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Recent Insights in Petroleum Science and Engineering

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ISBN: 9789535138099 9789535138105 9789535139812 Year: Pages: 440 DOI: 10.5772/65538 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemical Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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This book presents new insights into the development of different aspects of petroleum science and engineering. The book contains 19 chapters divided into two main sections: (i) Exploration and Production and (ii) Environmental Solutions. There are 11 chapters in the first section, and the focus is on the topics related to exploration and production of oil and gas, such as characterization of petroleum source rocks, drilling technology, characterization of reservoir fluids, and enhanced oil recovery. In the second section, the special emphasis is on waste technologies and environmental cleanup in the downstream sector. The book written by numerous prominent scholars clearly shows the necessity of the multidisciplinary approach to sustainable development in the petroleum industry and stresses the most updated topics such as EOR and environmental cleanup of fossil fuel wastes.

Modern Railway Engineering

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ISBN: 9789535138594 9789535138600 9789535140245 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.5772/68005 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Transportation
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Since the advent of steam engines and higher throughput railways during the early nineteenth century, the rate of development has been rather steady and incremental. The development of advanced electronic control and command systems, increasing levels of automation, and electrified high-speed railways over the past few decades have transformed the rail transportation posing it as a competitor to aviation. Modern railways are no longer the sole forte of civil and mechanical engineering and involve a broad multidisciplinary engineering disciplines from advanced computing, telecommunications, and networking to big data analytics and even AI. This volume addresses the diverse, evolving, and advanced engineering disciplines including enabling practices and processes involved in shaping modern railways.

Improvement Trends for Internal Combustion Engines

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ISBN: 9789535138914 9789535138921 9789535140047 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.5772/66235 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Transportation
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Internal combustion engines have remained a challenge due to depending heavily on fossil fuels, which are already limited reserves, and a requirement for improvement in emission levels continuously. The number of advanced technologies such as hybrid systems and low-temperature combustion engines has been introduced, and a number of reports about the use of alternative fuels have been presented in recent years to overcome these challenges. The efforts have made the new concepts to be used in practical along with the new problems which are required advanced control systems. This book presents studies on internal combustion engines with alternative fuels and advanced combustion technologies to obtain efficiency and environment-friendly systems, measurement methodology of exhaust emissions and modelling of a hybrid engine system, and mechanical losses arising from ring-cylinder and ring-groove side contacts as well. The main theme here is to identify solutions for internal combustion engines in terms of fuel consumption, emissions, and performance.

Vibration Analysis and Control in Mechanical Structures and Wind Energy Conversion Systems

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ISBN: 9781789230567 9781789230574 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68733 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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This book focuses on recent and innovative methods on vibration analysis, system identification, and diverse control design methods for both wind energy conversion systems and vibrating systems. Advances on both theoretical and experimental studies about analysis and control of oscillating systems in several engineering disciplines are discussed. Various control devices are synthesized and implemented for vibration attenuation tasks. The book is addressed to researchers and practitioners on the subject, as well as undergraduate and postgraduate students and other experts and newcomers seeking more information about the state of the art, new challenges, innovative solutions, and new trends and developments in these areas. The six chapters of the book cover a wide range of interesting issues related to modeling, vibration control, parameter identification, active vehicle suspensions, tuned vibration absorbers, electronically controlled wind energy conversion systems, and other relevant case studies.

System of System Failures

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ISBN: 9781789230468 9781789230475 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68578 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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This book provides the application of praxises in the field of engineering safety by learning from previous system failures. And it addresses the most recent developments in the theoretical and practical aspects of these important fields, which, due to their special nature, bring together in a systematic way, many disciplines of engineering, from the traditional to the most technologically advanced. The authors of these chapters are involved in using the system thinking and system engineering approaches at the scale of increased complexity and advanced computational solutions to such systems. The chapters cover the areas such as failure assessment in aeronautical engineering, seismic resistance of offshore pipeline engineering, electrical engineering, critical infrastructure failure, and system of system theory.

Advancements in Energy Storage Technologies

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ISBN: 9781789230543 9781789230550 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68717 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Energy storage technologies play an important role in terms of high-efficient energy utilisation and stable energy flow in the system. This book provides a glimpse of some latest advancements in energy storage technologies, management and control, innovative energy conversion, energy efficiency and system integration. It is aimed at providing a guideline for developing similar storage systems and for the readers who are interested in energy storage-related technologies, wind energy, solar energy, smart grid and smart buildings.

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell

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ISBN: 9781789230666 9781789230673 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69180 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
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The main idea of this study is to scrutinize the performance efficiency and enhancement of modelling and simulations of PEM fuel cell. Besides, the research of PEM fuel cell performance can figure out many critical issues for an alternative resource energy. The chapters collected in the book are contributions by invited researchers with a long-standing experience in different research areas. I hope that the material presented here is understandable to a wide audience, not only energy engineers but also scientists from various disciplines. The book contains nine chapters in three sections: (1) ""General Information About PEM Fuel Cell"", (2) ""PEM Fuel Cell Technology"" and (3) ""Many Different Applications of PEM Fuel Cell"". This book presents detailed and up-to-date evaluations in different areas and was written by academics with experience in their field. It is anticipated that this book will make a scientific contribution to PEM fuel cell and other alternative energy resource workers, researchers, academics, PhD students and other scientists both in the present and in the future.

Residual Stress Analysis on Welded Joints by Means of Numerical Simulation and Experiments

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ISBN: 9781789231069 9781789231076 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69093 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Manufactures
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The ability to quantify residual stresses induced by welding processes through experimentation or numerical simulation has become, today more than ever, of strategic importance in the context of their application to advanced design. This is an ongoing challenge that commenced many years ago. Recent design criteria endeavour to quantify the effect of residual stresses on fatigue strength of welded joints to allow a more efficient use of materials and a greater reliability of welded structures. The aim of the present book is contributing to these aspects of design through a collection of case-studies that illustrate both standard and advanced experimental and numerical methodologies used to assess the residual stress field in welded joints. The work is intended to be of assistance to designers, industrial engineers and academics who want to deepen their knowledge of this challenging topic.

Lubrication - Tribology, Lubricants and Additives

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ISBN: 9781789231281 9781789231298 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69833 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Tribology is an interdisciplinary area that studies the reduction of friction between moving parts combining chemistry, physics and engineering disciplines. Lubricants are typically substances used to reduce friction. This book contains two sections: the first section examines the chemistry of lubricants and additives, while the second section looks at the lubrication of different types of materials.

Bridge Engineering

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ISBN: 9781789231045 9781789231052 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70024 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
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A bridge is a structure built to span the physical obstacles without closing the way underneath, such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing the passage over the obstacle. Bridge engineering is an engineering discipline branching from civil engineering that involves the planning, design, construction, operation, and maintenance of bridges to ensure safe and effective transportation of vehicles, people and goods. This book Bridge Engineering includes the main topics and the basic principles of bridge engineering and provides the full scope of current information necessary for effective and cost-conscious contemporary bridge. It reflects new engineering and building developments, the most current design methods, and the latest industry standards and policies. It provides a comprehensive overview of the significant characteristics for bridge engineering. It highlights the recent advancements, requirements, improvements, and details of the latest techniques in the global market. It contains a collection of the latest research developments on the bridge engineering. It comprehensively covers the basic theory and practice in sufficient depth to provide a solid grounding to bridge engineers. It helps readers to maximize effectiveness in all facets of bridge engineering. This professional book as a credible source and a valuable reference can be very applicable and useful for all professors, researchers, engineers, practicing professionals, trainee practitioners, students and others who are interested in the bridge projects.

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