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Wirtschaft und Wirtschaftspolitik in Deutschland. 75 Jahre RWI – Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung e.V. 1943–2018

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Book Series: Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte. Beihefte ISBN: 9783110570557 Year: Volume: 22 Pages: 486 DOI: 10.1515/9783110570557 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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This title documents the history of the Rhenish-Westphalian Institute for Economic Research (RWI), re-founded in 1943 as the “Western Division” of the German Institute for Economic Research. Starting from the initial founding in 1926, it includes the post-war re-founding and reorientation of the Institute, its redirection in the new millennium through 2018, and describes the changing economic, political, and scientific contexts of the times.

The Jewish Unions in America: Pages of History and Memories

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ISBN: 9781783743537 9781783743551 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 334 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0118 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-05 16:57:08
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Newly arrived in New York in 1882 from Tsarist Russia, the sixteen-year-old Bernard Weinstein discovered an America in which unionism, socialism, and anarchism were very much in the air. He found a home in the tenements of New York and for the next fifty years he devoted his life to the struggles of fellow Jewish workers.The Jewish Unions in America blends memoir and history to chronicle this time. It describes how Weinstein led countless strikes, held the unions together in the face of retaliation from the bosses, investigated sweatshops and factories with the aid of reformers, and faced down schisms by various factions, including Anarchists and Communists. He co-founded the United Hebrew Trades and wrote speeches, articles and books advancing the cause of the labor movement.From the pages of this book emerges a vivid picture of workers’ organizations at the beginning of the twentieth century and a capitalist system that bred exploitation, poverty, and inequality. Although workers’ rights have made great progress in the decades since, Weinstein’s descriptions of workers with jobs pitted against those without, and American workers against workers abroad, still carry echoes today. The Jewish Unions in America is a testament to the struggles of working people a hundred years ago. But it is also a reminder that workers must still battle to live decent lives in the free market.For the first time, Maurice Wolfthal’s readable translation makes Weinstein’s Yiddish text available to English readers. It is essential reading for students and scholars of labor history, Jewish history, and the history of American immigration.

Transitions in Segmented Labor Markets

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Book Series: Goettinger Studien zur Entwicklungsoekonomik / Goettingen Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9783631531624 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3726/b13892 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:26
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When labor market economists started to work on segmented labor markets, they classified informal employment as a transitory state. At the end of the 20th century, informal employment still persists governments’ attempts to eradicate it and represents a growing labor market segment not only in developing countries but worldwide. It is evident that informal employment will not disappear but has to be taken into account when designing labor market policies. This study investigates the role of informal dependent employment on the allocation of workers into formal employment in general and on the choice of job search channels in particular. The empirical analysis is based on Cox proportional hazard models and multinomial logistic regression, using Brazilian labor market panel data.

Prospettive di parità nella formazione e nel mercato del lavoro

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Book Series: Temi dello sviluppo locale - Open Access ISBN: 9788891773548 Year: Language: Italian
Publisher: FrancoAngeli
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-10 11:21:13
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This volume aims to provide an overview of equal opportunities, particularly in the areas of higher and university education and the labor market. It is composed of different contributions and the result of an interdisciplinary reflection gained during the drafting of the Gender Report of the "Gabriele d’Annunzio" University (Chieti-Pescara, Italy). The text is proposed as a useful tool for training in this sector and as a sociological reflection on culture and the processes of construction of gender stereotypes.

Ferocious Logics: Unmaking the Algorithm

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ISBN: 9783957961419 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.14619/1402 Language: English
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-15 17:02:26
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Contemporary power manifests in the algorithmic. And yet this power seems incomprehensible: understood as code, it becomes apolitical; understood as a totality, it becomes overwhelming. This book takes an alternate approach, using it to unravel the operations of Uber and Palantir, Airbnb and Amazon Alexa. Moving off the whiteboard and into the world, the algorithmic must negotiate with frictions—the ‘merely’ technical routines of distributing data and running tasks coming together into broader social forces that shape subjectivities, steer bodies, and calibrate relationships. Driven by the imperatives of capital, the algorithmic exhausts subjects and spaces, a double move seeking to both exhaustively apprehend them and exhaust away their productivities. But these on-the-ground encounters also reveal that force is never guaranteed. The irreducibility of the world renders logic inadequate and control gives way to contingency.

Keywords

Production --- Alexa --- Relationships --- Body --- Subjectivity --- Subject --- Algorithm --- Airbnb --- Labor --- Space --- Contingency --- Capital --- Uber --- Productivity --- Palantir

Applying the Kaizen in Africa

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ISBN: 9783319914008 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-91400-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:15
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At present, how to develop industries is a burning issue in Africa, where population growth remains high and economic development has thus far failed to provide sufficient jobs for many, especially young people and women. The creation of productive jobs through industrial development ought to be a central issue in steering economic activity across the continent. The authors of this book, consisting of two development economists and five practitioners, argue that the adoption of Kaizen management practices, which originated in Japan and have become widely used by manufacturers in advanced and emerging economies, is decisively the most effective first step for industrial development in Africa. This open access book discusses what Kaizen management is, why it is applicable to Africa, and why it can provide Africa with a springboard for sustainable economic growth and employment generation.

Macht Arbeit Frei?

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Book Series: Jews of Poland ISBN: 9781618115966 9781618119087 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Academic Studies Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101117
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:04
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This book examines the forced labor of Jews in the General Government of Occupied Poland from 1939-1943. Specifically, it traces the bureaucratic understanding and use the terms "labor" and "work" in the General Government; it also examines how these terms figured in the lives of Jews, for whom "labor"''s original understanding as a means of subsistence came to be redefined as a means of survival. The changing meaning of other key terms are examined in detail; these include, among others, "forced labor" (Zwangsarbeit), "slave labor" (Sklavenarbeit). The volume carefully analyzes the modus operandi of the Nazi system of power, in which bureaucracy ballooned, there were conflicts of interest between different institutions, and there was a total destruction of human and moral values, which led to extensive degeneration.

Intimate Communities

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ISBN: 9780520970868 9780520300460 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.59 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:15
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When China’s War of Resistance against Japan began in July 1937, it sparked an immediate health crisis throughout the country. In the end, China not only survived the war but also emerged from the trauma with a curious strength. Intimate Communities argues that women who worked as military and civilian nurses, doctors, and midwives during this turbulent period built the national community, one relationship at a time. In a country with a majority illiterate, agricultural population that could not relate to urban elites’ conceptualization of nationalism, these women used their work of healing to create emotional bonds with soldiers and civilians from across the country that transcended the divides of social class, region, gender, and language.

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