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The Amazing Journey of Reason

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Computer Science ISBN: 9783030259624 Year: Pages: 113 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-25962-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:13
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This Open Access book explores questions such as why and how did the first biological cells appear? And then complex organisms, brains, societies and –now– connected human societies? Physicists have good models for describing the evolution of the universe since the Big Bang, but can we apply the same concepts to the evolution of aggregated matter –living matter included? The Amazing Journey analyzes the latest results in chemistry, biology, neuroscience, anthropology and sociology under the light of the evolution of intelligence, seen as the ability of processing information. The main strength of this book is using just two concepts used in physics –information and energy– to explain: The emergence and evolution of life: procaryotes, eukaryotes and complex organisms The emergence and evolution of the brain The emergence and evolution of societies (human and not) Possible evolution of our "internet society" and the role that Artificial Intelligence is playing

Introduction to Scientific Programming with Python

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Book Series: Simula SpringerBriefs on Computing ISBN: 9783030503567 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-50356-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General) --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:26
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This open access book offers an initial introduction to programming for scientific and computational applications using the Python programming language. The presentation style is compact and example-based, making it suitable for students and researchers with little or no prior experience in programming. The book uses relevant examples from mathematics and the natural sciences to present programming as a practical toolbox that can quickly enable readers to write their own programs for data processing and mathematical modeling. These tools include file reading, plotting, simple text analysis, and using NumPy for numerical computations, which are fundamental building blocks of all programs in data science and computational science. At the same time, readers are introduced to the fundamental concepts of programming, including variables, functions, loops, classes, and object-oriented programming. Accordingly, the book provides a sound basis for further computer science and programming studies.

Technical, Economic and Societal Effects of Manufacturing 4.0

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ISBN: 9783030461034 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-46103-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Computer Science --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:01:55
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This open access book is among the first cross-disciplinary works about Manufacturing 4.0. It includes chapters about the technical, the economic, and the social aspects of this important phenomenon. Together the material presented allows the reader to develop a holistic picture of where the manufacturing industry and the parts of the society that depend on it may be going in the future. Manufacturing 4.0 is not only a technical change, nor is it a purely technically driven change, but it is a societal change that has the potential to disrupt the way societies are constructed both in the positive and in the negative. This book will be of interest to scholars researching manufacturing, technological innovation, innovation management and industry 4.0.

Reversible Computation: Extending Horizons of Computing

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Theoretical Computer Science and General Issues ISBN: 9783030473617 Year: Pages: 237 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-47361-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-17 00:00:03
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This open access State-of-the-Art Survey presents the main recent scientific outcomes in the area of reversible computation, focusing on those that have emerged during COST Action IC1405 "Reversible Computation - Extending Horizons of Computing", a European research network that operated from May 2015 to April 2019. Reversible computation is a new paradigm that extends the traditional forwards-only mode of computation with the ability to execute in reverse, so that computation can run backwards as easily and naturally as forwards. It aims to deliver novel computing devices and software, and to enhance existing systems by equipping them with reversibility. There are many potential applications of reversible computation, including languages and software tools for reliable and recovery-oriented distributed systems and revolutionary reversible logic gates and circuits, but they can only be realized and have lasting effect if conceptual and firm theoretical foundations are established first.

Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Theoretical Computer Science and General Issues ISBN: 9783030452377 Year: Pages: 425 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-45237-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:30:03
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This open access two-volume set constitutes the proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems, TACAS 2020, which took place in Dublin, Ireland, in April 2020, and was held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2020. The total of 60 regular papers presented in these volumes was carefully reviewed and selected from 155 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections as follows: Part I: Program verification; SAT and SMT; Timed and Dynamical Systems; Verifying Concurrent Systems; Probabilistic Systems; Model Checking and Reachability; and Timed and Probabilistic Systems. Part II: Bisimulation; Verification and Efficiency; Logic and Proof; Tools and Case Studies; Games and Automata; and SV-COMP 2020.

Supercomputing Frontiers

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Theoretical Computer Science and General Issues ISBN: 9783030488420 Year: Pages: 139 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-48842-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:58:55
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This open access book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th Asian Supercomputing Conference, SCFA 2020, which was planned to be held in February 2020, but unfortunately, the physical conference was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The 8 full papers presented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 22 submissions. They cover a range of topics including file systems, memory hierarchy, HPC cloud platform, container image configuration workflow, large-scale applications, and scheduling.

Towards Interoperable Research Infrastructures for Environmental and Earth Sciences

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Information Systems and Applications, incl. Internet/Web, and HCI ISBN: 9783030528294 Year: Pages: 373 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-52829-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science --- Environmental Sciences --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:01:31
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This open access book summarises the latest developments on data management in the EU H2020 ENVRIplus project, which brought together more than 20 environmental and Earth science research infrastructures into a single community. It provides readers with a systematic overview of the common challenges faced by research infrastructures and how a ‘reference model guided’ engineering approach can be used to achieve greater interoperability among such infrastructures in the environmental and earth sciences. The 20 contributions in this book are structured in 5 parts on the design, development, deployment, operation and use of research infrastructures. Part one provides an overview of the state of the art of research infrastructure and relevant e-Infrastructure technologies, part two discusses the reference model guided engineering approach, the third part presents the software and tools developed for common data management challenges, the fourth part demonstrates the software via several use cases, and the last part discusses the sustainability and future directions.

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