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Chapter 4 ‘A great bliss to keep the sensation of conquest alive!’ (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138318113 9780429454813 Year: Pages: 22 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-10 11:21:16
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One aim of this chapter is to foreground the interplay of official heritage and&#xD;political discourse.

Keywords

populism --- politics --- European Union --- EU

American Power and International Theory at the Council on Foreign Relations, 1953-54

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ISBN: 9780472901227 9780472131716 Year: Pages: 311 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.11301034 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-15 11:21:03
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Between December 1953 and June 1954, the elite think-tank the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) joined prominent figures in International Relations, including Pennsylvania’s Robert Strausz-Hupé, Yale’s Arnold Wolfers, the Rockefeller Foundation’s William Thompson, government adviser Dorothy Fosdick, and nuclear strategist William Kaufmann. They spent seven meetings assessing approaches to world politics—from the “realist” theory of Hans Morgenthau to theories of imperialism of Karl Marx and V.I. Lenin—to discern basic elements of a theory of international relations.&#xD;The study group’s materials are an indispensable window to the development of IR theory, illuminating the seeds of the theory-practice nexus in Cold War U.S. foreign policy. Historians of International Relations recently revised the standard narrative of the field’s origins, showing that IR witnessed a sharp turn to theoretical consideration of international politics beginning around 1950, and remained preoccupied with theory. Taking place in 1953–54, the CFR study group represents a vital snapshot of this shift&#xD;This book situates the CFR study group in its historical and historiographical contexts, and offers a biographical analysis of the participants. It includes seven preparatory papers on diverse theoretical approaches, penned by former Berkeley political scientist George A. Lipsky, followed by the digest of discussions from the study group meetings. American Power and International Theory at the Council on Foreign Relations, 1953–54 offers new insights into the early development of IR as well as the thinking of prominent elites in the early years of the Cold War.&#xD;

State of Empowerment

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ISBN: 9780472901265 9780472131648 Year: Pages: 179 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.10131793 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:21
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On weekday afternoons, dismissal bells signal not just the end of the school day but also the beginning of another important activity: the federally funded after-school programs that offer tutoring, homework help, and basic supervision to millions of American children. Nearly one in four low-income families enroll a child in an after-school program. Beyond sharpening students’ math and reading skills, these programs also have a profound impact on parents. In a surprising turn—especially given the long history of social policies that leave recipients feeling policed, distrusted, and alienated—government-funded after-school programs have quietly become powerful forces for political and civic engagement by shifting power away from bureaucrats and putting it back into the hands of parents. In State of Empowerment Carolyn Barnes uses ethnographic accounts of three organizations to reveal how interacting with government-funded after-school programs can enhance the civic and political lives of low-income citizens.&#xD;

Faith-Based Organizations in Development Discourses and Practice

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge Studies in Religion and Politics ISBN: 9780367367565 9780429351211 Year: Pages: 178 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-11 11:21:08
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"Exploring faith-based organizations (FBOs) in current developmental discourses and practice, this book presents a selection of empirical in-depth case-studies of Christian FBOs and assesses the vital role credited to FBOs in current discourses on development.&#xD;&#xD;Examining the engagement of FBOs with contemporary politics of development, the contributions stress the agency of FBOs in diverse contexts of development policy, both local and global. It is emphasised that FBOs constitute boundary agents and developmental entrepreneurs: they move between different discursive fields such as national and international development discourses, theological discourses, and their specific religious constituencies. By combining influxes from these different contexts, FBOs generate unique perspectives on development: they express alternative views on development and stress particular approaches anchored in their theological social ethics.&#xD;&#xD;This book should be of interest to those researching FBOs and their interaction with international organizations, and to scholars working in the broader areas of religion and politics and politics and development."&#xD;

Están con nosotros o con los terroristas

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ISBN: 9789568416904 Year: Pages: 299 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:33
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The book studies the relations between Latin America and the US Government from 11S and the potential influence of Islamic terrorism in the region; the different reactions of local governments and the pressures developed by the State Department for Latin America to adopt a unique policy in favor of the White House

Fish, Fishing and Community in North Korea and Neighbours

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ISBN: 9789811500428 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-0042-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Geography --- Political Science --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:22
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This open access book explores the histories and geographies of fishing in North Korea and the surrounding nations. With the ideological and environmental history of North Korea in mind, the book examines the complex interactions between local communities, fish themselves, wider ecosystems and the politics of Pyongyang through the lens of critical geography, fisheries statistics and management science as well as North Korean and more generally Korean and East Asian studies. There is increasing global interest in North Korea, its politics, people and landscapes, and as such, this book describes encounters with North Korean fishing communities, as well as unusual moments in the field in the People’s Republic of China, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Korea (South Korea). It addresses fish, fishing infrastructure, fishing science and fishing statistics and other non-human elements of North Korean and other nations’ developmental regimes as actors and participants within them as much as humans and their technologies. The book enables readers to gain extensive insights into the aspirations and practices of fishing in North Korea and its neighbours, the navigation of difficult political and developmental situations and changing ecological realities in a time of environmental and climate crisis familiar to many across the globe.

White Gold: The Commercialisation of Rice Farming in the Lower Mekong Basin

Author:
ISBN: 9789811509988 Year: Pages: 456 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-0998-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General) --- Geography --- Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:22
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This open access book is about understanding the processes involved in the transformation of smallholder rice farming in the Lower Mekong Basin from a low-yielding subsistence activity to one producing the surpluses needed for national self-sufficiency and a high-value export industry. For centuries, farmers in the Basin have regarded rice as “white gold”, reflecting its centrality to their food security and well-being. In the past four decades, rice has also become a commercial crop of great importance to Mekong farmers, augmenting but not replacing its role in securing their subsistence. This book is based on collaborative research to (a) compare the current situation and trajectories of rice farmers within and between different regions of the Lower Mekong, (b) explore the value chains linking rice farmers with new technologies and input and output markets within and across national borders, and (c) understand the changing role of government policies in facilitating the on-going evolution of commercial rice farming. An introductory section places the research in geographical and historical context. Four major sections deal in turn with studies of rice farming, value chains, and policies in Northeast Thailand, Central Laos, Southeastern Cambodia, and the Mekong Delta. The final section examines the implications for rice policy in the region as a whole.

West African Youth Challenges and Opportunity Pathways

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Book Series: Gender and Cultural Studies in Africa and the Diaspora ISBN: 9783030210922 Year: Pages: 271 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-21092-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:18
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This open-access edited collection, focusing on Ghana and Nigeria, offers a transatlantic, transnational exploration of barriers that threaten the wellbeing of West African youth—ranging from Black immigrant youth in the American city of Newark, New Jersey, to students in Almajiri Islamic schools in Northern Nigeria. Incorporating themes of migration, vulnerability, and agency and aspirations, the book conveys the resilience of African youth transitioning toward adulthood in a world of structural inequality. It thus crosses the academic divide between Youth Studies and African Studies, while challenging conventional framings of Black youth as deficient and deviant—positing instead their individual and collective creativity and assets. The contributors employ different methodological approaches, including field research and autoethnography, from varying multidisciplinary and practitioner perspectives.

Ympäristö, politiikka ja julkisuus

Author:
ISBN: 9789523590137 Year: Pages: 180 Language: Finnish
Publisher: Tampere University Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:33
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"Drawing on the debate on mediatization of politics this study identifies cultural meanings, institutional practices and styles of argumentation as three theoretical dimensions that illuminate both the construction of journalistic publicity and its potential uses in political action. Based on the theoretical model, environmental politics is identified as a specific context for mediatization. In environmental politics, the interplay of cultural meanings, institutional practices and styles of argumentation define the construction and use of journalistic publicity in a way that differs from other fields of politics.&#xD;&#xD;The empirical part of this study analyzes the newspaper coverage of three Finnish environmental conflicts from 1971, 1994 and 2012. The theoretical model is transformed into an analytical framework that focuses on discursive construction of the conflicts (cultural meanings), journalistic frames, narration and opinion-giving in the coverage of the conflicts and the publicity practices adopted by actors during the conflicts (institutional practices) and legitimation of arguments (styles of argumentation).&#xD;&#xD;According to this study, the relation between media and politics in the field of environmental politics is defined by the increasing cultural significance of environmental protection from the 1970s to the present. In the newspaper coverage of the three environmental conflicts studied, changes on the frames, narration and opinion-giving of journalism resonated with this cultural change. However, the significance of environmental protection in the framing, narration and opinion-giving of journalism was greater in the national newspaper studied compared to the local newspapers selected based on their proximity to the conflict sites. Styles of argumentation appeared to be more case dependent. The increasing cultural significance of environmental protection did not have a clear effect on how arguments were legitimated. "&#xD;

The DARPA Model for Transformative Technologies: Perspectives on the U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781783747917/9781783747931 Year: Pages: 510 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0184 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-13 17:04:11
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The U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has played a remarkable role in the creation new transformative technologies, revolutionizing defense with drones and precision-guided munitions, and transforming civilian life with portable GPS receivers, voice-recognition software, self-driving cars, unmanned aerial vehicles, and, most famously, the ARPANET and its successor, the Internet.Other parts of the U.S. Government and some foreign governments have tried to apply the ‘DARPA model’ to help develop valuable new technologies. But how and why has DARPA succeeded? Which features of its operation and environment contribute to this success? And what lessons does its experience offer for other U.S. agencies and other governments that want to develop and demonstrate their own ‘transformative technologies’?This book is a remarkable collection of leading academic research on DARPA from a wide range of perspectives, combining to chart an important story from the Agency’s founding in the wake of Sputnik, to the current attempts to adapt it to use by other federal agencies. Informative and insightful, this guide is essential reading for political and policy leaders, as well as researchers and students interested in understanding the success of this agency and the lessons it offers to others.

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