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Iberian world empires and the globalization of europe 1415–1668

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Comparative Global History ISBN: 9789811308338 9789811308321 Year: Pages: 531 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-0833-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 679371
Subject: Economics --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-08 11:21:10
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This open access book analyses Iberian expansion by using knowledge accumulated in recent years to test some of the most important theories regarding Europe’s economic development. Adopting a comparative perspective, it considers the impact of early globalization on Iberian and Western European institutions, social development and political economies. In spite of globalization’s minor importance from the commercial perspective before 1750, this book finds its impact decisive for institutional development, political economies, and processes of state-building in Iberia and Europe. The book engages current historiographies and revindicates the need to take the concept of composite monarchies as a point of departure in order to understand the period’s economic and social developments, analysing the institutions and societies resulting from contact with Iberian peoples in America and Asia. The outcome is a study that nuances and contests an excessively-negative yet prevalent image of the Iberian societies, explores the difficult relationship between empires and globalization and opens paths for comparisons to other imperial formations.

Keywords

Imperialism --- colonialism --- Iberia --- Europe

Shaping Natural History and Settler Society

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Book Series: Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series ISBN: 9783030226398 Year: Pages: 360 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22639-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General) --- Gender Studies --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:07
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This book explores the life and work of Mary Elizabeth Barber, a British-born settler scientist who lived in the Cape during the nineteenth century. It provides a lens into a range of subjects within the history of knowledge and science, gender and social history, postcolonial, critical heritage and archival studies. The book examines the international importance of the life and works of a marginalized scientist, the instrumentalisation of science to settlers' political concerns and reveals the pivotal but largely silenced contribution of indigenous African experts. Including a variety of material, visual and textual sources, this study explores how these artefacts are archived and displayed in museums and critically analyses their content and silences. The book traces Barber’s legacy across three continents in collections and archives, offering insights into the politics of memory and history-making. At the same time, it forges a nuanced argument, incorporating study of the North and South, the history of science and social history, and the past and the present.

Multiculturalism in the British Commonwealth

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ISBN: 9780520971103 9780520299320 Year: Pages: 315 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.73 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-15 11:21:03
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Cultural diversity raises pressing issues for both political theory and practice. The remaking of the world since 1945 has led to increased demographic diversity within many states, and greater acknowledgment of its worth. “Multiculturalism” refers to the political, legal and philosophical strategies which emerged to accommodate this newfound social diversity, and the accompanying public debates. Each chapter explores particular state responses to cultural diversity, utilizing various disciplinary approaches but addressing common questions: What is “multiculturalism,” and why did it come about? What dilemmas has it posed for liberal-democratic governance? How have these been responded to in theory and practice, and are the different responses adequate? Are there alternative approaches to cultural diversity that have been overlooked? Issues covered include immigration, national minorities, indigenous peoples, nation-state building, liberal-democratic citizenship, constitutionalism, nationalism, group politics, political economy, secularism, globalization, decolonization, and the relationship between social theory and practice. The volume situates modern multiculturalism in its national, international and historical contexts, tracing the historical roots of present dilemmas to the intertwined legacies of imperialism and liberalism. It thereby shows that multiculturalism has implications which stretch beyond its current formulations in both public and academic discourse, casting doubt on basic assumptions behind modern liberal democracy, and even on the viability of the nation-state in its present form. The Editors’ overall conclusion is that reorganizing governance to be more polycentric in structure, and pluralist in orientation, would be a fruitful response to multiculturalism in both theory and practice.

The Psychosocial Implications of Disney Movies

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ISBN: 9783038978480 9783038978497 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-849-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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In this volume of 15 articles, contributors from a wide range of disciplines present their analyses of Disney movies and Disney music, which are mainstays of popular culture. The power of the Disney brand has heightened the need for academics to question whether Disney’s films and music function as a tool of the Western elite that shapes the views of those less empowered. Given its global reach, how the Walt Disney Company handles the role of race, gender, and sexuality in social structural inequality merits serious reflection according to a number of the articles in the volume. On the other hand, other authors argue that Disney productions can help individuals cope with difficult situations or embrace progressive thinking. The different approaches to the assessment of Disney films as cultural artifacts also vary according to the theoretical perspectives guiding the interpretation of both overt and latent symbolic meaning in the movies. The authors of the 15 articles encourage readers to engage with the material, showcasing a variety of views about the good, the bad, and the best way forward.

Keywords

content analysis --- cultivation --- Disney --- family --- family structure --- family function --- Elsa --- Kristoff --- Olaf --- Marshmallow --- Let it Go --- enchantment --- applause --- engagement ring --- diamond --- gender --- snowmen --- wedding toast --- bullroarer --- fireworks --- witches --- magic --- standing ovation --- fertility --- parthenogenesis --- gender nonconformity --- non-binary --- storms --- family jewels --- snowflake --- feminism --- Moana --- Disney --- music --- colonialism --- imperialism --- appropriation --- Polynesia --- Disney --- EPCOT --- music --- appropriation --- world --- park --- entertainment --- sounds --- cultures --- Disney --- princess --- gender roles --- stereotyping --- children’s media --- death --- children --- Disney --- coping mechanisms --- Africana --- alternative royals --- intersectionality --- matrix of domination --- Disney --- gender --- motherhood --- media criticism --- family roles --- masculinity --- empowered mothering --- Pixar --- Disney --- postfeminism --- masculinity --- gender --- cultural studies --- Dumbo --- Lilo &amp --- Stitch --- Disney --- queer --- mean girls --- boobs and boyfriends --- girl cartoon --- gender --- pink elephants --- commodification --- Walter Benjamin --- diversity --- hegemony --- Disney --- coloniality --- adaptation --- Disney --- gender --- feminism --- political economy of film --- feminist film criticism --- feminist political economy of media --- gender stereotypes --- sexuality --- heroism --- hypermasculinity --- selflessness --- Hercules --- Zeus --- Megara --- Disney --- princess --- prince --- gender roles --- content coding analysis --- children’s media --- Disney --- girls --- beauty --- transnational media --- princess

Central Places and Un-Central Landscapes. Political Economies and Natural Resources in the Longue Durée

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038976783 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-679-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Archaeology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Modern developments of Fourier analysis during the 20th century have explored generalizations of Fourier and Fourier–Plancherel formula for non-commutative harmonic analysis, applied to locally-compact, non-Abelian groups. In parallel, the theory of coherent states and wavelets has been generalized over Lie groups. One should add the developments, over the last 30 years, of the applications of harmonic analysis to the description of the fascinating world of aperiodic structures in condensed matter physics. The notions of model sets, introduced by Y. Meyer, and of almost periodic functions, have revealed themselves to be extremely fruitful in this domain of natural sciences.

Keywords

Cyprus --- Bronze Age --- site location --- resource procurement --- metals trade --- political economy --- connectivity --- central places --- central flow theory --- nodal points --- central place --- social networks --- landscape archaeology --- settlement location --- interaction --- hunting --- eschatia --- bird hunting --- landscape archaeology --- Populonia --- settlement organization --- supply basin --- central place --- hilltop fortresses --- liminal landscape --- connectivity --- viewshed analysis --- sacred areas --- South-Eastern Provence --- Marseille --- Arles --- centrality --- gateways --- ancient port cities --- trading mechanisms --- political economy --- Cyprus --- Bronze Age --- water --- materiality --- new materialisms --- entanglements --- assemblages --- networks --- central place theory --- Byzantine bath-houses --- medieval Crete --- Byzantine settlements of eastern Crete --- urban culture of Byzantium --- church architecture --- Secular Byzantine architecture --- Byzantine Mochlos --- Timacum Minus --- Moesia Superior --- central place theory --- centrality --- Roman urbanism --- settlement status --- Roman mining --- Cypriot archaeology --- Mediterranean archaeology --- landscape archaeology --- central places --- sacred space --- political power --- economy --- religion --- ideology --- ancient sanctuaries --- byzantine and medieval Peloponnese --- byzantine and medieval port towns --- central place theory --- networks --- economy --- trade links --- Cyprus --- Roman archaeology --- Roman imperialism --- island and coastal archaeology --- identity --- urbanism --- central place theory --- connectivity --- maritime cultural landscapes --- Cyprus --- landscape archaeology --- surface survey --- river valley --- settlement organisation --- aridity --- marginality --- landscape archaeology --- Marmarica (NW-Egypt) --- Hauran (Syria/Jordan) --- Graeco-Roman period --- spatial scales in networks --- network relationship qualities --- interaction --- resource management

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