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Patterns of Change in 18th-century English. A sociolinguistic approach

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Book Series: Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics ISSN: 2214-1057 ISBN: 9789027201034 9789027263834 Year: Volume: 8 Pages: 323 DOI: 10.1075/ahs.8 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-24 14:35:22
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Abstract

Eighteenth-century English is often associated with normative grammar. But to what extent did prescriptivism impact ongoing processes of linguistic change? The authors of this volume examine a variety of linguistic changes in a corpus of personal correspondence, including the auxiliary do, verbal -sand the progressive aspect, and they conclude that direct normative influence on them must have been minimal. The studies are contextualized by discussions of the normative tradition and the correspondence corpus, and of eighteenth-century English society and culture. Basing their work on a variationist sociolinguistic approach, the authors introduce the models and methods they have used to trace the progress of linguistic changes in the “long” eighteenth century, 1680–1800. Aggregate findings are balanced by analysing individuals and their varying participation in these processes. The final chapter places these results in a wider context and considers them in relation to past sociolinguistic work.One of the major findings of the studies is that in most cases the overall pace of change was slow. Factors retarding change include speaker evaluation and repurposing outgoing features, in particular, for certain styles and registers.

Multilingualism and Bilingualism

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ISBN: 9781789232264 9781789232271 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68609 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Research in the area of bilingualism and multilingualism invariably produces fascinating insights. In the Europe of yesteryears, the paradigm of one nation one language was dominant and fashionable as a nation-building ideology that multilingualism was considered a curse, a demon that had to be exorcised. Today, the avalanche of empirical evidence of research findings has established multilingualism and pluralism as an ideal for national development. The nine chapters of this book provide further elucidations of the issue of benefits of bilingualism and multilingualism and also provide original research findings on developments in the areas of psychological dimensions of bilingualism and bilingualism in information retrieval systems. The book by its illuminating description and insightful analysis of issues of bilingualism will be of significant interest to scholars, researchers, and all concerned with bilingualism and multilingualism from whatever perspective.

Die Lehnwörter im Wortschatz der spätbyzantinischen historiographischen Literatur

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783110585384 Year: Pages: 290 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 517
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-28 11:21:05

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This collective publication deals with the loanwords, which are found in 18 late Byzantine historians and chronicles.

Standardizing Minority Languages

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Book Series: Routledge Critical Studies in Multilingualism ISBN: 9781315647722 9781138125124 9781317298878 9781317298854 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9781315647722 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:11
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The Open Access version of this book, available at https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/9781138125124, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license. This volume addresses a crucial, yet largely unaddressed dimension of minority language standardization, namely how social actors engage with, support, negotiate, resist and even reject such processes. The focus is on social actors rather than language as a means for analysing the complexity and tensions inherent in contemporary standardization processes. By considering the perspectives and actions of people who participate in or are affected by minority language politics, the contributors aim to provide a comparative and nuanced analysis of the complexity and tensions inherent in minority language standardisation processes. Echoing Fasold (1984), this involves a shift in focus from a sociolinguistics of language to a sociolinguistics of people. The book addresses tensions that are born of the renewed or continued need to standardize ‘language’ in the early 21st century across the world. It proposes to go beyond the traditional macro/micro dichotomy by foregrounding the role of actors as they position themselves as users of standard forms of language, oral or written, across sociolinguistic scales. Language policy processes can be seen as practices and ideologies in action and this volume therefore investigates how social actors in a wide range of geographical settings embrace, contribute to, resist and also reject (aspects of) minority language standardization.

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