Search results: Found 16

Listing 1 - 10 of 16 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by
Uncertain Bioethics

Author:
Book Series: Routledge Annals of Bioethics ISBN: 9780815372981 9781351244510 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102684
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-07 11:21:14
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Uncertain Bioethics makes a significant and distinctive contribution to the bioethics literature by culling the insights from contemporary moral psychology to highlight the epistemic pitfalls and distorting influences on our apprehension of value. Stephen Napier also incorporates research from epistemology addressing pragmatic encroachment and the significance of peer disagreement to justify what he refers to as epistemic diffidence when one is considering harming or killing human beings. Napier extends these developments to the traditional bioethical notion of dignity and argues that beliefs subject to epistemic diffidence should not be acted upon. He proceeds to apply this framework to traditional and developing issues in bioethics including abortion, stem cell research, euthanasia, decision-making for patients in a minimally conscious state, and risky research on competent human subjects.

Keywords

Philosophy

Clandestine Philosophy

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781487504618 9781487531560 9781487530556 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Toronto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102828
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-13 11:21:04
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Clandestine Philosophy examines the circulation and consequences of 'clandestine philosophical manuscripts', a genre that flourished in the eighteenth century and included forbidden works such as erotic texts, political pamphlets, satires of court life and of the nobility, forbidden religious texts, and books about alchemy and the occult. The editors have brought together leading experts on the history of European philosophy to explore the circulation of radical ideas during the eighteenth century and the social, political, and cultural impact they had on eighteenth-century society.

Keywords

Philosophy

Sceptical Paths. Enquiry and Doubt from Antiquity to the Present

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Studies and Texts in Scepticism ISSN: 25689614 ISBN: 9783110591040 Year: Volume: 6 Pages: 232 DOI: 10.1515/9783110591040 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Sceptical Paths gathers a variety of innovative studies that inquire into the presence and function of sceptical elements, strategies, and approaches in various traditions throughout Ancient, Medieval, Modern, and contemporary philosophy. Special attention is given to the place of sceptical argumentation in religious authors, challenging commonly held distinctions within the historiography of scepticism, and introduction of lesser-known thinkers.

Scham und Würde

Author:
Book Series: Beitrage zu Friedrich Nietzsche ISBN: 9783796540141 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.24894/978-3-7965-4014-1 Language: German
Publisher: Schwabe Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-29 11:21:04
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This volume comprehensively analyses the key terms shame and dignity in Nietsche’s thinking and explores their importance to contemporary debates in ethics and moral philosophy.&#xD;

Anthropologie der Theorie

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783161554414 9783161554421 Year: DOI: 10.1628/978-3-16-155442-1 Language: German
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104897
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 11:21:07
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The link between leisure and contemplative activity, as paradigmatically developed in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, has a pre- and long post-history reaching into present day philosophy and theology. Aristotle's melding of leisure with theory is explained anthropologically because human nature's capabilities are perfectly realised in a contemplative form of life. The contributions in this volume investigate models of connecting theory and leisure in the history of ideas with regard to the question of an anthropological foundation of theory.

Discourse on the State of the Jews. Bilingual Edition

Author:
Book Series: Studies and Texts in Scepticism ISSN: 25689614 ISBN: 9783110527988 Year: Volume: 7 Pages: 395 DOI: 10.1515/9783110527988 Language: English / Italian
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In 1638, a small book of no more than 92 pages in octavo was published “appresso Gioanne Calleoni” under the title “Discourse on the State of the Jews and in particular those dwelling in the illustrious city of Venice.” It was dedicated to the Doge of Venice and his counsellors, who are labelled “lovers of Truth.” The author of the book was a certain Simone (Simḥa) Luzzatto, a native of Venice, where he lived and died, serving as rabbi for over fifty years during the course of the seventeenth century.Luzzatto’s political thesis is simple and, at the same time, temerarious, if not revolutionary: Venice can put an end to its political decline, he argues, by offering the Jews a monopoly on overseas commercial activity. This plan is highly recommendable because the Jews are “wellsuited for trade,” much more so than others (such as “foreigners,” for example). The rabbi opens his argument by recalling that trade and usury are the only occupations permitted to Jews. Within the confines of their historical situation, the Venetian Jews became particularly skilled at trade with partners from the Eastern Mediterranean countries. Luzzatto’s argument is that this talent could be put at the service of the Venetian government in order to maintain – or, more accurately, recover – its political importance as an intermediary between East and West. He was the first to define the role of the Jews on the basis of their economic and social functions, disregarding the classic categorisation of Judaism’s alleged privileged religious status in world history.Nonetheless, going beyond the socio-economic arguments of the book, it is essential to point out Luzzatto’s resort to sceptical strategies in order to plead in defence of the Venetian Jews. It is precisely his philosophical and political scepticism that makes Luzzatto’s texts so unique.This edition aims to grant access to his works and thought to English-speaking readers and scholars. By approaching his texts from this point

Jorge Millas

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789568416829 Year: Pages: 245 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-08 11:21:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Text that deals with Chilean philosopher Jorge Millas, his ideas, thinking and acting at the university.

Schriften zur Universitätsidee

Author:
Book Series: Karl Jaspers Gesamtausgabe. Werke ISBN: 9783796535338 Year: Pages: 585 DOI: 10.24894/978-3-7965-3533-8 Language: German
Publisher: Schwabe Verlag
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-29 11:21:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

For the first time, this volume gathers all of Jasper’s texts concerning university that had been published by himself. The annotations of the edition provide valuable insights into the meaning of specific passages, the historical and intellectual context of Jasper's ideas, and the genesis of his manuscripts.&#xD;

Im Namen der Dinge

Author:
Book Series: Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy ISBN: 9783796539381 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: 10.24894/978-3-7965-3938-1 Language: German
Publisher: Schwabe Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-17 11:21:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The main assumption of this book is that Locke’s methaphysical considerations spread throughout his works build a coherent metaphysical theory about the essence of things. Contrary to prevalent opinions, Locke thereby proves to be a philosopher who not only criticised the metaphysical systems of the late scholasticism, but also advanced them in a very interesting way.&#xD;

Contemporary Natural Philosophy and Philosophies - Part 1

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038978220 / 9783038978237 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-823-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Modern information communication technology eradicates barriers of geographic distances, making the world globally interdependent, but this spatial globalization has not eliminated cultural fragmentation. The Two Cultures of C.P. Snow (that of science–technology and that of humanities) are drifting apart even faster than before, and they themselves crumble into increasingly specialized domains. Disintegrated knowledge has become subservient to the competition in technological and economic race leading in the direction chosen not by the reason, intellect, and shared value-based judgement, but rather by the whims of autocratic leaders or fashion controlled by marketers for the purposes of political or economic dominance. If we want to restore the authority of our best available knowledge and democratic values in guiding humanity, first we have to reintegrate scattered domains of human knowledge and values and offer an evolving and diverse vision of common reality unified by sound methodology. This collection of articles responds to the call from the journal Philosophies to build a new, networked world of knowledge with domain specialists from different disciplines interacting and connecting with other knowledge-and-values-producing and knowledge-and-values-consuming communities in an inclusive, extended, contemporary natural–philosophic manner. In this process of synthesis, scientific and philosophical investigations enrich each other—with sciences informing philosophies about the best current knowledge of the world, both natural and human-made—while philosophies scrutinize the ontological, epistemological, and methodological foundations of sciences, providing scientists with questions and conceptual analyses. This is all directed at extending and deepening our existing comprehension of the world, including ourselves, both as humans and as societies, and humankind.

Keywords

n/a --- compositional hierarchy --- development --- dissipative structures --- final cause --- internalism --- Second Law of thermodynamics --- subsumptive hierarchy --- agonism --- apophasis --- autocatalysis --- centripetality --- contingency --- endogenous selection --- heterogeneity --- indeterminacy --- process --- mathematics --- physics --- philosophical foundations --- natural philosophy --- the logic of nature --- ontology --- epistemology --- in the name of nature --- philosophy of information --- natural philosophy --- metaphysics --- physics --- problem of induction --- physicalism --- theoretical unity --- philosophy of science --- scientific method --- scientific progress --- pessimistic induction --- awareness --- cognition --- computation --- cybernetics --- differentiation --- fitness --- holographic encoding --- memory --- perception --- quantum information --- signal transduction --- spatial representation --- thermodynamics --- unitarity --- Leibniz --- monad --- internal quantum state --- relational biology --- reflexive psychology --- self --- induction --- naturalism --- evidence and justification --- epistemic norms --- induction and concept formation --- induction and discovery of laws --- natural philosophy --- R.M. Unger --- L. Smolin --- Aristotle --- F.W.J. Schelling --- Naturphilosophie --- A.N. Whitehead --- Ivor Leclerc --- dialectics --- discourse --- discursive space --- information --- knowledge --- humanistic management --- language --- natural philosophy --- subjective experience --- process --- dual aspects --- consciousness --- information-theory --- theoretical biology --- 1st-person and 3rd-person perspectives --- hylomorphism --- mind --- form --- matter --- neurodynamics --- natural philosophy --- philosophy of science --- Jungian psychology --- depth psychology --- analytical psychology --- phenomenological psychology --- evolutionary psychology --- active imagination --- Aristotle’s four causes --- aesthetics in science --- philosophy as a way of life --- common good --- contradiction --- ethics --- information --- logic --- naturalization --- realism --- science --- synthesis --- natural philosophy --- philosophy of nature --- naturalism --- unity of knowledge --- qualitative ontology --- intentionality --- dispositions --- qualia --- abduction --- agent-based reasoning --- creativity --- eco-cognitive model --- eco-cognitive openness --- fallacies --- errors of reasoning --- third-way reasoning --- naturalization of logic --- causality --- embodiment --- measurement --- regulation --- retrocausality --- second-person description --- symmetry breaking --- temporality --- natural philosophy --- cosmology --- emptiness --- vacuum --- void --- dark energy --- space flight --- exoplanet --- big freeze --- big crunch --- everyday lifeworld --- digitization --- computability --- complexity --- reverse mathematics --- quantum computing --- real computing --- theory of everything --- acategoriality --- state-space approach --- mental representation --- dual-aspect monism --- exceptional experiences --- intentionality --- mind-matter relations --- category theory --- memory evolutive system --- emergence --- emergentist reductionism --- anticipation --- creativity --- info-computational model

Listing 1 - 10 of 16 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by