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Inter-group Relations and Migrant Integration in European Cities: Changing Neighbourhoods

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 23644087 ISBN: 9783319230955 9783319230962 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-23096-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Ecology --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-24 16:04:48
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This open access book presents a comparative analysis of intergroup relations and migrant integration at the neighbourhood level in Europe. Featuring a unique collection of portraits of urban relations between the majority population and immigrant minorities, it examines how relations are structured and evolve in different and increasingly diverse local societies. Inside, readers will find a coordinated set of ethnographic studies conducted in eleven neighbourhoods of five European cities: London, Barcelona, Budapest, Nuremberg, and Turin. The wide-ranging coverage encompasses post-industrial districts struggling to counter decline, vibrant super-diverse areas, and everything in between. Featuring highly contextualised, cross-disciplinary explorations presented within a solid comparative framework, this book considers such questions as: Why does the native-immigrant split become a tense boundary in some neighbourhoods of some European cities but not in others? To what extent are ethnically framed conflicts driven by site-specific factors or instead by broader, exogenous ones? How much does the structure of urban spaces count in fuelling inter-ethnic tensions and what can local policy communities do to prevent this? The answers it provides are based on a multi-layer approach which combines in-depth analysis of intergroup relations with a strong attention towards everyday categorization processes, media representations, and narratives on which local policies are based. Even though the relations between the majority and migrant minorities are a central topic, the volume also offers readers a broader perspective of social and urban transformation in contemporary urban settings. It provides insightful research on migration and urban studies as well as social dynamics that scholars and students around the world will find relevant. In addition, policy makers will find evidence-based and practically relevant lessons for the governance of increasingly diverse and mobile societies.

Integration Processes and Policies in Europe: Contexts, Levels and Actors

Authors: ---
Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 23644087 ISBN: 9783319216737 9783319216744 Year: Pages: 206 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-21674-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences --- Law --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-24 16:14:55
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In this open access book, experts on integration processes, integration policies, transnationalism, and the migration and development framework provide an academic assessment of the 2011 European Agenda for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals, which calls for integration policies in the EU to involve not only immigrants and their society of settlement, but also actors in their country of origin. Moreover, a heuristic model is developed for the non-normative, analytical study of integration processes and policies based on conceptual, demographic, and historical accounts.The volume addresses three interconnected issues: What does research have to say on (the study of) integration processes in general and on the relevance of actors in origin countries in particular? What is the state of the art of the study of integration policies in Europe and the use of the concept of integration in policy formulation and practice? Does the proposal to include actors in origin countries as important players in integration policies find legitimation in empirical research?A few general conclusions are drawn. First, integration policies have developed at many levels of government: nationally, locally, regionally, and at the supra-national level of the EU. Second, a multitude of stakeholders has become involved in integration as policy designers and implementers. Finally, a logic of policymaking—and not an evidence-based scientific argument—can be said to underlie the European Commission’s redefinition of integration as a three-way process.This book will appeal to academics and policymakers at international, European, national, regional, and local levels. It will also be of interest to graduate and master-level students of political science, sociology, social anthropology, international relations, criminology, geography, and history.

Contested Childhoods: Growing up in Migrancy

Authors: ---
Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 23644087 ISBN: 9783319446080 9783319446103 Year: Pages: 193 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-44610-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences --- Law --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-24 16:21:06
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This open access book explores specific migration, governance, and identity processes currently involving children and ideas of childhood. Migrancy as a social space allows majority populations to question the capabilities of migrants, and is a space in which an increasing number of children are growing up. In this space, families, nation-states, civil society, as well as children themselves are central actors engaged in contesting the meaning of childhood. Childhood is a field of conceptual, moral and political contestation, where the ‘battles’ may range from minor tensions and everyday negotiations of symbolic or practical importance involving a limited number of people, to open conflicts involving violence and law enforcement. The chapters demonstrate the importance of how we understand phenomena involving children: when children are trafficked, seeking refuge, taken into custody, active in gangs or in youth organisations, and struggling with identity work. This book examines countries representing very different engagements and policies regarding migrancy and children. As a result, readers are presented with a comprehensive volume ideal for both the classroom and for policy-makers and practitioners. The chapters are written by experts in social anthropology, human geography, political science, sociology, and psychology.

Public Health Ethics: Cases Spanning the Globe

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Public Health Ethics Analysis ISSN: 2211-6680 ISBN: 9783319238470 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: 329 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-23847-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Biotechnology --- Medicine (General) --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-16 18:55:44
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This Open Access book highlights the ethical issues and dilemmas that arise in the practice of public health. It is also a tool to support instruction, debate, and dialogue regarding public health ethics. Although the practice of public health has always included consideration of ethical issues, the field of public health ethics as a discipline is a relatively new and emerging area. There are few practical training resources for public health practitioners, especially resources which include discussion of realistic cases which are likely to arise in the practice of public health. This work discusses these issues on a case to case basis and helps create awareness and understanding of the ethics of public health care. The main audience for the casebook is public health practitioners, including front-line workers, field epidemiology trainers and trainees, managers, planners, and decision makers who have an interest in learning about how to integrate ethical analysis into their day to day public health practice. The casebook is also useful to schools of public health and public health students as well as to academic ethicists who can use the book to teach public health ethics and distinguish it from clinical and research ethics.

Keywords

Public Health --- Ethics

International Comparative Studies in Mathematics: Lessons for Improving Students’ Learning

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: ICME-13 Topical Surveys ISSN: 2366-5947 ISBN: 9783319424132 9783319424149 Year: Pages: 36 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-42414-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-06 14:38:40
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This open access book examines the cultural and educational factors that influence how successfully students learn mathematics; focuses on international comparative studies as a means of generating theories and improving students’ learning; and discusses four valuable lessons that can be learned from international comparative studies with regard to improving students’ learning.

The Plight of Older Workers: Labor Market Experience after Plant Closure in the Swiss Manufacturing Sector

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Book Series: Life Course Research and Social Policies ISSN: 2211-7776 ISBN: 9783319397528 9783319397542 Year: Pages: 195 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-39754-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-14 10:13:43
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This open access book examines the economic, social, and psychological consequences of manufacturing plant closure at the individual level. Using an original data set of over 1,200 workers from Switzerland who lost their manufacturing jobs after the financial crisis of 2008, the author analyzes the determinants of reemployment, the sector of reemployment, and the change in wages over a two year period. In addition, coverage also explores how plant closure affects the social relationship between a displaced worker and his or her significant other, which includes a discussion of the coping strategies on the household level as well as how changes in a worker's social and occupational life affects overall satisfaction. Readers will discover that the burden of structural change disproportionately falls on the shoulders of workers aged 55 and older who often face substantial barriers when trying to return to employment. A larger portion of this group experience long-term unemployment and those who do manage to find a new job often suffer disproportionate wage loss.This result is intriguing in the context of the current demographic change and contradicts the common assumption that young and low-qualified individuals are at greatest risk of unemployment. Advanced age—and not low education—appears to be the primary obstacle to workers finding job satisfaction after being laid off because of market conditions.

Surveying Human Vulnerabilities across the Life Course

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Life Course Research and Social Policies ISSN: 2211-7776 ISBN: 9783319241555 9783319241579 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: 242 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-24157-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-15 18:37:07
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This open access book details tools and procedures for data collections of hard-to-reach, hard-to-survey populations. Inside, readers will discover first-hand insights from experts who share their successes as well as their failures in their attempts to identify and measure human vulnerabilities across the life course. Coverage first provides an introduction on studying vulnerabilities based on the Total Error Survey framework. Next, the authors present concrete examples on how to survey such populations as the elderly, migrants, widows and widowers, couples facing breast cancer, employees and job seekers, displaced workers, and teenagers during their transition to adulthood. In addition, one essay discusses the rationale for the use of life history calendars in studying social and psychological vulnerability while another records the difficulty the authors faced when trying to set-up an online social network to collect relevant data. Overall, this book demonstrates the importance to have, from the very beginning, a dialogue between specialists of survey methods and the researchers working on social dynamics across the life span. It will serve as an indispensable resource for social scientists interested in gathering and analyzing data on vulnerable individuals and populations in order to construct longitudinal data bases and properly target social policies.

Keywords

Sociology

Reconsidering Constitutional Formation I National Sovereignty: A Comparative Analysis of the Juridification by Constitution

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Book Series: Studies in the History of Law and Justice ISBN: 9783319424040 9783319424057 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-42405-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 339529
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-20 11:01:37
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This open access book can be downloaded from link.springer.comLegal studies and consequently legal history focus on constitutional documents, believing in a nominalist autonomy of constitutional semantics. Reconsidering Constitutional Formation in the late 18th and 19th century, kept historic constitutions from being simply log-books for political experts through a functional approach to the interdependencies between constitution and public discourse. Sovereignty had to be ‘believed’ by the subjects and the political élites. Such a communicative orientation of constitutional processes became palpable in the ‘religious’ affinities of the constitutional preambles. They were held as ‘creeds’ of a new order, not only due to their occasional recourse to divine authority, but rather due to the claim for eternal validity contexts of constitutional guarantees. The communication dependency of constitutions was of less concern in terms of the preamble than the constituents’ big worries about government organisation. Their indecisiveness between monarchical and popular sovereignty was established through the discrediting of the Republic in the Jacobean reign of terror and the ‘renaissance’ of the monarchy in the military resistance against the French revolutionary and later Napoleonic campaigns. The constitutional formation as a legal act of constituting could therefore defend the monarchy from the threat of the people (Albertine Statute 1848), could be a legal decision of a national constituent assembly (Belgian Constitution 1831), could borrow from the old liberties (Polish May Constitution 1791) or try to remain in between by referring to the Nation as sovereign (French September Constitution 1791, Cádiz Constitution 1812). Common to all contexts is the use of national sovereignty as a legal starting point. The consequent differentiation between constituent and constituted power manages to justify the self-commitment of political power in legal terms. National sovereignty is the synonym for the juridification of sovereignty by means of the constitution. The novelty of the constitutions of the late 18th and 19th century is the normativity, the positivity of the constitutional law as one unified law, to be the measure for the legality of all other law. Therefore ReConFort will continue with the precedence of constitution. (www.reconfort.eu)

Cohabitation and Marriage in the Americas: Geo-historical Legacies and New Trends

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319314402 9783319314426 Year: Pages: 291 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-31442-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 240978
Subject: Economics --- Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-20 11:01:58
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This open access book presents an innovative study of the rise of unmarried cohabitation in the Americas, from Canada to Argentina. Using an extensive sample of individual census data for nearly all countries on the continent, it offers a cross-national, comparative view of this recent demographic trend and its impact on the family. The book offers a tour of the historical legacies and regional heterogeneity in unmarried cohabitation, covering: Canada, the United States, Mexico, Central America, Colombia, the Andean region, Brazil, and the Southern Cone. It also explores the diverse meanings of cohabitation from a cross-national perspective and examines the theoretical implications of recent developments on family change in the Americas. The book uses data from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series, International (IPUMS), a project dedicated to collecting and distributing census data from around the world. This large sample size enables an empirical testing of one of the currently most powerful explanatory frameworks for changes in family formation around the world, the theory of the Second Demographic Transition. With its unique geographical scope, this book will provide researchers with a new understanding into the spectacular rise in premarital cohabitation in the Americas, which has become one of the most salient trends in partnership formation in the region.

Keywords

sociology --- family --- demography

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