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The Muslim Question in Europe

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ISBN: 9781439912782 Year: Pages: 298 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_605456 Language: English
Publisher: Temple University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-31 11:01:28
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The book challenges the popular notion of a clash of cultures pitting Muslim and non-Muslim Europeans against one another. The study finds instead vehement conflict among three longstanding European public philosophies: liberalism, nationalism, and postmodernism. The consequential differences of outlook are demonstrated in four policy areas: 1) citizenship requirements, 2) the headscarf debate, 3) mosque-state relations and 4) counter-terrorism. The book reaches three important conclusions. First, Muslim Europeans do not represent a monolithic anti-Western bloc -- a Trojan Horse -- within Europe. They vehemently disagree among themselves but along the same basic liberal, nationalist, and postmodern contours as non-Muslim Europeans. Second, ideological discord significantly contributes to policy “messiness,” that is, to inconsistent, contradictory policies. Third, both the discord and the messiness are remarkably similar from one European country to the next, thereby casting doubt on the dominant theory in comparative migration studies that posits distinct national styles such as French republicanism, German ethno-nationalism and British multiculturalism. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

politics --- religion

Islamic Studies in the Twenty-first Century

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789089649263 9789048528189 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101337
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-21 11:02:20
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In recent decades, traditional methods of philology and intellectual history, applied to the study of Islam and Muslim societies, have been met with considerable criticism from rising generations of scholars who have turned to the social sciences, most notably anthropology and social history, for guidance. This change has been accompanied by the rise of new fields, studying, for example, Islam in Europe and Africa, and new topics, such as the role of gender. This collection surveys these transformations and others, taking stock of the field and showing new paths forward.

An Archaeology of Early Christianity in Vanuatu (Terra Australis 44): Kastom and Religious Change on Tanna and Erromango, 1839–1920

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ISBN: 9781760460747 Year: DOI: 10.22459/TA44.12.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Religion --- Archaeology --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-18 11:01:30
License: ANU Press

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Religious change is at its core a material as much as a spiritual process. Beliefs related to intangible spirits, ghosts, or gods were enacted through material relationships between people, places, and objects. The archaeology of mission sites from Tanna and Erromango islands, southern Vanuatu (formerly the New Hebrides), offer an informative case study for understanding the material dimensions of religious change. One of the primary ways that cultural difference was thrown into relief in the Presbyterian New Hebrides missions was in the realm of objects. Christian Protestant missionaries believed that religious conversion had to be accompanied by changes in the material conditions of everyday life. Results of field archaeology and museum research on Tanna and Erromango, southern Vanuatu, show that the process of material transformation was not unidirectional. Just as Melanesian people changed religious beliefs and integrated some imported objects into everyday life, missionaries integrated local elements into their daily lives. Attempts to produce ‘civilised Christian natives’, or to change some elements of native life relating purely to ‘religion’ but not others, resulted instead in a proliferation of ‘hybrid’ forms. This is visible in the continuity of a variety of traditional practices subsumed under the umbrella term ‘kastom’ through to the present alongside Christianity. Melanesians didn’t become Christian, Christianity became Melanesian. The material basis of religious change was integral to this process.

Keywords

vanuatu --- archaelogy --- religion

Harnessing Chaos

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Book Series: The Library of New Testament Studies ISBN: 9780567655509 9780567669599 97805676555 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101124
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-10 11:01:02
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"Harnessing Chaos" is an explanation of changes in dominant politicalized assumptions about what the Bible really means in English culture since the 1960s. James G. Crossley looks at how the social upheavals of the 1960s, and the economic shift from the post-war dominance of Keynesianism to the post-1970s dominance of neoliberalism, brought about certain emphases and nuances in the ways in which the Bible is popularly understood, particularly in relation to dominant political ideas. This book examines the decline of politically radical biblical interpretation in parliamentary politics and the victory of (a modified form of) Margaret Thatcher's re-reading of the liberal Bible tradition, following the normalisation of (a modified form of) Thatcherism more generally.

Keywords

Arts --- Theology & Religion

Dynamics of Religion. Past and Present. Proceedings of the XXI World Congress of the International Association for the History of Religions

Authors: ---
Book Series: Religionsgeschichtliche Versuche und Vorarbeiten ISSN: 0939-2580 ISBN: 9783110450934 9783110451108 Year: Volume: 67 Pages: ix, 296 DOI: 10.1515/9783110450934 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-25 12:16:16
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Religious ideas, practices, discourses, institutions, and social expressions are in constant flux. This volume addresses the internal and external dynamics, interactions between individuals, religious communities, and local as well as global society. The contributions concentrate on four areas: 1. Contemporary religion in the public sphere: The Tactics of (In)visibility among Religious Communities in Europe; Religion Intersecting De-nationalization and Re-nationalization in Post-Apartheid South Africa; 2. Religious transformations: Forms of Religious Communities in Global Society; Political Contributions of Ancestral Cosmologies and the Decolonization of Religious Beliefs; Esoteric Tradition as Poetic Invention; 3. Focus on the individual: Religion and Life Trajectories of Islamists; Angels, Animals and Religious Change in Antiquity and Today; Gaining Access to the Radically Unfamiliar in Today’s Religion; Religion between Individuals and Collectives; 4. Narrating religion: Entangled Knowledge Cultures and the Creation of Religions in Mongolia and Europe; Global Intellectual History and the Dynamics of Religion; On Representing Judaism.

A Philosophy of Israel Education: A Relational Approach

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ISBN: 9783319307787 9783319307794 Year: Pages: 64 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30779-4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Philosophy --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 17:16:34
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This book develops a new philosophy of Israel education. “Person-centered” Israel education is concerned with developing in individual learners the ability to understand and make rational, emotional, and ethical decisions about Israel, and about the challenges Israel regularly faces, whether they be existential, spiritual, democratic, humanitarian, national, etc. Chazan begins by laying out the terms of the conversation then examines the six-pronged theory of “person-centered” Israel education to outline the aims, content, pedagogy, and educators needed to implement this program. Finally, the author meditates on what a transformation from ethnic to ethical education might look like in this context and others.

En contra de los impíos. La Actuación de la Buena Prensa Católica en la Arquidiócesis de Santiago, 1906-1936

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ISBN: 9789568416317 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 227 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_617563 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Ariadna Ediciones
Subject: Religion --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-17 01:44:40
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Catholic project of the Good Press and its impact on Chilean society of the early twentieth century

Gegen falsche Götter und falsche Bildung

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ISBN: 9783161528217 9783161564277 Year: DOI: 10.1628/978-3-16-156427-7 Language: German
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103620
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:09
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Tatians "Rede an die Griechen" (2. Jh. n. Chr.) ist die vehemente Attacke eines gebildeten Christen gegen die ganze hellenische Kultur- und Götterwelt und damit ein Vorläufer der großen Auseinandersetzungen zwischen religiös-paganen Traditionen und Christentum im 4. Jh. n. Chr. Der Band bietet den Originaltext, eine neue deutsche Übersetzung mit gründlicher Detail-Kommentierung sowie Essays zum theologischen, religiösen und geistesgeschichtlichen Kontext der Schrift und ihrer Rezeption.

Media and New Religions in Japan

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Book Series: Routledge Research in religion, media and culture ISBN: 9780415659123 9780415659123 9780203075036 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:30
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Japanese "new religions"shinshūkyō have used various media forms for&#xD;training, communicating with members, presenting their messages, reinforcing or protecting &#xD;the image of the leader and potentially attracting converts. In this book, the complex and dual &#xD;relationship between the media and new religions is investigated by looking at the tensions &#xD;groups face between the need for visibility and the risks of facing attacks and &#xD;criticism through the media. Indeed, media and new technologies have been extensively &#xD;used by religious groups not only to spread their messages and to try to reach a wider audience, &#xD;but also to promote themselves as a highly modern and up-to-date form of religion appropriate for a &#xD;modern technological age. In the 1980s and early 1990s, some movements, such as Agonshū, Kōfuku no &#xD;Kagaku and Aum Shinrikyō, came into prominence especially via the use of media (initially pub- &#xD;lications, but also ritual broadcasts, advertising campaigns and public media events). This created &#xD;new modes of ritual engagement and new ways of inter- actions between leaders and members. The aim &#xD;of this book is to develop and illustrate particular key issues in the wider new religions and &#xD;media nexus by using specific movements as examples. In particular, the analysis of the inter- &#xD;action between media and new religions will focus primarily on three case studies &#xD;predominantly during the first period of development of the groups.&#xD;

Keywords

Japan --- religion --- 1945 --- mass media

The Construct of Identity in Hellenistic Judaism

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Book Series: Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature Studies ISBN: 9783110387193 Year: Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103583
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-21 08:31:15
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This volume assembles twenty-three essays by Erich S. Gruen, who has written extensively on the literature and history of early Judaism and the experience of the Jews in the Greco-Roman world. Twenty-two of the articles have previously been published, and one new one was composed for the volume.

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