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Animal Experimentation: Working Towards a Paradigm Change

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Book Series: Human-Animal Studies ISBN: 9789004391192 Year: Pages: 752 DOI: 10.1163/9789004391192 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-19 04:53:41
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Animal Experimentation: Working Towards a Paradigm Change critically appraises current animal use in science and discusses ways in which we can contribute to a paradigm change towards human-biology based approaches. Readership: This volume is intended not only for fellow scholars and scientists, but for the interested public, campaigners, students, academics, researchers, regulators and industry.

Internationale Gerechtigkeit und institutionelle Verantwortung

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ISBN: 9783110615876 Year: Pages: 438,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110615876 Language: German / English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-27 13:08:38
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What are the implications of globalization for moral behavior? What would global practices look like that were just for all in principle? Is it possible to generalize the basic principles of social justice as they prevail in democratic countries? Or instead, do other, possibly weaker levels of moral responsibility exist at the global level that promote global social justice based on different sets of principles?

Internationale Gerechtigkeit und institutionelle Verantwortung

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783110616040 Year: Pages: 426 DOI: 10.1515/9783110615876 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-19 00:06:05
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What are the implications of globalization for moral behavior? What would global practices look like that were just for all in principle? Is it possible to generalize the basic principles of social justice as they prevail in democratic countries? Or instead, do other, possibly weaker levels of moral responsibility exist at the global level that promote global social justice based on different sets of principles?

Museum of Nonhumanity

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781950192113 9781950192120 Year: Pages: 281 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0252.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-24 11:21:12
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Museum of Nonhumanity is the catalogue for a full-size touring museum that presents the history of the distinction between humans and animals, and the way that this artificial boundary has been used to oppress human and nonhuman beings over long historical periods. Throughout history, declaring a group to be nonhuman or subhuman has been an effective tool for justifying slavery, oppression, medical experimentation, genocide, and other forms of violence against those deemed “other.” Conversely, differentiating humans from other species has paved the way for the abuse of natural resources and other animals. Museum of Nonhumanity approaches animalization as a nexus that connects xenophobia, sexism, racism, transphobia, and the abuse of nature and other animals. The touring museum hosts lecture programs in which local civil rights and animal rights organizations, academics, artists, and activists propose paths to a more inclusive society through intersectional approaches. The museum also hosts a pop-up book shop and a vegan café. As a temporary, utopian institution, Museum of Nonhumanity stands as a monument to the call to make animalization history.

The Ethics of Vaccination

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ISBN: 9783030020675 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02068-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Philosophy --- Medicine (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-19 11:21:22
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This open access book discusses individual, collective, and institutional responsibilities with regard to vaccination from the perspective of philosophy and public health ethics. It addresses the issue of what it means for a collective to be morally responsible for the realisation of herd immunity and what the implications of collective responsibility are for individual and institutional responsibilities. The first chapter introduces some key concepts in the vaccination debate, such as ‘herd immunity’, ‘public goods’, and ‘vaccine refusal’; and explains why failure to vaccinate raises certain ethical issues. The second chapter analyses, from a philosophical perspective, the relationship between individual, collective, and institutional responsibilities with regard to the realisation of herd immunity. The third chapter is about the principle of least restrictive alternative in public health ethics and its implications for vaccination policies. Finally, the fourth chapter presents an ethical argument for unqualified compulsory vaccination, i.e. for compulsory vaccination that does not allow for any conscientious objection. The book would appeal both philosophers interested in public health ethics and the general public interested in the philosophical underpinning of different arguments about our moral obligations with regard to vaccination.

Equitable Research Partnerships

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Research and Innovation Governance ISBN: 9783030157456 Year: Pages: 122 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-15745-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Migration --- Philosophy --- Political Science --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:07
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This open access book offers insights into the development of the ground-breaking Global Code of Conduct for Research in Resource-Poor Settings (GCC) and the San Code of Research Ethics. Using a new, intuitive moral framework predicated on fairness, respect, care and honesty, both codes target ethics dumping – the export of unethical research practices from a high-income setting to a lower- or middle-income setting. The book is a rich resource of information and argument for any research stakeholder who opposes double standards in research. It will be indispensable for applicants to European Union framework programmes, as the GCC is now a mandatory reference document for EU funding.

The Big Gamble

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ISBN: 9780520970755 9780520298705 Year: Pages: 243 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.82 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Anthropology --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:21
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Why, every year, tens of thousands of people are willing to risk their lives in perilous voyages across Africa and the Mediterranean Sea? Why do they face such an ordeal to reach European countries where their long-term prospects are often dismal? The Big Gamble answers these questions through a multi-sited ethnography with refugees, their families back, smugglers and relatives in the diaspora. By visiting family homes in Eritrea, living with refugees in camps and urban peripheries across Ethiopia, Sudan and Italy, the author untangles everyday challenges as well as images, desires and feelings of young Eritreans pursuing their desired destination in a context of protracted crisis and long-term displacement. Throughout the book the author shows the importance of recognizing the space for choices in contemporary refugee movements. It argues that imagination, morality and emotion are crucial elements to understand the trajectories and the motivations of those who bet not only their resources but also their lives to seek asylum in Europe.

Harmful Trademarks

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Book Series: Munich Intellectual Property Law Center – MIPLC ISBN: 9783845294568 Year: Volume: 36 Language: English
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-05 10:58:20
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Between 2013-2017, around 115 EU trademark applications were rejected on morality and public order grounds. In the GCC (six Arab and Islamic countries), anecdotal evidence suggests some refusals have bemused foreign applicants and highlighted cultural blindspots. In this context, this work examines how three Arab Gulf states that have Islamic law as the main source of legislation and large expatriate communities, apply moral bars to trademark registration. It draws comparison with Western jurisdictions. Three main questions are explored: 1) To what extent do immoral or borderline trademarks/goods proceed to registration in conservative Islamic countries that apply trademark law in conformity with Shari’a law? 2) What reasoning is guiding decisions? 3) Can a concept of ‘harm’ improve our understanding of the power of trademarks and thus the moral thresholds that countries set?The author is an innovation and IP commercialisation professional. She acquired a passion for trademark law while completing a Master of Laws in ‘Intellectual Property and Competition Law’ in Munich, Germany. She is now pursuing a career in trademark law in the UK.

The Sacred & the Digital. Critical Depictions of Religions in Video Games

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ISBN: 9783038978305 9783038978312 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-831-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Video game studies are a relative young but flourishing academic discipline. But within game studies, however, the perspective of religion and spirituality is rather neglected, both by game scholars and religion scholars. While religion can take different shapes in digital games, ranging from material and referential to reflexive and ritual, it is not necessarily true that game developers depict their in-game religions in a positive, confirming way, but ever so often games approach the topic critically and disavowingly. The religion criticisms found in video games can be categorized as follows: religion as (1) fraud, aimed to manipulate the uneducated, as (2) blind obedience towards an invisible but ultimately non-existing deity/ies, as (3) violence against those who do not share the same set of religious rules, as (4) madness, a deranged alternative for logical reasoning, and as (5) suppression in the hands of the powerful elite to dominate and subdue the masses into submission and obedience. The critical depictions of religion in video games by their developers is the focus of this special issue.

The Role and Meaning of Religion for Korean Society

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ISBN: 9783038978886 9783038978893 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-889-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:28
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This special issue presents discussions of the role and meaning of religion for Korean society. Covering wide-ranging time periods, the authors explores with their own cases four major characteristics of Korean religion: Creativity, Greater Responsiveness, Adaptability, and Prophethood. Their topical religious traditions include Neo-Confucianism, Christianity, Buddhism, and Korean new religious movements.

Keywords

Korean Christianity --- Bible --- scriptures --- performance --- semantics --- Tongdok --- Pansori --- bibliodrama --- Korean religion --- Korean Protestants --- Gukgajochangidohoe (Korean National Prayer Breakfast) --- prophetic consciousness --- Korean Neo-Confucianism --- li-ki metaphysics --- Confucian democracy --- popular sovereignty --- pluralism --- public culture --- spirituality --- Confucianism --- Joseon Korea --- Western Learning --- Shin Hudam --- Jeong Yag-Jong --- Tasan Jeong Yag-Yong --- Candlelight Revolution --- civil society --- Confucianism --- impeachment --- South Korea --- Satipa??h?na --- mindful hwadu Sisimma --- Sati-Sisimma --- bare attention --- counter-illumination --- Chan/Seon/Zen --- Korean Ganhwa Seon --- religious education --- equalization policy --- confessional perspective --- non-confessional perspective --- religion and state --- religion and constitution --- religion and human rights --- teaching rights of religion --- Korean Neo-Confucianism --- the Four–Seven Debate --- li and qi --- moral metaphysics --- moral psychology --- theistic turn --- liberation theology --- minjung theology --- minjungshinhak --- minjung --- han --- integral mission --- secularization --- secularization theory --- critical theory --- metaphysical pathos --- ecclesiastical social responsibility --- Korean Buddhism --- modernization and Buddhism --- patriotic Buddhism --- marriage of monks --- all-embracing Buddhism --- religiousness of confucianism --- korean confucianism --- affection (chinchin/qinqin) --- respect (chonjon/zunzun) --- three-year mourning --- controversy on mourning attire --- Chos?n Dynasty --- Song Siy?l --- H? Mok --- Yun Hyu --- the Jogye Order --- decreased number of monks --- aging monks --- education for monks --- educational innovation

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