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Sharing Knowledge, Transforming Societies

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781928502005 9781928502012 9781928502029 Year: Pages: 610 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3607370 Language: English
Publisher: African Minds
Subject: Science (General) --- Education --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-17 11:21:03
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"In June 2016, the Norwegian Programme for Capacity Development in Higher Education and Research for Development (Norhed) hosted a conference on the theme of ‘knowledge for development’ in an attempt to shift the focus of the programme towards its academic content. This book follows up on that event.&#xD;The conference highlighted the usefulness of presenting the value of Norhed’s different projects to the world, showing how they improve knowledge and expand access to it through co-operation. A wish for more meta-knowledge was also expressed and this gives rise to the following questions: Is this way of co-operating contributing to the growth of independent post-colonial knowledge production in the South, based on analyses of local data and experiences in ways that are relevant to our shared future?&#xD;Does the growth of academic independence, as well as greater equality, and the ability to develop theories different to those imposed by the better-off parts of the world, give rise to deeper understandings and better explanations?&#xD;Does it, at least, spread the ability to translate existing methodologies in ways that add meaning to observations of local context and data, and thus enhance the relevance and influence of the academic profession locally and internationally?&#xD;This book, in its varied contributions, does not provide definite answers to these questions but it does show that Norhed is a step in the right direction. Norhed is an attempt to fund collaboration within and between higher education institutions. We know that both the uniqueness of this programme, and ideas of how to better utilise the learning and experience emerging from it, call for more elaboration and broader dissemination before we can offer further guidance on how to do things better. This book is a first attempt."&#xD;

Keywords

knowledge --- science --- universities --- Africa --- Norhed

Law | Environment | Africa

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Schriftenreihe Recht und Verfassung in Afrika - Law and Constitution in Africa ISBN: 9783845294605 Year: Volume: 38 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5771/9783845294605 Language: en
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-26 14:01:47
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Law | Environment | Africa compiles the proceedings of the 5th Symposium and the 4th Scientific Conference of the Association of Environmental Law Lecturers from African Universities (ASSELLAU) in cooperation with the Climate Policy and Energy Security Programme for Sub-Saharan Africa run by the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (KAS) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). The book

African Markets and the Utu-buntu Business Model

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ISBN: 9781928331780 9781928331797 9781928331803 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2628333 Language: English
Publisher: African Minds
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-26 11:21:03
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The persistence of indigenous African markets in the context of a hostile or neglectful business and policy environment makes them worthy of analysis. An investigation of Afrocentric business ethics is long overdue. Attempting to understand the actions and efforts of informal traders and artisans from their own points of view, and analysing how they organise and get by, allows for viable approaches to be identified to integrate them into global urban models and cultures. Using the utu-ubuntu model to understand the activities of traders and artisans in Nairobi’s markets, this book explores how, despite being consistently excluded and disadvantaged, they shape urban spaces in and around the city, and contribute to its development as a whole. With immense resilience, and without discarding their own socio-cultural or economic values, informal traders and artisans have created a territorial complex that can be described as the African metropolis. African Markets and the Utu-buntu Business Model sheds light on the ethics and values that underpin the work of traders and artisans in Nairobi, as well as their resilience and positive impact on urbanisation. This book makes an important contribution to the discourse on urban economics and planning in African cities.&#xD;

Keywords

utu-buntu --- markets --- Africa --- urban planning --- cities

Psychiatry and Decolonisation in Uganda

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ISBN: 9781137600943 Year: DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-60095-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Psychiatry --- History --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-19 11:21:22
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This open access book investigates psychiatry in Uganda during the years of decolonisation. It examines the challenges facing a new generation of psychiatrists as they took over responsibility for psychiatry at the end of empire, and explores the ways psychiatric practices were tied to shifting political and development priorities, periods of instability, and a broader context of transnational and international exchange. At its heart is a question that has concerned psychiatrists globally since the mid-twentieth century: how to bridge the social and cultural gap between psychiatry and its patients? Bringing together archival research with oral histories, Yolana Pringle traces how this question came to dominate both national and international discussions on mental health care reform, including at the World Health Organization, and helped spur a culture of experimentation and creativity globally. As Pringle shows, however, the history of psychiatry during the years of decolonisation remained one of marginality, and ultimately, in the context of war and violence, the decolonisation of psychiatry was incomplete.

Industries without Smokestacks

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9780198821885 Year: Pages: 480 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198821885.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: UNU WIDER
Subject: Manufactures --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:02
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Structural transformation in Africa has become a hot topic. One of the earliest stylized facts of development economics is that low-income countries have large differences in output per worker across sectors, and movement of workers from low- to high-productivity sectors—structural transformation is a key driver of economic growth. Between 1950 and 2006, about half of the catch-up by developing countries—led by East Asia—to advanced economy productivity levels was due to rising productivity within manufacturing combined with structural transformation out of agriculture. Manufacturing has the capacity to employ large numbers of unskilled workers, is capable of large productivity gains through innovation, and entails tradeable products that permit economies of scale and specialization. But manufacturing in Africa, rather than leading growth, has typically been a lagging sector. In 2014, the average share of manufacturing in GDP in sub-Saharan Africa hovered around 10 per cent, unchanged from the 1970s, leading some observers to be pessimistic about Africa’s potential to catch the wave of sustained rapid growth and rising incomes. This book challenges that view. It argues that other activities sharing the characteristics of manufacturing—including tourism, ICT, and other services as well as food processing and horticulture—are beginning to play a role analogous to the role that manufacturing played in East Asia. This reflects not only changes in the global organization of industries since the early era of rapid East Asian growth, but also advantages unique to Africa. These ‘industries without smokestacks’ offer new opportunities for Africa to grow in coming decades.&#xD;

Multifunctional Land Uses in Africa

Authors: ---
Book Series: Earthscan Food and Agriculture Series ISBN: 9780367246440 9780429283666 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-10 11:21:13
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This book presents contemporary case studies of land use, management practices,&#xD;and innovation in Africa with a view to exploring how multifunctional land uses&#xD;can alleviate food insecurity and poverty.&#xD;Food security and livelihoods in Africa face multiple challenges in the form of&#xD;feeding a growing population on declining land areas under the impacts of climate&#xD;change. The overall question is what kind of farming systems can provide resilient&#xD;livelihoods? This volume presents a selection of existing farming systems that&#xD;demonstrate how more efficient use of land and natural resources, labour and other&#xD;inputs can have positive effects on household food security and livelihoods. It&#xD;examines how aquaculture, integrated water management, peri-urban&#xD;farming&#xD;systems, climate-smart&#xD;agriculture practices and parkland agroforestry contribute&#xD;multiple benefits. Drawing on case studies from Kenya, Ethiopia, Nigeria and&#xD;Burkina Faso, contributed by young African scientists, this book provides a unique&#xD;perspective on multifunctional land use in Africa and illustrates how non-conventional&#xD;uses can be profitable while promoting social and environmental&#xD;sustainability. Tapping into the global discussion on land scarcity and linking food&#xD;security to existing land use change processes, this volume will stimulate readers&#xD;looking for diversified land uses that are compatible with both household and&#xD;national food security ambitions.&#xD;This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of African development,&#xD;agriculture, food security, land use and environmental management, as well&#xD;as sustainable development more generally, in addition to policymakers and practitioners&#xD;working in these areas.

The Fixer

Authors: ---
Book Series: Theory in Forms ISBN: 9781478003427 9781478001911 Year: Pages: 224 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-19 11:21:14
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In the West African nation of Togo, applying for the U.S. Diversity Visa Lottery is a national obsession, with hundreds of thousands of Togolese entering each year. From the street frenzy of the lottery sign-up period and the scramble to raise money for the embassy interview to the gamesmanship of those adding spouses and dependents to their dossiers, the application process is complicated, expensive, and unpredictable. In The Fixer Charles Piot follows Kodjo Nicolas Batema, a Togolese visa broker—known as a “fixer”—as he shepherds his clients through the application and interview process. Relaying the experiences of the fixer, his clients, and embassy officials, Piot captures the ever-evolving cat-and-mouse game between the embassy and the hopeful Togolese as well as the disappointments and successes of lottery winners in the United States. These detailed and compelling stories uniquely illustrate the desire and savviness of migrants as they work to find what they hope will be a better life.&#xD;

Science Communication in South Africa

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781928502036 9781928502043 9781928502050 Year: Pages: 236 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3557206 Language: English
Publisher: African Minds
Subject: Science (General) --- Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-17 11:21:03
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"Why do we need to communicate science? Is science, with its highly specialised language and its arcane methods, too distant to be understood by the public? Is it really possible for citizens to participate meaningfully in scientific research projects and debate? Should scientists be mandated to engage with the public to facilitate better understanding of science? How can they best communicate their special knowledge to be intelligible? These and a plethora of related questions are being raised by researchers and politicians alike as they have become convinced that science and society need to draw nearer to one another.&#xD;&#xD;Once the persuasion took hold that science should open up to the public and these questions were raised, it became clear that coming up with satisfactory answers would be a complex challenge. The inaccessibility of scientific language and methods, due to ever increasing specialisation, is at the base of its very success. Thus, translating specialised knowledge to become understandable, interesting and relevant to various publics creates particular perils. This is exacerbated by the ongoing disruption of the public discourse through the digitisation of communication platforms. For example, the availability of medical knowledge on the internet and the immense opportunities to inform oneself about health risks via social media are undermined by the manipulable nature of this technology that does not allow its users to distinguish between credible content and misinformation.&#xD;&#xD;In countries around the world, scientists, policy-makers and the public have high hopes for science communication: that it may elevate its populations educationally, that it may raise the level of sound decision-making for people in their daily lives, and that it may contribute to innovation and economic well-being. This collection of current reflections gives an insight into the issues that have to be addressed by research to reach these noble goals, for South Africa and by South Africans in particular."&#xD;

Shaping Natural History and Settler Society

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Book Series: Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series ISBN: 9783030226398 Year: Pages: 360 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22639-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Science (General) --- Gender Studies --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:07
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This book explores the life and work of Mary Elizabeth Barber, a British-born settler scientist who lived in the Cape during the nineteenth century. It provides a lens into a range of subjects within the history of knowledge and science, gender and social history, postcolonial, critical heritage and archival studies. The book examines the international importance of the life and works of a marginalized scientist, the instrumentalisation of science to settlers' political concerns and reveals the pivotal but largely silenced contribution of indigenous African experts. Including a variety of material, visual and textual sources, this study explores how these artefacts are archived and displayed in museums and critically analyses their content and silences. The book traces Barber’s legacy across three continents in collections and archives, offering insights into the politics of memory and history-making. At the same time, it forges a nuanced argument, incorporating study of the North and South, the history of science and social history, and the past and the present.

Conservation Biology in Sub-Saharan Africa

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781783747504 / 9781783747528 Year: Pages: 694 DOI: doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0177 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-12 13:36:36
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Conservation Biology in Sub-Saharan Africa comprehensively explores the challenges and potential solutions to key conservation issues in Sub-Saharan Africa.Easy to read, this lucid and accessible textbook includes fifteen chapters that cover a full range of conservation topics, including threats to biodiversity, environmental laws, and protected areas management, as well as related topics such as sustainability, poverty, and human-wildlife conflict. This rich resource also includes a background discussion of what conservation biology is, a wide range of theoretical approaches to the subject, and concrete examples of conservation practice in specific African contexts. Strategies are outlined to protect biodiversity whilst promoting economic development in the region.Boxes covering specific themes written by scientists who live and work throughout the region are included in each chapter, together with recommended readings and suggested discussion topics. Each chapter also includes an extensive bibliography.Conservation Biology in Sub-Saharan Africa provides the most up-to-date study in the field. It is an essential resource, available on-line without charge, for undergraduate and graduate students, as well as a handy guide for professionals working to stop the rapid loss of biodiversity in Sub-Saharan Africa and elsewhere.

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