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The Moral Economy of Mobile Phones

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ISBN: 9781760462086 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.22459/MEMP.05.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-16 11:01:54
License: ANU Press

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The moral economy of mobile phones implies a field of shifting relations among consumers, companies and state actors, all of whom have their own ideas about what is good, fair and just. These ideas inform the ways in which, for example, consumers acquire and use mobile phones; companies promote and sell voice, SMS and data subscriptions; and state actors regulate both everyday use of mobile phones and market activity around mobile phones. Ambivalence and disagreement about who owes what to whom is thus an integral feature of the moral economy of mobile phones. This volume identifies and evaluates the stakes at play in the moral economy of mobile phones. The six main chapters consider ethnographic cases from Papua New Guinea, Fiji and Vanuatu. The volume also includes a brief introduction with background information on the recent ‘digital revolution’ in these countries and two closing commentaries that reflect on the significance of the chapters for our understanding of global capitalism and the contemporary Pacific.

Informationsmanagement aus Sicht der Betriebswirtschaftslehre

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Book Series: Bochumer Beitraege zur Unternehmensfuehrung ISBN: 9783631396971 Year: Pages: 516 DOI: 10.3726/b14016 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Computer Science --- Sociology --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:20
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Das Informationsmanagement hat seinen Status als modisches Schlagwort inzwischen überwunden und stellt ein etabliertes Themengebiet mit immer noch steigender Relevanz für Theorie und Praxis der Unternehmungsführung dar. Trotz zahlreicher Veröffentlichungen liegt eine umfassende theoretische Fundierung dieses Problembereichs jedoch bisher nicht vor. Die Arbeit konzipiert das Informationsmanagement als spezielles Untersuchungsfeld der Betriebswirtschaftslehre und leitet aus bestehenden Forschungsansätzen dieser Disziplin Anhaltspunkte für die Gestaltung und Steuerung der betrieblichen Informationsverarbeitung ab. Die entwickelten Theorieansätze werden am konkreten Anwendungsbeispiel Mobile Business zusammengeführt.

Methode zur Analyse und Bewertung von stufenlosen Traktorgetrieben mit mehreren Schnittstellen

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriftenreihe Fahrzeugsystemtechnik / Institut für Fahrzeugsystemtechnik ISSN: 18696058 ISBN: 9783731508151 Year: Volume: 64 Pages: XVIII, 221 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000084168 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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The study at hands presents a method for the calculation and evaluation of continuously variable tractor transmissions with multiple interfaces and a various mix out of mechanic, electric and hydraulic technologies. The study concentrates on the correct efficiency calculation of mechanical components as well as the resulting costs of production. The relation of effort and use for each exemplary analyzed concept is shown and explained.

Synthese kapazitätsoptimierter Antennensysteme mit messtechnischer Verifikation

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Book Series: Karlsruher Forschungsberichte aus dem Institut für Hochfrequenztechnik und Elektronik ISSN: 18684696 ISBN: 9783731507376 Year: Volume: 88 Pages: xviii, 183 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000076629 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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This work describes an optimization concept for mobile antenna systems. The so-called antenna synthesis determines optimal fixed antenna radiation patterns with the help of simulated or measured transmission channels. These radiation patterns increase the spectral efficiency and the reliability of the antenna system compared to conventional antennas with omnidirectional radiation patterns. Therefor the antenna systems are matched as best as possible to the predominant directions of the channel.

Compact Environment Modelling from Unconstrained Camera Platforms

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe / Institut für Mess- und Regelungstechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 16134214 ISBN: 9783731508014 Year: Volume: 040 Pages: VII, 129 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000083235 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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Mobile robotic systems need to perceive their surroundings in order to act independently. In this work a perception framework is developed which interprets the data of a binocular camera in order to transform it into a compact, expressive model of the environment. This model enables a mobile system to move in a targeted way and interact with its surroundings. It is shown how the developed methods also provide a solid basis for technical assistive aids for visually impaired people.

Bewegungsregelung mobiler Manipulatoren für die Mensch-Roboter-Interaktion mittels kartesischer modellprädiktiver Regelung

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriften zur Anthropomatik / Lehrstuhl für Interaktive Echtzeitsysteme, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ; Fraunhofer-Inst. für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung IOSB Karlsruhe ISSN: 18636489 ISBN: 9783731508557 Year: Volume: 39 Pages: XXVI, 176 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000086157 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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For human-robot-interaction, this work proposes a method for monitoring the complex, dynamic environment of the robot. The robot motion is controlled based on the concept of nonlinear model predictive control. The controller considers the detected obstacles and intended or unintended contacts of the robot with its environment so that undesired collisions are avoided and an adequate reaction to contacts is achieved. The proposed approaches are analyzed on a mobile manipulator.

Security and Privacy in Wireless and Mobile Networks

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038427797 9783038427803 Year: Pages: VIII, 164 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-13 14:25:58
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Currently, at the dawn of 5G networks, and the era of the Internet-of-Things, wireless and mobile networking is becoming increasingly ubiquitous. In this landscape, security and privacy turn into decisive factors. That is, the mobile and wireless ecosystem is an ideal playground for many perpetrators: (a) handheld devices are used for critical tasks, such as e-commerce, bank transactions, payments, application purchases, as well as social interaction; (b) such devices uniquely identify their users and store sensitive and detailed information about them; and (c) despite all their sophistication, native security mechanisms of mobile operating systems can be bypassed, and several wireless interfaces and protocols have been proven to be vulnerable to attack. As the attacker is given so many alternative entry points for penetration, the creation of assaults against the end-user and the underlying systems and services have been augmented, both in amount, as well as in matters of complexity. It is, therefore, imperative that new and advanced security and privacy-preserving measures are deployed.To cope with the aforementioned challenges, this edited book has been dedicated to the security and privacy aspects of mobile networks, wireless communications, and their apps. Particularly, apart from network and link layer security, the focus is on the security and privacy of mobile software platforms and the increasingly differing spectrum of mobile or wireless apps. This edited book presents a collection of nine chapters. All the chapters constitute original research work addressing a variety of topics pertaining to the above-mentioned challenges.

Keywords

Security --- privacy --- mobile --- wireless --- threat --- attack --- vulnerability --- defense --- intrusion --- anonymity --- IoT

Air Quality Monitoring and Forecasting

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038428398 9783038428404 Year: Pages: VI, 204 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-27 14:36:36
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Air quality is personal. Its management is highly so. Asthmatic or air-pollutant-sensitive individuals depend on accurate air quality forecasts to help manage their daily activities. However, the adverse effects of poor air quality on public health and visibility extend far beyond the daily time horizon. Pneumonic and cardiac vascular responses of individuals in all age groups can be both acute, episodic and short-term, as well as chronic, accumulative and long-term. Urban haze resulting from stagnant poor air can linger for many days. In this Special Issue, seven papers cover a wide range of air pollution forecasting technology and emission control responses.It is paramount to verify and improve air quality forecast modeling systems constantly by as many quality-assured and cross-calibrated measurements as possible. Improvements from national centers such as the U. S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) research arms must produce verification statistics satisfying operational center performance metrics over multiple seasons before implementation is possible. High quality, compact, and mobile monitors are a significant player in air quality and atmospheric composition continuous measurements and are poised to become even more important. Five papers in this issue provide insight on observation technological advances and data assimilation. Air quality monitoring and forecasting sciences necessarily advance in lock-step and improvements for one benefit the other.

The Good, The Bad and The Ugly: Multiple Roles of Bacteria in Human Life

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455744 Year: Pages: 518 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-574-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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Bacteria are among the earliest forms of life on Earth. Notwithstanding their small size and primitive origin, bacteria still have a tremendous impact on everyday human life. Over the centuries, research into bacteria have provided and enriched the fundamental biological knowledge due to their readily measured processes and effects on higher organisms. Although molecular genetics and microbiology were among the scientific fields that have mostly benefited from the discoveries made in bacteria, our current state of knowledge has gone beyond what anyone could have ever imagined. The present Research Topic aims to cover new and exciting broad aspects of the importance of bacteria to human life, both positive and negative influences. Regulation of bacterial gene expression, replication and segregation control mechanisms, cell to cell communication via quorum sensors, and the relatively recent finding of bacterial immunity via CRISPR, have led to the development of many, and very important new tools in biotechnology and the emerging field of molecular medicine. The battle against infectious diseases has also benefited from the genetic approaches that have been developed in the quest for finding new targets and novel drugs against pathogenic bacteria. At the next level, the human microbiome project has opened up new avenues in understanding the role of bacteria in human health and wellbeing. Finally, the relationship between bacterial infections and human cancers will also be covered, a subject that is still under verification through rigorous experimental approaches. Special emphasis will be given to the bacterial accessory genome, i.e the mobilome, as the primary cause of health-threatening antimicrobial resistance and the production of toxins and virulence factors. Taking into account the evolutionary importance of horizontal gene transfer and the additional beneficial roles of certain bacterial mobile genetic elements, they help project best “the Good, the Bad and the Ugly” outline of this topic.At the time this eBook is about to be published, our Research Topic has registered nearly 55, 000 views.

Modellierung und Ausführung von Workflows unter Berücksichtigung mobiler Kontextinformationen

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ISBN: 9783731507543 Year: Pages: XVIII, 362 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000078961 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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Existing business modeling languages (or their extensions) have time, identity and activity related contexts (or objects) for modeling business processes. In order to support a Context Aware Service, location awareness is needed to enable the application or process to control the related workflows. For the integration of location constraints into workflow models, a concept based on restrictions is being developed in the present work.

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