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Metamaterials and Metasurfaces

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ISBN: 9781789848427 9781789848434 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73359 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Metamaterials have provided applications in spectral ranges covering radio frequencies and ultraviolet. However, most applications have been extrapolated to the visible or near-infrared after being developed at the GHz level. This is due to technological reasons since fabrication of microwave antennas is not as demanding as THz resonators or plasmonic nanostructures. Accordingly, this book has been divided into three parts. In the first part, fundamentals of metamaterials and metadevices are discussed, while describing recent advances in the field. In the second part, the discussion is extended to the different spectral ranges focusing on the strategies for enabling the reconfigurability of metadevices. Given the increasing interest in THz applications, these can be found in the third part.

Characterizations of Some Composite Materials

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ISBN: 9781789849110 9781789849127 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73357 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Composite materials are materials made from two or more constituents with significantly different physical or chemical properties; when combined, a new material with characteristics different from the individual components is produced, while the individual components remain separate and distinct within the finished structure. The new composite material often displays many beneficial characteristics; in many cases, composites are stronger, of lower density, or less costly in comparison to established materials. Based on the classification of composites, we are already familiar with the fact that there exists a myriad of different types of these materials. It is a common saying that different types of composites differ in their performance. Yet, composites also have some characteristics in common. The proper material choice for an envisaged application is of outstanding importance and key in the development of a new product. Selecting the most suitable material determines the performance and characterization of the final product whether it will meet the designated function and performance requirements. The present book ""Characterizations of some composite materials"" contains eight selected chapters, starting with a general introductory chapter on composite materials, and covers different aspects in characterizing some composite materials. In this context, the present book is considered an appropriate way to communicate the advances in characterization of some composite materials to the scientific community. Chemists, scientists, and researchers from related areas, and undergraduates involved in materials issues and interested in approaches to improve the quality of life, as well as people from industry could find this book to be an inspiring and effective guide.

Nanocomposites - Recent Evolutions

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ISBN: 9781789850116 9781789850123 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73364 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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To have unimaginably outstanding useful properties (physical, mechanical, electrical, optical, chemical, and magnetic) in a single material design is a highly challenging task in the material science community, which can be achieved through nanocomposites. These nanocomposites can be produced from all conventional materials, which include polymers, metals/alloys, and ceramics, by modifying their internal structures. Due to modification of the structures of all kinds of conventional materials, at either the nano or ultra-fine level, the materials exhibit superior performance, which is a boon for all fields of science. In general, nanocomposite materials can be manufactured by solid-state processing techniques, liquid metallurgy, ex-situ and in-situ powder metallurgy, and other basic science synthesis routes. Furthermore, the possibility of making environmentally friendly materials is also possible with nanotechnology. Therefore, to investigate and demonstrate developments in the field of nanocomposites, this book is targeted at all the scientific personnel working in this field.

Optimum Composite Structures

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ISBN: 9781789850673 9781789850680 Year: Pages: 204 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74696 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The subject of optimum composite structures is a rapidly evolving field and intensive research and development have taken place in the last few decades. Therefore, this book aims to provide an up-to-date comprehensive overview of the current status in this field to the research community. The contributing authors combine structural analysis, design and optimization basis of composites with a description of the implemented mathematical approaches. Within this framework, each author has dealt with the individual subject as he/she thought appropriate. Each chapter offers detailed information on the related subject of its research with the main objectives of the works carried out as well as providing a comprehensive list of references that should provide a rich platform of research to the field of optimum composite structures.

Mesoporous Materials - Properties and Applications

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ISBN: 9781838806491 9781838806507 9781838806873 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.79068 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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The basic theme of this book is to understand the fundamentals and importance of porous functional materials, their properties, and significant applications like solar cells, batteries, photovoltaics, energy conversions, and mesoporous materials. This book covers the fundamentals of mesoporous materials, and various methods of synthesis, properties, and applications in different sectors.

14th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM2019)

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Book Series: Springer Proceedings in Earth and Environmental Sciences ISBN: 9783030229740 Year: Pages: 488 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22974-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Mathematics --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:16
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This open access proceedings of the 14th International Council for Applied Mineralogy Congress (ICAM) in Belgorod, Russia cover a wide range of topics including applied mineralogy, advanced and construction materials, ore and industrial minerals, mineral exploration, cultural heritage, etc. It includes contributions to geometallurgy, industrial minerals, oil and gas reservoirs as well as stone artifacts and their preservation. The International Congress on Applied Mineralogy strengthens the relation between the research on applied mineralogy and the industry.

Thermomechanical Mean-Field Modeling and Experimental Characterization of Long Fiber-Reinforced Sheet Molding Compound Composites

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe Kontinuumsmechanik im Maschinenbau / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Technische Mechanik - Bereich Kontinuumsmechanik ISSN: 2192693X ISBN: 9783731509240 Year: Volume: 15 Pages: IX, 178 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000093328 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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A discontinuous fiber-reinforced thermoset material produced by the Sheet Molding Compound process is investigated. Due to the process-related fiber orientation distribution, a composite with an anisotropic microstructure is created which crucially affects the mechanical properties. The central objectives are the modeling of the thermoelastic behavior of the composite accounting for the underlying microstructure, and the experimental characterization of the pure resin and the composite material.

ECO-COMPASS

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ISBN: 9783038976905 9783038976912 Year: Pages: 219 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-691-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Media and communication --- Transportation
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:28
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Today, mainly man-made materials, such as carbon and glass fibers, are used to produce composite parts in aviation. Renewable materials, such as natural fibers or bio-sourced resin systems, have not yet found their way into aviation. The project ECO-COMPASS aims to evaluate the potential applications of ecologically improved composite materials in the aviation sector in an international collaboration of Chinese and European partners. Natural fibers such as flax and ramie will be used for different types of reinforcements and sandwich cores. Furthermore, bio-based epoxy resins to substitute bisphenol-A based epoxy resins in secondary structures are under investigation. Adapted material protection technologies to reduce environmental influence and to improve fire resistance are needed to fulfil the demanding safety requirements in aviation. Modelling and simulation of chosen eco-composites aims for an optimized use of materials while a Life Cycle Assessment aims to prove the ecological advantages compared to synthetic state-of-the-art materials. This Special Issue provides selected papers from the project consortium partners.

Carbon Fibers and Their Composite Materials

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ISBN: 9783039211029 9783039211036 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-103-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Carbon fiber is an oft-referenced material that serves as a means to remove mass from large transport infrastructure. Carbon fiber composites, typically plastics reinforced with the carbon fibers, are key materials in the 21st century and have already had a significant impact on reducing CO2 emissions. Though, as with any composite material, the interface where each component meets, in this case the fiber and plastic, is critical to the overall performance.

New Developments in Statistical Information Theory Based on Entropy and Divergence Measures

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ISBN: 9783038979364 9783038979371 Year: Pages: 344 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-937-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Statistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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This book presents new and original research in Statistical Information Theory, based on minimum divergence estimators and test statistics, from a theoretical and applied point of view, for different statistical problems with special emphasis on efficiency and robustness. Divergence statistics, based on maximum likelihood estimators, as well as Wald’s statistics, likelihood ratio statistics and Rao’s score statistics, share several optimum asymptotic properties, but are highly non-robust in cases of model misspecification under the presence of outlying observations. It is well-known that a small deviation from the underlying assumptions on the model can have drastic effect on the performance of these classical tests. Specifically, this book presents a robust version of the classical Wald statistical test, for testing simple and composite null hypotheses for general parametric models, based on minimum divergence estimators.

Keywords

sparse --- robust --- divergence --- MM algorithm --- Bregman divergence --- generalized linear model --- local-polynomial regression --- model check --- nonparametric test --- quasi-likelihood --- semiparametric model --- Wald statistic --- composite likelihood --- maximum composite likelihood estimator --- Wald test statistic --- composite minimum density power divergence estimator --- Wald-type test statistics --- Bregman divergence --- general linear model --- hypothesis testing --- influence function --- robust --- Wald-type test --- log-linear models --- ordinal classification variables --- association models --- correlation models --- minimum penalized ?-divergence estimator --- consistency --- asymptotic normality --- goodness-of-fit --- bootstrap distribution estimator --- thematic quality assessment --- relative entropy --- logarithmic super divergence --- robustness --- minimum divergence inference --- generalized renyi entropy --- minimum divergence methods --- robustness --- single index model --- model assessment --- statistical distance --- non-quadratic distance --- total variation --- mixture index of fit --- Kullback-Leibler distance --- divergence measure --- ?-divergence --- relative error estimation --- robust estimation --- information geometry --- centroid --- Bregman information --- Hölder divergence --- indoor localization --- robustness --- efficiency --- Bayesian nonparametric --- Bayesian semi-parametric --- asymptotic property --- minimum disparity methods --- Hellinger distance --- Berstein von Mises theorem --- measurement errors --- robust testing --- two-sample test --- misspecified hypothesis and alternative --- 2-alternating capacities --- composite hypotheses --- corrupted data --- least-favorable hypotheses --- Neyman Pearson test --- divergence based testing --- Chernoff Stein lemma --- compressed data --- Hellinger distance --- representation formula --- iterated limits --- influence function --- consistency --- asymptotic normality --- location-scale family --- n/a

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