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The Writing System of Scribe Zhou. Evidence from Late Pre-imperial Chinese Manuscripts and Inscriptions (5th-3rd Centuries BCE)

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Book Series: Studies in Manuscript Cultures ISSN: 2365-970X ISBN: 9783110459302 9783110459319 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: xiv, 328 DOI: 10.1515/9783110459302 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-25 16:51:02
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Abstract

This book investigates the nature of regional variation in the early Chinese writing system through bamboo manuscripts and inscriptions dating from the late pre-imperial China (5th-3rd centuries BCE). Diachronic and synchronic comparisons of graphic details show that none of the well-recognized regional varieties developed independently from one another. Furthermore, differences in graphic components can be accounted for as alternations of graphs that are compatible in their semantic or phonetic values. The phonological systems underlying various regional orthographies unanimously point to a single coherent sound system with some mixture of dialect pronunciations. This strongly suggests that all the late pre-imperial regional scripts derived from a kind of orthographic meta-system based on one spoken standard language. This orthography and its phonological systems should reasonably be dated to ca. 9th century BCE, just about the time when the earliest known Chinese lexicography "Book of Scribe Zhou" (ca. 830 BCE) was written. The conclusions of this book have further implications on reading and understanding manuscript texts in general as well as on using them as data for linguistic studies.

Imperial Genus: The Formation and Limits of the Human in Modern Korea and Japan

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Book Series: Asia Pacific Modern ISBN: 9780520289598 9780520964198 Year: Pages: 322 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.9 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Social Sciences --- Philosophy --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-14 11:01:29
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"Imperial Genus begins with the turn to world culture and ideas of the generally human in Japan’s cultural policy in Korea in 1919. How were concepts of the human’s genus‑being operative in the discourses of the Japanese empire? How did they inform the imagination and representation of modernity in colonial Korea? Travis Workman delves into these questions through texts in philosophy, literature, and social science. Imperial Genus focuses on how notions of human generality mediated uncertainty between the transcendental and the empirical, the universal and the particular, and empire and colony. It shows how cosmopolitan cultural principles, the proletarian arts, and Pan‑Asian imperial nationalism converged with practices of colonial governmentality. It is a genealogy of the various articulations of the human’s genus‑being within modern humanist thinking in East Asia, as well as an exploration of the limits of the human as both concept and historical figure."

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