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Chapter 3 Social Spaces (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138342538 Year: Pages: 25 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-17 00:00:29
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"This first volume of The Class Structure of Capitalist Societies offers a bold and wide-ranging assessment of the shape and effects of class systems across a diverse range of capitalist nations. Plumbing a trove of data and deploying cutting-edge techniques, it carefully maps the distribution of the key sources of power and documents the major convergences and divergences between market societies old and new. Establishing that the multidimensional vision of class proposed decades ago by Pierre Bourdieu appears to hold good throughout Europe, parts of the wider Western world and Eastern Asia, the book goes on to examine a number of significant themes: the relationship between class and occupation; the intersection of class with gender, religion, geography and age; the correspondences between social position and political attitudes; self-positioning in the class structure; and the extent of belief in meritocracy. For all the striking cross-national commonalities, however, the book unearths consistent variations seemingly linked to distinct politico-economic regimes. This title will appeal to scholars and advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students interested in sociology, politics and demography and is essential reading for all those interested in social class across the globe."

Keywords

social spaces --- class --- societies

Rethinking White Societies in Southern Africa

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780367376420 Year: Pages: 252 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-29 00:11:12
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This book showcases new research by emerging and established scholars on white workers and the white poor in Southern Africa. Rethinking White Societies in Southern Africa challenges the geographical and chronological limitations of existing scholarship by presenting case studies from Angola, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe that track the fortunes of nonhegemonic whites during the era of white minority rule. Arguing against prevalent understandings of white society as uniformly wealthy or culturally homogeneous during this period, it demonstrates that social class remained a salient element throughout the twentieth century, how Southern Africa’s white societies were often divided and riven with tension and how the resulting social, political and economic complexities animated white minority regimes in the region. Addressing themes such as the class-based disruption of racial norms and practices, state surveillance and interventions – and their failures – towards nonhegemonic whites, and the opportunities and limitations of physical and social mobility, the book mounts a forceful argument for the regional consideration of white societies in this historical context. Centrally, it extends the path-breaking insights emanating from scholarship on racialized class identities from North America to the African context to argue that race and class cannot be considered independently in Southern Africa. This book will be of interest to scholars and students of southern African studies, African history, and the history of race.

Vold i nære relasjoner i et mangfoldig Norge

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9788202652289 Year: Pages: 201 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.99 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing) Grant: OsloMet – storbyuniversitetet
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-30 23:58:13
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"Research, politics and activism have traditionally emphasized gender in understanding and combating domestic violence. In recent years, however, increasing attention has been placed on other social factors. This anthology presents new research that elucidates domestic violence from more diverse perspectives. In the nine chapters, the contributors analyze how types and degrees of violence and abuse can vary depending upon the interplay between such different factors as class, ethnicity, gender and sexual orientation. An overarching theme is how we understand and talk about equality, difference and diversity. The book does not provide an exhaustive analysis of violence in today’s multi-cultural Norway, yet it is the first Norwegian book about domestic violence that has diversity as a primary them. The book will be of interest to researchers, students, employees in social services and support organizations and anyone concerned about domestic violence and abuse."

Hip-Hop, Art, and Visual Culture: Connections, Influences, and Critical Discussions

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039284504 / 9783039284511 Year: Pages: 80 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-451-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:56
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Visual art has been tied to hip-hop culture since its emergence in the 1970s. Commentary on these initial connections often emphasizes the importance of graffiti and fashion during hip-hop’s earliest days. Forty years later, hip-hop music has grown into a billion-dollar global industry, and its influence on visual art and society has also expanded. This book-length printed edition of Arts collects essays by scholars who explore this evolving influence through their work in art education, cultural theory, and visual culture studies. The topics covered by these authors include discussions on identity and cultural appropriation, equity and access as represented in select works of art, creativity and copyright in digital media, and the use of fine art tropes within the sociocultural history of hip-hop. As a collected volume, these essays make potentially important contributions to broadening the narrative on art education and hip-hop beyond the topics of graffiti, fashion, and the use of cyphers in educational contexts.

Youth Studies and Generations: Values, Practices and Discourses on Generations

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ISBN: 9783039283262 9783039283279 Year: Pages: 262 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-327-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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There is currently much discourse about generations in the public sphere. A sequence of letters conflates generations and age cohorts born in the last few decades (generation “X”, “Y” or “Z”) as well as multiple categories are used to describe today’s young people as a generation that is distinct from its predecessors. Despite the popularity of generational labels in media, politics, or even academia, the use of generation as a conceptual tool in youth studies has been controversial. This Special Issue allows readers to better understand the key issues regarding the use of generation as a theoretical concept and/or as a social category in the field of youth studies, shedding light on the controversies, trends, and cautions that go through it.

Overcoming Data Scarcity in Earth Science

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039282104 / 9783039282111 Year: Pages: 94 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-211-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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heavily Environmental mathematical models represent one of the key aids for scientists to forecast, create, and evaluate complex scenarios. These models rely on the data collected by direct field observations. However, assembly of a functional and comprehensive dataset for any environmental variable is difficult, mainly because of i) the high cost of the monitoring campaigns and ii) the low reliability of measurements (e.g., due to occurrences of equipment malfunctions and/or issues related to equipment location). The lack of a sufficient amount of Earth science data may induce an inadequate representation of the response’s complexity in any environmental system to any type of input/change, both natural and human-induced. In such a case, before undertaking expensive studies to gather and analyze additional data, it is reasonable to first understand what enhancement in estimates of system performance would result if all the available data could be well exploited. Missing data imputation is an important task in cases where it is crucial to use all available data and not discard records with missing values. Different approaches are available to deal with missing data. Traditional statistical data completion methods are used in different domains to deal with single and multiple imputation problems. More recently, machine learning techniques, such as clustering and classification, have been proposed to complete missing data. This book showcases the body of knowledge that is aimed at improving the capacity to exploit the available data to better represent, understand, predict, and manage the behavior of environmental systems at all practical scales.

Systems Analytics and Integration of Big Omics Data

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ISBN: 9783039287444 / 9783039287451 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-745-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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A “genotype"" is essentially an organism's full hereditary information which is obtained from its parents. A ""phenotype"" is an organism's actual observed physical and behavioral properties. These may include traits such as morphology, size, height, eye color, metabolism, etc. One of the pressing challenges in computational and systems biology is genotype-to-phenotype prediction. This is challenging given the amount of data generated by modern Omics technologies. This “Big Data” is so large and complex that traditional data processing applications are not up to the task. Challenges arise in collection, analysis, mining, sharing, transfer, visualization, archiving, and integration of these data. In this Special Issue, there is a focus on the systems-level analysis of Omics data, recent developments in gene ontology annotation, and advances in biological pathways and network biology. The integration of Omics data with clinical and biomedical data using machine learning is explored. This Special Issue covers new methodologies in the context of gene–environment interactions, tissue-specific gene expression, and how external factors or host genetics impact the microbiome.

Keywords

tissue-specific expressed genes --- transcriptome --- tissue classification --- support vector machine --- feature selection --- bioinformatics pipelines --- algorithm development for network integration --- miRNA–gene expression networks --- multiomics integration --- network topology analysis --- candidate genes --- gene–environment interactions --- logic forest --- systemic lupus erythematosus --- Gene Ontology --- KEGG pathways --- enrichment analysis --- proteomic analysis --- plot visualization --- Alzheimer’s disease --- dementia --- cognitive impairment --- neurodegeneration --- Gene Ontology --- annotation --- biocuration --- amyloid-beta --- microtubule-associated protein tau --- artificial intelligence --- genotype --- phenotype --- deep phenotype --- data integration --- genomics --- phenomics --- precision medicine informatics --- epigenetics --- chromatin modification --- sequencing --- regulatory genomics --- disease variants --- machine learning --- multi-omics --- data integration --- curse of dimensionality --- heterogeneous data --- missing data --- class imbalance --- scalability --- genomics --- pharmacogenomics --- cell lines --- database --- drug sensitivity --- data integration --- omics data --- genomics --- RNA expression --- non-omics data --- clinical data --- epidemiological data --- challenges --- integrative analytics --- joint modeling --- multivariate analysis --- multivariate causal mediation --- distance correlation --- direct effect --- indirect effect --- causal inference --- n/a

Novel Methods and Applications for Mineral Exploration

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ISBN: 9783039289431 / 9783039289448 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-944-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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This special volume offers a snapshot of the latest developments in mineral exploration, in particular, geophysical, geochemical, and computational methods. It reflects the cutting-edge applications of geophysics and geochemistry, as well as novel technologies, such as in artificial intelligence and hyperspectral exploration, methods that have profoundly changed how exploration is conducted. This special volume is a representation of these cutting-edge and pioneering methods to consider and conduct exploration, and should serve both as a valuable compendium of the most innovative exploration methodologies available and as a foreshadowing of the form of future exploration. As such, this volume is of significant importance and would be useful to any exploration geologist and company

Mathematical Analysis and Applications II

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ISBN: 9783039283842 9783039283859 Year: Pages: 226 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-385-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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This issue is a continuation of the previous successful Special Issue “Mathematical Analysis and Applications” . Investigations involving the theory and applications of mathematical analytical tools and techniques are remarkably widespread in many diverse areas of the mathematical, physical, chemical, engineering and statistical sciences. In this Special Issue, we invite and welcome review, expository and original research articles dealing with the recent advances in mathematical analysis and its multidisciplinary applications.

Keywords

common fixed point --- metric-like space --- ?-Geraghty contraction --- triangular ?-admissible mapping --- fixed circle --- common fixed circle --- fixed-circle theorem --- extended partial Sb-metric spaces --- Sb-metric spaces --- fixed point --- generalized hypergeometric functions --- Gauss and confluent hypergeometric functions --- summation theorems of hypergeometric functions --- partial symmetric --- fixed point --- contraction and weak contraction --- Nadler’s theorem --- linear elastostatics --- simple layer potentials --- displacement problem --- existence and uniqueness theorems --- Fredholm alternative --- singular data --- differential equations --- Sheffer polynomial sets --- generating functions --- monomiality principle --- quasi metric space --- Suzuki contractions --- fixed point theorems --- modified ?-distance --- almost perfect functions --- generating function --- series transformation --- gamma function --- Hankel contour --- Fermi–Dirac function --- Bose–Einstein function --- Weyl transform --- series representation --- Hermite–Hadamard inequalities --- (p, q)-derivative --- (p, q)-integral --- convex functions --- fixed point --- Reich contraction --- Hardy–Rogers contraction --- almost b-metric space --- additive (Cauchy) equation --- additive mapping --- Hyers–Ulam stability --- generalized Hyers–Ulam stability --- hyperstability --- bounded index --- bounded L-index in direction --- slice function --- entire function --- bounded l-index --- generalized hypergeometric functions --- classical summation theorems --- generalization --- laplace transforms --- gamma and beta functions --- Szász-Mirakjan operators --- Szász-Mirakjan Beta type operators --- extended Gamma and Beta functions --- confluent hypergeometric function --- Modulus of smoothness --- modulus of continuity --- Lipschitz class --- local approximation --- Voronovskaja type approximation theorem --- operators theory 44A99, 47B99, 47A62 --- special functions 33C52, 33C65, 33C99, 33B10, 33B15 --- Stirling numbers and Touchard polynomials 11B73 --- n/a

Circulating Tumor Cells: Finding Rare Events for A Huge Knowledge of Cancer Dissemination

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ISBN: 9783039286980 / 9783039286997 Year: Pages: 366 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-699-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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The analysis of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) as a real-time liquid biopsy approach can be used to obtain new insights into metastasis biology, and as companion diagnostics to improve the stratification of therapies and to obtain insights into the therapy-induced selection of cancer cells. In this book, we will cover all the different facets of CTCs to assemble a huge corpus of knowledge on cancer dissemination: technologies for their enrichment, detection, and characterization; their analysis at the single-cell level; their journey as CTC microemboli; their clinical relevance; their biology with the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT); their stem-cell properties; their potential to initiate metastasis at distant sites; their ex vivo expansion; and their escape from the immune system.

Keywords

circulating tumor cells --- circulating tumor DNA --- liquid biopsy --- metastatic colorectal cancer --- FOLFIRINOX --- circulating tumor cells --- CTC --- liquid biopsy --- CTM --- CTMat --- CTC biology --- CTC capture technology --- metastasis --- circulating tumor cells (CTCs) --- hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) --- castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) --- epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) --- fibronectin --- integrin B1 --- SLUG --- major histocompatibility complex class I (MHCI) --- immunomodulation --- bone marrow --- melanoma --- disseminated tumor cells --- solid cancers --- single-cell analysis --- enrichment and detection technologies --- flow cytometry --- tumor stem cells --- HMB-45 --- CD133 --- locally advanced rectal cancer --- circulating tumor cells --- RAD23B --- thymidylate synthase --- chemoradioresistance --- liquid biopsy --- circulating tumor cells --- epithelial–mesenchymal transition --- stem cells --- early breast cancer --- prostate cancer (PCa) --- circulating tumor cells (CTC) --- liquid biopsy --- circulating tumor cells --- metastasis --- xenograft models --- breast cancer --- prostate cancer --- CTC --- AR --- AR-V7 --- ctRNA --- exosome --- circulating tumor cells --- hematological cells --- neutrophils --- platelets --- liquid biopsy --- circulating tumor cells --- melanoma --- liquid biopsy --- EPISPOT --- CellSearch® --- liquid biopsy --- CTCs --- immune checkpoint inhibitors --- PD-L1 expression --- NSCLC --- small-cell lung carcinoma --- circulating tumor cells --- microfluidics --- gene expression analysis --- synaptophysin --- chromogranin A --- rovalpituzumab tesirine --- leukocyte-derived extracellular vesicles --- immunofluorescence imaging --- EpCAM enrichment --- CellSearch --- EasyCount slides --- ACCEPT --- CTC --- heterogeneity --- liquid biopsy --- liquid surgery --- clinical utility --- circulating tumor cells (CTCs) --- glioma --- biomarker --- rVAR2 --- malaria --- enrichment and detection technologies --- prostate cancer --- biomarkers --- circulating tumor cells --- androgen receptor --- ARV7 --- abiraterone --- enzalutamide --- metastasis --- tumor-initiating cells (TICs) --- circulating tumor cells (CTCs) --- CTC-derived xenografts --- CTC-derived ex vivo models --- cerebrospinal liquid biopsy --- in vivo flow cytometry --- tumor biomarkers --- circulating tumor cells --- ctDNA --- miRNA --- exosomes --- emboli --- targeted therapy --- circulating tumor cells --- tumor cell dissemination --- immune system --- microbiome --- circulating tumor cells (CTCs) --- clinical trials --- breast cancer --- CTC-based treatment decisions --- circulating tumour cells --- colorectal cancer --- colorectal surgery --- microsatellite instability --- microfluidics --- immunophenotyping --- fish --- liquid biopsy --- circulating leukemia cells --- circulating plasma cells --- n/a

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