Search results: Found 47

Listing 1 - 10 of 47 << page
of 5
>>
Sort by
4 Workshop-Didaktik for Cooperation in a Contingent World (Book chapter)

Author:
ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch4 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:09
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"Based on the idea that contingency frames people’s view of the world, the&#xD;text examines how cooperation is still possible. It is argued that cooperation is a human&#xD;constant (Tomsello), as well as a skill and craft to be unfolded again (Sennett).&#xD;In order to facilitate teaching and learning processes focussing on the emergence&#xD;of cooperation, a “Workshop Didactic” is developed. Such a didactic is particularly&#xD;powerful in enabling people to deal with the challenges of unforeseen situations."&#xD;

2 Defining the Term Samhandling (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch2 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:09
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"In this chapter we will demonstrate that samhandling has a different&#xD;qualitative meaning from other similar concepts. The term “samhandling” is used&#xD;by many organizations, researchers and textbook authors without clarifying the&#xD;rationale for its use (Torgersen & Steiro, 2009). The word samhandling is built on&#xD;a distinct cultural foundation. Therefore, we think it is necessary to describe Norwegian&#xD;culture briefly, to enable the reader to understand the basis of samhandling.&#xD;The chapter presents a definition of samhandling that was originally presented by&#xD;Torgersen & Steiro (2009). Samhandling is distinguished from cooperation/teamwork&#xD;by three core attributes which we can call the identity of samhandling: focus&#xD;on complementarity, exchange and utilization of the participants’ various skills,&#xD;experiences, backgrounds and cultures, and coordination of these factors in efforts&#xD;towards a common goal in a work situation or meeting. Samhandling has a higher&#xD;relative ambition level than the corresponding processes covered by the expressions&#xD;“collaboration”, “cooperation” and “coordination”. Increased complexity and&#xD;relations between stakeholders call for a focus on complementary handling in action,&#xD;that is, samhandling. The following competencies were identified in order for&#xD;good samhandling to occur: trust, assurance, well-being, belonging, clarity, time&#xD;and tolerance."&#xD;

Multisensory Human-Food Interaction

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455188 Year: Pages: 101 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-518-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Our food experiences can be significantly influenced by both intrinsic and extrinsic multisensory information. Therefore, it is crucial to understand and apply the principles that govern the systematic connections that exist between the senses in the context of Human-Food Interaction (HFI). In our Research Topic, namely Multisensory Human-Food Interaction (MHFI), several studies that consider such connections in the context of HFI are presented. We also have contributions that focus on multisensory technologies that can be used to share and reproduce specific HFIs. This eBook, which resulted from the Research Topic, presents some of the most recent developments in the field of MHFI. In particular, it consists of two main sections and corresponding articles. The eBook begins with the Editorial, which provides an overview of MHFI. Then, it includes six articles that relate to principles in MHFI and three on technologies in MHFI. We hope that the different contributions featured here will support future developments in MHFI research.

Framing Social Interaction

Author:
ISBN: 9781472482587 9780367897246 Year: Pages: 198 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:13
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book is about Erving Goffman’s frame analysis as it, on the one hand, was presented in his 1974 book Frame Analysis and, on the other, was actually conducted in a number of preceding substantial analyses of different aspects of social interaction such as face-work, impression management, fun in games, behavior in public places and stigmatization. There was, in other words, a frame analytic continuity in Goffman’s work. In an article published after his death in 1982, Goffman also maintained that he throughout his career had been studying the same object: the interaction order. In this book, the author states that Goffman also applied an overarching perspective on social interaction: the dynamic relation between ritualization, vulnerability and working consensus. However, there were also cracks in Goffman´s work and one is shown here with reference to the leading question in Frame Analysis – what is it that’s going on here? While framed on a "microsocial" level, that question ties in with "the interaction order" and frame analysis as a method. If, however, it is framed on a societal level, it mirrors metareflective and metasocial manifestations of changes and unrest in the interaction order that, in some ways, herald the emphasis on contingency, uncertainty and risk in later sociology. Through analyses of social media as a possible new interaction order – where frame disputes are frequent – and of interactional power, the applicability of Goffman’s frame analysis is illustrated. As such, this book will appeal to scholars and students of social theory, classical sociology and social interaction.&#xD;

Human Polyomaviruses and Papillomaviruses

Author:
ISBN: 9783038972204 9783038972211 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-221-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology --- Oncology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-21 09:25:07
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The interest in human polyomaviruses (HPyV) has seen a renaissance because of new species that have been isolated and their previously unknown association with diseases. Likewise, the increasing evidence for the association of human papillomaviruses (HPV) with oropharyngeal cancer has sparked the attention of researchers and clinicians. The Special Issue “Human Polyomaviruses and Papillomaviruses” presents studies describing the nuclear egress of BK polyomavirus mediated by the viral agnoprotein and the cellular -SNAP protein. In addition, a study examines the promoter activity of two different variants of human polyomavirus 9 in different cell lines. This Special Issue offers an interesting perspective on the epidemiology of HR-HPV in different cancers and on the mechanisms by which these viruses target host cell proteins to replicate their genome, express their genes, interfere with autophagy, and induce cancer. Other topics that are highlighted include the role of co-factors, such as smoking and co-infection, novel therapeutic strategies, and surface immunoregulatory proteins, chemokines, and cytokines as possible biomarkers to determine the stage of a tumor and to predict clinical outcomes.

Socio-Cognitive and Affective Computing

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038971986 9783038971993 Year: Pages: 254 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-199-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Psychology --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-21 10:52:57
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Social cognition focuses on how people process, store, and apply information about other people and social situations. It focuses on the role that cognitive processes play in social interactions. On the other hand, the term cognitive computing is generally used to refer to new hardware and/or software that mimics the functioning of the human brain and helps to improve human decision-making. In this sense, it is a type of computing with the goal of discovering more accurate models of how the human brain/mind senses, reasons, and responds to stimuli.Socio-Cognitive Computing should be understood as a set of theoretical interdisciplinary frameworks, methodologies, methods and hardware/software tools to model how the human brain mediates social interactions. In addition, Affective Computing is the study and development of systems and devices that can recognize, interpret, process, and simulate human affects, a fundamental aspect of socio-cognitive neuroscience. It is an interdisciplinary field spanning computer science, electrical engineering, psychology, and cognitive science.Physiological Computing is a category of technology in which electrophysiological data recorded directly from human activity are used to interface with a computing device. This technology becomes even more relevant when computing can be integrated pervasively in everyday life environments. Thus, Socio-Cognitive and Affective Computing systems should be able to adapt their behavior according to the Physiological Computing paradigm.This book integrates proposals from researchers who use signals from the brain and/or body to infer people's intentions and psychological state in smart computing systems. The design of this kind of systems combines knowledge and methods of ubiquitous and pervasive computing, as well as physiological data measurement and processing, with those of socio-cognitive and affective computing.

Plant Microbe Interaction 2017

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038973287 9783038973294 Year: Pages: 262 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-329-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology --- Plant Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 11:21:52
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

ca. 200 words; this text will present the book in all promotional forms (e.g. flyers). Please describe the book in straightforward and consumer-friendly terms.[Plants interact with microbes in many different ways and on many different levels. The most obvious interaction results in plant disease, which can be a severe threat to the global food supply. Therefore, research strives to uncover the mechanisms of host plant invasion, learn about the weapons used by pathogenic microbes, and understand the defense strategies of the affected plants. On the other hand, many interactions with the plant are indeed beneficial for the plant, increasing its ability to recruit limiting nutrients from the soil, preventing the growth of more detrimental microbes, or making the plant more resistant to abiotic stresses. Plants also serve as habitats for microbes that may colonize apoplastic spaces within leaves, may live on plant surfaces, or may prosper in the immediate vicinity of plant organs (e.g., in the rhizosoil). In this book, one editorial, two review articles, and twelve original research articles highlight the newest research endeavors on plants interacting with beneficial microbes, having to cope with detrimental microbes, or hosting complete microbiomes. Together, these articles contribute to the knowledge essential for the development of strategies that will prepare our plants to withstand the increasingly harsh conditions they will be exposed to in the coming years of climate change.]

27 Samhandling, Preparedness and Supply Chains (Book chapter)

Author:
ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch27 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:07
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"Supply-chain preparedness means to design inter-organisational structures,&#xD;to organise supply-chain resources, and to plan and train to ensure efficient&#xD;response if this is called for. Acknowledging that supply chains are made up of&#xD;two or more organisations, and that interaction describes relations between two or&#xD;more actors, the purpose of this research is to explore whether the introduction of&#xD;the concept of interaction (samhandling) to supply-chain thinking adds to our understanding&#xD;of efficiency and the effectiveness of logistics preparedness.&#xD;We position our work along three dimensions: a profit – non-profit classification,&#xD;a descriptive – normative dichotomy, and a micro – macro continuum. Information&#xD;was retrieved both through semi-structured interviews and by studying secondary&#xD;sources. Interaction and preparedness is assessed through an empirical case: the&#xD;operation Atalanta. By applying interactional indicators, enablers and barriers to&#xD;relationship success can be studied at both micro, meso, and macro levels. Without&#xD;understanding the mechanisms leading to interactional competence, success (or&#xD;the lack thereof) in supply-chain preparedness is difficult to address properly. Thus,&#xD;managers need to assess the interactional constructs at all levels when planning and&#xD;training for preparedness."&#xD;

25 Military Strategies for Samhandling in Unforeseen Situations (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 14 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch25 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"The purpose of this chapter is twofold. Firstly, a rather paradoxical situation&#xD;will be discussed. Even though most military practitioners seem to agree&#xD;on the characteristics of war, two almost diametrically-opposed norms for how to&#xD;samhandle have arisen: a centralized one and a decentralized one. We argue that the&#xD;decentralized approach, called Auftragstaktik, is the most effective. In the second&#xD;part of the chapter we discuss the pedagogical challenge of educating personnel to&#xD;thrive in a decentralized organization, which must operate effectively in unforeseen&#xD;and threatening environments. Based on the teachings of Moltke the Elder (1800–&#xD;1891) and the much more recent writings of Torgersen, Steiro and Saeverot (2015),&#xD;we argue that a crucial step in educating for the unforeseen is to give the students&#xD;the opportunity to solve new problems by themselves, gaining experience that is, as&#xD;far as possible, self-generated and thereby becoming more aware and confident in&#xD;dealing with new situations."&#xD;

24 Working Together in the Aftermath of an Unforeseen Event (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch24 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"The frame of this chapter is how clinicians and leaders employed in psychiatric&#xD;departments in hospitals experience and cope with patients who commit&#xD;suicide while undergoing treatment. The major focus is the phenomenon which in&#xD;the Bow-tie model is called “stabilization”. To explore this phenomenon in an empirical&#xD;analysis, two concepts of samhandling are introduced, these being coordination&#xD;and cooperation. These two concepts are used in an interpretation of what eight&#xD;leaders and clinicians report on how they handle working together after a patient&#xD;during treatment in a psychiatric hospital has unexpectedly committed suicide.&#xD;The findings are that leaders and clinicians have different views on what stabilization&#xD;is. Stabilization to the leaders seems to be something they can handle by using&#xD;mandatory organizational procedures of coordination. To the clinicians (psychologists&#xD;and psychiatrists) however, stabilization is less straightforward. Professional&#xD;stabilization is, to them, more important than organizational stabilization, and it&#xD;requires another form of interaction – namely, cooperation. Cooperation is, in its&#xD;simplest and purest form, a symmetrical way of working together, based on equality&#xD;in competence and an unforced relation between the parties. For the purpose of&#xD;professional stabilization, this is the form of interaction preferred by the clinicians.&#xD;However, these findings are tentative and more research is needed to elaborate why&#xD;leaders and clinicians respond as they do after a patient suicide."&#xD;

Listing 1 - 10 of 47 << page
of 5
>>
Sort by