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Human Rights in Business

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ISBN: 9781138284180 9781315269467 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: European Commission
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-25 11:01:22
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The capacity to abuse, or in general affect the enjoyment of human, labour and environmental rights has risen with the increased social and economic power&#xD;that multinational companies wield in the global economy. At the same time,&#xD;it appears that it is difficult to regulate the activities of multinational companies&#xD;in such a way that they conform to international human, labour and environmental&#xD;rights standards. This has partially to do with the organization of companies&#xD;into groups of separate legal persons, incorporated in different states, as&#xD;well as with the complexity of the corporate supply chain. Absent a business&#xD;and human rights treaty, a more coherent legal and policy approach is required.&#xD;Faced with the challenge of how to effectively access the right to remedy in&#xD;the European Union for human rights abuses committed by EU companies in&#xD;non-EU states, a diverse research consortium of academic and legal institutions&#xD;was formed. The consortium, coordinated by the Globernance Institute for&#xD;Democratic Governance, became the recipient of a 2013 Civil Justice Action&#xD;Grant from the European Commission Directorate General for Justice. A mandate&#xD;was thus issued for research, training and dissemination so as to bring&#xD;visibility to the challenge posed and moreover, to provide some solutions for&#xD;the removal of barriers to judicial and non-judicial remedy for victims of business related&#xD;human rights abuses in non-EU states. The project commenced in&#xD;September 2014 and over the course of two years the consortium conducted&#xD;research along four specific lines in parallel with various training sessions across&#xD;EU Member States.&#xD;The research conducted focused primarily on judicial remedies, both jurisdictional&#xD;barriers and applicable law barriers; non-judicial remedies, both to company based grievance. The results of this research endeavour make up the content of&#xD;this report whose aim is to provide a scholarly foundation for policy proposals&#xD;by identifying specific challenges relevant to access to justice in the European&#xD;Union and to provide recommendations on how to remove legal and practical&#xD;barriers so as to provide access to remedy for victims of business-related human&#xD;rights abuses in non-EU states.

Becoming a Movement: Identity, Narrative and Memory in the European Global Justice Movement

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Book Series: Radical Subjects in International Politics: Action and Activism ISBN: 9781786603791 Year: Pages: 164 Language: English
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield International Grant: DFG funded Cluster of Excellence “Normative Orders” at Goethe University Frankfurt am Main
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-04 12:51:11
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Social movement scholars have become increasingly interested in the role of stories in contentious politics. Stories may facilitate the mobilization of activists and strengthen the resonance of their claims within public discourse and institutional politics. This book explores the role of narratives in building collective identity – a vital element in activists’ continued commitment. While often claimed important, the connection between narratives and movement identity remains understudied. Drawing on a rich pool of original data, the book’s analysis focusses on the Global Justice Movement (GJM), a movement known for its diversity of political perspectives. Based on a comparison of different national constellations of the GJM in Europe, the book demonstrates the centrality of activists’ narratives in forming and maintaining movement identity and in making the GJM more enduring.

River Basin Development and Human Rights in Eastern Africa — A Policy Crossroads

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ISBN: 9783319504681 9783319504698 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-50469-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-14 12:38:17
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This book offers a devastating look at deeply flawed development processes driven by international finance, African governments and the global consulting industry. It examines major river basin development underway in the semi-arid borderlands of Ethiopia, Kenya and South Sudan and its disastrous human rights consequences for a half-million indigenous people. The volume traces the historical origins of Gibe III megadam construction along the Omo River in Ethiopia—in turn, enabling irrigation for commercial-scale agricultural development and causing radical reduction of downstream Omo and (Kenya's) Lake Turkana waters. Presenting case studies of indigenous Dasanech and northernmost Turkana livelihood systems and Gibe III linked impacts on them, the author predicts agropastoral and fishing economic collapse, region-wide hunger with exposure to disease epidemics, irreversible natural resource destruction and cross-border interethnic armed conflict spilling into South Sudan. The book identifies fundamental failings of government and development bank impact assessments, including their distortion or omission of mandated transboundary assessment, cumulative effects of the Gibe III dam and its linked Ethiopia-Kenya energy transmission 'highway' project, key hydrologic and human ecological characteristics, major earthquake threat in the dam region and widespread expropriation and political repression. Violations of internationally recognized human rights, especially by the Ethiopian government but also the Kenyan government, are extensive and on the increase—with collaboration by the development banks, in breach of their own internal operational procedures. A policy crossroads has now emerged. The author presents the alternative to the present looming catastrophe—consideration of development suspension in order to undertake genuinely independent transboundary assessment and a plan for continued development action within a human rights framework—forging a sustainable future for the indigenous peoples now directly threatened and for their respective eastern Africa states. Claudia Carr’s book is a treasure of detailed information gathered over many years concerning river basin development of the Omo River in Ethiopia and its impact on the peoples of the lower Omo Basin and the Lake Turkana region in Kenya. It contains numerous maps, charts, and photographs not previously available to the public. The book is highly critical of the environmental and human rights implications of the Omo River hydropower projects on both the local ethnic communities in Ethiopia and on the downstream Turkana in Kenya. David Shinn Former Ambassador to Ethiopia and to Burkina Faso Adjust Professor of International Affairs, The George Washington University, Washington D.C.

Exhibiting Atrocity

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ISBN: 9780813592145 9780813592176 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Rutgers University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101362
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:47
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Through a global comparative approach, Amy Sodaro uses in-depth case studies of five exemplary memorial museums that commemorate a range of violent pasts and allow for a chronological and global examination of the form: the US Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC; the House of Terror in Budapest; the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre in Rwanda; the Museum of Memory and Human Rights in Santiago, Chile; and the National September 11 Memorial Museum in New York. Together, these case studies illustrate the historical emergence and global spread of the memorial museum and show how this new cultural form of commemoration is intended to be used in contemporary societies around the world emerging from widely divergent forms of political violence.

Kill Boxes: Facing the Legacy of US-Sponsored Torture, Indefinite Detention, and Drone Warfare

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780998531847 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0166.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:34
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Kill Boxes addresses the legacy of US-sponsored torture, indefinite detention, and drone warfare by deciphering the shocks of recognition that humanistic and artistic responses to violence bring to consciousness if readers and viewers have eyes to face them. Beginning with an analysis of the ways in which the hooded man from Abu Ghraib became iconic, subsequent chapters take up less culturally visible scenes of massive violations of human rights to bring us face to face with these shocks and the forms of recognition that they enable and disavow. We are addressed in the photo of the hooded man, all the more so as he was brutally prevented, in our name, from returning the camera’s and thus our gaze. We are addressed in the screams that turn a person, tortured in our name, into howling flesh. We are addressed in poems written in the Guantánamo Prison camp, however much American authorities try to censor them, in our name. We are addressed by the victims of the US drone wars, however little American citizens may have heard the names of the places obliterated by the bombs for which their taxes pay. And we know that we are addressed in spite of a number of strategies of brutal refusal of heeding those calls. Providing intensive readings of philosophical texts by Jean Améry, Jacques Derrida, and Christian Thomasius, with poetic texts by Franz Kafka, Paul Muldoon, and the poet-detainees of Guantánamo Bay Prison Camp, and with artistic creations by Sallah Edine Sallat, the American artist collective Forkscrew and an international artist collective from Pakistan, France and the US, Kill Boxes demonstrates the complexity of humanistic responses to crimes committed in the name of national security. The conscious or unconscious knowledge that we are addressed by the victims of these crimes is a critical factor in discussions on torture, on indefinite detention without trial, as practiced in Guantánamo, and in debates on the strategies to circumvent the latter altogether, as practiced in drone warfare and its extrajudicial assassination program.

Environmental Protection and Transitions from Conflict to Peace

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780198784630 Year: Pages: 512 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198784630.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Law --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-05 11:02:27
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This book is the first targeted work in the legal literature that investigates environmental challenges in the aftermath of conflict. The volume brings together academics, policy-makers, and practitioners from different disciplines to clarify policies and practices of environmental protection and key legal considerations related to normative frameworks (e.g. international environmental law, international humanitarian law, transitional justice, and human rights), the treatment of substantive principles (e.g. proportionality under jus in bello and jus post bellum, environmental integrity), ‘shared responsibility’, and accountability mechanisms for environmental damage. By providing a comprehensive and in-depth analysis of environmental protection and natural resource management during the transition to peace, the volume reveals strong links between the peace-orientation of jus post bellum and environmental principles, such as intergenerational equity and precaution. There is a great deal of work to do to ensure greater protection of the environment before, during, and after conflict. It remains a challenge to align protection with the political interest of states, and the increasing involvement of non-state actors in armed conflict. This volume marks a starting point for an urgently needed space for states, international organizations, and civil society to discuss, and debate conflict and the environment. By engaging with the International Law Commission’s 2016 Draft Principles on the Protection of the Environment in Relation to Armed Conflicts, the volume adds clarity to the law and momentum to the development of the law in this important area.

Bulk Collection

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780190685515 9780190685515 Year: Pages: 504 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190685515.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Law --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-25 11:01:02
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In June 2013, Edward Snowden revealed a secret US government program that collected records on every phone call made in the country. Further disclosures followed, detailing mass surveillance by the UK as well. Journalists and policymakers soon began discussing large-scale programs in other countries. Over two years before the Snowden leaks began, Cate and Dempsey had started researching systematic collection. Leading an initiative sponsored by The Privacy Projects, they commissioned a series of country reports, asking national experts to uncover what they could about government demands that telecommunications providers and other private-sector companies disclose information about their customers in bulk. Their initial research found disturbing indications of systematic access in countries around the world. These programs, often undertaken in the name of national security, were cloaked in secrecy and largely immune from oversight, posing serious threats to personal privacy. After the Snowden leaks, the project morphed into something more ambitious: an effort to explore what should be the rules for government access to data and how companies should respond to those demands within the framework of corporate responsibility. This volume concludes the nearly six-year project. It assembles 12 country reports, updated to reflect recent developments. One chapter presents both descriptive and normative frameworks for analyzing national surveillance laws. Others examine international law, human rights law, and oversight mechanisms. Still others explore the concept of accountability and the role of encryption in shaping the surveillance debate. In their conclusion, Cate and Dempsey offer recommendations for both government and industry.&#xD;

Network neutrality: From policy to law to regulation

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ISBN: 9781526105479 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_622853 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Media and communication --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-27 11:01:23
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"This study explains the concept of network neutrality and its history as an extension of the rights and duties of common carriers, as well as its policy history as examined in US and European regulatory proceedings from 1999. The book compares national and regional legislation and regulation of net neutrality from an interdisciplinary and international perspective. It also examines the future of net neutrality battles in Europe, the United States and in developing countries such as India and Brazil, and explores the case studies of Specialized Services and Content Delivery Networks for video over the Internet, and zero rating or sponsored data plans. Finally, Network neutrality offers co-regulatory solutions based on FRAND and non-exclusivity. This is a must-read for researchers and advocates in net neutrality debate, and those interested in the context of communications regulation, law and economic regulation, human rights discourse and policy, and the impact of science and engineering on policy and governance."

Disability Human Rights Law

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ISBN: 9783038423898 9783038423881 Year: Pages: VIII, 162 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-388-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Law --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-09 09:00:41
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Disability Human Rights Law is an emerging field. It is an amalgamation of human rights law, disability studies, and disability rights law. It views rights in a novel way, opening a new line of scholarly inquiry. It sees rights as they apply to the individual, with regard to the individual’s particular abilities, needs, and circumstances.Disability Human Rights Law represents a shift in the field of human rights. The traditional, and often archaic, rights boundaries are broken down. Civil and political rights exist entwined with social, economic, and cultural rights. The rights of the community and the rights of the individual are not always distinguishable and are often dependent upon one another. The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) is the epitome of this shift and the epicenter of a new wave of rights protection.This book focuses on this new field. The aim of the book is to begin to explore the potential of Disability Human Rights Law to transform modern human rights law.

Healthcare as a Human Rights Issue

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Menschenrechte in der Medizin / Human Rights in Healthcare ISBN: 9783837640540 9783839440544 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839440544 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103345
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:58
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This book deals with various facets of the human right to health: its normative profile as a universal right, current political and legal conflicts and contextualized implementation in different healthcare systems. The authors come from different countries and disciplines - law, political science, ethics, medicine etc. - and bring together a broad variety of academic and practical perspectives. The volume contains selected contributions of the international conference "The Right to Health - an Empty Promise?" held in September 2015 in Berlin and organized by the Emerging Field Initiative Project "Human Rights in Healthcare" (University of Erlangen-Nürnberg).

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