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Biografien bedeutender österreichischer Wissenschafterinnen

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ISBN: 9783205205883 Year: Pages: 994 DOI: 10.7767/9783205205883 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103507
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-24 11:01:02
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This volume follows the results of the dictionary  "Wissenschafterinnen in und aus Österreich. Leben – Werk – Wirken" from 2002, in which the field of activities of the first generation of female scientists at austrian universities and in non-university workplaces were researched among other things. The present collection is now mostly focused on woman-specific acting of female scientists after 1945 (years of birth between 1930 and 1950, including an addition of earlier years). The emphasis in terms of time furthermore includes theoretical and personnel effects of the second feminist movement, developed in universities in the 1970s out of woman-specific problems in the fields of science.

Keywords

History --- History of Science --- PDX

Being Modern

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781787353930 Year: Pages: 438 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787353930 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:00
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In the early decades of the twentieth century, engagement with science was commonly used as an emblem of modernity. This phenomenon is now attracting increasing attention in different historical specialties. Being Modern builds on this recent scholarly interest to explore engagement with science across culture from the end of the nineteenth century to approximately 1940.

Addressing the breadth of cultural forms in Britain and the western world from the architecture of Le Corbusier to working class British science fiction, Being Modern paints a rich picture. Seventeen distinguished contributors from a range of fields including the cultural study of science and technology, art and architecture, English culture and literature examine the issues involved. The book will be a valuable resource for students, and a spur to scholars to further examination of culture as an interconnected web of which science is a critical part, and to supersede such tired formulations as 'Science and culture'.



Keywords

History of Science --- Modern --- Culture

Theory, Practice, and Nature In-between: Antonio Vallisneri's 'Primi Itineris Specimen'

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Book Series: Sources 9: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561324 Year: Pages: 369 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-19 14:28:52
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In the summer of 1704, Antonio Vallisneri (1661–1730), the preeminent Italian physician and natural philosopher of his time, traveled with a “daring soul” and “trembling feet” across the “silent horrors” of the northern Apennines: down the hills south of Reggio Emilia to northern Tuscany and the western edge of his native land, the Province of Garfagnana. He then wrote a report of this adventure, the Primi Itineris per Montes Specimen Physico-Medicum (“Physico-medical example of a first journey through the mountains"), and sent it to the Royal Society of London, hoping for its publication in Philosophical Transactions. Unfortunately this did not happen and the manuscript disappeared from sight. The original draft, however, survived in the State Archive of the Italian city of Reggio Emilia where it was found in 2009. With its exceptional array of geological, medical, geographical, technical, ethnographic, and historical data, the Primi Itineris Specimen is one of the earliest and most well-documented attempts to define a systematic approach to field research. Its frantically reworked pages and anxious marginal notes offer a new and precious opportunity to understand why and how experimental data and theories in the early modern period interacted and shaped the development of many crucial debates. These include the discovering of deep-time, the comprehension of geological phenomena (such as the hydrologic cycle and the origin of mountains and fossils), the perception of man’s place in nature, the constant search for new therapeutics, the tormented and charming relation between science and religion.

Der Hamburger Professorinnen- und Professorenkatalog (HPK). Reden der Zentralen Veranstaltung der Universität Hamburg am 26. Januar 2017 anlässlich der Freischaltung des HPK

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Book Series: Hamburger Universitätsreden Neue Folge ISBN: 9783943423495 Year: DOI: 10.15460/HUP.HURNF.25.182 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:19
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This volume documents speeches of the University's central event on the occasion of the release of the Hamburg catalogue of professors, supplemented by an epilogue.

Real Life Cryptology

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ISBN: 9789462985544 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789462985544 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:17
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A large number of enciphered documents survived from early modern Hungary. This area was a particularly fertile territory where cryptographic methods proliferated, because a large portion of the population was living in the frontier zone, and participated (or was forced to participate) in the network of the information flow. A quantitative analysis of sixteenth-century to seventeenth-century Hungarian ciphers (300 cipher keys and 1,600 partly or entirely enciphered letters) reveals that besides the dominance of diplomatic use of cryptography, there were many examples of “private” applications too. This book reconstructs the main reasons and goals why historical actors chose to use ciphers in a diplomatic letter, a military order, a diary or a private letter, what they decided to encrypt, and how they perceived the dangers threatening their messages.

Virtuous Waters

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ISBN: 9780520291737 9780520965393 Year: Pages: 226 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.48 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Anthropology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-09 11:01:52
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Virtuous Waters is a pathbreaking and innovative study of bathing, drinking and other everyday engagements with a wide range of waters across five centuries in Mexico. Casey Walsh uses political ecology to bring together an analysis of shifting scientific, religious and political understandings of waters and a material history of social formations, environments, and infrastructures. The book shows that while modern concepts and infrastructures have come to dominate both the hydrosphere and the scholarly literature on water, longstanding popular understandings and engagements with these heterogeneous liquids have been reproduced as part of the same process. Attention to these dynamics can help us comprehend and confront the water crisis that is coming to a head in the twenty-first century.

Biografien bedeutender österreichischer Wissenschafterinnen

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783205202387 Year: Pages: 994 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 347
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-13 11:01:51
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Based on the lexicon "Wissenschafterinnen in und aus Österreich. Leben Werk Wirken" (ed. Brigitta Keintzel / Ilse Korotin), published in 2002, the publication focuses mainly on the women-specific activity in the Austrian history of science after 1945. A general objective of the research project was to clarify the situation of women in the sciences and to close existing gaps in the historiography of science.

Die Akademien der Wissenschaften in Zentraleuropa im Kalten Krieg

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783700181899 Year: Pages: 570 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Grant: Austrian Science Fund (FWF) - PUB 532
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:16

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During the Cold War, the systemic rivalry between East and West was also carried out in the field of scholarship. This volume examines the Academies of Sciences in Central Europe on either side of the Iron Curtain in the early stages of the Cold War (and in some cases beyond). These include academies in the Socialist states (the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts, the Romanian People’s Republic Academy, the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, the Polish Academy of Sciences, the Czechoslovakian Academy of Sciences, and the Slovakian Academy of Sciences), academies in divided Germany (the German Academy of Sciences at Berlin [Academy of Sciences of the GDR], the Saxon Academy of Sciences, the Academy of Agricultural Sciences of the GDR, the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities, the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, and finally the Leopoldina in Halle/Saale as the all-German Academy of Sciences), and the Austrian Academy of Sciences.Der vorliegende Band ermöglicht erstmals einen vergleichenden Blick auf Akademien der Wissenschaften in Zentraleuropa im Kalten Krieg.Im Kalten Krieg wurde die Systemkonkurrenz zwischen Ost und West auch im Feld der Wissenschaften ausgetragen. Der Band thematisiert Akademien der Wissenschaften in Zentraleuropa diesseits und jenseits des Eisernen Vorhangs in der Zeit des frühen Kalten Krieges (und fallweise darüber hinaus). Vertreten sind Akademien in den sozialistischen Staaten (die Slowenische Akademie der Wissenschaften und Künste, die Akademie der Volksrepublik Rumänien, die Ungarische Akademie der Wissenschaften, die Polnische Akademie der Wissenschaften, die Tschechoslowakische Akademie der Wissenschaften und die Slowakische Akademie der Wissenschaften), Akademien der Wissenschaften im geteilten Deutschland (die Deutsche Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin [Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR], die Sächsische Akademie der Wissenschaften, die Akademie der Landwirtschaftswissenschaften der DDR, die Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, die Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften und schließlich die Leopoldina in Halle/Saale als gesamtdeutsche Akademie der Naturforscher) sowie die Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften.Die übergreifende Fragestellung richtet sich zum einen auf Kontinuitäten und Zäsuren innerhalb der Akademien, zum anderen auf Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede zwischen ‚westlichem‘ und sozialistischem Akademiemodell, aber auch innerhalb des jeweiligen politischen Systems. Ausgangspunkt des Vergleichs ist das Maß an Eigenständigkeit und Unabhängigkeit, dass den Wissenschaftsakademien von Staat und Politik jeweils zugestanden wird.In einem einleitenden Kapitel werden die grundsätzlichen Unterschiede zwischen Akademien ,westlichen‘ und sozialistischen Typs aufgezeigt und analysiert. Eine markante Differenz zeigt sich bereits in zwei zentralen Aspekten: Während die ‚westlichen‘ Akademien – trotz Involvierung in den Nationalsozialismus – nach 1945 weitgehend bruchlos weitergeführt wurden, erfolgte in den sozialistischen Staaten eine Neugründung der Wissenschaftsakademien. Die Akademien sozialistischen Typs wurden bald zu groß angelegten Forschungsträgern ausgebaut, während die ,westlichen‘ Akademien reine Gelehrtengesellschaften blieben. Eine Zwischenposition zwischen diesen beiden Modellen nimmt die Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften (ÖAW) ein.Die Einleitung der Herausgeber und der Beitrag von Mitchell Ash bilden einen fundierten Rahmen für die insgesamt 15 Beiträge namhafter Wissenschaftshistorikerinnen. Eine Schlussbetrachtung von Herbert Matis und Arnold Suppan verortet die Einzelbeiträge vor dem Hintergrund der politischen Transformationen in Zentraleuropa im Kalten Krieg. Der Band präsentiert neue Ergebnisse des von der ÖAW initiierten Forschungsnetzwerks zur Geschichte der Akademien der Wissenschaften in Europa im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. In diesem Band werden vielfach erstmals Forschungsergebnisse zu ostmitteleuropäischen Akademien im K

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