Search results: Found 8

Listing 1 - 8 of 8
Sort by
Pain Relief - From Analgesics to Alternative Therapies

Author:
ISBN: 9789535131878 9789535131885 Year: Pages: 362 DOI: 10.5772/63264 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Pharmacy and materia medica
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Since the beginning of times, pain treatment has been the motive of research giving birth to multiple groups of pharmacological families and therapies. Pain perception is a construction built over the biological phenomenon of signal transduction surrounded by different factors such as gender, age, and sociocultural status, among others. The concept of pain as the solely biological manifestation of defense is nowadays considered as a narrow-minded view of this topic. In this regard concepts such as newborns feel no pain or older people complain about everything therefore should not be paid attention when referring pain, are being left behind in the understanding that pain alleviation is a human right and everybody feeling pain should be helped for its relief. This book comprises many aspects of pain treatment and the drugs involved in it. From old analgesics with new mechanisms of action for pain alleviation to analgesics potential for diminishing oxidative stress; from pharmacological therapies to electrical ones, going through alternative medicine; and from pain treatment in dentistry to chronic pain therapies, also boarding the treatment of migraine, different experts share their knowledge on the topic.

A Critical Evaluation of Vitamin D - Basic Overview

Author:
ISBN: 9789535130833 9789535130840 Year: Pages: 332 DOI: 10.5772/61867 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:10

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The book ""A Critical Evaluation of Vitamin D - Basic Overview"" targets the physiological, biochemical and immunological aspects of vitamin D, including principles, mechanisms and clinical significance. This book covers four sections: 'Vitamin D on Physical and Physiological Activities', 'Vitamin D on Biochemical and Immunological Activities', 'Vitamin D on Musculoskeletal and Neurological System' and 'Vitamin D on Reproductive System'. Each of these sections is interwoven with the theoretical aspects and experimental techniques of basic and clinical sciences. This book will be a significant source to students, scientists, physicians, healthcare professionals and also other members of this society who are interested in exploring the role of vitamin D in human life.

[We derive vitamin D from the sunshine, and hence it can also be considered as 'day' vitamin. - Sivakumar Gowder]

A Critical Evaluation of Vitamin D - Clinical Overview

Author:
ISBN: 9789535130857 9789535130864 Year: Pages: 260 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68714 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:11

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin, also called as ""sunshine vitamin"" is derived mostly from sun exposure and food, and for normal activation, it has to undergo two hydroxylation reactions. Vitamin D affects more than 2000 genes in the body. Serum level of 25(OH) D is an ideal indicator of vitamin D status in our body. Vitamin D deficiency leads to various diseases. On a therapeutic point of view, vitamin D helps to treat many diseases. The book ""A Critical Evaluation of Vitamin D - Clinical Overview"" targets the principles, mechanisms, and clinical significance of vitamin D. This book covers four sections: ""Vitamin D in Cardiovascular and Renal Diseases"", ""Vitamin D in Age and Neurological Diseases"", ""Vitamin D and Cancer"" and ""Therapeutic Measurements of Vitamin D"". Each of these sections is interwoven with the theoretical aspects and experimental techniques of basic and clinical sciences. This book will be a significant source to students, scientists, physicians, healthcare professionals and also other members of this society who are interested in exploring the role of vitamin D in human life.

[Vitamin D can be considered as vitamin of ""defense"" since it cures several diseases. - Sivakumar Gowder]

Advanced Technology for Delivering Therapeutics

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535131212 9789535131229 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.5772/62564 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The goal of any novel drug delivery system is to provide therapeutic benefits to the patients by increasing duration of drug action, reducing dosing frequency, and controlling drug release rate at the target site, thereby reducing unwanted side effects. Advanced Technology for Delivering Therapeutics is a reference book that covers recent developments in the field of drug delivery science and technology. The purpose of this book is to bring together descriptions of some selective technologies including new and promising nanotechnology currently being investigated for drug delivery applications. This book is a useful source of information for graduate and post-graduate students of pharmacy and biomedical science; pharmaceutical & other researchers involved in designing newer drug delivery systems both in academia and industry.

Biological Activities and Action Mechanisms of Licorice Ingredients

Author:
ISBN: 9789535131199 9789535131205 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.5772/64119 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Licorice extracts are used as additive to many Kampo medicines to alleviate pain and inflammation. With rapid progress of analytical methodology, its action mechanism is being elucidated. This book is composed of three sections. Section 1 introduces licorice as alternative medicine, its application in the industry, and the trading/market prospects between Japan and China. Section 2 summarizes the purification/identification steps of licorice ingredients and their antioxidant, antimicrobial, PPAR-? ligand-binding, antitumor, antiviral, and in vitro fertilization activities. Section 3 proposes the possible molecular mechanism by which licorice ingredients induce anti-inflammatory, antifibrosis, antihepatitis, and antileishmanial activity. All chapters are written by experts of natural sciences and economics and will surely give new insights into alternative medicines to students, clinicians, teachers, and researchers.

Molecular and Biotechnological Advancements in Hypericum Species

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451173 Year: Pages: 159 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-117-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Hypericum is an important genus of the family Hypericaceae and includes almost 500 species of herbs, shrubs and trees. Being the home for many important bioactive compounds, these species have a long traditional value as medicinal plants. Currently, several species of this genus have been used in ailments as knowledge-based medicine in many countries. In the recent past, several pharmacological studies have been performed using crude extracts to evaluate the traditional knowledge. Results of those studies have revealed that Hypericum extract exert multiple pharmacological properties including antidepressant, antimicrobial, antitumor and wound healing effects. Phytochemical analyses revealed that these species produce a broad spectrum of valuable compounds, mainly naphthodianthrones (hypericin and pseudohypericin), phloroglucinols (hyperforin and adhyperforin), flavonoids (hyperoside, rutin and quercitrin), benzophenones/xanthones (garcinol and gambogic acid), and essential oils. Noticeably, Hypericum perforatum extracts have been used to treat mild to moderate depression from ancient to present times and the antidepressant efficacy of Hypericum extracts has been attributed to its hyperforin content, which is known to inhibit the re-uptake of aminergic transmitters such as serotonin and noradrenaline into synaptic nerve endings. Neurodegenerative diseases and inflammatory responses are also linked with Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) production. A wide range of flavonoids present in Hypericum extracts, namely, rutin, quercetin, and quercitrin exhibit antioxidant/free radical scavenging activity. Hypericin, beside hyperforin, is the active molecule responsible for the antitumor ability of Hypericum extracts and is seen as a potent candidate to treat brain tumor. Recent attempts of using hypericin in patients with recurrent malignant brain tumors showed promising results. Collectively, Hypericum species contain multiple bioactive constituents, suggesting their potential to occupy a huge portion of the phytomedicine market. Today, studies on medicinal plants are rapidly increasing because of the search for new active molecules, and for the improvement in the production of plants and molecules for the herbal pharmaceutical industries. In the post genomic era, application of molecular biology and genomic tools revolutionized our understanding of major biosynthetic pathways, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Hypericum species and individual compounds. This special issue mainly focuses on the recent advancements made in the understanding of biosynthetic pathways, application of biotechnology, molecular biology, genomics, pharmacology and related areas.

Structure-Based Drug Design for Diagnosis and Treatment of Neurological Diseases

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451234 Year: Pages: 204 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-123-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Therapeutics --- Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) supports the collaboration of nationally-funded science and technology research through the creation of networks. COST is the longest-running European framework enhancing cooperation among researchers, engineers and scholars across Europe. The COST Action CM1103 “Structure-based drug design for diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases: dissecting and modulating complex function in the monoaminergic systems of the brain” is a good example of the advances possible through interdisciplinary collaboration on difficult problems. COST Action CM1103 brought together 28 research groups from 18 countries to collaborate for four years on multi-target drug design for complex neuropathologies. The interdisciplinary expertise of the members is spans the range from computational enzymology to human studies, providing outstanding opportunities for the interdisciplinary development of trainees, and is reflected in the articles in this e-book. This Research Topic covers progress in multi-target drug design for the complex neuropathologies of the monoamine system that are apparent, for example, in Alzheimer’s disease. After a mini-review to introduce the topic of multi-target drug design, the other articles review the Research topic from their own perspective, two from computational approaches, three from medicinal chemistry, two from molecular pharmacology, and two from studies in whole brain. This multi-faceted approach describes new compounds, new methodology, and advances in the basic science of understanding the brain. This Ebook is based upon work from COST Action (CM1103 “Structure-based drug design for diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases: dissecting and modulating complex function in the monoaminergic systems of the brain"), supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology). COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) is a pan-European intergovernmental framework. Its mission is to enable break-through scientific and technological developments leading to new concepts and products and thereby contribute to strengthening Europe’s research and innovation capacities. It allows researchers, engineers and scholars to jointly develop their own ideas and take new initiatives across all fields of science and technology, while promoting multi- and interdisciplinary approaches. COST aims at fostering a better integration of less research intensive countries to the knowledge hubs of the European Research Area. The COST Association, an International not-for-profit Association under Belgian Law, integrates all management, governing and administrative functions necessary for the operation of the framework. The COST Association has currently 36 Member Countries. www.cost.eu

In Vivo Imaging in Pharmacological Research

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452378 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-237-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Therapeutics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-13 14:57:01
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The discovery and development of a biological active molecule with therapeutic properties is an ever increasing complex task, highly unpredictable at the early stages and marked, in the end, by high rates of failure. As a consequence, the overall process leading to the production of a successful drug is very costly. The improvement of the net outcome in drug discovery and development would require, amongst other important factors, a good understanding of the molecular events that characterize the disease or pathology in order to better identify likely targets of interest, to optimize the interaction of an active agent (small molecule or macromolecule of natural or synthetic origin) with those targets, and to facilitate the study of the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and toxicity of an active agent in suitable models and in human subjects. The objective of this Research Topic is to highlight new developments and applications of imaging techniques with the objective of performing pharmacological studies in vivo, in animal models and in humans. In the domain of drug discovery, the pharmacological and biomedical questions constitute the center of attention. In this sense, it is fundamental to keep in mind the strengths and limitations of each analytical or imaging technique. At the end, the judicious application of the technique with the aim of supporting the search for answers to manifold questions arising during a long and painstaking path provides a continuous role for imaging within the complex area of drug discovery and development.

Listing 1 - 8 of 8
Sort by
Narrow your search

Publisher

IntechOpen (5)

Frontiers Media SA (3)


License

unknown (5)

CC by (3)


Language

english (8)


Year
From To Submit

2017 (8)