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Student Misconceptions and Errors in Physics and Mathematics

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: IEA Research for Education ISBN: 9783030301880 Year: Pages: 165 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-30188-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:17

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This open access report explores the nature and extent of students’ misconceptions and misunderstandings related to core concepts in physics and mathematics and physics across grades four, eight and 12. Twenty years of data from the IEA’s Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and TIMSS Advanced assessments are analyzed, specifically for five countries (Italy, Norway, Russian Federation, Slovenia, and the United States) who participated in all or almost all TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced assessments between 1995 and 2015. The report focuses on students’ understandings related to gravitational force in physics and linear equations in mathematics. It identifies some specific misconceptions, errors, and misunderstandings demonstrated by the TIMSS Advanced grade 12 students for these core concepts, and shows how these can be traced back to poor foundational development of these concepts in earlier grades. Patterns in misconceptions and misunderstandings are reported by grade, country, and gender. In addition, specific misconceptions and misunderstandings are tracked over time, using trend items administered in multiple assessment cycles. The study and associated methodology may enable education systems to help identify specific needs in the curriculum, improve inform instruction across grades and also raise possibilities for future TIMSS assessment design and reporting that may provide more diagnostic outcomes.

YOUMARES 9 - The Oceans: Our Research, Our Future

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783030203894 Year: Pages: 370 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-20389-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Ecology --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:08
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This open access book summarizes peer-reviewed articles and the abstracts of oral and poster presentations given during the YOUMARES 9 conference which took place in Oldenburg, Germany, in September 2018. The aims of this book are to summarize state-of-the-art knowledge in marine sciences and to inspire scientists of all career stages in the development of further research. These conferences are organized by and for young marine researchers. Qualified early-career researchers, who moderated topical sessions during the conference, contributed literature reviews on specific topics within their research field.

Conceptualizing Environmental Citizenship for 21st Century Education

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Environmental Discourses in Science Education ISBN: 9783030202491 Year: Pages: 261 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-20249-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Science (General) --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-17 00:00:35
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This Open Access book is about the development of a common understanding of environmental citizenship. It conceptualizes and frames environmental citizenship taking an educational perspective. Organized in four complementary parts, the book first explains the political, economic and societal dimensions of the concept. Next, it examines environmental citizenship as a psychological concept with a specific focus on knowledge, values, beliefs and attitudes. It then explores environmental citizenship within the context of environmental education and education for sustainability. It elaborates responsible environmental behaviour, youth activism and education for sustainability through the lens of environmental citizenship. Finally, it discusses the concept within the context of different educational levels, such as primary and secondary education in formal and non-formal settings. Environmental citizenship is a key factor in sustainability, green and cycle economy, and low-carbon society, and an important aspect in addressing global environmental problems. It has been an influential concept in many different arenas such as economy, policy, philosophy, and organizational marketing. In the field of education, the concept could be better exploited and established, however. Education and, especially, environmental discourses in science education have a great deal to contribute to the adoption and promotion of environmental citizenship.

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