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Advances in CAD/CAM/CAE Technologies

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ISBN: 9783039287406 / 9783039287413 Year: Pages: 116 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-741-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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CAD/CAM/CAE technologies find more and more applications in today’s industries, e.g., in the automotive, aerospace, and naval sectors. These technologies increase the productivity of engineers and researchers to a great extent, while at the same time allowing their research activities to achieve higher levels of performance. A number of difficult-to-perform design and manufacturing processes can be simulated using more methodologies available, i.e., experimental work combined with statistical tools (regression analysis, analysis of variance, Taguchi methodology, deep learning), finite element analysis applied early enough at the design cycle, CAD-based tools for design optimizations, CAM-based tools for machining optimizations.

Alternative Sources of Energy Modeling and Automation

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ISBN: 9783039283743 9783039283750 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-375-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Micro-power domestic organic Rankine cycle (ORC) systems and the selection of the expander and the working fluid are presented, analyzed thoroughly, and numerically evaluated. A promising decentralized hybrid PV-SOFC system is investigated for providing useful energy supply to commercial buildings, capable of power and heat generation at a lower cost. A hybrid solar-combined cycle power plant integrated with a packed-bed thermal energy storage system with a novel recycling configuration enables robust control of collector temperature and net power during times of high solar activity. An automated hybrid (solar and biomass) power plant for thermal energy production for indoor space heating loads coverage is presented. A comprehensive and up-to-date literature review is presented of non-iterative methods for the extraction of the single diode model parameters of photovoltaic modules. A prototype custom built two-speed gearbox with a single stage transmission electric vehicle achieves significant reductions in the overall energy consumption. Two new fuzzy models are presented of high concentrator photovoltaics using the high-accuracy Takagi–Sugeno–Kang approach and the ease of interpreting the Mamdani linguistic rules. Finally, the impact of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) in the primary frequency regulation is studied and the effects of PHEVs in non-interconnected isolated power systems with significant renewable energy source (RES) penetration are demonstrated through simulations of the isolated power system of Cyprus Island.

Systems Analytics and Integration of Big Omics Data

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ISBN: 9783039287444 / 9783039287451 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-745-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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A “genotype"" is essentially an organism's full hereditary information which is obtained from its parents. A ""phenotype"" is an organism's actual observed physical and behavioral properties. These may include traits such as morphology, size, height, eye color, metabolism, etc. One of the pressing challenges in computational and systems biology is genotype-to-phenotype prediction. This is challenging given the amount of data generated by modern Omics technologies. This “Big Data” is so large and complex that traditional data processing applications are not up to the task. Challenges arise in collection, analysis, mining, sharing, transfer, visualization, archiving, and integration of these data. In this Special Issue, there is a focus on the systems-level analysis of Omics data, recent developments in gene ontology annotation, and advances in biological pathways and network biology. The integration of Omics data with clinical and biomedical data using machine learning is explored. This Special Issue covers new methodologies in the context of gene–environment interactions, tissue-specific gene expression, and how external factors or host genetics impact the microbiome.

Keywords

tissue-specific expressed genes --- transcriptome --- tissue classification --- support vector machine --- feature selection --- bioinformatics pipelines --- algorithm development for network integration --- miRNA–gene expression networks --- multiomics integration --- network topology analysis --- candidate genes --- gene–environment interactions --- logic forest --- systemic lupus erythematosus --- Gene Ontology --- KEGG pathways --- enrichment analysis --- proteomic analysis --- plot visualization --- Alzheimer’s disease --- dementia --- cognitive impairment --- neurodegeneration --- Gene Ontology --- annotation --- biocuration --- amyloid-beta --- microtubule-associated protein tau --- artificial intelligence --- genotype --- phenotype --- deep phenotype --- data integration --- genomics --- phenomics --- precision medicine informatics --- epigenetics --- chromatin modification --- sequencing --- regulatory genomics --- disease variants --- machine learning --- multi-omics --- data integration --- curse of dimensionality --- heterogeneous data --- missing data --- class imbalance --- scalability --- genomics --- pharmacogenomics --- cell lines --- database --- drug sensitivity --- data integration --- omics data --- genomics --- RNA expression --- non-omics data --- clinical data --- epidemiological data --- challenges --- integrative analytics --- joint modeling --- multivariate analysis --- multivariate causal mediation --- distance correlation --- direct effect --- indirect effect --- causal inference --- n/a

Quantum Information and Foundations

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ISBN: 9783039283804 9783039283811 Year: Pages: 508 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-381-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Quantum information has dramatically changed information science and technology, looking at the quantum nature of the information carrier as a resource for building new information protocols, designing radically new communication and computation algorithms, and ultra-sensitive measurements in metrology, with a wealth of applications. From a fundamental perspective, this new discipline has led us to regard quantum theory itself as a special theory of information, and has opened routes for exploring solutions to the tension with general relativity, based, for example, on the holographic principle, on non-causal variations of the theory, or else on the powerful algorithm of the quantum cellular automaton, which has revealed new routes for exploring quantum fields theory, both as a new microscopic mechanism on the fundamental side, and as a tool for efficient physical quantum simulations for practical purposes. In this golden age of foundations, an astonishing number of new ideas, frameworks, and results, spawned by the quantum information theory experience, have revolutionized the way we think about the subject, with a new research community emerging worldwide, including scientists from computer science and mathematics.

Keywords

reconstruction of quantum theory --- entanglement --- monogamy --- quantum non-locality --- conserved informational charges --- limited information --- complementarity --- characterization of unitary group and state spaces --- algebraic quantum theory --- C*-algebra --- gelfand duality --- classical context --- bohrification --- process theory --- classical limit --- purity --- higher-order interference --- generalised probabilistic theories --- Euclidean Jordan algebras --- Pauli exclusion principle --- quantum foundations --- X-ray spectroscopy --- underground experiment --- silicon drift detector --- measurement uncertainty relations --- relative entropy --- position --- momentum --- quantum mechanics --- the measurement problem --- collapse models --- X-rays --- quantum gravity --- discrete spacetime --- causal sets --- path summation --- entropic gravity --- physical computing models --- complexity classes --- causality --- blind source separation (BSS) --- qubit pair --- exchange coupling --- entangled pure state --- unentanglement criterion --- probabilities in quantum measurements --- independence of random quantum sources --- iterant --- Clifford algebra --- matrix algebra --- braid group --- Fermion --- Dirac equation --- quantum information --- quantum computation --- semiclassical physics --- quantum control --- quantum genetic algorithm --- sampling-based learning control (SLC) --- quantum foundations --- relativity --- quantum gravity --- cluster states --- multipartite entanglement --- percolation --- Shannon information --- quantum information --- quantum measurements --- consistent histories --- incompatible frameworks --- single framework rule --- probability theory --- entropy --- quantum relative entropy --- quantum information --- quantum mechanics --- inference --- quantum measurement --- quantum estimation --- macroscopic quantum measurement --- quantum annealing --- adiabatic quantum computing --- hard problems --- Hadamard matrix --- binary optimization --- reconstruction of quantum mechanics --- conjugate systems --- Jordan algebras --- quantum correlations --- Gaussian states --- Gaussian unitary operations --- continuous-variable systems --- Wigner-friend experiment --- no-go theorem --- quantum foundations --- interpretations of quantum mechanics --- subsystem --- agent --- conservation of information --- purification --- group representations --- commuting subalgebras --- quantum walks --- Hubbard model --- Thirring model --- quantum information --- quantum foundations --- quantum theory and gravity

Intelligent Electronic Devices

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ISBN: 9783039289738 / 9783039289745 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-974-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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In a modern technological society, electronic engineering and design innovations are both academic and practical engineering fields that involve systematic technological materialization through scientific principles and engineering designs. Engineers and designers must work together with a variety of other professionals in their quest to find systems solutions to complex problems. Rapid advances in science and technology have broadened the horizons of engineering while simultaneously creating a multitude of challenging problems in every aspect of modern life. Current research is interdisciplinary in nature, reflecting a combination of concepts and methods that often span several areas of mechanics, mathematics, electrical engineering, control engineering, and other scientific disciplines. In addition, the 2nd IEEE International Conference on Knowledge Innovation and Invention 2019 (IEEE ICKII 2019) was held in Seoul, South Korea, on 12–15 July, 2019. This book, “Intelligent Electronic Devices”, includes 13 excellent papers form 260 papers presented in this conference about intelligent electronic devices. The main goals of this book were to encourage scientists to publish their experimental and theoretical results in as much detail as possible and to provide new scientific knowledge relevant to the topics of electronics.

Keywords

test pattern generation --- built-in self-test --- broadcast circuit --- low cost --- negative differential resistance --- current-voltage characteristics --- multiple simple current mirror --- threshold voltage --- oscillator --- voltage-controlled oscillator --- ZnO-based nanowires --- hydrothermal method --- Eu3+ and In3+ ions --- photoluminescence properties --- mosquitoes --- Aedes aegypti --- Aedes albopictus --- secondary freeform lens device (SFLD) --- stearic --- dual-input converter --- high voltage gain --- leakage energy recycling --- galvanic isolation --- voltage clamping --- actuator --- lower limb exoskeleton --- wearable robot --- cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) --- as low as diagnostically acceptable (ALADA) --- selective anatomy analytic iteration reconstruction (SA2IR) --- low-dosed --- sparse projections --- diagnostic ability --- drift region --- electrostatic discharge (ESD) --- holding voltage (Vh) --- lateral diffusion MOS (LDMOS) --- transmission-line pulse system (TLP system) --- laser pointer --- electromagnetic lock --- sound recognition module --- regions with convolutional neural network (R-CNN) --- adaptive network-based fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) --- 6-DOF robot arm --- high-definition multimedia interface --- PCB layout --- electromagnetic interference --- radiation resistance --- multi-robots --- path programming --- tabu search --- action quality assessment --- human activity analysis --- skeletal feature representation --- electrical circuits and devices --- computer science and engineering --- communications and information processing --- electrostatic discharge (ESD) --- latchup (LU) --- n-channel lateral diffused MOSFET (nLDMOS) --- non-uniform conduction --- secondary breakdown current (It2) --- transmission-line pulse system (TLP system) --- brushless DC motor --- sensorless motor drive --- speed control --- 180-degree conduction

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2020 (5)