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The Wise Merchant

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ISBN: 9789048540020 Year: Pages: 120 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-23 11:21:03
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On 9 January 1632, at the inauguration of the Amsterdam Illustrious School - the predecessor of the city's university - Caspar Barlaeus delivered a speech that has continued to arouse the curiosity of researchers and the general public alike: Mercator sapiens. This famous oration on the wise merchant is now considered a key text of the Dutch Golden Age. At the same time it is surrounded by misunderstandings regarding Barlaeus himself, the nascent Illustrious School, and Amsterdam's merchant culture. This volume presents the first English translation and the first critical edition of the Mercator sapiens, preceded by an introduction providing historical context and a fresh interpretation of this intriguing text.Anna-Luna Post and Corinna Vermeulen shed new light on the roles of humanist scholarship and rhetoric in Holland's metropolis. Caspar Barlaeus's 1632 oration, The Wise Merchant, has often been cited but seldom read. Their edition, translation and introduction set the work into its historical context with learning, clarity and economy. - Anthony Grafton

Öffentliche Vernunft?

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Book Series: Edition Wissenschaft & Demokratie ISBN: 9783110614244 9783110614206 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 127 DOI: 10.1515/9783110614244 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Political Science --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-08 11:21:02
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There is no society that is not affected by modern science and its consequences. There is also no serious hope that global challenges such as climate, inequality or migration can be tackled without scientific research and reflection. Every society and every government is therefore dependent on science. For democracies, however, the question of the relationship between politics and science arises again in a special way, since science there appears to be something that concerns everyone and must therefore be publicly negotiated. The volume 'Public Reason? Science in Democracy 'addresses the question of the difficulties encountered by the ideal of a public and reason-led discourse on the relevance of scientific results in modern democracies. Based on questions as diverse as the problems of scientific policy advice, the relationship between science and the media, the possibilities and limits of citizen science and the role of ethics and politics in the university, the contributions presented open up new perspectives on the complex relationship between science, politics and media and non-media public.&#xD;

Keywords

Science --- society --- government --- democracies

Transforming Research Methods in the Social Sciences

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781776142767 Year: Pages: 456 DOI: 10.18772/22019032750 Language: English
Publisher: Wits University Press
Subject: Social Sciences --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-21 11:21:03
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Social science researchers in the global South, and in South Africa particularly, utilise research methods in innovative ways in order to respond to contexts characterised by diversity, racial and political tensions, socioeconomic disparities and gender inequalities. These methods often remain undocumented – a gap that this book starts to address. Written by experts from various methodological fields, Transforming Research Methods in the Social Sciences is a comprehensive collation of original essays and cutting-edge research that demonstrates the variety of novel techniques and research methods available to researchers responding to these context-bound issues. It is particularly relevant for study and research in the fields of applied psychology, sociology, ethnography, biography and anthropology. In addition to their unique combination of conceptual and application issues, the chapters also include discussions on ethical considerations relevant to the method in similar global South contexts. Transforming Research Methods in the Social Sciences has much to offer to researchers, professionals and others involved in social science research both locally and internationally.&#xD;

Youth and the Politics of the Present

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge Advances in Sociology ISBN: 9780367150990 9780429198267 Year: Pages: 202 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-16 11:21:11
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Youth and the Politics of the Present presents a range of topical sociological investigations into various aspects of the everyday practices of young adults in different European contexts. Indeed, this volume provides an original and provocative investigation of various current central issues surrounding the effects of globalization and the directions in which Western societies are steering their future.&#xD;Containing a wide range of empirical and comparative examples from across Europe, this title highlights how young adults are trying to implement new forms of understanding, interpretation and action to cope with unprecedented situations; developing new forms of relationships, identifications and belonging while they experience new and unprecedented forms of inclusion and exclusion. Grounding this exploration is the suggestion that careful observations of the everyday practices of young adults can be an excellent vantage point to grasp how and in what direction the future of contemporary Western societies is heading.&#xD;Offering an original and provocative investigation, Youth and the Politics of the Present will appeal to students and researchers interested in fields such as Youth Studies, Globalization Studies, Migration Studies, Gender Studies and Social Policy.

Keywords

youth --- employment --- education --- gender --- migrants --- society

Beijing Garbage: A City Besieged by Waste

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Book Series: Consumption and Sustainability in Asia ISBN: 9789048542871 Year: Pages: 232 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-23 11:21:03
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Why do central and local government initiatives aiming to curb the proliferation of garbage in Beijing and its disposal continue to be unsuccessful? Is the Uberization of waste picking through online-to-offline (O2O) garbage retrieval companies able to decrease waste and improve the lives of waste pickers? Most citizens of Beijing are well aware of the fact that their city is besieged by waste. Yet instead of taking individual action, they sit and wait for the governments at various levels to tell them what to do. And even if/when they adopt a proactive position, this does not last. Official education drives targetting the consumers are organized regularly and with modest success, but real solutions are not forthcoming. Various environmental non-governmental organizations are at work to raise the level of consciousness of the population, to change individual attitudes towards wasteful behavior, but seemingly with little overall effects.

Women in Kararau - Gendered Lives, Works, and Knowledge in a Middle Sepik Village, Papua New Guinea

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ISBN: 101787520191206 9783863954222 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-14 11:21:02
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The book offers a glimpse back in time to a Middle Sepik society, the Iatmul, first investigated by the anthropologist Gregory Bateson in the late 1920s while the feminist anthropologist Margaret Mead worked on sex roles among the neighbouring Tchambuli (Chambri) people. The author lived in the Iatmul village of Kararau in 1972/3 where she studied women’s lives, works, and knowledge in detail. She revisited the Sepik in 2015 and 2017. The book, the translation of a 1977 publication in German, is complemented by two chapters dealing with the life of the Iatmul in the 2010s. It presents rich quantitative and qualitative data on subsistence economy, marriage, and women’s knowledge concerning myths and rituals. Besides, life histories and in-depth interviews convey deep insights into women’s experiences and feelings, especially regarding their varied relationships with men in the early 1970s. Since then, Iatmul culture has changed in many respects, especially as far as the economy, religion, knowledge, and the relationship between men and women are concerned. In her afterword, the anthropologist Christiane Falck highlights some of the major topics raised in the book from a 2018 perspective, based on her own fieldwork which she commenced in 2012. Thus, the book provides the reader with detailed information about gendered lives in this riverine village of the 1970s and an understanding of the cultural processes and dynamics that have taken place since.

On the Legacy of Lutheranism in Finland

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Studia Fennica Historica ISBN: 9789518581508 9789518581355 9789518581492 Year: Pages: 353 DOI: 10.21435/sfh.25 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- Religion --- History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-18 11:21:07
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This volume analyses the societal legacy of Lutheranism in Finland in broad terms. It contributes to the recent renewed interest in the history of religion in Finland and the Nordic countries by bringing together researchers in history, political science, economics, social psychology, education, linguistics, media studies, and theology to examine the mutual relationship between Lutheranism and society in Finland. The two main foci are (i) the historical effects of the Reformation and its aftermath on societal structures and on national identity, values, linguistic culture, education, and the economy, and (ii) the adaptation of the church – and its theology – to changes in the geo-political and sociocultural context. Important sub-themes include nationalism and religion, the secularization and institutionalization of traditional values, multiple Protestant ethics, and long continuities in history. Overall the book argues that large changes in societies cannot be explained via ‘secular’ factors alone, such as economic development or urbanization, but that factors pertaining to religion provide substantial explanatory power for understanding societal change and the resulting societal structures.&#xD;

Antropología en dilemas

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ISBN: 9789568416782 Year: Pages: 176 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2616933 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-08 11:21:04
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Exhibition on the role of the anthropologist in its different facets as a trainer, researcher, disseminator

Chapter 7 Medical practitioners as collectors and communicators of natural history in Ireland, 1680–1750 (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Social Histories of Medicine ISBN: 9781526145147 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Arts and Humanities Research Council - AH/J00989X/1
Subject: Medicine (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:03
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This chapter argues for the significant role played by Irish-based medics as collectors and communicators of natural history in the period 1680–1750. It demonstrates that the relative isolation of practitioners in Ireland meant that their findings could sometimes be seen by those elsewhere as carrying greater weight and possessing greater novelty. Particular use is made of the correspondence of Sir Hans Sloane, president of the Royal Society, to demonstrate how processes of communication and collection could operate across large distances, especially between rural Ireland and London. &#xD;

The Playful Citizen: Civic Engagement in a Mediatized Culture

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Games and Play ISBN: 9789048535200 Year: Pages: 432 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-23 11:21:05
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This edited volume collects current research by academics and practitioners on playful citizen participation through digital media technologies. With the emergence of digital and mobile technologies our conceptions and hopes of what citizen participation entails have changed profoundly. Interactive, networked and affordable technologies have transformed the relationship between knowledge, creativity and power. Citizens use media technologies in playful ways to engage in creative knowledge production and to alter professional roles and power structures.This book, available in Open Access, provides an overview of the potentials and limitations of citizen's engagement in the digital age through a collection of chapters from various academic fields. What connects these contributions is a focus on what we call playful participation. It is through this ludic engagement, we argue, that the contemporary production of knowledge and creative interventions in journalism, research, activism, art, politics, city making, and many other areas, should be understood. The book editors hold positions at Universities in the Netherlands (Utrecht University) and the UK (University of Warwick). They have published widely about digital media technologies, play, and identity.

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