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Chapter 2 Becoming and Belonging in African Historical Demography, 1900–2000 (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781785336058 9781785336041 Year: Pages: 29 Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:11
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In the last forty years anthropologists have made major contributions to understanding the heterogeneity of reproductive trends and processes underlying them. Fertility transition, rather than the story of the triumphant spread of Western birth control rationality, reveals a diversity of reproductive means and ends continuing before, during, and after transition. This collection brings together anthropological case studies, placing them in a comparative framework of compositional demography and conjunctural action. The volume addresses major issues of inequality and distribution which shape population and social structures, and in which fertility trends and the formation and size of families are not decided solely or primarily by reproduction.&#xD;In this chapter, I address these questions in relation to the&#xD;Counting Souls Project1 through two frameworks described by&#xD;Kreager and Bochow in the introduction to this volume.

Keywords

Demography --- history --- Africa

Britain, France and the Decolonization of Africa: Future Imperfect?

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781911307730 Year: Pages: 254 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781911307730 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: History --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-25 11:01:18
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Looking at decolonization in the conditional tense, this volume teases out the complex and uncertain ends of British and French empire in Africa during the period of ‘late colonial shift’ after 1945. Rather than view decolonization as an inevitable process, the contributors together explore the crucial historical moments in which change was negotiated, compromises were made, and debates were staged. Three core themes guide the analysis: development, contingency and entanglement. The chapters consider the ways in which decolonization was governed and moderated by concerns about development and profit. A complementary focus on contingency allows deeper consideration of how colonial powers planned for ‘colonial futures’, and how divergent voices greeted the end of empire. Thinking about entanglements likewise stresses both the connections that existed between the British and French empires in Africa, and those that endured beyond the formal transfer of power.

Keywords

empire --- france --- decolonization --- africa --- britain --- colonial

Healthcare, Frugal Innovation, and Professional Voluntarism: A Cost-Benefit Analysis

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783319483658 9783319483665 Year: Pages: 141 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-48366-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Economics --- Medical technology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-11 12:50:28
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This book investigates what international placements of healthcare employees in low resource settings add to the UK workforce and the efficacy of its national health system. The authors present empirical data collected from a volunteer deployment project in Uganda focused on reducing maternal and new-born mortality and discuss the learning and experiential outcomes for UK health care professionals acting as long term volunteers in low resource settings. They also develop a model for structured placement that offers optimal learning and experiential outcomes and minimizes risk, while shedding new light on the role that international placements play as part of continuing professional development both in the UK and in other sending countries.

Keywords

healthcare --- politics --- poverty --- aid --- development --- Africa

The Ethics of Educational Healthcare Placements in Low and Middle Income Countries: First Do No Harm?

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319483627 9783319483634 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-48363-4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-11 13:02:49
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This book examines the current state of elective placements of medical undergraduate students in developing countries and their impact on health care education at home. Drawing from a recent case study of volunteer deployment in Uganda, the authors provide an in-depth evaluation of the impacts on the students themselves and the learning outcomes associated with placements in low resource settings, as well as the impacts that these forms of student mobility have on the host settings. In addition to reviewing the existing literature on elective placements, the authors outline a potential model for the future development of ethical elective placements. As the book concurs with an increasing international demand for elective placements, it will be of immediate interest to universities, intermediary organizations, students as consumers, and hosting organisations in low-resource settings.

Keywords

education --- policy --- poverty --- aid --- development --- Africa

Competition Law and Economic Regulation

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781776140909 9781776140916 978776142002 Year: Pages: 320 Language: English
Publisher: Wits University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-30 11:01:04
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Shaping markets through competition and economic regulation is at the heart of addressing the development challenges facing countries in southern Africa. The contributors to 'Competition Law And Economic Regulation: Addressing Market Power In Southern Africa' critically assess the efficacy of the competition and economic regulation frameworks, including the impact of a number of the regional competition authorities in a range of sectors throughout southern Africa. Featuring academics as well as practitioners in the field, the book addresses issues common to southern African countries, where markets are small and concentrated, with particularly high barriers to entry, and where the resources to enforce legislation against anti-competitive conduct are limited. What is needed, the contributors argue, is an understanding of competition and regional integration as part of an inclusive growth agenda for Africa. By examining competition and regulation in a single framework, and viewing this within the southern African experience, this volume adds new perspectives to the global competition literature. It is an essential reference tool and will be of great interest to policymakers and regulators, as well as the rapidly growing ecosystem of legal practitioners and economists engaged in the field.

Young Entrepreneurs in Sub-Saharan Africa

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge spaces of childhood and youth series ISBN: 9781138844599 9781138704930 9781315730257 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.4324/9781315730257 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Consultative Research Committee for Development Research (FFU) of the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Danida) - 09-059KU
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-04 11:01:58
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rs, Professor Ernest Aryeetey, Professor Craig Jeffrey, and Professor Peter Rosa, along&#xD;with all the other participants, provided useful feedback and encouraged us to&#xD;proceed with presenting the key project findings in book form.&#xD;A string of people provided support for the project and the book along the&#xD;way. At the host institution – the Department of Geography, University of&#xD;Copenhagen – the untiring assistance of Dorthe Hallin with the accounts was&#xD;invaluable, and in the closing stages Kent Pørksen kindly helped produce the&#xD;maps at short notice. Wisdom Kalenga and Cecilia Gregersen both spent time at&#xD;CBS providing assistance with the data analysis and conference support. Maheen&#xD;Pracha did an excellent job editing the entire manuscript while Jo Woods&#xD;assisted in the final checking and layout. Thanks are also due to Faye Leerink at&#xD;Routledge for seeing the potential of the book and for agreeing to allow it to be&#xD;subsequently published in sub-Saharan Africa, which we hope will ensure it is&#xD;also widely read there.&#xD;As all of the project participants spent lengthy periods of time in the field and/&#xD;or visiting other academic institutions, many families have had to cope with&#xD;these absences. We thank them for their forbearance and for supporting the&#xD;respective team members in their studies and travels. Hopefully they feel it was&#xD;worthwhile in the end.&#xD;While producing this book has been a major effort, it marks the end of an era&#xD;that started back in November 2008 when we first started devising the project in&#xD;response to a call from FFU for projects on youth employment. We are&#xD;extremely grateful to all of the “YEMP family”, as the project team came to be&#xD;known, for their dedication to the project and for making it such a rewarding and&#xD;fun experience, and look forward to future collaboration

Pensamiento Periférico Asia, África, América Latina, Eurasia y más

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ISBN: 9789568416522 9789568416522 Year: Pages: 892 DOI: 10.26448/9789568416522.1 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-06 11:01:03
License: Ariadna Ediciones

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Abstract

Peripheral thinking; Asia; Africa; Latin America; Eurasia; global interpretative thesis

Theologies of Childhood and the Children of Africa

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781928396109 Year: DOI: 10.4102/aosis.2016.tcca02 Language: English
Publisher: AOSIS Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100410
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:07:58
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The purpose of this book is to combine perspectives of scholars from Africa on Child Theologies from a variety of theological sub-disciplines to provide some theological and ministerial perspectives on this topic. The book disseminates original research and new developments in this study field, especially as relevant to the African context. In the process it addresses also the global need to hear voices from Africa in this academic field. It wants to convey the importance of considering Africa’s children in theologising. The different chapters represent diverse methodologies but the central and common focus is to approach the subject from the viewpoint of Africa’s children. The individual authors’ varied theological sub-disciplinary dispositions contribute to the unique and distinct character of the book. Almost all chapters are theoretical orientated with less empirical research, although some of the chapters refer to empirical research which the authors have done in the past.

The Practice of Industrial Policy: Government—Business Coordination in Africa and East Asia

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780198796954 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198796954.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: WIDER Studies in Development Economics
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-27 11:01:30
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Much of the information relevant to policy formulation for industrial development is held by the private sector, not by public officials. There is, therefore, fairly broad agreement in the development literature that some form of structured engagement—often referred to as close or strategic coordination—between the public and private sectors is needed, to assist in the design of appropriate policies and provide feedback on their implementation. There is less agreement on how that engagement should be structured, how its objectives be defined, and how success be measured. In fact, the academic literature provides little practical guidance on how governments interested in developing such a framework should go about doing it. The burden of this lack of guidance falls most heavily on Africa, where—despite twenty years of growth—lack of structural transformation has slowed job creation and the pace of poverty reduction. In 2014, the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) and United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER) launched a joint research project: The Practice of Industrial Policy. The aim is to help African policy makers develop better coordination between public and private sectors in order to identify the constraints to faster structural transformation and design, implement, and monitor policies to remove them. This book, written by national researchers and international experts, presents the results of that research by combining a set of analytical ‘framing’ essays on close coordination with case studies of successful and unsuccessful efforts at close coordination in Africa and in comparator countries.

Searching for Sharing

Authors: ---
Book Series: World Oral Literature Series ISBN: 9781783743209 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0111 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-22 11:01:43
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"In a world where new technologies are being developed at a dizzying pace, how can we best approach oral genres that represent heritage? Taking an innovative and interdisciplinary approach, this volume explores the idea of sharing as a model to construct and disseminate the knowledge of literary heritage with the people who are represented by and in it. Expert contributors interweave sociological analysis with an appraisal of the transformative impact of technology on literary and cultural production. Does technology restrict, constraining the experience of an oral performance, or does it afford new openings for different aesthetic experiences? Topics explored include the Mara Cultural Heritage Digital Library, the preservation of Ewe heritage material, new eresources for texts in Manding languages, and the possibilities of technauriture.&#xD;This timely and necessary collection also examines to what extent digital documents can be and have been institutionalised in archives and museums, how digital heritage can remain free from co-option by hegemonic groups, and the roles that exist for community voices.&#xD;A valuable contribution to a fast-developing field, this book is required reading for scholars and students in the fields of heritage, anthropology, linguistics, history and the emerging disciplines of multi-media documentation and analysis, as well as those working in the field of literature, folklore, and African studies. It is also important reading for museum and archive curators."

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