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Medical Innovation: Science, technology and practice

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Book Series: Routledge International Studies in Health Economics ISBN: 9781138860346 Year: Pages: 186 pages | 26 B/W I Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097665
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-10 11:01:16
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This book brings together a collection of empirical case studies featuring a wide spectrum of medical innovation. While there is no unique pathway to successful medical innovation, recurring and distinctive features can be observed across different areas of clinical practice. This book examines why medical practice develops so unevenly across and within areas of disease, and how this relates to the underlying conditions of innovation across areas of practice. The contributions contained in this volume adopt a dynamic perspective on medical innovation based on the notion that scientific understanding, technology and clinical practice co-evolve along the co-ordinated search for solutions to medical problems. The chapters follow an historical approach to emphasise that the advancement of medical know-how is a contested, nuanced process, and that it involves a variety of knowledge bases whose evolutionary paths are rooted in the contexts in which they emerge.&#xD;&#xD;This book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners concerned with medical innovation, management studies and the economics of innovation.&#xD;&#xD;Chapter 5 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF at www.tandfebooks.com/openaccess. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license.

Technological Accretion in Diagnostics (Book chapter)

Book title: Medical Innovation: Science, technology and practice

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Routledge International Studies in Health Economics ISBN: 9781138860346 Year: Pages: 186 pages | 26 B/W I Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097665
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:02
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This book brings together a collection of empirical case studies featuring a wide spectrum of medical innovation. While there is no unique pathway to successful medical innovation, recurring and distinctive features can be observed across different areas of clinical practice. This book examines why medical practice develops so unevenly across and within areas of disease, and how this relates to the underlying conditions of innovation across areas of practice. The contributions contained in this volume adopt a dynamic perspective on medical innovation based on the notion that scientific understanding, technology and clinical practice co-evolve along the co-ordinated search for solutions to medical problems. The chapters follow an historical approach to emphasise that the advancement of medical know-how is a contested, nuanced process, and that it involves a variety of knowledge bases whose evolutionary paths are rooted in the contexts in which they emerge. This book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners concerned with medical innovation, management studies and the economics of innovation. Chapter 5 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF at www.tandfebooks.com/openaccess. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license.

AVATAR Therapy for Refractory Auditory Hallucinations (Book chapter)

Book title: Brief Interventions for Psychosis

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319305196 Year: Pages: 13 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30521-9_4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust - 098272
Subject: Psychiatry --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-17 11:26:14
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AVATAR therapy is part of a new and exciting wave of therapies which adopt an explicitly&#xD;relational and dialogic approach to working with the distressing voices. To understand&#xD;the AVATAR approach, it is important to consider its position in the evolution&#xD;of psychological interventions for distressing voices.

Brief Interventions for Psychosis

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319305196 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30521-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust - 098272
Subject: Psychiatry --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:07:58
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This book offers a clinical guide that brings together a broad range of brief interventions and their applications in treating psychosis. It describes two core approaches that can narrow the current, substantial gap between the need for psychotherapeutic interventions for all individuals suffering from psychosis, and the limited mental health resources available. The first approach involves utilizing the standard therapeutic modalities in the context of routine clinical interactions after adapting them into brief and effective formats. To that end, the book brings in experts on various psychotherapeutic modalities, who discuss how their particular modality could be adapted to more effectively fit into the existing system of care delivery.&#xD;The second approach, addressed in detail, is to extend the availability of these brief interventions by utilizing the circle of providers as well as the social circle of the clients so that these interventions can be provided in a coordinated and complementary manner by psychiatrists, psychologists, clinical social workers, case managers, peer support specialists and other providers on the one hand, and by family members, friends, social and religious institutions on the other.

Third-Generation Neuroimaging: Translating Research into Clinical Utility

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889450442 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-044-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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Psychiatric imaging needs to move away from simple investigations of the neurobiology underling the early phases of psychiatric diseases to translate imaging findings in the clinical field targeting clinical outcomes including transition, remission and response to preventative interventions. This research topic aims to bring psychiatric neuroimaging studies towards translational impacts in clinical practice, suggesting that brain abnormalities may be of potential use for detecting clinical outcomes as treatment response. First-generation psychiatric neuroimaging focused on simple structural brain alterations associated with the neurobiology of the illness. These early studies adopted imaging methods mainly including computerized tomography (CT) to investigate brain size. Second-generation psychiatric neuroimaging studies benefited from more sophisticated techniques which included structural methods (sMRI) coupled with whole-brain automated methods (voxel based morphometry, VBM), white-matter methods (diffusion tensor imaging, DTI and tractography), functional methods (functional magnetic resonance imaging, fMRI) and advanced neurochemical imaging (PET techniques addressing receptor bindings and pre/post synaptic functions, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, MRS) and sophisticated meta-analytical imaging methods. However, no consistent or reliable anatomical or functional brain alterations have been univocally associated with any psychiatric disorder and no clinical applications have been developed in psychiatric neuroimaging. There is thus urgent need of psychiatric imaging to move towards third-generation paradigms. In this research topic, these novel neuroimaging studies here requested to move away from simple investigations of the neurobiology to translate imaging findings in the clinical field targeting longitudinal outcomes including transition, remission and response to preventative interventions. With respect to methods, the most recent neuroimaging approaches (e.g. structural and functional MRI, EEG, DTI, spectroscopy, PET) are welcome. Third generation psychiatric imaging studies including multimodal approaches, multi-center analyses, mega-analyses, effective connectivity, dynamic causal modelling, support vector machines, structural equation modelling, or graph theory analysis are highly appreciated. Furthermore, these third-generation imaging studies may benefit from the incorporation of new sources of neurobiological information such as whole genome sequencing, proteomic, lipidomic and expression profiles and cellular models derived from recent induced pluripotent stem cells research. We collect Original Research, Reviews, Mini-Reviews, Book Review, Clinical Case Study, Clinical Trial, Editorial, General Commentary, Hypothesis & Theory, Methods, Mini Opinion, Perspective, and Technology Report from international researcher and clinicians in this field. The purpose of this research topic is intended to provide the field with current third-generation neuroimaging approaches in translational psychiatry that is hoped to improve and create therapeutic options for psychiatric diseases.

Galeni in Hippocratis Epidemiarum librum II commentariorum I-VI versio Arabica. Volume II: Commentaria IV-VI

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Book Series: Corpus Medicorum Graecorum – Supplementum Orientale ISBN: 9783110462982 9783110463989 Year: Volume: 2,2 Pages: 541 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_612444 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Wellcome Trust - 084192MA
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-28 11:01:16
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This two-volume monograph offers the first critical edition of the medieval Arabic translation of Galen's Commentary on Book 2 of the Hippocratic Epidemics produced by Hunayn ibn Ishaq (d. ca. 870). The edition is based on all extant Arabic textual witnesses, including the Arabic secondary transmission. The Greek original of this text is lost; the Arabic translation is therefore the only witness to this important work. The number and extent of quotations from this commentary in medieval Arabic medical writings, which are documented in the introduction to the volume, demonstrate that it became a crucial source for the development of medicine in the Islamic world. It also gave rise to a wide range of didactic writings which illustrate its importance for medical teaching. The English translation that accompanies the edition aims to convey some of the flavour of the Arabic text. It also comes with comprehensive indices that map out the terminology and style of the translation.

Galeni In Hippocratis Epidemiarum librum II commentariorum I-VI versio Arabica. Volume I: Commentaria I-III

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Book Series: Corpus Medicorum Graecorum – Supplementum Orientale ISBN: 9783110453485 9783110454055 Year: Volume: 2,1 Pages: 611 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_612443 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Wellcome Trust - 084192MA
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-28 11:01:18
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This two-volume monograph offers the first critical edition of the medieval Arabic translation of Galen's Commentary on Book 2 of the Hippocratic Epidemics produced by Hunayn ibn Ishaq (d. ca. 870). The edition is based on all extant Arabic textual witnesses, including the Arabic secondary transmission. The Greek original of this text is lost; the Arabic translation is therefore the only witness to this important work. The number and extent of quotations from this commentary in medieval Arabic medical writings, which are documented in the introduction to the volume, demonstrate that it became a crucial source for the development of medicine in the Islamic world. It also gave rise to a wide range of didactic writings which illustrate its importance for medical teaching. The English translation that accompanies the edition aims to convey some of the flavour of the Arabic text. It also comes with comprehensive indices that map out the terminology and style of the translation.

Color Vision Sensation and Perception

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199600 Year: Pages: 91 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-960-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Color vision is considered a microcosm of the visual science. Special physiological and psychological processes make this scientific topic an intriguing and complex research field that can aggregates around molecular biologists, neurophysiologists, physicists, psychophysicists and cognitive neuroscientists. Our purpose is to present the frontier knowledge of this area of visual science, showing, in the end, the future prospects of application and basic studies of color perception.

Psychological Issues in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197583 Year: Pages: 103 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-758-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a fatal and progressive disease, characterized by progressive muscles weakness, with consequent loss of physical capacities. Patients become relentlessly immobile and, in the late stages of the disease, develop a "locked-in" state in which only residual muscular movement is possible, but the intellect and the personality usually remain unimpaired. At now, there is no cure for ALS. The psychological impact of the disease is huge, on both patients and caregivers. Aim of the present Research Topic is to collect new evidence about quality of life, depression, anxiety, pain, spiritual and existential issues, hope and hopelessness in the ALS field, with attention to both patients and their caregivers. Emphasis will be provided to the investigation of psychological support and the possible role of psychologists in this challenging field. Keywords: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis; Health Psychology; Clinical Psychology, Motor Neuron Disorder; Quality of Life. Subtopics:The subtopics to be covered in the Research Topic include, but not limited to:1. Assessment of psychological variables in ALS2. Quality of life during the course of the illness3. Impact of technological assistance to illness (wheelchairs, NIV...)4. Interfaces among biological, psychosocial, and social factors5. Psychological and psychotherapeutic interventions6. Couple and family relationships7. Research methodology, measurement and statistics8. Cultural and social features of ALS9. Professional issues, including training and supervision10. Implications of research findings for health-related policy

The Legitimacy of Medical Treatment

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138819634 Year: Pages: 256 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Wellcome Trust - 090207
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-22 11:01:16
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Whenever the legitimacy of a new or ethically contentious medical intervention is considered, a range of influences will determine whether the treatment becomes accepted as lawful medical treatment. The development and introduction of abortion, organ donation, gender reassignment, and non-therapeutic cosmetic surgery have, for example, all raised ethical, legal, and clinical issues. This book examines the various factors that legitimatise a medical procedure. Bringing together a range of internationally and nationally recognised academics from law, philosophy, medicine, health, economics, and sociology, the book explores the notion of a treatment, practice, or procedure being proper medical treatment, and considers the range of diverse factors which might influence the acceptance of a particular procedure as appropriate in the medical context. Contributors address such issues as clinical judgement and professional autonomy, the role of public interest, and the influence of resource allocation in decision-making. In doing so, the book explores how the law, the medical profession, and the public interact in determining whether a new or ethically contentious procedure should be regarded as legitimate.&#xD;&#xD;This book will be of interest and use to researchers and students of bioethics, medical law, criminal law, and the sociology of medicine.

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