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Seizures

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ISBN: 9781789230048 9781789230055 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.5772/65137 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Neurology --- Pediatrics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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This book contains selected peer-reviewed articles that cover novel information on epileptic seizure and psychogenic non-epileptic seizures written by international researchers. In this book, we discuss self-reporting technologies for supporting epilepsy treatment. We also discuss about the diagnostic testing in epilepsy genetic clinical practice. Clinical aspects related to diagnosis in patients presenting psychogenic non-epileptic seizures vs. epileptic seizures and neurocysticercosis are discussed as well. We delivered novel aspects about the treatment for pseudoseizures. In another chapter, the authors estimated the prevalence of ischemic stroke in epileptic patients presenting subarachnoid neurocysticercosis and ischemic stroke frequency among HIV-positive patients, and finally other authors discuss autoimmune epilepsy, its new development, and its future directions. We are looking forward with confidence and pride to the remarkable role that this book will play for a new vision and mission.

Capsaicin and its Human Therapeutic Development

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ISBN: 9781789235203 9781789235210 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73124 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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The enormous field of this topic is clearly shown by the following facts: during the last ten years (2007-2016) around 500 papers/ year and 523 review articles are listed in the PubMed database on capsaicin, and over 200/year are under keywords of ""capsaicin human"". Recently, two major studies on the mortality of consumers of spicy food containing capsaicin and nonconsumers (over 350000 men and women aged 30-79 with heart disease, cancer, and stroke at baseline over 3.5 million person-years, 2004-2013) showed that the relative risk in total mortality was reduced by 14% in 10 diverse geographic areas of China (2015). Similarly, in the USA, (16,179 participants during over 2,70,000 person/year with the median of 18.9 years) the total mortality was reduced by 13% in populations consuming hot chili (2017). Recently, the book series ""Progress in Drug Research"" the 68th volume dealt for the first time on ""Capsaicin as a Therapeutic Molecule"" (Springer, Basel, 2014). Five excellent chapters are found in this book dealing with procedures of capsaicin from capsicum plants, emerging technologies to improve capsaicin delivery, capsaicinoid diversity and its human food preference, capsaicin and lipid metabolism, and predictors in treatment response to capsaicin. The results of these observations clearly indicate that the capsaicin research has changed direction to include human medical treatment with capsaicin. The book gathers knowledge from experts in basic and clinical sciences, pharmacologists, in the nutrition and food industry, in the drug industry, technologists, plant cultivators, as well as experts across a wide scale of medical branches.

Molecular Insight of Drug Design

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ISBN: 9781789236323 9781789236330 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71744 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Therapeutics
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The approaches in drug design are mainly comprised of these three multidisciplinary sciences. First, Bioinformatics has successfully gather biological data in form of biomolecular sequences, in order to construct knowledge on drug and vaccine design. It is of considerable importance for drug designers to comprehend the utilization of bioinformatics tools for resolving their research questions. Second, Nanotechnology has made possible the design and delivery of the nano-based drug. Third, Pharmaceutical Chemistry made it possible to investigate the adsorption, distribution, metabolism, and toxicology of the drug candidates in a fine-grained resolution.

Drug Discovery - Concepts to Market

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ISBN: 9781789236965 9781789236972 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70151 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The book ""Drug Discovery - Concepts to Market"" is a collection of reviewed and relevant research chapters, offering a comprehensive overview of recent developments in the latest drug discovery trends that have been revolutionized with up-to-date technological developments. This book comprises single chapters authored by various researchers and edited by an expert active in the drug development research area. All chapters are independently complete but united under a common research study topic. This publication aims to provide a thorough overview of the latest research efforts in this field from international authors and open new possible research paths for further novel developments.

Neurotoxins

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ISBN: 9781789231687 9781789231694 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.5772/65878 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Therapeutics
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Toxicologists seek to better understand the myriad of mechanisms responsible for neurotoxins. Because the incidence of neurobehavioral hazards and risks of exogenous compounds (e.g., natural toxins, synthetic molecules, and therapeutic agents) remain a subject matter of interest, predictive tools have evolved, including but not limited to novel translational in vitro models, biomarkers, newer epidemiological research tools, and well-accepted best practices for diagnosing neurotoxins in clinical practice. Taken together, the foreseen need to highlight some of the more appreciated and/or emerging tactical approaches in neurotoxicology results in a ""one-stop reference"" book, Neurotoxins.

Drug Addiction

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789233704 9781789233711 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70103 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Therapeutics
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This edited volume is a collection of reviewed and relevant research chapters, offering a comprehensive overview of recent developments in the field of drug addiction. The book comprises single chapters authored by various researchers and edited by an expert active in the pertinent research area. All chapters are complete in themselves but united under a common research study topic. This publication aims at providing a thorough overview of the latest research efforts by international authors on drug addiction, and opens new possible research paths for further novel developments.

Dopamine - Health and Disease

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ISBN: 9781789842692 9781789842708 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74360 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Therapeutics
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The chemical basis of human emotions has been an exciting aspect in biology. The ""feel-good chemical"" dopamine (DA) is a hormone and also a neurotransmitter, which performs a critical role in reward and movement control in the brain. DA also performs multiple other functions outside the brain. Regulating unrelated critical biological functions makes this chemical a vital factor for sustaining life in both health and disease. Dopamine - Health and Disease is an endeavour with an objective to understand and appreciate the biological functions of DA in human wellbeing and its potential utility in biomedical research. This effort will supplement scientific and non-scientific communities in stimulating a critical understanding of the biological purpose of ""ticklish"" DA, which eventually supports the human relentless effort to reduce the burden of disease. As the most exciting molecule,dopamine directly impacts day-to-day life. Anyone who has an eye for health and disease-related concepts will find this book a good read.

Pharmacokinetics and Drug Metabolism in Canada: The Current Landscape

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ISBN: 9783038427971 9783038427988 Year: Pages: VIII, 302 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-798-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-06 13:44:18
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Canadian Pharmaceutical Scientists have a rich history of ground-breaking research in pharmacokinetics and drug metabolism undertaken throughout its Pharmacy and Medical Schools and within the Pharmaceutical and biotechnology industry. The principle of drug Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism and Excretion (ADME) is the foundational basis of rationale drug-design, and pharmacotherapy. The study of ADME and its descriptive quantitative analysis is the basis of pharmacokinetics. Pharmacokinetics is fundamental in the development of a new chemical entity into a marketable product and is essential in understanding the bioavailability, bioequivalence and biosimilarities of drugs. Pharmacokinetics and drug development studies facilitate an understanding of organ-based functionality. Population pharmacokinetic variability and the modeling of drug concentrations has significant utility in translating individual response in a target patient population.This special issue serves to highlight and capture the contemporary progress and current landscape of pharmacokinetics and drug metabolism within the prevailing Canadian context. We invite articles on all aspects of Pharmacokinetics and Drug Metabolism studies highlighting the world-class research currently undertaken in Canada for this special issue.

Novel Therapeutic Targets and Emerging Treatments for Fibrosis

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453726 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-372-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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For decades we have known that the overgrowth, hardening and scarring of tissues (so-called fibrosis) represents the final common pathway and best histological predictor of disease progression in most organs. Fibrosis is the culmination of both excess extracellular matrix deposition due to ongoing or severe injury, and a failure to regenerate. An inadequate wound repair process ultimately results in organ failure through a loss of function, and is therefore a major cause of morbidity and mortality in disease affecting both multiple and individual organs.Whilst the pathology of fibrosis and its significance are well understood, until recently we have known little about its molecular regulation. Current therapies are often indirect and non-specific, and only slow progression by a matter of months. The recent identification of novel therapeutic targets, and the development of new treatment strategies based on them, offers the exciting prospect of more efficacious therapies to treat this debilitating disorder.This Research Topic therefore compromises several up-to-date mini-reviews on currently known and emerging therapeutic targets for fibrosis including: the Transforming Growth Factor (TGF)-family; epigenetic factors; Angiotensin II type 2 (AT2) receptors; mineralocorticoid receptors; adenosine receptors; caveolins; and the sphingosine kinase/sphingosine 1-phosphate and notch signaling pathways. In each case, mechanistic insights into how each of these factors contribute to regulating fibrosis progression are described, along with how they can be targeted (by existing drugs, small molecules or other mimetics) to prevent and/or reverse fibrosis and its contribution to tissue dysfunction and failure. Two additional reviews will discuss various anti-fibrotic therapies that have demonstrated efficacy at the experimental level, but are not yet clinically approved; and the therapeutic potential vs limitations of stem cell-based therapies for reducing fibrosis while facilitating tissue repair. Finally, this Research Topic concludes with a clinical perspective of various anti-fibrotic therapies for cardiovascular disease (CVD), outlining limitations of currently used therapies, the pipeline of anti-fibrotics for CVD and why so many anti-fibrotic drugs have failed at the clinical level.

Pharmacokinetics and Adverse Effects of Drugs - Mechanisms and Risks Factors

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ISBN: 9781789231380 9781789231397 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68518 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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This book is a fruit of a collaborative work from several international scientists. It will be a useful resource for researchers, students, and clinicians. Each individual chapter could serve as a prescribed reading for postgraduate students and clinicians specializing in and practicing clinical pharmacology and toxicology, pharmacotherapy and pharmacotherapeutics, pharmacovigilance, and toxicovigilance, as well as those involved in clinical research, drug discovery, and development. Every chapter in this book discusses and provides illustrations on the theme discussed based on authors' understanding and experience while summarizing existing knowledge. In doing so, each chapter provides a new insight that would benefit a novice as well as a seasoned reader in understanding the pharmacokinetic mechanisms and risk factors involved in the occurrence of adverse effects of drugs.

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2018 (17)