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L’État sourcier : Eau et politique au Sénégal

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ISBN: 9791036200748 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.13540 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Abstract

Depuis les années 1980, l’eau est devenue un objet de préoccupation au sein de la communauté internationale. Cette substance vitale a désormais acquis une valeur marchande qui dicte la conditionnalité de l'aide au développement dans les pays du Sud. Le forage hydraulique est au cœur de la réforme de privatisation qui traverse le Sénégal. Pour appréhender cette infrastructure, l’auteur revisite une posture ethnographique popularisée par l’École de Manchester : l’entrée sur le terrain par les conflits. En mettant en lumière les différents dysfonctionnements que connaissent les forages, elle interroge les processus au travers desquels se négocient et se construisent autorité publique et légitimité politique dans le Sénégal contemporain. Cette étude ethnographique minutieuse explore le processus de formation de l’État au carrefour de l’anthropologie politique, de l’anthropologie juridique et de l’anthropologie du développement. Le forage apparaît ici comme un lieu de l’État et pour l’État. À ce dernier, le forage permet de se construire et de se reproduire sur son territoire. Aux sciences sociales, de répondre aux questions suivantes : comment penser l’État ? Comment fonctionne-t-il en Afrique ?

Keywords

State --- water --- citizenship --- privatization --- Senegal

Energize the Base of the Pyramid! : Contributions to scale-up energy access in Nigeria and Senegal

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Book Series: Studien zu Infrastruktur und Ressourcenmanagement ISBN: 9783832549039 Year: Volume: 9 Pages: 252 DOI: 10.30819/4903
Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-28 15:00:25
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Abstract

Sediment Transport in Coastal Waters

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ISBN: 9783038978442 9783038978459 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-845-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Oceanography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Abstract

The interface of 440,000 km long coastline in the world is subject to global change, with an increasing human pressure (land use, buildings, sand mining, dredging) and increasing population. Improving our knowledge on involved mechanisms and sediment transport processes, monitoring the evolution of sedimentary stocks and anticipating changes in littoral and coastal zones is essential for this purpose. The special issue of Water on “Sediment transport in coastal waters” gathers thirteen papers which introduce the current revolution in the scientific research related to coastal and littoral hydrosedimentary dynamics, and reflect the diversity of concerns on which research in coastal sediment transport is based, and current trends — topics and preferred methods — to address them.

Keywords

suspended sediment --- sediment transport --- coastal hydraulics --- Mekong --- river plume --- monsoon --- mathematical model --- geochemical map --- particle transfer process --- tidal current --- analysis of variance (ANOVA) --- Cluster analysis --- Mahalanobis’ generalized distances --- Seto Inland Sea --- East Coast Low --- nearshore processes --- coastal erosion --- coastal management --- climate change --- numerical modelling --- Southeast Australia --- soil erosion --- SWAT --- water scarcity --- sediment transport modelling --- Tafna catchment --- North Africa --- suspended sediment --- sediment transport --- lagoon --- geochemistry --- Ni mining --- sediment trap --- hydrodynamics --- New Caledonia --- dry season --- Senegal River delta --- Langue de Barbarie spit --- delta vulnerability --- river-mouth migration --- spit breaching --- ERA hindcast waves --- longshore sediment transport --- Vietnam --- South China Sea --- erosion --- recovery --- storminess --- winter monsoon --- typhoons --- shoreline --- waves forcing --- storms --- resilience --- post-storm recovery --- Bight of Benin --- seasonal cycle --- trend --- sand-mud mixture erosion --- numerical modelling --- non-cohesive to cohesive transition --- remote sensing reflectance --- turbidity --- seagrass beds --- bed shear stress --- fresh water runoff --- oceanic water intrusion --- suspended particulate matter --- aggregates --- flocculation --- biomass --- sediment --- turbidity --- remote-sensing --- MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) --- Support Vector Regression (SVR) --- oligotrophic lagoon --- bathymetry --- reflectance --- seabed colour --- coral reef --- New Caledonia --- sediment transport --- cohesive sediments --- non cohesive sediments --- sand --- mud --- coastal erosion --- sedimentation --- morphodynamics --- suspended particulate matter --- bedload

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