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Triage in Conservation

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454358 Year: Pages: 71 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-435-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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Ecosystems and their constituent species the world over face a barrage of ongoing, and often escalating, threats. Conservation efforts aim to reduce the impact of these threats to ensure that global biodiversity continues to provide essential ecosystem services. As is most often the case, these efforts to protect threatened species and their environments are constrained by limited resources. Conservation biologists have therefore had to increase the efficiency of their conservation practices to deliver the greatest benefit at the lowest cost. This requires decision making using the best available knowledge to prioritise actions. A concept that has received considerable attention in this area is that of conservation triage.This eBook brings together perspectives from researchers and conservation practitioners who share their views and results in an effort to extend the discussion on this topic. A number of the papers in this eBook tackle the philosophical elements of conservation triage, while others take a more directed practical approach providing examples from conservation practice globally.

Atlas of Butterflies and Diurnal Moths in the Monsoon Tropics of Northern Australia

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781760462321 Year: Pages: 462 DOI: 10.22459/ABDM.12.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:03
License: ANU Press

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"Northern Australia is one of few tropical places left on Earth in which biodiversity—and the ecological processes underpinning that biodiversity—is still relatively intact. However, scientific knowledge of that biodiversity is still in its infancy and the region remains a frontier for biological discovery. The butterfly and diurnal moth assemblages of the area, and their intimate associations with vascular plants (and sometimes ants), exemplify these points.&#xD;However, the opportunity to fill knowledge gaps is quickly closing: proposals for substantial development and exploitation of Australia’s north will inevitably repeat the ecological devastation that has occurred in temperate southern Australia—loss of species, loss of ecological communities, fragmentation of populations, disruption of healthy ecosystem function and so on—all of which will diminish the value of the natural heritage of the region before it is fully understood and appreciated. Written by several experts in the field, the main purpose of this atlas is to compile a comprehensive inventory of the butterflies and diurnal moths of northern Australia to form the scientific baseline against which the extent and direction of change can be assessed in the future. Such information will also assist in identifying the region’s biological assets, to inform policy and management agencies and to set priorities for biodiversity conservation."&#xD;

Keywords

Science --- Biodiversity --- Conservation --- Butterfly --- Moth

Mit gutem Recht erinnern. Gedanken zur Änderung der rechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen des kulturellen Erbes in der digitalen Welt

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ISBN: 9783943423464 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.178 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:22
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The law, in particular copyright, has a major impact on what remains in collective memory of the great wealth of our cultural heritage. In the digital world where everything is copy and therefore - in the sense of copyright - reproduction, every use of the cultural heritage is also relevant under copyright law. On the other hand, we live in times of rapid media development and an abundance of information, images, films and texts. This is why the challenge of keeping the memory of our cultural heritage alive is all the greater. It is therefore a question of cultural self-assertion how the legal framework conditions for dealing with our cultural heritage are set. What cannot be found online will increasingly disappear. In this respect, the effects of an unbalanced copyright law that does not take sufficient account of cultural heritage can be dramatic. This book brings together various proposals and reflections on how to change the legal framework in order to increase the presence of copyrighted cultural heritage on the Internet. These proposals are written by experts from memory institutions, law and politics, and thus by authors who are well acquainted with the international framework conditions and copyright discourse in Germany.

Plant Genetics and Biotechnology in Biodiversity

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038970033 9783038420040 Year: Pages: X, 202 Language: english
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biotechnology --- Genetics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-09 14:22:39
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Plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA) have been collected and exchanged for centuries. The rapid development of novel tools for genetic and phenotypic analysis is changing the way we can uncover diversity and exploit its value in modern agriculture. The integration of novel analytical tools is crucial for translating research into much-needed, more efficient management and use of PGRFA.This Special Issue provides an overview of recent topics on plant genetics and biotechnology in biodiversity. The proposed reviews and research papers present current trends and examples of genetic resources’ description, conservation, management, and exploitation, highlighting that new approaches and methodogies can increase our understanding and efficient use of PGRFA to address the agricultural challenges that lie ahead.

What Works in Conservation 2018

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: What Works in Conservation ISSN: 20594232 20594240 ISBN: 9781783744282 9781783744305 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 660 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0131 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-17 14:12:22
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What Works in Conservation has been created to provide practitioners with answers to these and many other questions about practical conservation. This book provides an assessment of the effectiveness of 1277 conservation interventions based on summarized scientific evidence. The 2018 edition contains new chapters covering practical global conservation of primates, peatlands, shrublands and heathlands, management of captive animals as well as an extended chapter on control of freshwater invasive species. Other chapters cover the global conservation of amphibians, bats, birds and forests, conservation of European farmland biodiversity and some aspects of enhancing natural pest control, enhancing soil fertility and control of freshwater invasive species. It contains key results from the summarized evidence for each conservation intervention and an assessment of the effectiveness of each by international expert panels. The accompanying website www.conservationevidence.com describes each of the studies individually, and provides full references.

National Parks - Management and Conservation

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ISBN: 9781789231243 9781789231250 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69940 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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The rapid fragmentation and habitat change in natural environments have created a need for management and conservation, which will ensure areas are protected from anthropogenic interference. These protected areas are necessary to provide adequate location for biodiversity conservation, environmental monitoring, and scientific research where a complete understanding of the natural process and full protection of ecosystems can be attained. This book highlights various approaches for managing and conserving protected areas in temperate and tropical regions to respond to some pressing global challenges today. It is divided into five main sections, viz., protected area management, fish and wildlife conservation, biodiversity conservation, ecotourism and recreation, and local community participation. The book enhances the understanding of the important roles national parks play in the environment and society.

Inorganic Constituents in Soil

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789811312144 Year: Pages: 181 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-1214-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Geography --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:25
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This open access book is a must-read for students of and beginners in soil science. In a well-organized and easy-to-follow manner, it provides basic outlines of soil minerals, new methods and recent developments in the field, with a special focus on visual aids. The chapters on primary minerals, secondary minerals, non-crystalline inorganic constituents and inorganic constituents sensitive to varying redox conditions will help readers understand the basic components of soils. Further, readers are introduced to new analytical methods with the aid of microscopy and recent developments in the field. Uniquely, the book features case studies on the identification and isolation methods for vivianite crystals from paddy field soils, as well as a useful procedure for identifying noncrystalline constituents such as volcanic glasses and plant opals, which can also be applied to other soils depending on the local conditions. Given its focus and coverage, the book will be useful to all readers who are interested in agronomy, plant production science, agricultural chemistry and environmental science. In addition, it can help biogeochemists further expand their research work on the rhizosphere of wetland plant roots, iron and phosphate dynamics, etc.

Guideline for Salinity Assessment, Mitigation and Adaptation Using Nuclear and Related Techniques

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319961903 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-96190-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Environmental Technology --- Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:14
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This open access book is an outcome of the collaboration between the Soil and Water Management & Crop Nutrition Section, Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, Department of Nuclear Sciences and Applications, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna, Austria, and Dr. Shabbir A Shahid, Senior Salinity Management Expert, Freelancer based in United Arab Emirates.The objective of this book is to develop protocols for salinity and sodicity assessment and develop mitigation and adaptation measures to use saline and sodic soils sustainably. The focus is on important issues related to salinity and sodicity and to describe these in an easy and user friendly way. The information has been compiled from the latest published literature and from the authors’ publications specific to the subject matter. The book consists of six chapters. Chapter 1 introduces the terms salinity and sodicity and describes various salinity classification systems commonly used around the world. Chapter 2 reviews global distribution of salinization and socioeconomic aspects related to salinity and crop production. Chapters 3 covers comprehensively salinity and sodicity adaptation and mitigation options including physical, chemical, hydrological and biological methods. Chapter 4 discusses the efforts that have been made to demonstrate the development of soil salinity zones under different irrigation systems. Chapter 5 discusses the quality of irrigation water, boron toxicity and relative tolerance to boron, the effects of chlorides on crops. Chapter 6 introduces the role of nuclear techniques in saline agriculture.

Integrated Soil and Water Management: Selected Papers from 2016 International SWAT Conference

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783038428152 9783038428169 Year: Pages: X, 490 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-24 08:55:09
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Soil and water are two key life-sustaining resources on Earth. If not protected, both elements will become humanity’s worst nightmares. Uncontrollable water flows, polluted water, and lack of water on the one hand, and infertile soils, polluted soils, dust-storms, and topsoil erosion, on the other hand, can wreak havoc on human life and threaten its very existence. Ensuing dangers from climate change and population growth will further strain these resources. To stop disaster scenarios from happening, our only way is to manage these prized resources. Modeling programs, such as SWAT, are valuable tools in finding ways of combating food and water insecurity, and mitigating the impact of climate change and growing demands of resources. This Special Issue of Water is designed to show the results of analyses of scientists from all over the world in dealing with various environmental problems. The papers here are selected from the works presented at the 16th International SWAT conference held in Beijng. The information and analyses are intended to contribute to the development and implementation of effective soil and water management programs.

Well-being, Sustainability and Social Development

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783319766966 Year: Pages: 572 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-76696-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Ecology --- Philosophy --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:03
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This open access book examines more than two centuries of societal development using novel historical and statistical approaches. It applies the well-being monitor developed by Statistics Netherlands that has been endorsed by a significant part of the international, statistical community. It features The Netherlands as a case study, which is an especially interesting example; although it was one of the world’s richest countries around 1850, extreme poverty and inequality were significant problems of well-being at the time. Monitors of 1850, 1910, 1970 and 2015 depict the changes in three dimensions of well-being: the quality of life 'here and now', 'later' and 'elsewhere'. The analysis of two centuries shows the solutions to the extreme poverty problem and the appearance of new sustainability problems, especially in domestic and foreign ecological systems. The study also reveals the importance of natural capital: soil, air, water and subsoil resources, showing their relation with the social structure of the ‘here and now´. Treatment and trade of natural resources also impacted on the quality of life ‘later’ and ‘elsewhere.’ Further, the book illustrates the role of natural capital by dividing the capital into three types of raw materials and concomitant material flows: bio-raw materials, mineral and fossil subsoil resources. Additionally, the analysis of the institutional context identifies the key roles of social groups in well-being development. The book ends with an assessment of the solutions and barriers offered by the historical anchoring of the well-being and sustainability issues. This unique analysis of well-being and sustainability and its institutional analysis appeals to historians, statisticians and policy makers. ; Examines over two centuries of societal development using a novel historical and statistical analysis Features The Netherlands as a case study -- a once rich country currently experiencing high levels of extreme poverty Shows that the way a society deals with natural capital shapes social structure and also has a great impact on quality of life

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