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Automated Machine Learning

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Book Series: The Springer Series on Challenges in Machine Learning ISBN: 9783030053185 Year: Pages: 219 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-05318-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:04
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This open access book presents the first comprehensive overview of general methods in Automated Machine Learning (AutoML), collects descriptions of existing systems based on these methods, and discusses the first series of international challenges of AutoML systems. The recent success of commercial ML applications and the rapid growth of the field has created a high demand for off-the-shelf ML methods that can be used easily and without expert knowledge. However, many of the recent machine learning successes crucially rely on human experts, who manually select appropriate ML architectures (deep learning architectures or more traditional ML workflows) and their hyperparameters. To overcome this problem, the field of AutoML targets a progressive automation of machine learning, based on principles from optimization and machine learning itself. This book serves as a point of entry into this quickly-developing field for researchers and advanced students alike, as well as providing a reference for practitioners aiming to use AutoML in their work.

Ray Tracing Gems

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ISBN: 9781484244272 Year: Pages: 607 DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4842-4427-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:04
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This book is a must-have for anyone serious about rendering in real time. With the announcement of new ray tracing APIs and hardware to support them, developers can easily create real-time applications with ray tracing as a core component. As ray tracing on the GPU becomes faster, it will play a more central role in real-time rendering. Ray Tracing Gems provides key building blocks for developers of games, architectural applications, visualizations, and more. Experts in rendering share their knowledge by explaining everything from nitty-gritty techniques that will improve any ray tracer to mastery of the new capabilities of current and future hardware. What you'll learn: The latest ray tracing techniques for developing real-time applications in multiple domains Guidance, advice, and best practices for rendering applications with Microsoft DirectX Raytracing (DXR) How to implement high-performance graphics for interactive visualizations, games, simulations, and more Who this book is for: Developers who are looking to leverage the latest APIs and GPU technology for real-time rendering and ray tracing Students looking to learn about best practices in these areas Enthusiasts who want to understand and experiment with their new GPUs

IEA International Computer and Information Literacy Study 2018 Assessment Framework

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783030193898 Year: Pages: 74 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-19389-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:08

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This open access book presents the assessment framework for IEA’s International Computer an Information Literacy Study (ICILS) 2018, which is designed to assess how well students are prepared for study, work and life in a digital world. The study measures international differences in students’ computer and information literacy (CIL): their ability to use computers to investigate, create, participate and communicate at home, at school, in the workplace and in the community. Participating countries also have an option for their students to complete an assessment of computational thinking (CT). The ICILS assessment framework articulates the basic structure of the study, providing a description of the field and the constructs to be measured. This book outlines the design and content of the measurement instruments, sets down the rationale for those designs, and describes how measures generated by those instruments relate to the constructs. Hypothesized relations between constructs provide the foundation for some of the analyses that follow. Above all, the framework links ICILS to other similar research, enabling the contents of this assessment framework to combine theory and practice in an explication of both the ‘what’ and the ‘how’ of ICILS.

Disrupting Finance

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Digital Business & Enabling Technologies ISBN: 9783030023300 Year: Pages: 175 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02330-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:17
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This open access Pivot demonstrates how a variety of technologies act as innovation catalysts within the banking and financial services sector. Traditional banks and financial services are under increasing competition from global IT companies such as Google, Apple, Amazon and PayPal whilst facing pressure from investors to reduce costs, increase agility and improve customer retention. Technologies such as blockchain, cloud computing, mobile technologies, big data analytics and social media therefore have perhaps more potential in this industry and area of business than any other. This book defines a fintech ecosystem for the 21st century, providing a state-of-the art review of current literature, suggesting avenues for new research and offering perspectives from business, technology and industry.

Gender Differences in Computer and Information Literacy

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: IEA Research for Education ISBN: 9783030262037 Year: Pages: 73 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-26203-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:18

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This open access book presents a systematic investigation into internationally comparable data gathered in ICILS 2013. It identifies differences in female and male students’ use of, perceptions about, and proficiency in using computer technologies. Teachers’ use of computers, and their perceptions regarding the benefits of computer use in education, are also analyzed by gender. When computer technology was first introduced in schools, there was a prevailing belief that information and communication technologies were ‘boys’ toys’; boys were assumed to have more positive attitudes toward using computer technologies. As computer technologies have become more established throughout societies, gender gaps in students’ computer and information literacy appear to be closing, although studies into gender differences remain sparse. The IEA’s International Computer and Information Literacy Study (ICILS) is designed to discover how well students are prepared for study, work, and life in the digital age. Despite popular beliefs, a critical finding of ICILS 2013 was that internationally girls tended to score more highly than boys, so why are girls still not entering technology-based careers to the same extent as boys? Readers will learn how male and female students differ in their computer literacy (both general and specialized) and use of computer technology, and how the perceptions held about those technologies vary by gender.

Supercomputing Frontiers

Authors: ---
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISBN: 9783030186456 Year: Pages: 107 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-18645-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:10
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This open access book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th Asian Supercomputing Conference, SCFA 2019, held in Singapore in March 2019. The 6 full papers presented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 33 submissions. They cover a range of topics including memory fault handling, linear algebra, image processing, heterogeneous computing, resource usage prediction, and data caching.

Enhanced Living Environments

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISBN: 9783030107529 Year: Pages: 323 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-10752-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:11
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This open access book was prepared as a Final Publication of the COST Action IC1303 “Algorithms, Architectures and Platforms for Enhanced Living Environments (AAPELE)”. The concept of Enhanced Living Environments (ELE) refers to the area of Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) that is more related with Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). Effective ELE solutions require appropriate ICT algorithms, architectures, platforms, and systems, having in view the advance of science and technology in this area and the development of new and innovative solutions that can provide improvements in the quality of life for people in their homes and can reduce the financial burden on the budgets of the healthcare providers. The aim of this book is to become a state-of-the-art reference, discussing progress made, as well as prompting future directions on theories, practices, standards, and strategies related to the ELE area. The book contains 12 chapters and can serve as a valuable reference for undergraduate students, post-graduate students, educators, faculty members, researchers, engineers, medical doctors, healthcare organizations, insurance companies, and research strategists working in this area.

Finding the Limits of the Limes

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Computational Social Sciences; Simulating the Past ISBN: 9783030045760 Year: Pages: 337 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-04576-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Archaeology --- Social Sciences --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:10
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This open access book demonstrates the application of simulation modelling and network analysis techniques in the field of Roman studies. It summarizes and discusses the results of a 5-year research project carried out by the editors that aimed to apply spatial dynamical modelling to reconstruct and understand the socio-economic development of the Dutch part of the Roman frontier (limes) zone, in particular the agrarian economy and the related development of settlement patterns and transport networks in the area. The project papers are accompanied by invited chapters presenting case studies and reflections from other parts of the Roman Empire focusing on the themes of subsistence economy, demography, transport and mobility, and socio-economic networks in the Roman period. The book shows the added value of state-of-the-art computer modelling techniques and bridges computational and conventional approaches. Topics that will be of particular interest to archaeologists are the question of (forced) surplus production, the demographic and economic effects of the Roman occupation on the local population, and the structuring of transport networks and settlement patterns. For modellers, issues of sensitivity analysis and validation of modelling results are specifically addressed. This book will appeal to students and researchers working in the computational humanities and social sciences, in particular, archaeology and ancient history.

Sea Surface Salinity Remote Sensing

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039210763 9783039210770 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-077-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This Special Issue gathers papers reporting research on various aspects of remote sensing of Sea Surface Salinity (SSS) and the use of satellite SSS in oceanography. It includes contributions presenting improvements in empirical or theoretical radiative transfer models; mitigation techniques of external interference such as RFI and land contamination; comparisons and validation of remote sensing products with in situ observations; retrieval techniques for improved coastal SSS monitoring, high latitude SSS and the assessment of ocean interactions with the cryosphere; and data fusion techniques combining SSS with sea surface temperature (SST). New instrument technology for the future of SSS remote sensing is also presented.

Keywords

sea surface salinity --- remote sensing --- mediterranean sea --- smos --- alboran sea --- data processing --- quality assessment --- MICAP --- forward model --- combined active/passive SSS retrieval algorithm --- different instrument configurations --- retrieval errors --- SMAP --- sea surface salinity --- Arctic Ocean --- sea ice --- river discharge --- Arctic Gateways --- sea surface salinity --- remote sensing --- aquarius --- SMAP --- retrieval algorithm --- calibration --- validation --- satellite salinity --- Gulf of Maine --- bias characteristics --- Scotian Shelf --- Aquarius satellite --- sea surface salinity --- Aquarius Validation Data System (AVDS) --- ocean salinity --- microwave remote sensing --- remote sensing --- sea surface salinity --- SMAP --- SMOS --- Gulf of Mexico --- validation --- coastal --- salinity --- upwelling --- sea surface salinity --- remote sensing --- Arctic ocean --- SMOS --- Arctic rivers --- data processing --- quality assessment --- Aquarius --- Argo --- Sea Surface Salinity --- Water Cycle Observation Mission (WCOM) --- interferometric microwave imager (IMI) --- one-dimensional (1D) aperture synthesis radiometer --- sea surface salinity (SSS) --- brightness temperature (TB) --- sea surface salinity --- microwave radiometry --- remote sensing --- calibration --- retrieval algorithm --- validation --- Aquarius --- SMOS --- SMAP --- sea surface temperature --- sea surface salinity --- SMOS --- retroflections --- surface velocity --- water transport --- salt transport --- n/a --- sea surface salinity --- ocean surface roughness --- microwave radiometry --- remote sensing --- forward model --- retrieval algorithm

Recent Advances in GPR Imaging

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ISBN: 9783039218103 9783039218110 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-811-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General) --- Geophysics and Geomagnetism
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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The Special Issue (SI) “Recent Advances in GPR Imaging” offers an up-to-date overview of state-of-the-art research activities dealing with the development of Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) technology and its recent advances in imaging in the different fields of application. In fact, the advances experimented with over the last few decades with regard to the appearance of new GPR systems and the need to manage large amounts of data suggest an increasing interest in the development of new signal processing algorithms and modeling, as well as in the use of three-dimensional (3D) imaging techniques.

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2019 (13)