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Growth, Employment, and Poverty in Latin America

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9780198801085 Year: Pages: 528 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198801085.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: UNU WIDER
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-24 11:01:59
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This book examines the links between economic growth, changing employment conditions, and the reduction of poverty in Latin America in the 2000s. Our analysis answers the following broad questions: Has economic growth resulted in gains in standards of living and reductions in poverty via improved labour market conditions in Latin America in the 2000s, and have these improvements halted or been reversed since the international crisis of 2008? How do the rate and character of economic growth, changes in the various employment and earnings indicators, and changes in poverty and inequality indicators relate to each other? Our contribution is an in-depth study of the multi-pronged growth-employment-poverty nexus based on a large number of labour market indicators (twelve employment and earnings indicators and four poverty and inequality indicators) for a large number of Latin American countries (sixteen of them). The book presents a positive and hopeful set of findings for the period 2000 to 2012/13. Economic growth took place and brought about improvements in almost all labour market indicators and consequent reductions in poverty rates. But not all improvements were equal in size or caused by the same things. Some macroeconomic factors were associated with changes in labour market conditions, some of them always in the welfare-improving direction and some others always in the welfare-reducing direction. Most countries in the region suffered a deterioration in at least some labour market indicators as a consequence of the international crisis of 2008, but the negative effects were reversed very quickly in most countries.

Young Entrepreneurs in Sub-Saharan Africa

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Book Series: Routledge spaces of childhood and youth series ISBN: 9781138844599 9781138704930 9781315730257 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.4324/9781315730257 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Consultative Research Committee for Development Research (FFU) of the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Danida) - 09-059KU
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-04 11:01:58
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rs, Professor Ernest Aryeetey, Professor Craig Jeffrey, and Professor Peter Rosa, along with all the other participants, provided useful feedback and encouraged us to proceed with presenting the key project findings in book form. A string of people provided support for the project and the book along the way. At the host institution – the Department of Geography, University of Copenhagen – the untiring assistance of Dorthe Hallin with the accounts was invaluable, and in the closing stages Kent Pørksen kindly helped produce the maps at short notice. Wisdom Kalenga and Cecilia Gregersen both spent time at CBS providing assistance with the data analysis and conference support. Maheen Pracha did an excellent job editing the entire manuscript while Jo Woods assisted in the final checking and layout. Thanks are also due to Faye Leerink at Routledge for seeing the potential of the book and for agreeing to allow it to be subsequently published in sub-Saharan Africa, which we hope will ensure it is also widely read there. As all of the project participants spent lengthy periods of time in the field and/ or visiting other academic institutions, many families have had to cope with these absences. We thank them for their forbearance and for supporting the respective team members in their studies and travels. Hopefully they feel it was worthwhile in the end. While producing this book has been a major effort, it marks the end of an era that started back in November 2008 when we first started devising the project in response to a call from FFU for projects on youth employment. We are extremely grateful to all of the “YEMP family”, as the project team came to be known, for their dedication to the project and for making it such a rewarding and fun experience, and look forward to future collaboration

Making work more equal

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781526125972 Year: Pages: 368 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-01 11:01:04
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This book is inspired by, and dedicated to, Jill Rubery. Jill is a major figure in international debates on inequalities in work and employment. Her intellectual contributions are renowned for both their critical questioning of mainstream theoretical approaches, whether in economics, management, industrial relations or comparative systems, and their attention to real-world empirical detail. Jill’s intellectual roots are with the influential Cambridge economics group researching labour market segmentation in the late 1970s and 1980s during a period when Keynesian economic thought was being eclipsed by neoclassical economics modelling. The research was inter-disciplinary, grounded in data (mostly involving case studies of firms) and driven by an ambitious intellectual agenda that developed theory while also illuminating practical matters of relevance to policy-makers and practitioners.

Promoting Active Citizenship: Markets and Choice in Scandinavian Welfare

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ISBN: 9783319553801 9783319553818 Year: Pages: 325 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-55381-8 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 18:35:10
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This book analyses the considerable variation in the shares of private provision for core services in education, health and social services, in the Scandinavian countries.The chapters compare countries, service areas, and the for-profit, non-profit and public sectors. Each focuses on different levels of change: the mix of welfare providers, national laws and regulations, governance in municipalities, nursing homes and schools, and finally, the consequences experienced by the users of the services. The authors ask which combinations of governance structures, service sector providers, and user choice give the best results for active citizenship. Promoting Active Citizenship will be of interest to students and scholars across a range of disciplines, including Public Administration and Management, Non-Profit Management, Social Policy, Innovation in Public Service, Social Care and Education and School Research.

HR Policies and Maternal Labor Supply

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Book Series: Sozialoekonomische Schriften ISBN: 9783631719824 9783631719831 9783631719756 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3726/b10935 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:53
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The author asks how far the extension of employer-supported childcare serves as a driver for higher maternal labor supply. She addresses this question by categorizing employer-supported childcare as an efficiency wage introduced by the employer to increase the working volume of mothers. Applying various impact evaluation techniques in an econometric analysis, the author concludes that the availability of employer-supported childcare has a positive impact on the length and working volume of mothers who return back to work after giving birth. Furthermore, the usage of employer-supported childcare by mothers with pre-school age children influences the amount of agreed and actual working hours positively.

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