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Development and Application of Optical Coherence Tomography (Oct)

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ISBN: 9783038427445 9783038427438 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-743-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-16 08:34:07
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This special feature issue has been initiated to celebrate the 25th anniversary of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). In OCT, broad bandwidth light is used in order to produce cross sectional images of turbid and translucent samples with high axial resolution (in the order of a few µm). The imaging speed of OCT can be as high as several millions of depth scans (A-scans) per second which allows for various applications in different fields. This special feature issue consists of three overview papers covering OCT angiography, polarization-sensitive OCT and dental applications of OCT. Additional applications and the latest developments in OCT are covered in nine research papers. The latest developments presented in this issue include magnetomotive OCT, resonant Doppler OCT, full field OCT, new segmentation algorithms and depth range extension. Applications of OCT are widely spread and range from quality control in tooth prostheses and coating thickness measurements in the automotive industry to the assessment of degradation of coatings and alveolar dynamics.

Biomaterials in Regenerative Medicine

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ISBN: 9789535137764 9789535137771 9789535140030 Year: Pages: 448 DOI: 10.5772/66233 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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The book Biomaterials in Regenerative Medicine is addressed to the engineers and mainly medical practitioners as well as scientists and PhD degree students. The book indicates the progress in research and in the implementation of the ever-new biomaterials for the application of the advanced types of prosthesis, implants, scaffolds and implant-scaffolds including personalised ones. The book presents a theoretical approach to the synergy of technical, biological and medical sciences concerning materials and technologies used for medical and dental implantable devices and on metallic biomaterials. The essential contents of the book are 16 case studies provided in each of the chapters, comprehensively describing the authors' accomplishments of numerous teams from different countries across the world in advanced research areas relating to the biomaterials applied in regenerative medicine and dentistry. The detailed information collected in the book, mainly deriving from own and original research and R&D works pursued by the authors, will be beneficial for the readers to develop their knowledge and harmonise specific information concerning these topics.

Cartilage Repair and Regeneration

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ISBN: 9789535137887 9789535137894 9789535140207 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.5772/67903 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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This work is the result of a partnership that began in 2011, when I received for the first time the invitation to be the scientific editor of a book on bone grafting, by the still little publisher known as InTech. Now six years later, InTech has grown and thrived. My respect and warm approval for the quality of the publisher's work only increased. The hyaline cartilage is a tissue that challenges tissue engineering and regenerative medicine because of its avascular nature. In the 11 chapters of this book, the reader will find texts written by researchers working on advanced topics related to basic laboratory research, as well as excellent reviews on the clinical use of currently available therapies.

Interdisciplinary Expansions in Engineering and Design With the Power of Biomimicry

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ISBN: 9789535139355 9789535139362 9789535139935 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.5772/65987 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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People have been finding inspiration in nature in solving their problems, from the very beginning of their existence. In the most general sense, biomimicry, defined as ""inspire from the nature,"" has brought together the engineers and designers nowadays. This collaboration creates innovative and creative outcomes that encourage people with their interdisciplinary relationships. Accordingly, the aim of this book is to bring together different works or developments on biomimetics in interdisciplinary relationship between different areas, especially biomimicry, engineering, and design. The twenty-first century has conceived many new and amazing designs. The book in your hands will surely be an important guide to take a quick look at the future possibilities.

Tissue Regeneration

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ISBN: 9781789232608 9781789232615 Year: Pages: 206 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70922 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Tissue regeneration is a vast subject, with many different important aspects to consider. Regenerative medicine is a new branch of medicine that tries to change the course of chronic diseases and, in many cases, regenerates the organ systems that fail due to age, disease, damage, or genetic defects. The main purpose of this book is to point out the interest of some important topics of tissue regeneration and the progress in this field as well as the variety of different surgical fields and operations. This book includes 7 sections and 11 chapters that provide an overview of the essentials in tissue regeneration science and their potential applications in surgery. The authors of each chapter have given consolidated information on ground realities and attempted to provide a comprehensive knowledge of tissue engineering and regeneration. This book will be useful to researchers and students of biological and biomedical sciences (medical and veterinarian researchers).

Bioinformatics in the Era of Post Genomics and Big Data

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ISBN: 9781789232684 9781789232691 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71349 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Medical technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Bioinformatics has evolved significantly in the era of post genomics and big data. Huge advancements were made toward storing, handling, mining, comparing, extracting, clustering and analysis as well as visualization of big macromolecular data using novel computational approaches, machine and deep learning methods, and web-based server tools. There are extensively ongoing world-wide efforts to build the resources for regional hosting, organized and structured access and improving the pre-existing bioinformatics tools to efficiently and meaningfully analyze day-to-day increasing big data. This book intends to provide the reader with updates and progress on genomic data analysis, data modeling and network-based system tools.

Medical and Biological Image Analysis

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Book Series: Biomedical Engineering ISSN: 26315343 ISBN: 9781789233308 9781789233315 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 134 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72065 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Performing Arts --- Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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This book deals with medical image analysis methods. In particular, it contains two significant chapters on image segmentation as well as some selected examples of the application of image analysis and processing methods. Despite the significant development of information technology methods used in modern image analysis and processing algorithms, the segmentation process remains open. This is mainly due to intra-patient variability and/or scene diversity. Segmentation is equally difficult in the case of ultrasound imaging and depends on the location of the probe or the contact force. Regardless of the imaging method, segmentation must be tailored for a specific application in almost every case. These types of application areas for various imaging methods are included in this book.

Muscle Cell and Tissue - Current Status of Research Field

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ISBN: 9781789840056 9781789840063 Year: Pages: 370 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71591 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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In order to complete tissue regeneration, various cells (neuronal, skeletal and smooth) interact coordinately with each other. This book, Muscle Cell and Tissue - Current Status of Research Field, deals with current progress and perspectives in a variety of topics on the skeletal and smooth muscle, stem cells, regeneration, disease or therapeutics. Novel applications for cell and tissue engineering including cell therapy, tissue models and disease pathology modeling are introduced. This book also deals with the differentiation/de-differentiation process of vascular smooth muscle cells in health and disease. Furthermore, natural products to reverse metabolic syndromes are descriptively reviewed. These chapters can be interesting for graduate students, teachers, physicians, executives and researchers in the field of molecular biology and regenerative medicine.

Cryopreservation Biotechnology in Biomedical and Biological Sciences

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ISBN: 9781789846805 9781789846812 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73413 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Cryopreservation has many biotechnological applications in different fields. This has led to an increase in importance of cryobiology as a science that examines the effect of ultra-low temperatures on cells, tissues, organs and organisms and also the freezability of these structures, while maintaining their viability. Nowadays it is well known that this form of biotechnology can be used to solve a lot of problems such as human infertility, life threatening diseases, preservation of gametes and DNA and also biodiversity conservation. Cryopreservation Biotechnology in Biomedical and Biological Sciences describes principles and application of cryopreservation biotechnology in different research areas and includes seven chapters that have been written by experts in their research fields. The chapters included in this book are thought to improve the current understanding of the different areas of using cryopreservation biotechnology.

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2018 (9)