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Elasticity of Materials - Basic Principles and Design of Structures

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ISBN: 9781789849271 9781789849288 Year: Pages: 106 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71471 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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In the science of physics, elasticity is the ability of a deformable body (e.g., steel, aluminum, rubber, wood, crystals, etc.) to resist a distorting effect and to return to its original size and shape when that influence or force is removed. Solid bodies will deform when satisfying forces are applied to them. Elasticity solution of materials will be grouped in forms of linear and nonlinear elasticity formulations. The main subject of this book is engineering elasticity and consists of five chapters in two main sections. These two main sections are ""General Theorems in Elasticity"" and ""Engineering Applications in Theory of Elasticity."" The first chapter of the first section belongs to the editor and is entitled ""Analytical and Numerical Approaches in Engineering Elasticity."" The second chapter in the first section is entitled ""A General Overview of Stress-Strain Analysis for the Elasticity Equations"" by P. Kumar, M. Mahanty, and A. Chattopadhyay. The first chapter of the second section is entitled ""FEA and Experimental Determination of Applied Elasticity Problems for Fabricating Aspheric Surfaces"" by Dr. D.N. Nguyen. The second chapter is entitled ""Concept of Phase Transition Based on Elastic Systematics"" by Dr. P.S. Nnamchi and Dr. C.S. Obayi. The third chapter is entitled ""Repair Inspection Technique Based on Elastic-Wave Tomography Applied for Deteriorated Concrete Structures"" by Dr. K. Hashimoto, Dr. T. Shiotani, Dr. T. Nishida, and Dr. N. Okude. Finally, this book includes the basic principles of elasticity and related engineering applications about theory and design.

Dam Engineering

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ISBN: 9781789854794 9781789854800 Year: Pages: 106 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74153 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Dams and their auxiliary structures are built to provide water for human consumption, irrigating lands, generating hydroelectric power, and use in industrial processes. They are critical structures for continuing life and providing public safety. Construction of a dam is a complicated task that requires sophisticated modern technology and technical expertise. Scientists need to review and adjust their perspectives on designing embankments and their related structures, and compaction and consolidation of fill material, behavior of concrete materials, geotechnical and seismological studies of the dam site, total risk analysis, safety monitoring and instrumentation, heightening, hydrological studies, soil conservation, and watershed management. This book intends to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of the latest information in dam engineering.

Sustainable Cities - Authenticity, Ambition and Dream

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ISBN: 9781789855234 9781789855241 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73410 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This book has been written to represent the efficient applications of sustainability in urban areas. The book intends to illustrate various techniques of action on sustainability on city conception, functions and conformation. This book is divided into four parts and nine chapters: Section I is entitled ""Introduction to Sustainable Cities Concept"" and contains one chapter ""Introductory chapter: Overview of Sustainable Cities Theory and Practices,"" which discusses sustainability in cities in conception and practice. Section II is entitled ""Energy and Environmental Analysis of Sustainable Cities Models."" This includes four chapters. It expresses the effect of the environment and energy embodiment on city configuration and function. Section III is entitled ""The Role of Transport in a Sustainable City."" This part includes two chapters. Section IV is entitled ""The influence of Social and Economic Factors in Urban Space Conception."" It includes two chapters.

Indoor Environmental Quality

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ISBN: 9781789852516 9781789852523 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.75787 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This book deals with indoor environmental quality (IEQ), which encompasses diverse factors that affect human life inside a building. These factors include indoor air quality (IAQ), lighting, acoustics, drinking water, ergonomics, electromagnetic radiation, and so on. Enhanced environmental quality can improve the quality of life and productivity of the occupants, increase the resale value of the building, and minimize the penalties on building owners. The book covers an overview of IEQ and its research progress, IAQ and its monitoring, the best indoor illumination scenes, IEQ in healthcare buildings, and acoustic comfort in residential buildings and places of worship. This book is expected to benefit undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers, teachers, practitioners, policy makers, and every individual who has a concern for healthy life.

Sustainable Construction and Building Materials

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ISBN: 9781789857498 9781789857504 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.78713 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This book sheds light on recent advances in sustainable construction and building materials with special emphasis on the characterization of natural and composite hydraulic mortars, advanced concrete technology, green building materials, and application of nanotechnology to the improvement of the design of building materials. The book covers in detail the characterization of natural hydraulic lime mortars, a decade of research on self-healing concrete, biocomposite cement binding process and performance, development of sustainable building materials from agro-industrial wastes, applications of sugarcane biomass ash for developing sustainable construction materials, oil-contaminated sand: sources, properties, remediation, and engineering applications, oil shale ash addition effect in concrete to freezing/thawing, connection node design and performance optimization of girders, functionally graded concrete structures, cumulative tensile damage and consolidation effects on fracture properties of sandstone, key performance criteria influencing the selection of construction methods used for the fabrication of building components in the Middle East, fly ash as a resource material for the construction industry, degradation monitoring systems for a building information modeling maintenance approach, durability of composite-modified asphalt mixtures based on inherent and improved performance, and bitumen and its modifiers.

Civil Engineering and Symmetry

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ISBN: 9783039210022 9783039210039 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-003-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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A topic of utmost importance in civil engineering is finding optimal solutions throughout the life cycle of buildings and infrastructural objects, including their design, manufacturing, use, and maintenance. Operational research, management science, and optimization methods provide a consistent and applicable groundwork for engineering decision-making. These topics have received the interest of researchers and, after a rigorous peer-review process, eight papers have been published in this Special Issue. The articles in this Printed Edition demonstrate how solutions in civil engineering, which bring economic, social, and environmental benefits, are obtained through a variety of methodologies and tools. Usually, decision-makers need to take into account not just a single criterion, but several different criteria and, therefore, multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) approaches have been suggested for application in five of the published papers; the rest of the papers apply other research methods. Most approaches suggested decision models under uncertainty, proposing hybrid MCDM methods in combination with fuzzy or rough set theory, as well as D-numbers. The application areas of the proposed MCDM techniques mainly cover production/manufacturing engineering, logistics and transportation, and construction engineering and management. We hope that a summary of the Special Issue as provided here will encourage a detailed analysis of the papers included in the Printed Edition.

Non-destructive Testing of Materials in Civil Engineering

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ISBN: 9783039216901 9783039216918 Year: Pages: 448 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-691-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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This book was proposed and organized as a means to present recent developments in the field of nondestructive testing of materials in civil engineering. For this reason, the articles highlighted in this editorial relate to different aspects of nondestructive testing of different materials in civil engineering—from building materials to building structures. The current trend in the development of nondestructive testing of materials in civil engineering is mainly concerned with the detection of flaws and defects in concrete elements and structures, and acoustic methods predominate in this field. As in medicine, the trend is towards designing test equipment that allows one to obtain a picture of the inside of the tested element and materials. From this point of view, interesting results with significance for building practices have been obtained

Keywords

non-destructive testing --- masonry structures --- strengthening --- ultrasonic tomography --- adhesion assessment --- autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) --- compressive strength --- shape and size of specimen --- moisture of AAC --- ultrasonic testing --- gantry crane --- RMF technique --- civil engineering --- fibre-cement boards --- non-destructive testing --- acoustic emission --- degree of degradation --- thermovision --- active thermography --- thermal contrast --- defect detection --- location of inclusions --- non-destructive testing --- materials research --- building partition --- cement-based composites --- fiber cement boards --- durability --- ultrasound measurements --- spun concrete --- micro-computed tomography --- nanoindentation --- deconvolution --- mathematical morphology --- non-destructive evaluation --- structural damage --- natural frequency --- singular value truncation --- multiple feedbacks --- data noise --- NDT methods --- rebar location --- eddy-current method --- GPR method --- concrete --- concrete mix design --- concrete strength prediction --- data mining --- machine learning --- timber structures --- non-destructive methods --- ultrasonic wave --- stress wave --- drilling resistance --- X-ray micro-computed tomography --- waste brick dust --- adsorption --- lead --- cesium --- surface complexation --- precipitation --- solid-state NMR spectroscopy --- Lamb waves --- scanning laser vibrometry --- adhesive joints --- non-destructive testing --- damage detection --- excitation frequency --- nondestructive testing --- thermography --- monitoring of structures --- reinforced concrete chimney --- corrosion processes --- service life of a structure --- viscoelastic parameters --- creep test --- fatigue tests --- asphalt mixtures --- Burgers model --- four point bending beam --- pattern recognition --- acoustic emission --- Structural Health Monitoring --- brittle fracture --- diagnostics --- non-destructive testing --- reinforced concrete grandstand stadium --- vibration analysis --- crowd-induced excitation --- structural tuning --- concrete slabs and floorings --- horizontal casting --- compressive strength --- ultrasonic tests --- fibre-cement boards --- non-destructive testing --- acoustic emission --- artificial neural networks --- SEM --- non-destructive method --- damage --- mercury intrusion porosimetry --- X-ray computed tomography --- acoustic emission AE --- acoustic spectrum --- quasi brittle cement composites --- destruction process --- resistance measurement --- wood moisture sensing --- non-destructive testing --- moisture safety --- cellulose fibre cement boards --- microstructure --- nanoindentation --- SEM-EDS analysis --- temperature --- concrete elements --- concrete strength --- reinforced concrete tanks --- concrete corrosion --- sulphate corrosion --- ultrasound tests --- rebound hammer --- SilverSchmidt --- concrete --- compressive strength --- non-destructive testing --- non-destructive testing --- diagnostic --- acoustic methods --- ultrasound --- building materials --- defects

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2019 (7)