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Public Justice and the Criminal Trial in Late Medieval Italy

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Book Series: Medieval Law and Its Practice ISBN: 9789004311350 Year: Volume: 20 Pages: 231 DOI: 10.1163/9789004311350 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 09:19:18
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This book examines the administration of justice in the small northern Italian town of Reggio Emilia at the end of the fourteenth century. Through an examination of material from the judicial archives from the period 1371-1409, this study investigates the development of public justice, inquisition procedure, and dispute resolution in late medieval Reggio Emilia, also incorporating comparative material, especially archival material from Bologna at the end of the fourteenth century. This study seeks to add to the discussion on dispute resolution and court processes in late medieval Europe, moving the discussion outside the major urban centers of late medieval Italy to the periphery of urban life. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

history --- politics

The Muslim Question in Europe

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ISBN: 9781439912782 Year: Pages: 298 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_605456 Language: English
Publisher: Temple University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-31 11:01:28
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The book challenges the popular notion of a clash of cultures pitting Muslim and non-Muslim Europeans against one another. The study finds instead vehement conflict among three longstanding European public philosophies: liberalism, nationalism, and postmodernism. The consequential differences of outlook are demonstrated in four policy areas: 1) citizenship requirements, 2) the headscarf debate, 3) mosque-state relations and 4) counter-terrorism. The book reaches three important conclusions. First, Muslim Europeans do not represent a monolithic anti-Western bloc -- a Trojan Horse -- within Europe. They vehemently disagree among themselves but along the same basic liberal, nationalist, and postmodern contours as non-Muslim Europeans. Second, ideological discord significantly contributes to policy “messiness,” that is, to inconsistent, contradictory policies. Third, both the discord and the messiness are remarkably similar from one European country to the next, thereby casting doubt on the dominant theory in comparative migration studies that posits distinct national styles such as French republicanism, German ethno-nationalism and British multiculturalism. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

politics --- religion

The New Russian Nationalism

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781474410434 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_605858 Language: English
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-10 11:01:24
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Assessing the transformation of Russian nationalist discourse in the 21st century Russian nationalism, previously dominated by ‘imperial’ tendencies – pride in a large, strong and multi-ethnic state able to project its influence abroad – is increasingly focused on ethnic issues. This new ethno-nationalism has come in various guises, like racism and xenophobia, but also in a new intellectual movement of ‘national democracy’ deliberately seeking to emulate conservative West European nationalism. Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014 and the subsequent violent conflict in Eastern Ukraine utterly transformed the nationalist discourse in Russia. This book provides an up-to-date survey of Russian nationalism as a political, social and intellectual phenomenon by leading Western and Russian experts in the field of nationalism studies. It includes case studies on migrantophobia; the relationship between nationalism and religion; nationalism in the media; nationalism and national identity in economic policy; nationalism in the strategy of the Putin regime as well as a survey-based study of nationalism in public opinion. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

politics --- history

Vital Subjects: Race and Biopolitics in Italy

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ISBN: 9781781382868 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_608318 Language: English
Publisher: Liverpool University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-22 11:01:05
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Drawing on a range of canonical and non-canonical literary, cinematic and social scientific texts produced in post-Unification Italy, Vital Subjects: Race and Biopolitics in Italy is an interdisciplinary study of how racial and colonial discourses shaped the “making” of Italians as modern political subjects in the years between its administrative unification (1861-1870) and the end of the First World War (1919). The book includes readings of texts by Italian thinkers such as Leopoldo Franchetti and Paolo Mantegazza and it offers new readings of well- and lesser-known texts by a writer who has become Italy’s most infamous precursor to Mussolini: poet, novelist, and political provocateur Gabriele D’Annunzio. Vital Subjects concludes with an original analysis of an early film that figures prominently in the history of cinema: Giovanni Pastrone’s 1914 silent film Cabiria--produced in the wake of the Italian invasion of Libya (1911-12) and celebrating ancient Roman imperialism.

Keywords

politics --- history

Refining Child Pornography Law

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ISBN: 9780472900640 9780472119769 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_610070 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-12 11:01:19
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The legal definition of child pornography is, at best, unclear. In part because of this ambiguity and in part because of the nature of the crime itself, the prosecution and sentencing of perpetrators, the protection of and restitution for victims, and the means for preventing repeat offenses are deeply controversial. In an effort to clarify the questions and begin to formulate answers, in this volume, experts in law, sociology, and social examine child pornography law and its consequences. Focusing on the roles of language and crime definition, the contributors present a range of views about the increasingly visible role that child pornography plays in the national conversation on child safety, as well as the wisdom of the punishment of those who produce, distribute, and possess materials which may be considered child pornography.

Keywords

law --- politics

Mixed-Member Electoral Systems in Constitutional Context

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9780472900626 9780472119738 Year: Pages: 334 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_608315 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:07:29
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Reformers have promoted mixed-member electoral systems as the “best of both worlds.” In this volume, internationally recognized political scientists evaluate the ways in which the introduction of a mixed-member electoral system affects the configuration of political parties. The contributors examine several political phenomena, including cabinet post allocation, nominations, preelectoral coalitions, split-ticket voting, and the size of party systems and faction systems. Significantly, they also consider various ways in which the constitutional system—especially whether the head of government is elected directly or indirectly—can modify the incentives created by the electoral system. The findings presented here demonstrate that the success of electoral reform depends not only on the specification of new electoral rules per se but also on the political context—and especially the constitutional framework—within which such rules are embedded.

Keywords

government --- politics

US Nation Building in Afghanistan

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ISBN: 9781472474841 9781315548623 Year: Pages: 248 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-17 11:01:06
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Why has the US so dramatically failed in Afghanistan since 2001? Dominant explanations have ignored the bureaucratic divisions and personality conflicts&#xD;inside the US state. This book rectifies this weakness in commentary on Afghanistan&#xD;by exploring the significant role of these divisions in the US’s difficulties&#xD;in the country that meant the battle was virtually lost before it even began. The&#xD;main objective of the book is to deepen readers’ understanding of the impact of&#xD;bureaucratic politics on nation-building in Afghanistan, focusing primarily on the&#xD;Bush administration. It rejects the ‘rational actor’ model, according to which the&#xD;US functions as a coherent, monolithic agent. Instead, internal divisions within&#xD;the foreign policy bureaucracy are explored, to build up a picture of the internal&#xD;tensions and contradictions that bedevilled US nation-building efforts. The book&#xD;also contributes to the vexed issue of whether or not the US should engage in&#xD;nation-building at all, and if so under what conditions.

Post-Ottoman Coexistence

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Book Series: Space and Place ISBN: 9781785333750 Year: Pages: 292 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_606236 Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-16 11:01:18
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In Southeast Europe, the Balkans, and Middle East, scholars often refer to the “peaceful coexistence” of various religious and ethnic groups under the Ottoman Empire before ethnonationalist conflicts dissolved that shared space and created legacies of division. "Post-Ottoman Coexistence", interrogates ways of living together and asks what practices enabled centuries of cooperation and sharing, as well as how and when such sharing was disrupted. Contributors discuss both historical and contemporary practices of coexistence within the context of ethno-national conflict and its aftermath. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Sincerity in Politics and International Relations

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge Advances in International Relations and Global Politics ISBN: 9780203762257 Year: Pages: 224 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-20 11:01:58
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This work examines concept of sincerity in politics and international relations in order to discuss what we should expect of politicians, within what parameters should they work, and how their decisions and actions could be made consistent with morality. The collection features an international cast of authors who specialize in the topic of sincerity in politics and international relations. Each chapter will be focused on a contemporary issue in politics and international relations, including corruption, public hypocrisy, cynicism, trust, security, policy formulation and decision-making, political apology, public reason, denial and self-deception,and will argue against the background of a Kantian view of sincerity as unconditional. Focusing on sincerity bearing on political actions, practices, and institutions at national and international level, the collection will include an introduction by the editors that will serve to place the contributions in the context of ongoing contemporary debates on sincerity in politics and international theory. Offering a significant comprehensive outlook on the practical limits of sincerity in political affairs, this work will be of great interest to students and scholars alike.

Keywords

politics --- political theory

Rousseau and the Problem of Human Relations

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ISBN: 9780271074641 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_605032 Language: English
Publisher: Penn State University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-23 11:01:19
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Among Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s chief preoccupations was the problem of self-interest implicit in all social relationships. A person with divided loyalties (i.e., to both himself and his cohorts) was, in Rousseau’s thinking, a divided person. According to John Warner’s Rousseau and the Problem of Human Relations, not only did Rousseau never solve this problem, he believed it was fundamentally unsolvable: social relationships could never restore wholeness to a self-interested human being. Warner traces his argument through the contours of Rousseau’s thought on three distinct types of relationships—sexual love, friendship, and civil or political association. Warner concludes that none of these, whether examined individually or together, provides a satisfactory resolution to the problem of human dividedness located at the center of Rousseau’s thinking. In fact, concludes Warner, Rousseau’s failure to obtain anything hopeful from human associations is deliberate, self-conscious, and revelatory of a tragic conception of human relations. Thus Rousseau raises our hopes only to dash them. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

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