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The Rise of Virulence and Antibiotic Resistance in Staphylococcus aureus

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ISBN: 9789535129837 9789535129844 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.5772/67546 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a growing issue both within hospitals and community because of its virulence determinants and the continuing emergence of new strains resistant to antimicrobiotics. In this book, we present the state of the art of S. aureus virulence mechanisms and antibiotic-resistance profiles, providing an unprecedented and comprehensive collection of up-to-date research about the evolution, dissemination, and mechanisms of different staphylococcal antimicrobial resistance patterns alongside bacterial virulence determinants and their impact in the medical field. We include several review chapters to allow readers to better understand the mechanisms of methicillin resistance, glycopeptide resistance, and horizontal gene transfer and the effects of alterations in S. aureus membranes and cell walls on drug resistance. In addition, we include chapters dedicated to unveiling S. aureus pathogenicity with the most current research available on S. aureus exfoliative toxins, enterotoxins, surface proteins, biofilm, and defensive responses of S. aureus to antibiotic treatment.

Immunotherapy - Myths, Reality, Ideas, Future

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ISBN: 9789535131052 9789535131069 Year: Pages: 414 DOI: 10.5772/63291 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Microbiology
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This is another attempt of InTechOpen to continue the dissemination of international knowledge and experience in the field of immunology. The present book includes a number of modern concepts of specialists and experts in the field of immunotherapy, covering the major topics and analyzing the history, current stage, and future ideas of application of modern immunomodulation. It is always a benefit, but also a compliment, to gather a team of internationally distinguished authors and to motivate them to reveal their expertise for the benefit of medical science and health practice. On behalf of all readers, immunologists, immunogeneticists, biologists, oncologists, microbiologists, virologists, hematologists, chemotherapists, health-care experts, as well as students and medical specialists, also on my personal behalf, I would like to extend my gratitude and highest appreciation to InTechOpen for giving me the unique chance to be the editor of this exclusive book.

Biology of Myelomonocytic Cells

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ISBN: 9789535131236 9789535131243 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.5772/63122 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Microbiology
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Myelomonocytes are the multipotent cells in the stage of blood cell differentiation, which mainly comprise blood monocytes, tissue macrophages and subset of dendritic cells. Actually, their position and ability of judgement of the health of tissue or organ environment are the key initiators of tissue-specific immune response in a local and global fashion. Interestingly, the morpho-functional aspects of this group of cells vary to a wide range with their positional diversity. Their ability to communicate or represent the tissue microenvironment to the peripheral immune system and efficiency to engage the system to effector activation hold the key for a successful immune endeavour. The present volume shows some glimpses of such an extensive area of current immunology research.

Lymphocyte Updates - Cancer, Autoimmunity and Infection

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ISBN: 9789535133438 9789535133445 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.5772/66613 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Microbiology
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This book represents a synergic effort of an international team of specialists in immunology to expand the scientific achievements in the field of lymphocytes. It offers important and specific updated information to researchers, students, teachers, and medical professionals. Moreover, considering the remarkable dynamics of immunology and immunotherapy, this book ""Lymphocyte Updates - Cancer, Autoimmunity, and Infection"" aims to represent a significant source of concise scientific data and advancement of knowledge in this field. The chapters offer new insights into the latest scientific progress on lymphocyte roles in protective immunity, as well as their involvement in pathogenesis of various disorders.

Natural Killer Cells

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ISBN: 9789535136712 9789535136729 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.5772/66568 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Microbiology
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The book Natural Killer Cells is the result of a collective work that addresses in a clear and comprehensive way for readers and through as many sensuous details as possible, the most and various fundamental aspects of natural killer cells, as well as their clinical applications in cancer immunotherapy. This book will serve as an invaluable resource and pedagogical support for clinicians, researchers, basic scientists, immunology and immunopathology lecturers, as well as for students in biology and medicine, especially the ones with an advanced understanding of immunology.

Physiology and Pathology of Immunology

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ISBN: 9789535136910 9789535136927 9789535140108 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.5772/66541 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Microbiology
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Having authored and published many successful and important textbooks in primary immunodeficiencies and cancer immunology, the editor of Physiology and Pathology of Immunology has ensured the high standard of writing and authenticity of the contents in this publication. The current book covers a spectrum of high-impact knowledge on the complex interplay between the environment, genes, and immunity that culminates in a generation of notorious processes of immune-related disorders. From evolution of regulatory T-cell function, gigantic cytokine networks within the human body to host-pathogen interactions of Chagas disease and Parkinson's disease, the Physiology and Pathology of Immunology goes further to decipher new codes from the immunity enigma, making it essential for experienced and new learners who wish to join the galaxy of modern immunology.

Immunopathogenesis and Immune-based Therapy for Selected Autoimmune Disorders

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ISBN: 9789535130215 9789535130222 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.5772/63032 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Microbiology
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The book Immunopathogenesis and Immune-Based Therapy for Selected Autoimmune Disorders is a synthesis work that discusses two main aspects of autoimmunity: Immunopathogenesis and therapeutic approaches essentially based on the immunotherapies. This book deals with different topics on a number of autoimmune disorders, including type 1 diabetes, autoimmune cardiomyopathy, autoimmunity of gastrointestinal tract, systemic sclerosis, and myasthenia gravis. This book will be useful to clinicians, biologists, researchers, teachers, and students who are interested in immunology and immunopathology.

Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

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ISBN: 9789535134435 9789535134442 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.5772/65816 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Microbiology
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This book intends to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview about the state of the art regarding the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in physical and rehabilitation medicine and the study of the pharmacodynamics of existing and newly introduced NSAIDs in the management of pain and inflammation. It will also elaborate and refine already known knowledge on the mechanism(s) of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents. This book may provide additional knowledge about the design and development of new drug delivery systems loaded with NSAIDs potentially useful in the treatment of chronic inflammatory-based diseases following circadian cycle, uses of NSAIDs as a source of medicinal plants, and the adverse effects and drug interactions of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Vaccines

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789535134756 9789535134763 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.5772/65856 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Microbiology
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Microbes that elude host's defenses and have developed resistance to the existing antibiotic arsenal continuously invade the human body. Cure for such diseases is inevitable as it may result in high morbidity and mortality, if not properly treated. Vaccination represents the most cost-effective way for disease prevention. Vaccines activate sentinels of the immune system including macrophages and T, B, and dendritic cells to release a battery of effector molecules and cytokines and ward off infection. For long-lasting protection, the memory cells also need to be evoked. This book encompasses biotechnological vaccines in clinical use, cocooning, disease resurgence postvaccination and other vaccine adverse effects, prospects of therapeutic versus prophylactic vaccines, and design of effective vaccines using bioinformatic tools and engineering molecular pattern interactions.

Systemic Sclerosis

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ISBN: 9789535135470 9789535135487 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.5772/63286 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Microbiology
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Systemic sclerosis is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by immunological alterations, small vessel vasculopathy, and skin and other organ fibrosis. Despite progress in the knowledge of pathogenic steps and therapeutic options, when compared with other rheumatic conditions, it shows the lowest life expectancy rate. Early diagnosis is important as early treatment could lead to better outcomes. Great progress has been made in the treatment of specific symptoms; however, there are still no disease-modifying drugs that are able to control the overall disease activity satisfactorily. This book covers the latest knowledge in systemic sclerosis from pathophysiology to clinical presentation and management. Hopefully, this book will be a useful resource to students, residents, rheumatologists, dermatologist, and anyone interested in this fascinating disease.

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