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We, the Elite.Storia dell'elitismo negli Stati Uniti dal 1920 al 1956

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ISBN: 9788868870553 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 214 DOI: 10.6093/ 978-88-6887-055-3 Language: Italian
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-29 17:30:36
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[Italiano]:Il volume affronta il problema della ricezione dell’elitismo negli Stati Uniti nel periodo tra il 1920 e il 1956, individuando i protagonisti, le fasi e i temi che la caratterizzarono. Dopo aver introdotto i principi fondamentali della teoria delle élites, la prima parte dello studio ricostruisce il dibattito che essa suscitò al di là dell’Atlantico. La seconda esamina l’originale rielaborazione americana della lezione elitista, concentrando l’analisi sulle opere degli autori più fortemente influenzati da essa: Joseph A. Schumpeter, Harold D. Lasswell, Charles W. Mills. In tal modo, lo studio mira a dimostrare come l’elitismo italiano abbia contribuito in modo significato all’elaborazione del pluralismo democratico e alla costruzione dell’egemonia politico-culturale americana nel secondo dopoguerra./[English]:This volume deals with the problem of the reception of elitism in the United States in the period between 1920 and 1956, identifying the protagonists, the phases, and the themes that characterized it. After introducing the fundamental principles of the theory of the elites, the first part of the study reconstructs the debate that it aroused beyond the Atlantic. The second part examines the original American reworking of the elitist lesson, concentrating the analysis on the works of the authors most strongly influenced by it: Joseph A. Schumpeter, Harold D. Lasswell, Charles W. Mills. In this way, the study aims to show how Italian elitism contributed in a meaningful way to the elaboration of democratic pluralism and the construction of American political-cultural hegemony in the second post-war period.

Politics of Education in Developing Countries

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ISBN: 9780198835684 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198835684.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: Manchester University
Subject: Economics --- Education --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:28:38
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This book examines the politics of the learning crisis in the global South, where learning outcomes have stagnated or worsened, despite progress towards Universal Primary Education since the 1990s. Comparative analysis of education reform in Bangladesh, Cambodia, Ghana, Rwanda, South Africa, and Uganda highlights systemic failure on the frontline of education service delivery, driven by deeper crises of policymaking and implementation: few governments try to raise educational standards with any conviction, and education bureaucracies are unable to deliver even those learning reforms that get through the policy process. Introductory chapters develop a theoretical framework within which to examine the critical features of the politics of education. Case study chapters demonstrate that political settlements, or the balance of power between contending social groups, shape the extent to which elites commit to adopting and implementing reforms aimed at improving learning outcomes, and the nature this influence takes. Informal politics and power relations can generate incentives that undermine rather than support elite commitment to development, politicizing the provision of education. Tracing reform processes from their policy origins down to the frontline, it seems that successful schools emerged as localized solutions to specific solutions, often against the grain of dysfunctional sectoral arrangements and the national-level political settlement, but with local political backing. The book concludes with discussion of the need for more politically attuned approaches that focus on building coalitions for change and supporting ‘best-fit’ types of problem-solving fixes, rather than calling for systemic change.

Sport, Spirituality, and Religion: New Intersections

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ISBN: 9783039218301 9783039218318 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-831-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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The research studies included in this Special Issue highlight the fundamental contribution of the knowledge of environmental history to conscious and efficient environment conservation and management. The long-term perspective of the dynamics that govern the human–climate ecosystem is becoming one of the main focuses of interest in biological and earth system sciences. Multidisciplinary bio-geo-archaeo investigations into the underlying processes of human impact on the landscape are crucial to envisage possible future scenarios of biosphere responses to global warming and biodiversity losses. This Special Issue seeks to engage an interdisciplinary dialog on the dynamic interactions between nature and society, focusing on long-term environmental data as an essential tool for better-informed landscape management decisions to achieve an equilibrium between conservation and sustainable resource exploitation.

Health Promotion in Children and Adolescents through Sport and Physical Activities

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ISBN: 9783038978862 9783038978879 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-887-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Sports Medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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I made the important decision to manage a Special Issue, because I believe it to be extremely important to focus on children’s and adolescents’ physiological and psychological development. I aimed to collect research that investigates the role of physical activity and sport on physical and mental well-being, with a particular focus on practical implications, innovation, tools, and technique. This Special Issue, “Health Promotion in Children and Adolescents through Sport and Physical Activities” addresses pediatric exercise science as a key scientific discipline able to help future generations live longer and better. It is already clear that sedentariness and a low level of muscular strength and power significantly affects cognitive functions and daily relations, but it is interesting to understand the key determinants and how we can help practitioners better manage these concerns in their patients. Authors were invited to submit letters, original research papers, case studies, meta-analyses, and systematic reviews.

Public Choice

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ISBN: 9783039212712 9783039212729 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-272-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Interest in politics and the political process—topics that economists consider to be the purview of the sub-field of study known as public choice—appears to be as high as ever. This Special Issue aims to provide a collection of high-quality studies covering many of the varied topics traditionally investigated in the growing field of public choice economics. These include expressive and instrumental voting, checks and balances in the enforcement of rules, electoral disproportionality, foreign aid and political freedom, voting cycles, (in)stability of political ideology, federal spending on environmental goods, pork-barrel and general appropriations spending, politics and taxpayer funding for professional sports arenas, and political scandal and “friends-and-neighbors” voting in general elections. In bringing these topics together in one place, this Special Issue offers a mix of conceptual/formal and empirical studies in public choice economics.

Improving Practice and Performance in Basketball

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ISBN: 9783039216949 9783039216956 Year: Pages: 106 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-695-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Despite being one of the most popular sports worldwide, basketball has received limited research attention compared to other team sports. Establishing a strong evidence base with high-quality and impactful research is essential in enhancing decision-making processes to optimize player performance for basketball professionals. Consequently, the book entitled Improving Performance and Practice in Basketball provides a collection of novel research studies to increase the available evidence on various topics with strong translation to practice in basketball. The book includes work by 40 researchers from 16 institutions or professional organizations from 9 countries. In keeping with notable topics in basketball research, the book contains 2 reviews focused on monitoring strategies to detect player fatigue and considerations for travel in National Basketball Association players. In addition, 8 applied studies are also included in the book, focused on workload monitoring, game-related statistics, and the measurement of physical and skill attributes in basketball players. This book also has a strong focus on increasing the evidence available for female basketball players, who have traditionally been under-represented in the literature. The outcomes generated from this book should provide new insights to inform practice in many areas for professionals working in various roles with basketball teams.

Evolutionary Computation

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ISBN: 9783039219285 9783039219292 Year: Pages: 424 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-929-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Computational intelligence is a general term for a class of algorithms designed by nature's wisdom and human intelligence. Computer scientists have proposed many computational intelligence algorithms with heuristic features. These algorithms either mimic the evolutionary processes of the biological world, mimic the physiological structure and bodily functions of the organism,

Keywords

artificial bee colony algorithm (ABC) --- cloud model --- normal cloud model --- Y conditional cloud generator --- global optimum --- evolution --- computation --- urban design --- biology --- shape grammar --- architecture --- SPEA 2 --- energy-efficient job shop scheduling --- dispatching rule --- nonlinear convergence factor --- mutation operation --- whale optimization algorithm --- particle swarm optimization --- confidence term --- random weight --- benchmark functions --- t-test --- success rates --- average iteration times --- set-union knapsack problem --- moth search algorithm --- transfer function --- discrete algorithm --- evolutionary multi-objective optimization --- convergence point --- acceleration search --- evolutionary computation --- optimization --- bat algorithm (BA) --- bat algorithm with multiple strategy coupling (mixBA) --- CEC2013 benchmarks --- Wilcoxon test --- Friedman test --- facility layout design --- single loop --- monarch butterfly optimization --- slicing tree structure --- material handling path --- integrated design --- wireless sensor networks (WSNs) --- DV-Hop algorithm --- multi-objective DV-Hop localization algorithm --- NSGA-II-DV-Hop --- first-arrival picking --- fuzzy c-means --- particle swarm optimization --- range detection --- minimum total dominating set --- evolutionary algorithm --- genetic algorithm --- local search --- constrained optimization problems (COPs) --- evolutionary algorithms (EAs) --- firefly algorithm (FA) --- stochastic ranking (SR) --- Artificial bee colony --- swarm intelligence --- elite strategy --- dimension learning --- global optimization --- DE algorithm --- ?-Hilbert space --- topology structure --- quantum uncertainty property --- numerical simulation --- whale optimization algorithm --- flexible job shop scheduling problem --- nonlinear convergence factor --- adaptive weight --- variable neighborhood search --- elephant herding optimization --- EHO --- swarm intelligence --- individual updating strategy --- large-scale --- benchmark --- diversity maintenance --- particle swarm optimizer --- entropy --- large scale optimization --- minimum load coloring --- memetic algorithm --- evolutionary --- local search --- particle swarm optimization --- large-scale optimization --- adaptive multi-swarm --- diversity maintenance --- deep learning --- convolutional neural network --- rock types --- automatic identification --- monarch butterfly optimization --- greedy optimization algorithm --- global position updating operator --- 0-1 knapsack problems

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