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Transnational Death

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Historica ISBN: 9789518581263 9789518581348 9789518581256 Year: Pages: 223 DOI: 10.21435/sfe.17 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS
Subject: History --- Languages and Literatures --- Sports Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-18 11:21:07
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With so much of the global population living on the move, away from their homelands, and in diasporic communities, death and mourning practices are inevitably impacted. Transnational Death brings together eleven cutting-edge articles from the emerging field of transnational death studies. By highlighting European, Asian, North American, and Middle Eastern perspectives, the collection provides timely and fresh analysis and reflection on people’s changing experiences with death in the context of migration over time. First beginning with a thematic assessment of the field of transnational death studies, readers then have the opportunity to delve into case studies that examine experiences with death and mourning at a distance from the viewpoints of Family, Community, and Commemoration. The chapters highlight complicated issues confronting migrants, their families, and communities, including: negotiations of burial preferences and challenges of corpse repatriation; the financial costs of providing end-of-life care, travel at times of death, and arranging culturally appropriate funerals and religious services; as well as the emotional and sociocultural weight of mourning and commemoration from afar. Overall, Transnational Death provides new insights on identity and belonging, community reciprocity, transnational communication, and spaces of mourning and commemoration.&#xD;

Keywords

Family --- Ritual --- Mourning --- Migration --- Death --- Transnational

Perspectives on Reincarnation: Hindu, Christian, and Scientific

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ISBN: 9783038975359 / 9783038975366 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-536-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Arts in general --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-18 11:23:48
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The articles in this volume, all by leading scholars, examine the topic of rebirth, or reincarnation, from a wide range of perspectives. The main focus of most of the articles is the idea of rebirth as found in Hindu texts and traditions. There are also articles exploring Christian responses to the idea of rebirth as well as expressions of the idea of rebirth in the Western world (such as in the thought of poet William Butler Yeats and in an American context). There are also philosophical and theological articles arguing both for and against the idea of rebirth, as well as articles which take a more historical or literary approach to this topic. The shared thread unifying all of these articles is the idea that rebirth is an important idea that holds great fascination for many. While the primary focus is on Hindu and Christian expressions of or responses to this idea, there are also articles that engage with scientific thinking on this topic, and one which engages with Buddhism as well. In short, this volume is an interdisciplinary and cross-cultural, and cross-traditional exploration of the topic of reincarnation that should appeal to a wide array of readers.

Communication and Discourse Theory

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781789380569 9781789380552 Year: Pages: 318 Language: English
Publisher: Intellect
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-12 11:21:03

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The introduction to the edited volume Communication and Discourse Theory aims to reflect on the interaction between discourse theory and the study of media and communication, as well as the Brussels Discourse Theory Group’s contribution to it. The chapter starts with a summary of the main tenets of Laclau and Mouffe’s discourse theory, and touches upon its methodological/analytical translation in discourse-theoretical analysis (DTA). The next main part of the chapter discusses how discourse theory has been put to use for the analysis of communication and media, distinguishing four thematic areas: (1) communication, rhetoric, and media strategies; (2) discourses in media organizations; (3) media identities, practices, and institutions; and (4) media and agonistic democracy. In the next part, two areas that are currently being developed in the group, and have thus far remained under-developed, are singled out theoretically as well as empirically, from a discourse-theoretical perspective. This includes the relation between the discursive and the material, and the relation between media, communication, and audiences. Finally, the chapter provides a short overview of the other chapters in this book.&#xD;

Stochastic Processes: Theory and Applications

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ISBN: 9783039219629 / 9783039219636 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-963-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics --- Statistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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The aim of this special issue is to publish original research papers that cover recent advances in the theory and application of stochastic processes. There is especial focus on applications of stochastic processes as models of dynamic phenomena in various research areas, such as queuing theory, physics, biology, economics, medicine, reliability theory, and financial mathematics. Potential topics include, but are not limited to: Markov chains and processes; large deviations and limit theorems; random motions; stochastic biological model; reliability, availability, maintenance, inspection; queueing models; queueing network models; computational methods for stochastic models; applications to risk theory, insurance and mathematical finance.

Keywords

measure of information --- cumulative inaccuracy --- mutual information --- lower record values --- parabolic equation --- Cauchy problem --- Monte Carlo method --- unbiased estimator --- von-Neumann–Ulam scheme --- compound poisson insurance risk model --- expected discounted penalty function --- estimation --- Fourier transform --- Fourier-cosine series --- multidimensional birth-death process --- inhomogeneous continuous-time Markov chain --- rate of convergence --- one dimensional projection --- Wiener–Poisson risk model --- survival probability --- Nonparametric threshold estimation --- wet periods --- total precipitation volume --- asymptotic approximation --- extreme order statistics --- random sample size --- testing statistical hypotheses --- queueing systems --- rate of convergence --- non-stationary --- Markovian queueing models --- limiting characteristics --- queuing network --- retrials --- state-dependent marked Markovian arrival process --- wireless telecommunication networks --- time-dependent queue-length probability --- discrete-time Geo/D/1 queue --- closed-form solution --- Monte Carlo method --- quasi-Monte Carlo method --- Koksma-Hlawka inequality --- quasi-random sequences --- stochastic processes --- processor heating and cooling --- markovian arrival process --- phase-type service time distribution --- impatience --- Quasi-Birth-and-Death process --- matrix-geometric solution --- truncated distribution --- Markovian arrival process --- multi-class arrival processes --- product form --- equity-linked death benefits --- Fourier cosine series expansion --- guaranteed minimum death benefit --- option --- valuation --- Lévy process --- compound Poisson risk model --- generalized Gerber–Shiu discounted penalty function --- Laplace transform --- Dickson–Hipp operator --- recursive formula

Stochastic Processes with Applications

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039217281 / 9783039217298 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-729-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Stochastic processes have wide relevance in mathematics both for theoretical aspects and for their numerous real-world applications in various domains. They represent a very active research field which is attracting the growing interest of scientists from a range of disciplines.This Special Issue aims to present a collection of current contributions concerning various topics related to stochastic processes and their applications. In particular, the focus here is on applications of stochastic processes as models of dynamic phenomena in research areas certain to be of interest, such as economics, statistical physics, queuing theory, biology, theoretical neurobiology, and reliability theory. Various contributions dealing with theoretical issues on stochastic processes are also included.

Keywords

fusion estimation --- sensor networks --- random parameter matrices --- multiplicative noises --- random delays --- realized volatility --- forecast combinations --- structural breaks --- arithmetic progressions --- first Chebyshev function --- products of primes --- regularly varying functions --- slowly varying functions --- mixed Gaussian process --- small deviations --- exact asymptotics --- loan interest rate regulation --- diffusion model --- first passage time (FPT) --- continuous-time Markov chains --- catastrophes --- bounds --- birth-death process --- rate of convergence --- double-ended queues --- time-non-homogeneous birth-death processes --- catastrophes --- repairs --- transient probabilities --- periodic intensity functions --- time-non-homogeneous jump-diffusion processes --- transition densities --- first-passage-time --- lognormal diffusion process --- exogenous factors --- growth curves --- maximum likelihood estimation --- asymptotic distribution --- first-passage time --- inverse first-passage problem --- diffusion --- mixture of Gaussian laws --- rate of convergence --- total variation distance --- Wasserstein distance --- weighted quadratic variation --- non-Markovian queue --- general bulk service --- multiple vacation --- breakdown and repair --- stand-by server --- re-service --- discrete time stochastic model --- first-passage time --- time between inspections --- host-parasite interaction --- nematode infection --- nonhomogeneous Poisson process --- seasonal environment --- Strang–Marchuk splitting approach --- Cohen and Grossberg neural networks --- random impulses --- mean square stability --- fractional differential-difference equations --- fractional queues --- fractional birth-death processes --- busy period --- two-dimensional signature --- multi-state network --- totally positive of order 2 --- stochastic order --- stochastic process --- reliability --- stochastic orders --- scale family of distributions --- proportional hazard rates --- differential entropy

Cadmium Sources and Toxicity

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ISBN: 9783038979845 / 9783038979852 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-985-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental toxicant of continuing public health concern worldwide, because total diet studies have shown that Cd is present in virtually all foodstuffs. Consequently, foods that are frequently consumed in large quantities, such as rice, potatoes, wheat, leafy salad vegetables, and other cereal crops, are the most significant dietary Cd sources. Moreover, Cd has chemical propensities that confer the potential to interfere with the physiological functions of calcium and zinc. Evidence of a wide range of diverse, toxic effects of Cd is increasingly apparent. In this collection, environmental Cd exposure is linked to an increased risk of chronic kidney disease that is known to be a cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Cd is also implicated in an early onset of menarche and deaths from cancer, especially in the uterus, kidney, and urinary tract. Moreover, Cd-induced kidney injury is replicated in Sprague Dawley rats, as is Cd-induced periodontal disease. Experimental studies suggest that the development of kidneys in fetuses and the function of insulin-producing cells may be adversely affected by Cd and that metformin, an anti-diabetic drug, is ineffective in Cd-intoxicated Wistar rats.

Tea in Health and Disease

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ISBN: 9783038979869 / 9783038979876 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-987-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Tea, made from the leaves of the Camellia senenisis plant, is the second most consumed beverage worldwide after water. Accumulating evidence from cellular, animal, epidemiological and clinical studies have linked tea consumption to various health benefits, such as chemoprevention of cancers, chronic inflammation, heart and liver diseases, diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases, etc. Although such health benefits have not been consistently observed in some intervention trials, positive results from clinical trials have provided direct evidence supporting the cancer-protective effect of green tea. In addition, numerous mechanisms of action have been suggested to contribute to tea’s disease-preventive effects. Furthermore, effects of the processing and storage of tea, as well as additives on tea’s properties have been investigated.

Religion, Ritual and Ritualistic Objects

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ISBN: 9783038977520 9783038977537 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-753-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 09:16:44
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This is a volume about the life and power of ritual objects in their religious ritual settings. In this Special Issue, we see a wide range of contributions on material culture and ritual practices across religions. By focusing on the dynamic interrelations between objects, ritual, and belief, it explores how religion happens through symbolic materiality. The ritual objects presented in this volume include: masks worn in the Dogon dance; antique ecclesiastical silver objects carried around in festive processions and shown in shrines in the southern Andes; funerary photographs and films functioning as mnemonic objects for grieving children; a dented rock surface perceived to be the god’s footprint in the archaic place of pilgrimage, Gaya (India); a recovered manual of rituals (from Xiapu county) for Mani, the founder of Manichaeism, juxtaposed to a Manichaean painting from southern China; sacred stories and related sacred stones in the Alor–Pantar archipelago, Indonesia; lotus symbolism, indicating immortalizing plants in the mythic traditions of Egypt, the Levant, and Mesopotamia;

The Psychosocial Implications of Disney Movies

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ISBN: 9783038978480 / 9783038978497 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-849-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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In this volume of 15 articles, contributors from a wide range of disciplines present their analyses of Disney movies and Disney music, which are mainstays of popular culture. The power of the Disney brand has heightened the need for academics to question whether Disney’s films and music function as a tool of the Western elite that shapes the views of those less empowered. Given its global reach, how the Walt Disney Company handles the role of race, gender, and sexuality in social structural inequality merits serious reflection according to a number of the articles in the volume. On the other hand, other authors argue that Disney productions can help individuals cope with difficult situations or embrace progressive thinking. The different approaches to the assessment of Disney films as cultural artifacts also vary according to the theoretical perspectives guiding the interpretation of both overt and latent symbolic meaning in the movies. The authors of the 15 articles encourage readers to engage with the material, showcasing a variety of views about the good, the bad, and the best way forward.

Keywords

content analysis --- cultivation --- Disney --- family --- family structure --- family function --- Elsa --- Kristoff --- Olaf --- Marshmallow --- Let it Go --- enchantment --- applause --- engagement ring --- diamond --- gender --- snowmen --- wedding toast --- bullroarer --- fireworks --- witches --- magic --- standing ovation --- fertility --- parthenogenesis --- gender nonconformity --- non-binary --- storms --- family jewels --- snowflake --- feminism --- Moana --- Disney --- music --- colonialism --- imperialism --- appropriation --- Polynesia --- Disney --- EPCOT --- music --- appropriation --- world --- park --- entertainment --- sounds --- cultures --- Disney --- princess --- gender roles --- stereotyping --- children’s media --- death --- children --- Disney --- coping mechanisms --- Africana --- alternative royals --- intersectionality --- matrix of domination --- Disney --- gender --- motherhood --- media criticism --- family roles --- masculinity --- empowered mothering --- Pixar --- Disney --- postfeminism --- masculinity --- gender --- cultural studies --- Dumbo --- Lilo &amp --- Stitch --- Disney --- queer --- mean girls --- boobs and boyfriends --- girl cartoon --- gender --- pink elephants --- commodification --- Walter Benjamin --- diversity --- hegemony --- Disney --- coloniality --- adaptation --- Disney --- gender --- feminism --- political economy of film --- feminist film criticism --- feminist political economy of media --- gender stereotypes --- sexuality --- heroism --- hypermasculinity --- selflessness --- Hercules --- Zeus --- Megara --- Disney --- princess --- prince --- gender roles --- content coding analysis --- children’s media --- Disney --- girls --- beauty --- transnational media --- princess

Curcumin in Health and Disease

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ISBN: 9783039214495 / 9783039214501 Year: Pages: 274 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-450-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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The plant-derived polyphenol curcumin has been used in promoting health and combating disease for thousands of years. Its therapeutic effects have been successfully utilized in Ayurvedic and Traditional Chinese Medicine in order to treat inflammatory diseases. Current results from modern biomolecular research reveal the modulatory effects of curcumin on a variety of signal transduction pathways associated with inflammation and cancer. In this context, curcumin’s antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumorigenic, and even anti-metastatic activities are discussed. On the cellular level, the reduced activity of several transcription factors (such as NFkB or AP-1) and the suppression of inflammatory cytokines, matrix degrading enzymes, metastasis related genes and even microRNAs are reported. On functional levels, these molecular effects translate into reduced proliferative, invasive, and metastatic capacity, as well as induced tumor cell apoptosis. All these effects have been observed not only in vitro but also in animal models. In combination with anti-neoplastic drugs like Taxol, kinase inhibitors, and radiation therapy, curcumin potentiates the drugs’ therapeutic power and can protect against undesired side effects. Natural plant-derived compounds like curcumin have one significant advantage: They do not usually cause side effects. This feature qualifies curcumin for primary prevention in healthy persons with a predisposition to cancer, arteriosclerosis, or chronic inflammatory diseases. Nonetheless, curcumin is considered safe, although potential toxic effects stemming from high dosages, long-term intake, and pharmacological interactions with other compounds have yet to be assessed. This Special Issue examines in detail and updates current research on the molecular targets, protective effects, and modes of action of natural plant-derived compounds and their roles in the prevention and treatment of human diseases.

Keywords

brain ischemia --- curcumin --- Alzheimer’s disease --- neurodegeneration --- amyloid --- tau protein --- autophagy --- mitophagy --- apoptosis --- genes --- glioblastoma multiforme --- autophagy --- mitophagy --- curcumin --- chaperone-mediated autophagy --- Akt/mTOR signaling --- transmission electron microscopy --- Curcuma longa --- turmeric tuber --- Zingiberaceae --- TLC bioautography --- antimicrobial agents --- ImageJ --- TLC-MS --- hydrostatic counter-current chromatography --- centrifugal partition chromatography --- curcumin --- death receptor --- apoptosis --- curcumin --- anticancer --- structure activity relationship --- cellular pathway --- mechanism of action --- delivery system --- wound --- wound healing --- diet --- nutrition --- micronutrients --- macronutrients --- curcumin --- amino-acids --- vitamins --- minerals --- curcumin --- oxidative metabolites --- inflamm-aging --- cancer --- metabolic reprogramming --- direct protein binding --- IL-17 --- STAT3 --- SHMT2 --- ageing --- anti-cancer --- autophagy --- microbiota --- senescence --- senolytics --- curcumin --- transthyretin --- amyloidosis --- protein aggregation --- protein misfolding --- drug discovery --- curcumin --- renal cell cancer --- tumor growth --- tumor proliferation --- cell cycling --- curcumin --- reflux esophagitis --- gastroprotection --- gastric ulcer --- Helicobacter pylori --- gastric cancer --- curcumin --- complementary medicine --- cancer treatment --- supportive care --- antioxidants --- anti-inflamation --- ulcerative colitis --- Crohn’s disease --- necrotizing enterocolitis --- curcumin --- inflammatory bowel disease --- curcumin --- silica --- chitosan --- nanoparticles --- anti-tumor --- antioxidant activity --- n/a

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