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Industries without Smokestacks

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Book Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9780198821885 Year: Pages: 480 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198821885.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: UNU WIDER
Subject: Manufactures --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:02
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Structural transformation in Africa has become a hot topic. One of the earliest stylized facts of development economics is that low-income countries have large differences in output per worker across sectors, and movement of workers from low- to high-productivity sectors—structural transformation is a key driver of economic growth. Between 1950 and 2006, about half of the catch-up by developing countries—led by East Asia—to advanced economy productivity levels was due to rising productivity within manufacturing combined with structural transformation out of agriculture. Manufacturing has the capacity to employ large numbers of unskilled workers, is capable of large productivity gains through innovation, and entails tradeable products that permit economies of scale and specialization. But manufacturing in Africa, rather than leading growth, has typically been a lagging sector. In 2014, the average share of manufacturing in GDP in sub-Saharan Africa hovered around 10 per cent, unchanged from the 1970s, leading some observers to be pessimistic about Africa’s potential to catch the wave of sustained rapid growth and rising incomes. This book challenges that view. It argues that other activities sharing the characteristics of manufacturing—including tourism, ICT, and other services as well as food processing and horticulture—are beginning to play a role analogous to the role that manufacturing played in East Asia. This reflects not only changes in the global organization of industries since the early era of rapid East Asian growth, but also advantages unique to Africa. These ‘industries without smokestacks’ offer new opportunities for Africa to grow in coming decades.

Models, Methods and Tools for Product Service Design

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ISBN: 9783319958491 Year: Pages: 143 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-95849-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Agriculture (General) --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:12
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This open access book summarizes research being pursued within the Manutelligence project, the goal of which is to help enterprises develop smart, social and flexible products with high value added services. Manutelligence has improved Product and Service Design by developing suitable models and methods, and connecting them through a modular, collaborative and secure ICT Platform. The use of real data collected in real time by Internet of Things (IoT) technologies underpins the design of product-service systems and makes it possible to monitor them throughout their life cycle. Available data allows costs and sustainability issues to be more accurately measured and simulated in the form of Life Cycle Cost (LCC) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Analysing data from IoT systems and sharing LCC and LCA information via the ICT Platform can help to accelerate the design of product-service systems, reduce costs and better understand customer needs. Industrial partners involved in Manutelligence provide a clear overview of the project’s outcomes, and demonstrate how its technological solutions can be used to improve the design of product-service systems and the management of product-service life cycles.

Oil Wealth and Development in Uganda and Beyond

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ISBN: 9789461663092 9789462702004 9789461663108 Year: Pages: 394 DOI: 10.11116/9789461663092 Language: English
Publisher: Leuven University Press Grant: KU Leuven
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Law --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 11:21:02
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Large quantities of oil were discovered in the Albertine Rift Valley in Western Uganda in 2006. The sound management of these oil resources and revenues is undoubtedly one of the key public policy challenges for Uganda as it is for other African countries with large oil and/or gas endowments. With oil expected to start flowing in 2021, the current book analyses how this East African country is preparing for the challenge of effectively, efficiently, and transparently managing its oil sector and resources. Adopting a multidisciplinary, comprehensive, and comparative approach, the book identifies a broad scope of issues that need to be addressed in order for Uganda to realise the full potential of its oil wealth for national economic transformation. Predominantly grounded in local scholarship and including chapters drawing on the experiences of Nigeria, Ghana, and Kenya, the book blazes a trail on governance of African oil in an era of emerging producers. Oil Wealth and Development in Uganda and Beyond will be of great interest to social scientists and economic and social policy makers in oil-producing countries. It is suitable for course adoption across such disciplines as International/Global Affairs, Political Economy, Geography, Environmental Studies, Economics, Energy Studies, Development, Politics, Peace, Security and African Studies.

Die Fabrikation von Kreativität

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783839449929 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.14361/9783839449929 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-10 11:21:02
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How is creativity created in fashion? Judith Nyfeler examines the actors involved along with their specific organizational methods (routines, technologies, projects, cooperations) and linguistic expressions (narratives, shows, storytelling). It turns out that instead of constantly renewing, variants are formed, whereby the formal facade of creativity and the operative activities of production are organizationally resolved from each other. The formation of variants is enhanced by language elements, which are always worked on, which in turn represents the basis for change as well as stability in fashion.

Chapter 5 Fixed-line broadband (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780415472562 Year: Pages: 40 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:28:32
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Japan's high-speed Internet access services such as ADSL, CATV Internet and FTTH are considered the cheapest and fastest state-of-the-art services drawing international attention. In this book the author introduces the current status of broadband services in Japan and their recent development in competition policy. An econometric model is proposed and discussed to analyse access demand. The purpose of the analysis is to understand quantitively the current status of the rapidly developing Japanese broadband services while providing an academic and practical basis for conceiving prospective competition policies.

Sustainable Cultural Management

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039215980 9783039215997 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-599-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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The connections between culture and sustainability have been in the public agenda since the 20th century. However, whilst global sustainability programmes at international institutional levels are yet to recognise the role of culture in their sustainability policies, the bid (albeit failed) in the early 2000s to formally add “culture” to the trilogy of sustainability pillars (economic, social, and environmental) mobilised a new discourse for the reframing of cultural policy narrative, which in turn urged a reassessment of methods of cultural management reflecting the same concerns among the sector’s grassroots. The idea of sustainability and culture working together and their envisioned role in future-proofing society and human development captured the imagination of cultural commentators, policy makers and practitioners alike, keen to fulfil these principles “out there”—in cultural organizations and events mega and small, in cities and regions, local and global. The papers in this Special Issue reflect this appeal. This publication covers a wide selection of issues related to sustainable cultural management, which means that it can be recommended to a varied audience. First of all, it can be recommended to managers experienced in cultural management, where success is measured more by the degree of mission accomplishment and the social benefits achieved rather than by profit. Another group comprises the employees of cultural organizations who want to improve their knowledge of sustainable cultural management. This Special Issue can also be recommended to artists, researchers, students, state and local government employees, founders and patrons of art, and all those who want to understand the importance of sustainable cultural management.

Keywords

sustainable management of culture --- town divided by a border --- cross-border market for cultural services --- cultural offer --- Cieszyn-?eský T?šín --- sustainable consumption --- cultural services --- cultural institutions --- philharmony --- Katowice --- culture 1.0–3.0 --- patronage --- cultural and creative industries --- cultural participation --- cultural communities of practice --- EU cohesion policies --- consumer-based brand equity --- social media --- cultural institutions --- factor analysis --- CBBE --- 3C Sustainable System --- Urban sculpture planning system --- public art --- sustainable urban sculpture development --- cultural policy --- management --- heritage --- public participation --- China --- social project culture --- management by project --- evolution path --- sustainable development --- pro-environmental behavior --- grid-group cultural theory --- cognitive sociology --- contemporary art market --- art galleries --- sustainable management --- Delphi method --- foresight study --- crowdfunding --- creative-cultural industries --- culture --- film industry --- attitudes --- Romania --- sustainable development --- sustainability --- museums --- heritage --- cultural sustainability --- effectiveness --- environment --- attractivity --- event --- sustainability --- culture-led regeneration --- European Capital of Culture --- Liverpool --- ABC model --- cultural distance theory --- qualitative research methods --- integration --- Shigatse city --- management of culture --- sustainability --- old industrial areas --- post-transformation areas --- Ostrava --- marketing concept --- cultural institutions --- sustainable development --- cultural offer diversity --- culture consumer --- cultural and creative industries --- social media content exploration --- abstract and concrete information --- behavioral and emotional participation --- n/a

Japanese Media Cultures in Japan and Abroad: Transnational Consumption of Manga, Anime, and Media-Mixes

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ISBN: 9783039210084 9783039210091 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-009-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:07
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In the last few decades, Japanese popular culture productions have been consolidated as one of the most influential and profitable global industries. As a creative industry, Japanese Media-Mixes generate multimillion-dollar revenues, being a product of international synergies and the natural appeal of the characters and stories. The transnationalization of investment capital, diversification of themes and (sub)genres, underlying threat in the proliferation of illegal audiences, development of internet streaming technologies, and other new transformations in media-mix-based production models make the study of these products even more relevant today. In this way, manga (Japanese comics), anime (Japanese animation), and video games are not necessarily products designed for the national market. More than ever, it is necessary to reconcile national and transnational positions for the study of this cultural production.The present volume includes contributions aligned to the analysis of Japanese popular culture flow from many perspectives (cultural studies, film, comic studies, sociology, etc.), although we have emphasized the relationships between manga, anime, and international audiences. The selected works include the following topics:• Studies on audiences—national and transnational case studies;• Fandom production and Otaku culture;• Cross-media and transmedia perspectives;• Theoretical perspectives on manga, anime, and media-mixes.

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