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Children's Exploration and Cultural Formation

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Book Series: International Perspectives on Early Childhood Education and Development ISBN: 9783030362713 Year: Pages: 187 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-36271-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-17 00:00:10
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This open access book examines the educational conditions that support cultures of exploration in kindergartens. It conceptualises cultures of exploration, whether those cultures are created through children’s own engagement or are demanded of them through undertaking specific tasks within different institutional settings. It shows how the conditions for children’s exploration form a web of activities in different settings with social relationships, local landscapes and artefacts. The book builds on the understanding of cultural traditions as deeply implicated in the developmental processes, meaning that local considerations must be reflected in education for sustainable futures. Therefore the book examines and conceptualises exploration and cultural formation through locally situated cases and navigates toward global educational concepts. The book provides different windows into how children may explore in everyday practice settings in kindergarten, and contributes to a loci-based, ecological, integral knowledge relevant for early childhood education.

Philosophical Issues in Sport Science

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ISBN: 9783039218882 9783039218899 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-889-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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The role and value of science within sport increases with ever greater professionalization and commercialization. Scientific and technological innovations are devised to increase performance, ensure greater accuracy of measurement and officiating, reduce risks of harm, enhance spectatorship, and raise revenues. However, such innovations inevitably come up against epistemological and metaphysical problems related to the nature of sport and physical competition. This Special Issue identifies and explores key and contemporary philosophical issues in relation to the science of sport and exercise. It is divided into three sections: 1. Scientific evidence, causation, and sport; 2. Science technology and sport officiating; and 3. Scientific influences on the construction of sport. It brings together scholars working on philosophical problems in sport to examine issues related to the values and assumptions behind sport and exercise science and key problems resulting from these and to provide recommendations for improving its practice.

Keywords

elite sports --- sport nutrition --- standards of evidence --- evidence-based practices --- randomized controlled trials --- philosophy of medicine --- casuistry --- umpiring and refereeing --- technological assistance to match officials --- justice and continuity in match officiating --- ball trackers --- goal-line technology --- football --- cricket --- tennis --- transgender --- trans women --- sport --- testosterone --- gender --- gender binary --- sports tournaments --- team rankings --- intransitive dominance --- win-loops --- social choice theory --- Condorcet’s paradox --- championship pluralism --- technology --- running --- fairness --- competition --- accuracy --- officiating --- justice --- the human element --- technology --- Hawk-Eye --- aesthetics of sports --- counterfactuals --- absence causation --- causal necessity --- causal contingency --- david kellogg lewis --- prelusory goal --- possible sport worlds --- metaphysics of sport --- causation in sport --- sport ethics --- technology --- the spirit of sport --- excellence --- anti-doping --- nature --- governance --- ethics --- testosterone --- discrimination --- integrity --- science --- fair-play --- sport --- athletics --- exercise science --- philosophy --- sport psychology --- materialism --- Aristotle --- causation and nature --- exercise professional --- professional knowledge --- health --- wellbeing --- philosophy --- medicalization --- scientism --- biomedicine --- sport science --- epistemology --- ontology --- causation --- technology --- evidence

Understanding Game-based Approaches for Improving Sustainable Water Governance: The Potential of Serious Games to Solve Water Problems

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783039287628 / 9783039287635 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-763-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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The sustainable governance of water resources relies on processes of multi-stakeholder collaborations and interactions that facilitate knowledge co-creation and social learning. Governance systems are often fragmented, forming a barrier to adequately addressing the myriad of challenges affecting water resources, including climate change, increased urbanized populations, and pollution. Transitions towards sustainable water governance will likely require innovative learning partnerships between public, private, and civil society stakeholders. It is essential that such partnerships involve vertical and horizontal communication of ideas and knowledge, and an enabling and democratic environment characterized by informal and open discourse. There is increasing interest in learning-based transitions. Thus far, much scholarly thinking and, to a lesser degree, empirical research has gone into understanding the potential impact of social learning on multi-stakeholder settings. The question of whether such learning can be supported by forms of serious gaming has hardly been asked. This Special Issue critically explores the potential of serious games to support multi-stakeholder social learning and collaborations in the context of water governance. Serious games may involve simulations of real-world events and processes and are challenge players to solve contemporary societal problems; they, therefore, have a purpose beyond entertainment. They offer a largely untapped potential to support social learning and collaboration by facilitating access to and the exchange of knowledge and information, enhancing stakeholder interactions, empowering a wider audience to participate in decision making, and providing opportunities to test and analyze the outcomes of policies and management solutions. Little is known about how game-based approaches can be used in the context of collaborative water governance to maximize their potential for social learning. While several studies have reported examples of serious games, there is comparably less research about how to assess the impacts of serious games on social learning and transformative change.

Keywords

simulations --- serious games --- Q-method --- integrated water resources management --- policy analysis --- nexus --- participatory modelling --- serious game --- system dynamics --- water-food-land-energy-climate --- active learning --- drinking water --- role-play --- stakeholder collaboration --- Water Safety Plan --- water supply --- serious games --- social simulation --- social learning --- relational practices --- river basin management --- water governance --- multi-party collaboration --- stakeholders --- experimental social research --- Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) --- stakeholder participation --- serious game --- Blue Growth --- Good Environmental Status --- serious games (SGs) --- water management --- value change --- transcendental values --- social equity --- sustainability --- Schwartz’s Value Survey (SVS) --- Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) --- psychosocial perspectives --- decision-making processes --- assessment --- educational videogames --- online games --- water --- ecology education --- drinking water management --- peri-urban --- institutions --- gaming-simulation --- groundwater --- capacity building --- serious games --- planning support systems --- knowledge co-creation --- sustainability --- maritime spatial planning --- serious gaming --- flood --- urban --- rural --- infrastructure --- decision making --- serious games --- role-playing games --- learning-based intervention --- transformative change --- social learning --- aquaculture --- Mekong Delta --- mangrove --- gamification --- serious games --- water governance --- stakeholder participation --- sustainability --- game-based learning --- integrated water resource management (IWRM) --- natural resource management --- simulation --- serious game --- social learning --- stakeholder collaboration --- sustainability --- water governance

Microgrids

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ISBN: 9783039218684 9783039218691 Year: Pages: 108 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-869-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Electrical power systems are evolving at the generation, transmission, and distribution levels. At distribution level, small generating and storage units—the so-called distributed energy sources (DERs)—are being installed close to consumption sites. The expansion of DERs is empowering renewable energy source integration and, as a consequence, new actors are appearing in electrical systems. Among them, the prosumer is a game-changer; the fruit of the behavior transformation of the consumer who has not only the ability to consume power but also to produce it. Microgrids can be understood as DER installations that have the capability of both grid-connected and grid-isolated operation. During the last decades, there has been a significant deployment of microgrids (e.g., in countries like the United States, Switzerland, and Denmark) and a consequent increase in renewable energy generation. This is contributing to the decarbonization of electrical power systems. However, the variability and intermittency of renewable sources introduce uncertainty, which implies a more complex operation and control. Taking into account that existing and future planned microgrids are being/going to be interconnected to the current electrical network, challenges in terms of design, operation, and control at power system level need to be addressed, considering existing regulations.

Keywords

demand-side management --- optimization --- deterministic optimization --- stochastic optimization --- residential users --- devices scheduling --- renewable sources --- storage systems --- electric energy market --- power quality --- chaos synchronization detection --- extension theory --- direct search method (DSM) --- microgrid (MG) --- distributed energy resources (DERs) --- distributed generation (DG) --- optimal dispatch --- microgrids --- multi-agent --- coordinated control --- IEC 61850 Standard --- generic object oriented substation event (GOOSE) communication --- power quality disturbances --- S-transform --- multiresolution --- particle swarm optimization --- decision tree --- reliability evaluation --- microgrid --- distributed generation --- battery storage --- vehicle-to-grid --- ruleless EV --- regular EV --- combined power generation system --- microgrid --- coordinative optimization of energy --- predictive control --- genetic algorithm --- distributed generation (DG) --- microgrid --- microgrid stability controller (MSC) --- total sliding-mode control --- hierarchical control scheme --- maximum electrical efficiency --- nonlinear programming --- solid oxide fuel cell --- electric vehicle (EV) --- vehicle-to-grid (V2G) --- isolated grid --- load frequency control (LFC) --- multivariable generalized predictive control (MGPC) --- current harmonic reduction --- active filter --- power quality --- buck-boost converter --- renewable energy source --- optimal capacity --- reliability --- renewable --- energy storage --- genetic algorithm --- DC microgrid --- communication delay --- droop control --- load power sharing --- mesh configuration --- radial configuration --- electric vehicle --- energy management system --- peak-shift --- peak-cut --- vehicle information system --- photovoltaic feasibility --- flexible generation --- distributed energy resources --- power quality --- DC distribution --- DC microgrid --- inrush current --- grounding --- DC architectures --- datacenter --- residential power systems --- telecommunication power management --- smart grids --- microgrid --- network planning --- power distribution --- grid independence --- distributed energy resources --- micro-grid --- IEC 61850 --- plug and play --- operation --- small-scale standalone microgrid --- HESS --- ESS effective rate --- coordinated control strategy --- cost and life --- technical and economic optimization --- microgrid --- flywheel energy storage (FES) --- doubly fed induction machine --- frequency control --- smoothing wind power --- distributed generation --- congestion problems --- medium-voltage networks --- curtailment --- flexibility --- microgrid test facility --- distributed generation --- integrated electrical and thermal grids --- flexible and configurable architecture --- energy efficiency --- distributed optimization --- optimal power flow --- microgrids --- embedded system --- smart grid --- smart inverter --- distributed energy resource --- power quality

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english (3)

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2020 (4)