managerial decisions --- production --- imperfect production --- defective rate --- workplace stress --- workers’ efficiency --- quality control --- targeting model --- process mean --- strict quasi-concavity --- recurrent states --- optimized limits --- preventive maintenance --- imperfect repair --- optimization --- reliability threshold --- repairable system --- distributed development --- agile development --- application program interfaces in agile distributed projects --- framework for agile distributed development

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