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Strafzumessung = Sentencing

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ISBN: 9783863954611 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2020-1330 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-17 00:04:17
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In September 2018 the criminal law section of the 72nd Deutscher Juristentag (DJT, “German Assembly of Jurists”) debated the question “Sentencing Guidelines vs. Free Judicial Discretion – Is German Sentencing Law in Need of Reform?” Despite the expert opinion provided by Johannes Kaspar and the accompanying scholarly commentaries, ensuing proposals for fundamental reform met with rejection. The comparative perspective was limited to the US Federal sentencing guidelines. The intention of this volume is therefore, on the one hand, to draw a more nuanced picture of Anglo-American sentencing law focusing on three legal systems (England/Wales, USA and Canada) accompanied by commentaries from a German perspective; on the other hand, we want to make the German perspective (better) known within the Anglo-American legal world by reproducing important DJT documents in English language. To ensure the widest possible distribution we opted for a bilingual open access publication.

Criminal procedures and cross-border cooperation in the EU area of criminal justice

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Book Series: European Studies ISBN: 9782800417226 Year: Pages: 459 DOI: 10.26530/20.500.12657/40047 Language: English
Publisher: Éditions de l'Université de Bruxelles
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-22 23:57:44
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This book examines to what extent differences between national and procedural criminal laws hinder the negotiations and the operation of cross-border cooperation instruments. It is based on a comparative analysis of a representative sample of Member States.

Ethnicity, Race and Inequality in the UK

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ISBN: 9781447351269 9781447351252 9781447336327 Year: Pages: 316 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-28 11:21:05
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. 50 years after the establishment of the Runnymede Trust and the Race Relations Act of 1968 which sought to end discrimination in public life, this accessible book provides commentary by some of the UK’s foremost scholars of race and ethnicity on data relating to a wide range of sectors of society, including employment, health, education, criminal justice, housing and representation in the arts and media.

Die Praxis der bedingten Entlassung aus dem Strafvollzug

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Book Series: sui generis ISBN: 9783941159365 Year: Pages: 456 DOI: 10.24921/2019.94115937 Language: German
Publisher: Carl Grossmann Verlag
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-12 11:21:04
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The decision on conditional release from prison (Art. 86 – 89 SCC) is one of the most important decisions in the Swiss criminal justice system. At stake are both the freedom of the convicted person, who is to be given a chance of reintegration by the conditional release, and the security of the general public, which must be protected against the commission of further criminal offences. Despite its significance for convicted persons and the society as a whole, the practice of conditional release is scarcely discussed in Swiss literature: What is the procedure for conditional release? How do the opinions of the parties involved in the procedure influence its outcome? How do the persons responsible for conditional release exercise the discretion left to them by the law? The clarification of these issues seems all the more important given that in recent decades the number of conditional release decisions has decreased and there are considerable cantonal differences. The focus of the dissertation is on the process of decision-making by the responsible authorities in Switzerland, in particular the implementation of the right to be heard, as well as the criteria which influence the decision on the conditional release of offenders. The research is based on a representative sample of 943 criminal files from the cantons of Berne, Fribourg, Lucerne and Vaud, which are evaluated using statistical methods (logistic regression). The results of the investigation show that the responsible authorities select only a few aspects from a large number of case characteristics that largely determine their decision-making process. The decision is strongly influenced by the residency status of the convicted person, his criminal record and the opinion of the prison authorities. The legal prognosis is therefore primarily based on static factors from the past, whereas dynamic factors which the convicted person or the involved actors could influence are more secondary. In addition, it emerges that the temporal and cantonal differences in the release rates do not relate to a differing prison population, as it most often assumed, but to a different way of implementing the law and appreciating the profile of prisoners – following a more restrictive or liberal understanding and practice of the release decision – depending on time and canton. The study shows as well that there is no uniform practice for the procedure: the use of risk assessment tools, the opinions of the prison management or the organisation of the right to be heard are extremely disparate and therefore the right of the sentenced person to an equal and fair trial is not guaranteed to the same extent everywhere. The work concludes with a legal classification of the findings as well as with criminal policy considerations and proposals for a more precise reformulation of Art. 86 SCC. These should contribute to a more harmonious and broader application across cantonal borders and therefore strengthen conditional release as an efficient instrument of crime prevention.

The Nuremberg War Crimes Trial and its Policy Consequences Today

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ISBN: 9783845280400 Year: Pages: 274 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845280400 Language: English
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Law --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-27 06:58:40

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Justice Robert H. Jackson, plenipotentiary for planning the Allies trial at the International Military Tribunal, called the trial “one of the most significant tributes ever paid by power to reason.” In Justice Jackson’s opening statement he made it clear that the trial at Nuremberg was to mark a new beginning in human history; that Nuremberg would serve to establish principles that could serve as benchmarks for all human behavior. This revised and extended Edition seeks to address both the short-term effects of the International Military Tribunal and the current impact that the trials have had on international law.The first section of the book contains essays which are written by leading scholars such as Christoph J.M. Safferling, looking at German participation in the Nuremberg Trials, to Winifried R. Garscha’s examination of Austrian War Crimes Trials and the concept of “Violation of Human Dignity.” This section will also include an examination of the influence of Nuremberg on the Tokyo War Crimes Trial.The second section of the book addresses the present-day impact of Nuremberg on international law. This section contains essays on selective justice, human rights litigation, the creation of hybrid tribunals, with new essays addressing sexual and gender-based violence in conflict zones, as well as new work on the Nuremberg Project, located at Harvard University.The hope for this volume is that the spirit of Nuremberg will be revived. In the words of Henry T. King, Jr., who was a young lawyer serving at the IMT, stated in the preface, “A better and more peaceful world based on justice is within our grasp,(…), we have a golden opportunity to build a more secure future for generations to come.”Richter Robert H. Jackson, Bevollmächtigter für die Planung des Prozesses der Alliierten vor dem Internationalen Militärtribunal, nannte den Prozess „one of the most significant tributes ever paid by power to reason“. In seiner Eröffnungsrede machte Jackson deutlich, dass der Nürnberger Prozess einen Neuanfang in der Menschheitsgeschichte markieren sollte; dass Nürnberg dazu dienen würde, Prinzipien zu etablieren, die als Maßstab für alles menschliche Verhalten dienen könnten. Diese überarbeitete Neuauflage befasst sich sowohl mit den kurzfristigen Auswirkungen des Internationalen Militärgerichtshofs als auch mit den aktuellen Auswirkungen der Prozesse auf das Völkerrecht.Der erste Teil des Buches enthält Aufsätze von führenden Wissenschaftlern wie Christoph J.M. Safferling über die deutsche Beteiligung an den Nürnberger Prozessen, zu Winifried R. Garschas Untersuchung der österreichischen Kriegsverbrecherprozesse und das Konzept der „Verletzung der Menschenwürde“. Außerdem wird der Einfluss Nürnbergs auf den Kriegsverbrecherprozess in Tokio untersucht.Der zweite Teil des Buches befasst sich mit den heutigen Auswirkungen Nürnbergs auf das Völkerrecht, mit Beiträgen über selektive Gerechtigkeit, Menschenrechtsstreitigkeiten, die Schaffung hybrider Tribunale. Neue Aufsätze beschäftigen sich mit sexueller und geschlechtsspezifischer Gewalt in Konfliktgebieten sowie mit dem Nürnberger Projekt an der Harvard University.Die Hoffnung für diesen Band ist, dass der Geist von Nürnberg wiederbelebt wird. In den Worten von Henry T. King, Jr., der als junger Anwalt am IMT tätig war, heißt es im Vorwort: „A better and more peaceful world based on justice is within our grasp (…), we have a golden opportunity to build a more secure future for generations to come.“

Cultural Expertise: An Emergent Concept and Evolving Practices

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ISBN: 9783039280506 9783039280513 Year: Pages: 94 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-051-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Cultural expertise in the form of expert opinions formulated by social scientists appointed as experts in the legal process is not different from any other kind of expertise in court. In specialised fields of law, such as native land titles in America and in Australia, the appointment of social scientists as experts in court is a consolidated practice. This Special Issue focuses on the contemporary evolution and variation of cultural expertise as an emergent concept providing a conceptual umbrella for a variety of evolving practices, which all include use of the specialised knowledge of social sciences for the resolution of conflicts. It surveys the application of cultural expertise in the legal process with an unprecedented span of fields ranging from criminology and ethnopsychiatry to the recognition of the rights of autochthone minorities including linguistic expertise, and modern reformulation of cultural rights. In this Special Issue, the emphasis is on the development and change of culture-related expert witnessing over recent times, culture-related adjudication, and resolution of disputes, criminal litigation, and other kinds of court and out-of-court procedures. This Special Issue offers descriptions of judicial practices involving experts in local laws and customs and surveys of the most frequent fields of expert witnessing that are related with culture; interrogates who the experts are, their links with local communities, and also with the courts and the state power and politics; how cultural expert witnessing has been received by judges; how cultural expertise has developed across the sister disciplines of history and psychiatry; and eventually, it asks whether academic truth and legal truth are commensurable across time and space.

Der Hochverrat des Amtmanns Povel Juel

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Book Series: Histoire ISBN: 9783839451847 Year: Pages: 252 DOI: 10.14361/9783839451847 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-11 23:58:47
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