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Sekundärnutzung von Sozial- und Gesundheitsdaten – Rechtliche Rahmenbedingungen

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ISBN: 9783954664849 9783954665181 Year: Language: German
Publisher: MWV Medizinisch Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104966
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-15 11:21:04
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Viele der im System der Gesetzlichen Krankenversicherung erhobenen Daten sind für die Weiterentwicklung und Verbesserung der Gesundheitsversorgung von hohem Wert. Sozial- und Gesundheitsdaten sind als personenbezogene Daten aber auch datenschutzrechtlich einem engmaschigen Rechtsrahmen unterworfen. Ihre Nutzung in anderen Kontexten bedarf eines tiefgründigen Verständnisses der Regelungen auf europäischer und nationaler Ebene.Dieser Band bietet einen Überblick über den aktuellen Rechtsrahmen und eine wichtige Orientierung zur rechtssicheren Nutzung von Sozial- und Gesundheitsdaten. Das Werk ermöglicht es, Lösungen und Produkte zu entwickeln, die die Qualität der Versorgung verbessern. Im ersten Teil wird der sozialrechtliche Rahmen zur Nutzung von Sozialdaten für die Forschung dargelegt. Im zweiten Teil wird ein Überblick zum Umgang mit Forschungsdaten nach Anwendung der DSGVO und entsprechender nationaler Anpassungen des Rechtsrahmens gegeben.

Regulatory Stewardship of Health Research: Navigating Participant Protection and Research Promotion

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ISBN: 9781788975346 9781788975353 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.4337/9781788975353 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-18 17:14:37
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This timely book examines the interaction of health research and regulation with law through empirical analysis and the application of key anthropological concepts to reveal the inner workings of human health research. Through ground-breaking empirical inquiry, Regulatory Stewardship of Health Research explores how research ethics committees (RECs) work in practice to both protect research participants and promote ethical research. This thought-provoking book provides a new perspective on the regulation of health research by demonstrating how RECs and other regulatory actors seek to fulfil these two functions by performing a role of ‘regulatory stewardship’.

Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783030292867 Year: Pages: 329 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-29286-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:05

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This open access book gives an overview of the sessions, panel discussions, and outcomes of the Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos conference, held in February 2018 in San Antonio, Texas, USA, and hosted by the Mays Cancer Center and the Institute for Health Promotion Research at UT Health San Antonio. Latinos – the largest, youngest, and fastest-growing minority group in the United States – are expected to face a 142% rise in cancer cases in coming years. Although there has been substantial advancement in cancer prevention, screening, diagnosis, and treatment over the past few decades, addressing Latino cancer health disparities has not nearly kept pace with progress. The diverse and dynamic group of speakers and panelists brought together at the Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos conference provided in-depth insights as well as progress and actionable goals for Latino-focused basic science research, clinical best practices, community interventions, and what can be done by way of prevention, screening, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer in Latinos. These insights have been translated into the chapters included in this compendium; the chapters summarize the presentations and include current knowledge in the specific topic areas, identified gaps, and top priority areas for future cancer research in Latinos. Topics included among the chapters: Colorectal cancer disparities in Latinos: Genes vs. Environment Breast cancer risk and mortality in women of Latin American origin Differential cancer risk in Latinos: The role of diet Overcoming barriers for Latinos on cancer clinical trials Es tiempo: Engaging Latinas in cervical cancer research Emerging policies in U.S. health care Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos proves to be an indispensable resource offering key insights into actionable targets for basic science research, suggestions for clinical best practices and community interventions, and novel strategies and advocacy opportunities to reduce health disparities in Latino communities. It will find an engaged audience among researchers, academics, physicians and other healthcare professionals, patient advocates, students, and others with an interest in the broad field of Latino cancer.

Martial Arts and Well-Being

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138213555 9781315448084 Year: Pages: 130 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Sports Science --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-05 11:21:19
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Arts; being; Carol; communities; Connecting; Fuller; Health; Llyod; Martial; promoting; Viki; well

Keywords

Arts --- being --- Carol --- communities --- Connecting --- Fuller --- Health --- Llyod --- Martial --- promoting --- Viki --- well

Handbook on Craniofacial Superimposition

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319111377 Year: Pages: 205 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-11137-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Medicine (General) --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:09

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This open access handbook presents a trustable craniofacial superimposition methodological framework. It includes detailed technical and practical overviews, and discussions about the latest tools and open problems, covering the educational, technical, ethical, and security aspects of this forensic identification technique. The book will be of particular interest to researchers and practitioners in forensic anthropology and forensic ID, and also researchers in computational intelligence. It is the final result of a European project, New Methodologies and Protocols of Forensic Identification by Craniofacial Superimposition (MEPROCS). The project collaborators who contributed to this handbook are: S. Damas, O. Ibáñez, M.I. Huete, T. Kahana, C. Wilkinson, E. Ferguson, C. Erolin, C. Cattaneo, P.T. Jayaprakash, R. Jankauskas, F. Cavalli, K. Imaizumi, R. Vicente, D. Navega, E. Cunha, A.H. Ross, E. Veselovskaya, A. Abramov, P. Lestón, F. Molinero, E. Ruiz, F. Navarro, J. Cardoso, F. Viegas, D. Humpire, R. Hardiman, J. Clement, A. Valsecchi, B.R. Campomanes-Alvarez, C. Campomanes-Alvarez, A.S. Çağdır, T. Briers, M. Steyn, M. Viniero, D.N. Vieira, and O. Cordón. ; Authors among leading researchers and practitioners worldwide Reports successful collaborative project results First comprehensive guide on this important technique Open Access

Soziale Netzwerke und gesundheitliche Ungleichheiten

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783658216597 Year: Pages: 421 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-21659-7 Language: German
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:21
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In diesem Buch wird die Perspektive der soziologischen, psychologischen und gesundheitswissenschaftlichen Netzwerkforschung für die Erklärung des Zusammenhangs zwischen sozialen und gesundheitlichen Ungleichheiten fokussiert. Unterschiedliche theoretische und methodische Zugänge werden vorgestellt, der internationale und der nationale Forschungsstand werden aufgearbeitet und eine Reihe von Forschungslücken benannt. Das Buch soll als Ausgangspunkt für eine neue Perspektive in der gesundheitssoziologischen Forschung zur Entstehung und Persistenz gesundheitlicher Ungleichheiten dienen und dabei die Rolle sozialer Netzwerke hervorheben. Der Inhalt Theoretische und methodische Grundlagen • Lebenslauf • Ungleichheitsdimensionen • Desiderata: Soziale Netzwerk und gesundheitliche Ungleichheiten – welche Fragen bleiben offen? Die Herausgeber PD Dr. Andreas Klärner ist Wissenschaftlicher Rat am Thünen-Institut für Ländliche Räume und Privatdozent an der Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Rostock. PD Dr. Markus Gamper ist Akademischer Rat am Institut für vergleichende Bildungsforschung und Sozialwissenschaften der Universität zu Köln. Dr. Sylvia Keim - Klärner ist Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Thünen-Institut für Ländliche Räume in Braunschweig. Dr. Irene Moor ist Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Institut für Medizinische Soziologie (IMS) an der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg. Prof. Dr. Holger von der Lippe ist Professor für Entwicklungspsychologie an der Fakultät Naturwissenschaften der MSB Medical School Berlin. Dr. Nico Vonneilich ist Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Institut für Medizinische Soziologie (IMS) des Universitätsklinikums Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE).

P5 eHealth: An Agenda for the Health Technologies of the Future

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783030279943 Year: Pages: 189 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-27994-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Philosophy --- Public Health --- Psychology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:06
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This open access volume focuses on the development of a P5 eHealth, or better, a methodological resource for developing the health technologies of the future, based on patients’ personal characteristics and needs as the fundamental guidelines for design. It provides practical guidelines and evidence based examples on how to design, implement, use and elevate new technologies for healthcare to support the management of incurable, chronic conditions. The volume further discusses the criticalities of eHealth, why it is difficult to employ eHealth from an organizational point of view or why patients do not always accept the technology, and how eHealth interventions can be improved in the future. By dealing with the state-of-the-art in eHealth technologies, this volume is of great interest to researchers in the field of physical and mental healthcare, psychologists, stakeholders and policymakers as well as technology developers working in the healthcare sector.

Advancing Equality

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780520973879 9780520309630 Year: Pages: 417 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.81 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:21
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In a world where basic human rights are under attack and discrimination widespread, Advancing Equality reminds us of the critical role of constitutions in creating and protecting equal rights. Combining a comparative analysis of equal rights in the constitutions of all 193 countries with inspiring stories of activism and powerful court cases from around the globe, the book traces the trends in constitution drafting over the past half century, and examines how stronger protections against discrimination have transformed lives. Looking at equal rights across gender, race and ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation and gender identity, disability, social class, and migration status, the authors uncover which groups are increasingly guaranteed equal rights in constitutions, whether these rights on paper have been translated into practice, and which nations and protections from discrimination lag behind. As the book reveals, beyond countering discrimination, advancing equality requires fulfilling everyone’s fundamental rights to health and education, essential social and economic rights. Serving as a comprehensive call to action for anyone who cares about their country’s future, Advancing Equality challenges us to remember how far we all still must go for equal rights for all.&#xD;

Walkable Neighborhoods: The Link between Public Health, Urban Design, and Transportation

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039219308 / 9783039219315 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-931-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Transportation --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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It is now widely recognized that individual-based motivational interventions alone are not sufficient to address the global pandemic of physical inactivity (lack of exercise and too much sitting time). There has been a growing interest in the effect the physically built environment can have on people’s active behaviors. The fundamental assumption is that surrounding physical environments can support active behaviors among a large number of people with long-term effects. This topic has received much attention over the last decade, mainly in the three fields of urban design, public health, and transportation. This Special Issue aims to provide multidisciplinary and evidence-based state-of-the-art research on how the locations where people live impact their active behaviors and health outcomes.

Keywords

urban design --- active living --- aging --- physical activity --- sedentary behavior --- age-friendly environments --- older adult --- physical activity --- social connectedness --- physical environment --- citizen science --- Discovery Tool --- built environment --- urban health --- urban form --- walking --- physical activity --- health promotion --- walkability --- neighborhood --- older adult --- chronic diseases --- body mass --- disease mapping --- geographic variation --- obese --- overweight --- spatial analysis --- walkability --- traffic safety --- walking --- cycling --- infrastructure --- active travel --- active transport --- neighbourhood --- scale --- built environment --- physical activity --- walking --- soft mobility --- walkable environment --- physical activity --- health outcomes --- active living --- street network configuration --- peripheral neighbourhoods --- pedestrian flow --- streetscape features --- Istanbul --- walkable neighborhood --- sitting --- elderly --- built environment --- non-communicable diseases --- Africa --- walkable environment --- physical activity --- sedentary behaviour --- neighbourhood --- walkability --- active living --- survey --- questionnaire --- mobility management --- public transport --- step counts --- city planning --- compact city --- neighborhood --- natural experiment --- built environment --- urban design --- policy evaluation --- active living --- liveability --- Australia --- walkability --- environment --- overweight --- obesity --- review

Social Safety and Security

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ISBN: 9783039281466 / 9783039281473 Year: Pages: 112 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-147-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Social safety in social environments entails the sense of feeling safe with other people. Thus, social safety and security are very important to our life. Although research in this area has made significant progress in the past few years, there are still many social problems that require attention and further development in order to secure peace of mind. There is a very clear and accurate understanding and judgment of the overall situation of social security in the current and future period. This Special Issue focuses on a number of contemporary issues in social safety and security. The objective of this book is to rapidly disseminate the latest research and knowledge in this important area.

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