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Uncertain Bioethics

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Book Series: Routledge Annals of Bioethics ISBN: 9780815372981 9781351244510 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102684
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-07 11:21:14
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Uncertain Bioethics makes a significant and distinctive contribution to the bioethics literature by culling the insights from contemporary moral psychology to highlight the epistemic pitfalls and distorting influences on our apprehension of value. Stephen Napier also incorporates research from epistemology addressing pragmatic encroachment and the significance of peer disagreement to justify what he refers to as epistemic diffidence when one is considering harming or killing human beings. Napier extends these developments to the traditional bioethical notion of dignity and argues that beliefs subject to epistemic diffidence should not be acted upon. He proceeds to apply this framework to traditional and developing issues in bioethics including abortion, stem cell research, euthanasia, decision-making for patients in a minimally conscious state, and risky research on competent human subjects.

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Philosophy

Clandestine Philosophy

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781487504618 9781487531560 9781487530556 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Toronto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102828
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-13 11:21:04
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Clandestine Philosophy examines the circulation and consequences of 'clandestine philosophical manuscripts', a genre that flourished in the eighteenth century and included forbidden works such as erotic texts, political pamphlets, satires of court life and of the nobility, forbidden religious texts, and books about alchemy and the occult. The editors have brought together leading experts on the history of European philosophy to explore the circulation of radical ideas during the eighteenth century and the social, political, and cultural impact they had on eighteenth-century society.

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Philosophy

Auf dem Weg zur Philosophie

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Book Series: Zur Genealogie des Schreibens ISBN: 9783846764053 Year: Pages: 331 DOI: 10.30965/9783846764053 Language: German
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-21 23:58:40
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Philosophy

Sceptical Paths. Enquiry and Doubt from Antiquity to the Present

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Studies and Texts in Scepticism ISSN: 25689614 ISBN: 9783110591040 Year: Volume: 6 Pages: 232 DOI: 10.1515/9783110591040 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17
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Sceptical Paths gathers a variety of innovative studies that inquire into the presence and function of sceptical elements, strategies, and approaches in various traditions throughout Ancient, Medieval, Modern, and contemporary philosophy. Special attention is given to the place of sceptical argumentation in religious authors, challenging commonly held distinctions within the historiography of scepticism, and introduction of lesser-known thinkers.

Scham und Würde

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Book Series: Beitrage zu Friedrich Nietzsche ISBN: 9783796540141 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.24894/978-3-7965-4014-1 Language: German
Publisher: Schwabe Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-29 11:21:04
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This volume comprehensively analyses the key terms shame and dignity in Nietsche’s thinking and explores their importance to contemporary debates in ethics and moral philosophy.

Anthropologie der Theorie

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ISBN: 9783161554414 9783161554421 Year: DOI: 10.1628/978-3-16-155442-1 Language: German
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104897
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 11:21:07
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The link between leisure and contemplative activity, as paradigmatically developed in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, has a pre- and long post-history reaching into present day philosophy and theology. Aristotle's melding of leisure with theory is explained anthropologically because human nature's capabilities are perfectly realised in a contemplative form of life. The contributions in this volume investigate models of connecting theory and leisure in the history of ideas with regard to the question of an anthropological foundation of theory.

Philosophy en noir

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ISBN: 9788024638539/9788024638546 Year: Pages: 381 Language: English
Publisher: Karolinum Press Grant: Creativity and Adaptability as Conditions of the Success of Europe in an Interrelated World (reg. no.: CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000734)
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-03 11:44:37
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Thought necessarily reflects the times. Following the tragedy of the Holocaust, this fact became ever more clear. And it may be the reason postwar philosophical texts are so difficult to understand, since they confront incomprehensibly traumatic experiences. In this first English-language translation of any of his books, Miroslav Petříček—one of the most influential and erudite Czech philosophers, and a student of Jan Patočka—argues that to exist in the second half of the twentieth century and beyond, Western philosophy has had to rewrite its tradition and its discourse, radically transforming itself. Should philosophy be capable of bearing witness to the time, Petříček contends, this metamorphosis in philosophy is necessary. Offering an original Central European perspective on postwar philosophical discourse that reflects upon the historical underpinnings of pop culture phenomena and complex philosophical schools—including Adorno, Agamben, Benjamin, Derrida, Husserl, Kracauer, and many others—Philosophy en noir is a record of this transformation.

Vagaries of Desire: A Collection of Philosophical Essays

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Book Series: Philosophy, Literature, and Politics ISBN: 9789004410305 Year: Pages: 236 DOI: 10.1163/9789004410305 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-19 04:54:56
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In Vagaries of Desire, Timo Airaksinen develops a new philosophical account of desire understood as mental state that focuses on a desirable possible world. Literary and philosophical themes, including sexuality, are discussed in terms of their metaphoric and metonymic features. Readership: Advanced students and specialists in philosophy of mind, anyone who is interested in the application of rhetorical notions to literature and philosophy, students and specialist in sexual ethics.

Discourse on the State of the Jews. Bilingual Edition

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Book Series: Studies and Texts in Scepticism ISSN: 25689614 ISBN: 9783110527988 Year: Volume: 7 Pages: 395 DOI: 10.1515/9783110527988 Language: English / Italian
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17
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In 1638, a small book of no more than 92 pages in octavo was published “appresso Gioanne Calleoni” under the title “Discourse on the State of the Jews and in particular those dwelling in the illustrious city of Venice.” It was dedicated to the Doge of Venice and his counsellors, who are labelled “lovers of Truth.” The author of the book was a certain Simone (Simḥa) Luzzatto, a native of Venice, where he lived and died, serving as rabbi for over fifty years during the course of the seventeenth century.Luzzatto’s political thesis is simple and, at the same time, temerarious, if not revolutionary: Venice can put an end to its political decline, he argues, by offering the Jews a monopoly on overseas commercial activity. This plan is highly recommendable because the Jews are “wellsuited for trade,” much more so than others (such as “foreigners,” for example). The rabbi opens his argument by recalling that trade and usury are the only occupations permitted to Jews. Within the confines of their historical situation, the Venetian Jews became particularly skilled at trade with partners from the Eastern Mediterranean countries. Luzzatto’s argument is that this talent could be put at the service of the Venetian government in order to maintain – or, more accurately, recover – its political importance as an intermediary between East and West. He was the first to define the role of the Jews on the basis of their economic and social functions, disregarding the classic categorisation of Judaism’s alleged privileged religious status in world history.Nonetheless, going beyond the socio-economic arguments of the book, it is essential to point out Luzzatto’s resort to sceptical strategies in order to plead in defence of the Venetian Jews. It is precisely his philosophical and political scepticism that makes Luzzatto’s texts so unique.This edition aims to grant access to his works and thought to English-speaking readers and scholars. By approaching his texts from this point

Jorge Millas

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789568416829 Year: Pages: 245 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-08 11:21:03
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Text that deals with Chilean philosopher Jorge Millas, his ideas, thinking and acting at the university.

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