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Loud and proud: Passion and politics in the English Defence League

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Book Series: New Ethnographies ISBN: 9781526114013 Year: Pages: 328 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: University Of Manchester
Subject: Ethnology --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-12 11:01:14
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The book uses interviews, informal conversations and extended observation at EDL events to critically reflect on the gap between the movement's public image and activists' own understandings of it. It details how activists construct the EDL, and themselves, as 'not racist, not violent, just no longer silent' inter alia through the exclusion of Muslims as a possible object of racism on the grounds that they are a religiously not racially defined group. In contrast activists perceive themselves to be 'second-class citizens', disadvantaged and discriminated by a 'two-tier' justice system that privileges the rights of 'others'. This failure to recognise themselves as a privileged white majority explains why ostensibly intimidating EDL street demonstrations marked by racist chanting and nationalistic flag waving are understood by activists as standing 'loud and proud'; the only way of 'being heard' in a political system governed by a politics of silencing. Unlike most studies of 'far right' movements, this book focuses not on the EDL as an organisation - its origins, ideology, strategic repertoire and effectiveness - but on the individuals who constitute the movement. Its ethnographic approach challenges stereotypes and allows insight into the emotional as well as political dimension of activism. At the same time, the book recognises and discusses the complex political and ethical issues of conducting close-up social research with 'distasteful' groups.

The Metaphorical Brain

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197729 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-772-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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Metaphor has been an issue of intense research and debate for decades (see, for example [1]). Researchers in various disciplines, including linguistics, psychology, computer science, education, and philosophy have developed a variety of theories, and much progress has been made [2]. For one, metaphor is no longer considered a rhetorical flourish that is found mainly in literary texts. Rather, linguists have shown that metaphor is a pervasive phenomenon in everyday language, a major force in the development of new word meanings, and the source of at least some grammatical function words [3]. Indeed, one of the most influential theories of metaphor involves the suggestion that the frequency of metaphoric language results because cross-domain mappings are a major determinant in the organization of semantic memory, as cognitive and neural resources for dealing with concrete domains are recruited for the conceptualization of more abstract ones [4]. Researchers in cognitive neuroscience have explored whether particular kinds of brain damage are associated with metaphor production and comprehension deficits, and whether similar brain regions are recruited when healthy adults understand the literal and metaphorical meanings of the same words (see [5] for a review). Whereas early research on this topic focused on the issue of the role of hemispheric asymmetry in the comprehension and production of metaphors [6], in recent years cognitive neuroscientists have argued that metaphor is not a monolithic category, and that metaphor processing varies as a function of numerous factors, including the novelty or conventionality of a particular metaphoric expression, its part of speech, and the extent of contextual support for the metaphoric meaning (see, e.g., [7], [8], [9]). Moreover, recent developments in cognitive neuroscience point to a sensorimotor basis for many concrete concepts, and raise the issue of whether these mechanisms are ever recruited to process more abstract concepts [10]. This Frontiers Research Topic brings together contributions from researchers in cognitive neuroscience whose work involves the study of metaphor in language and thought in order to promote the development of the neuroscientific investigation of metaphor. Adopting an interdisciplinary perspective, it synthesizes current findings on the cognitive neuroscience of metaphor, provides a forum for voicing novel perspectives, and promotes avenues for new research on the metaphorical brain.

Morir en libertad

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Col·lecció de Bioètica ISBN: 9788447541409 Year: Pages: 196 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Publicacions i Edicions de la Universitat de Barcelona
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-16 10:17:24
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Morir en libertad significa poder elegir el momento y la manera de poner fin a la propia vida, con la ayuda de profesionales del ámbito sanitario, cuando la muerte ya no es la peor de las alternativas. Sin entrar en el debate acerca de qué son la vida buena y la buena muerte, el Observatorio de Bioética y Derecho de la Universidad de Barcelona ha abogado siempre por la despenalización de la eutanasia y el suicidio asistido en determinadas circunstancias, como derechos fundamentales que el Estado debería garantizar a los ciudadanos. Así se refleja en los escritos que el Observatorio ha publicado sobre el tema desde 1994 hasta la actualidad, reunidos en la primera parte de este volumen. Por otro lado, en la segunda parte se reproducen textos y materiales de EXIT-ADMD Suisse Romande, una de las organizaciones que en Suiza facilitan la ayuda al suicidio en un marco plenamente legal, con la voluntad de dar a conocer los fines y el funcionamiento de estas entidades. La información que ofrece Morir en libertad contribuirá sin duda a esclarecer las bases de un debate, muy distorsionado por prejuicios de todo tipo, que afecta tanto a la calidad democrática de la sociedad como al pleno ejercicio de la libertad individual.

Das Menschenrecht auf Gesundheit

Authors: ---
Book Series: Menschenrechte in der Medizin / Human Rights in Healthcare ISBN: 9783837634716 9783839434710 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839434710 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103353
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:57
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Wie können Menschenrechte im Gesundheitswesen respektiert und umgesetzt werden? Dieser Band, der aus einer Forschungsgruppe der "Emerging Fields Initiative" hervorgegangen ist und Ergebnisse einer langjährigen Kooperation von Expert_innen vorstellt, legt theoretische Grundlagen für das Recht auf Gesundheit und zeigt praktische Anwendungen in nationalen wie auch globalen Zusammenhängen. In Kooperation von Autor_innen aus Philosophie, Medizin, Ethik, Recht und Politikwissenschaft sowie unter Beachtung internationaler Perspektiven - u.a. aus der Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO) - werden zentrale Fragen an der Schnittstelle von Menschenrechten und Medizinethik erörtert. Mit Beiträgen von Heiner Bielefeldt (Erlangen-Nürnberg/Genf), Lotta Eriksson (Stockholm), Andreas Frewer (Erlangen-Nürnberg), Christina Heinicke (Erlangen-Nürnberg), Michael Krennerich (Erlangen-Nürnberg), Amrei Müller (Oslo), Andreas Reis (Genf), Abha Saxena (Genf), Martina Schmidhuber (Erlangen-Nürnberg/Salzburg) und

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