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Tools, Methodologies and Techniques Applied to Sustainable Supply Chains

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ISBN: 9783039283187 9783039283194 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-319-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Supply chains are currently globalized and companies operate internationally owing to the fact that raw materials, production processes, and the consumption of the final products are carried out in different countries. This implies high material and information flow, which incurs high costs associated with the supply chain and logistics, sometimes up to 60% of the total cost of the product. Therefore, companies seek to optimize their resources to reduce these costs and improve sustainability in a globalized market. This book, entitled Tools, Methodologies and Techniques Applied to Sustainable Supply Chains, contains 15 chapters that report case studies applied to industrial and service sectors. The authors come from areas such as Mexico, Colombia, Italy, Sweden, Slovakia, China, and Australia. They indicate how managers make use of tools and techniques to solve problems associated with supply chains to reduce their cost and remain competitive. A great effort has been made to analyze this problem, and the methodologies are clearly described here to facilitate the reproducibility of each technique and tool. This was done in the hope that hoping that they may one day be applied in more companies.

Keywords

tire waste management --- reverse logistics --- green logistics --- Mexico --- Russia --- remanufacturing --- closed-loop supply chain --- warranty decision --- contract coordination --- supply chain innovation --- systematic review --- social network analysis --- collaboration --- attributes --- green manufacturing --- benefits --- green supply chain --- sensitivity analysis --- sustainability --- genetic algorithm --- layout planning --- model --- sustainable manufacturing --- environmental assessment tool --- green lean --- pallet management strategy --- reusable handling system --- closed-loop network --- what-if analysis --- environmental impact --- electricity markets --- alpha-stable distribution --- alpha-stable regression --- electricity prices --- waste management --- residue collection --- urban logistics --- design of territories --- supply chain management --- hospital supply chain --- sustainable supply chain --- hospital logistics --- hospital sustainability --- healthcare logistics --- sustainable hospital management --- Sugarcane Crop Residues (SCRs) --- cogeneration --- optimization of bioenergy supply chain decisions --- delivering products --- travel time uncertainty --- fuzzy logic --- fuzzy linear programming --- urban road network --- reliability --- green supplier selection --- contract farming --- life cycle assessment --- environmental collaboration --- multi-objective optimization --- agro-food supply chain --- system dynamics --- systems thinking --- causal models --- healthcare services --- bearability --- sustainability --- MIPL --- VRP --- star network --- optimal plant location

Mot bedre vitende i norsk matsektor

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ISBN: 9788202669751 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.93 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-05 07:21:42
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"The Norwegian food market engenders strong opinions and substantial media attention, with questions regarding agricultural regulations, competition between retail food chains, and the relationship between chains and their suppliers fueling debate. Meanwhile the country’s politicians call for greater intervention. Much of the debate can seem to be happening “against our better judgment”. Vague assumptions about the state of the food sector, paired with a strong political will to apply initiatives, is reason enough to look closer at the situation. This anthology provides an up-to-date factual assessment of the entire value chain in the food market. Central topics include development of productivity in the various segments of the food chain, price differences between different countries, and effects of Norway’s tariff system. The book presents new contributions concerning the structure of the market, access to food stores and the significance of brand names, and especially to the kind of bargaining tactics employed between food chains and suppliers, with an overview of how their negotiations are carried out and possibilities for regulatory measures afforded under existing laws. Against Better Judgment in the Norwegian Food Sector confirms existing knowledge and presents new findings that deserve attention from the sector itself, the media and public authorities. The book will be of interest to everyone seeking to understand the Norwegian food sector and take part in its further development. The book’s chapters have been written by seven researchers with lengthy experience in the field, and edited by Frode Steen, a professor in the Department of Economics at the Norwegian School of Economics, and Ivar Pettersen, a senior advisor at the Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research."

Migration, Agriculture and Rural Development

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783030428631 Year: Pages: 139 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-42863-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Agriculture (General) --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:58:46
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This open access short reader looks into the dynamics which have reshaped rural development and human landscapes in European agriculture and the role of immigrant people. Within this framework it analyses contemporary rural migrations and the emergence of immigrants in relation to the incorporation of agrarian systems into global markets, the European agricultural governance (CAP), and the struggle of local territories as differentiated practices in constant stress between innovation and resilience. It specifically explores the case of immigrant shepherds to describe the reconfiguration of agriculture systems and rural landscapes in Europe following intense immigration and the related provision of skilled labour at a relatively low cost. Being written in a very accessible way, this reader is an interesting read to students, researchers, academics, policy makers, and practitioners.

Application of Optimization in Production, Logistics, Inventory, Supply Chain Management and Block Chain

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ISBN: 9783039285228 / 9783039285235 Year: Pages: 618 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-523-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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The evolution of industrial development since the 18th century is now experiencing the fourth industrial revolution. The effect of the development has propagated into almost every sector of the industry. From inventory to the circular economy, the effectiveness of technology has been fruitful for industry. The recent trends in research, with new ideas and methodologies, are included in this book. Several new ideas and business strategies are developed in the area of the supply chain management, logistics, optimization, and forecasting for the improvement of the economy of the society and the environment. The proposed technologies and ideas are either novel or help modify several other new ideas. Different real life problems with different dimensions are discussed in the book so that readers may connect with the recent issues in society and industry. The collection of the articles provides a glimpse into the new research trends in technology, business, and the environment.

Keywords

inventory --- defectives --- inspection errors --- full trade credit --- partial trade credit --- supplier selection process --- multicriteria decision making (MCDM) --- edible oil --- fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP) --- green data envelopment analysis (GDEA) --- optimization --- integer linear programming --- sustainable --- supplier selection --- order allocation --- supply chain management --- e-commerce --- O2O channel --- customer acquisition cost --- transshipments --- electric power distribution --- Lean manufacturing --- multi-stage production system --- fuzzy demand --- imperfect products --- reworking --- lean manufacturing --- sustainability --- process imperfection --- uncertain information --- decomposition principle --- triangular fuzzy number --- human-based production system --- offline inspection --- optimization --- inspection cost --- outgoing quality --- learning behavior --- transport infrastructure --- develop strategies --- optimal algorithms --- business performance --- resilient supply chain --- supplier selection --- fuzzy optimization --- disruption risks --- preservation technology investment --- refrigerated trucks --- waste reduction --- controllable probabilistic deterioration rate --- supply chain management --- supply chain inventory --- imperfect quality --- inspection --- carbon emission --- deteriorating items --- industry 4.0 --- dynamic job-shop scheduling --- simulation --- decision support systems --- internet of things --- four-dimensional transportation problem --- fixed charge --- space constraint --- budget constraint --- substitute and complimentary items --- rough interval --- lead-time reduction --- production modelling --- optimization --- inventory control --- backorder --- imperfect manufacturing system --- backordering --- defective products --- rework --- inspection --- inventory --- smart production --- variable demand --- advertisement --- energy --- rework --- system reliability --- airborne particulate matter --- Bayesian approach --- change point detection --- likelihood ratio test --- time series analysis --- air quality --- supply chain management --- inventory control --- distribution-free approach --- revenue sharing --- radio frequency identification --- information asymmetry --- CLSC management --- O2O channel --- random defective rate --- hybrid manufacturing- remanufacturing strategy --- stochastic-petri net modeling --- sustainable healthcare system --- staff absenteeism --- patient’s queue --- mixed integer nonlinear programming --- data envelopment analysis --- benchmarking --- petrochemical industries --- technical and super-efficiencies --- multidimensional scaling --- efficiency and scatter plots --- price discounts --- stochastic-price dependent demand --- newsvendor --- pricing policy --- scheduling --- evolutionary algorithm --- robustness --- multi-objective --- machine breakdown --- inventory --- pricing --- complementary products --- substitutable products --- deterioration --- inventory modelling and optimization --- Trade-credit financing --- Cash discounts --- permissible delays in payments --- Supply chain management --- economic order quantity (EOQ) --- mathematical solution procedure --- deteriorating items --- mathematical analytic tools and techniques --- managerial considerations and managerial decisions --- production --- imperfect production --- defective rate --- workplace stress --- workers’ efficiency --- quality control --- targeting model --- process mean --- strict quasi-concavity --- recurrent states --- optimized limits --- preventive maintenance --- imperfect repair --- optimization --- reliability threshold --- repairable system --- distributed development --- agile development --- application program interfaces in agile distributed projects --- framework for agile distributed development

Current Trends on Monomial and Binomial Ideals

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ISBN: 9783039283606 9783039283613 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-361-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Mathematics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Historically, the study of monomial ideals became fashionable after the pioneering work by Richard Stanley in 1975 on the upper bound conjecture for spheres. On the other hand, since the early 1990s, under the strong influence of Gröbner bases, binomial ideals became gradually fashionable in commutative algebra. The last ten years have seen a surge of research work in the study of monomial and binomial ideals. Remarkable developments in, for example, finite free resolutions, syzygies, Hilbert functions, toric rings, as well as cohomological invariants of ordinary powers, and symbolic powers of monomial and binomial ideals, have been brought forward. The theory of monomial and binomial ideals has many benefits from combinatorics and Göbner bases. Simultaneously, monomial and binomial ideals have created new and exciting aspects of combinatorics and Göbner bases. In the present Special Issue, particular attention was paid to monomial and binomial ideals arising from combinatorial objects including finite graphs, simplicial complexes, lattice polytopes, and finite partially ordered sets, because there is a rich and intimate relationship between algebraic properties and invariants of these classes of ideals and the combinatorial structures of their combinatorial counterparts. This volume gives a brief summary of recent achievements in this area of research. It will stimulate further research that encourages breakthroughs in the theory of monomial and binomial ideals. This volume provides graduate students with fundamental materials in this research area. Furthermore, it will help researchers find exciting activities and avenues for further exploration of monomial and binomial ideals. The editors express our thanks to the contributors to the Special Issue. Funds for APC (article processing charge) were partially supported by JSPS (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science) Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research (S) entitled ""The Birth of Modern Trends on Commutative Algebra and Convex Polytopes with Statistical and Computational Strategies"" (JP 26220701). The publication of this volume is one of the main activities of the grant.

Cutting-Edge Technologies for Renewable Energy Production and Storage

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ISBN: 9783039360000 / 9783039360017 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03936-001-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are dramatically influencing the environment, and research is strongly committed to proposing alternatives, mainly based on renewable energy sources. Low GHG electricity production from renewables is well established but issues of grid balancing are limiting their application. Energy storage is a key topic for the further deployment of renewable energy production. Besides batteries and other types of electrical storage, electrofuels and bioderived fuels may offer suitable alternatives in some specific scenarios. This Special Issue includes contributions on the energy conversion technologies and use, energy storage, technologies integration, e-fuels, and pilot and large-scale applications.

Early Life Nutrition and Future Health

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ISBN: 9783039282500 9783039282517 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-251-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Inequity starts before birth and is programmed in part by nutritional exposures. If these exposures occur around the time of conception, during pregnancy, and/or in infancy or childhood (all critical periods of development) they may alter a child’s health trajectory and impact risk for impaired cognition and learning, and cardiometabolic, immune, and neuropsychiatric diseases and disorders. This Special Issue on “Early Life Nutrition and Future Health” has the following aims: 1) understand the origins of offspring health inequities from an early nutritional perspective; 2) uncover new insights into the environmental, biological, and social mechanisms that underpin these health outcomes in offspring; and 3) present novel targets and approaches to optimise health trajectories and prevent chronic diseases and disorders in later life and across generations. The research projects included herein highlight novel mechanistic, epidemiologic, and intervention studies that target key windows where nutrition has the greatest influence on future health (preconception, prenatal, and postnatal periods) and that explore vulnerable populations and animal models of early life nutritional programming.

Advanced Flame Retardant Materials

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ISBN: 9783039283507 9783039283514 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-351-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Recent disasters caused by the spread of fire in buildings and in transportations remind us of the importance of fire protection. Using flame-retardant materials is one important element of the firefighting strategy, which aims to prevent fire development and propagation. These materials are used in different applications, such as in textiles, coatings, foams, furniture, and cables. The development of more efficient and environmentally friendly flame-retardant additives is an active multidisciplinary approach that has attracted a great deal of interest. Studies have aimed at the development of new, sustainable, and flame-retardant additives/materials, providing high performance and low toxicity. Also studied were their properties during ageing and recycling, as well as modeling physical and chemical processes occuring before ignition and during their combustion. The development of sustainable flame retardants and understanding their modes of action provide a strong link between these topics and cover many fields from organic chemistry, materials engineering, and toxicology, to physics and mathematics.

Synthetic and Biosynthetic Approaches to Marine Natural Products

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ISBN: 9783039284665 9783039284672 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-467-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics
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Marine natural products containing a heterocyclic moiety in their structure are present in a wide variety of sponges, corals, algae, and fungi. Many of them show important biological activities such as cytotoxic properties against several cancer cell lines. Their challenging chemical structures have attracted the attention of many researchers who have developed various synthetic approaches. This Special Issue presents some examples of new synthetic or biosynthetic methodologies to access this type of marine natural drug.

Horse Feeding and Management

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ISBN: 9783039285525 / 9783039285532 Year: Pages: 195 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-553-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Horses perform variety of roles in our society, serving people in several ways. Proper nutrition and feeding management are some of the main objectives to ensure the well-being and performance of horses. Thus, the link between equine health and good dietary treatment must be recognized to increase our understanding of the needs of the horse. It is important to ensure science-based knowledge is available to all stakeholders and people working in the horse industry. This book presents research papers published in the Special Issue of Animals entitled ‘Horse Nutrition and Management’.

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