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The Middle Included

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Book Series: Rereading Ancient Philosophy ISBN: 9780810134010  9780810134027 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_628782 Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100717
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-18 11:01:33
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The Middle Included is a systematic exploration of the meanings of logos throughout Aristotle’s work. It claims that the basic meaning is “gathering,” a relation that holds its terms together without isolating them or collapsing one to the other. This meaning also applies to logos in the sense of human language. Aristotle describes how some animals are capable of understanding non-firsthand experience without being able to relay it, while others relay it without understanding. Aygün argues that what distinguishes human language, for Aristotle, is its ability to both understand and relay firsthand and non-firsthand experiences. This ability is key to understanding the human condition: science, history, news media, propaganda, gossip, utopian fiction, and sophistry, as well as philosophy. Ömer Aygün finds Aristotle’s name for this peculiar but crucial human ability of “gathering” both experiences is logos, and this leads to a claim about the specificity of human rationality and language.

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Philosophy

Architects of Buddhist Leisure

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Book Series: Contemporary Buddhism ISBN: 9780824865986 9780824874407 9780824879754 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_626388 Language: English
Publisher: University of Hawai'i / Hawai‘i Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100419
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-01 16:09:48
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Buddhism, often described as an austere religion that condemns desire, promotes denial, and idealizes the contemplative life, actually has a thriving leisure culture in Asia. Justin McDaniel looks at the growth of Asia’s culture of Buddhist leisure through a study of architects responsible for monuments, museums, amusement parks, and other sites. In conversation with noted theorists of material and visual culture and anthropologists of art, McDaniel argues that such sites highlight the importance of public, leisure, and spectacle culture from a Buddhist perspective and illustrate how “secular” and “religious,” “public” and “private,” are in many ways false binaries. Provocative and theoretically innovative, Architects of Buddhist Leisure challenges current methodological approaches in religious studies and speaks to a broad audience interested in modern art, architecture, religion, anthropology, and material culture.

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Philosophy

Essential Vulnerabilities

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Book Series: Rereading Ancient Philosophy ISBN: 9780810129948 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101386
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-10 11:01:02
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In Essential Vulnerabilities, Deborah Achtenberg contests Emmanuel Levinas’s idea that Plato is a philosopher of freedom for whom thought is a return to the self. Instead, Plato, like Levinas, is a philosopher of the other. Nonetheless, Achtenberg argues, Plato and Levinas are different. Though they share the view that human beings are essentially vulnerable and essentially in relation to others, they conceive human vulnerability and responsiveness differently. For Plato, when we see beautiful others, we are overwhelmed by the beauty of what is, by the vision of eternal form. For Levinas, we are disrupted by the newness, foreignness, or singularity of the other. The other, for him, is new or foreign, not eternal. The other is unknowable singularity. By showing these similarities and differences, Achtenberg resituates Plato in relation to Levinas and opens up two contrasting ways that self is essentially in relation to others.

Keywords

Philosophy

Philosophy in a Meaningless Life

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ISBN: 9781474247702 9781350017511 9781474247672 9781474247689 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101120
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-10 11:01:02
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Provides an account of the nature of philosophy which is rooted in the question of the meaning of life. It makes a powerful and vivid case for believing that this question is neither obscure nor obsolete, but reflects a quintessentially human concern to which other traditional philosophical problems can be readily related; allowing them to be reconnected with natural interest, and providing a diagnosis of the typical lines of opposition across philosophy's debates. James Tartaglia looks at the various ways philosophers have tried to avoid the conclusion that life is meaningless, and in the process have distanced philosophy from the concept of transcendence.

Keywords

Philosophy --- Philosophy

Quantum Anthropology: Man, Cultures, and Groups in a Quantum Perspective

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788024634708/9788024635262 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: Karolinum Press
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-07 14:16:48
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Monografie prezentuje novou teoretickou perspektivu sociokulturní antropologie, která navazuje na aktuální zahraniční práce v tomto oboru. Kvantová antropologie opouští chápání člověka v pojetí klasické fyziky a hledá naopak ukotvení, které nabízí současná kvantová filozofie a teorie kvantové mechaniky. Z této perspektivy, a s odkazem na současný ontologický obrat v antropologii, reinterpretují autoři chápání kultury, sociálních skupin, jazyka, dekonstrukce, symbolů, mýtů či rituálů. Pozornost je věnována také podstatě percepční zkušenosti, prožívání, kolektivnímu vědomí a emocím.The book offers a fresh look on man, cultures, and societies built on the current advances in the fields of quantum mechanics, quantum philosophy, and quantum consciousness. The authors have developed an inspiring theoretical framework transcending the boundaries of particular disciplines in social sciences and the humanities. Quantum anthropology is a perspective, studying man, culture, and humanity while taking into account the quantum nature of our reality. This framework redefines current anthropological theory in a new light, and provides an interdisciplinary overlap reaching to psychology, sociology, and consciousness studies.

Refugees and the Ethics of Forced Displacement

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ISBN: 9780415712613 9781315883854 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102662
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:03
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This book is a philosophical analysis of the ethical treatment of refugees and stateless people, a group of people who, though extremely important politically, have been greatly under theorized philosophically. The limited philosophical discussion of refugees by philosophers focuses narrowly on the question of whether or not we, as members of Western states, have moral obligations to admit refugees into our countries. This book reframes this debate and shows why it is important to think ethically about people who will never be resettled and who live for prolonged periods outside of all political communities. Parekh shows why philosophers ought to be concerned with ethical norms that will help stateless people mitigate the harms of statelessness even while they remain formally excluded from states.

Christianity, Book-Burning and Censorship in Late Antiquity. Studies in Text Transmission

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Book Series: Arbeiten zur Kirchengeschichte ISSN: 1861-5996 ISBN: 9783110486070 Year: Volume: 135 Pages: 369 DOI: 10.1515/9783110486070 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-18 15:12:41
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The role of Christian institutions, writers and saints in the active suppression and destruction of books in Late Antiquity has received surprisingly little consideration. The author argues that texts and ideas from materialistic philosophical traditions were vulnerable to destruction, censorship or suppression through prohibition of the copying of manuscripts. This includes texts which were to become the basis for modern philosophy and science.

Embodiment in Evolution and Culture

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783161547362 9783161549014 Year: DOI: 10.1628/9783161549014 Language: English
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101760
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-26 11:01:50
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From its beginnings, the theory of evolution has unsettled fundamental anthropological assumptions about the place of human beings in nature. The integration of human origins into natural history by Darwinism was countered by the philosophical anthropologies of the 20th century. Their attempts were to hold on even more resolutely to the special status of humans as beings 'open towards the world'. Today, evolutionary and philosophical anthropology have moved closer together via the paradigm of embodiment. Building on embodied cognitive science, this volume aims to establish how far the human mind and human cultural cognition can be attributed to the structures of human existence, structures which have emerged in the course of evolution and have in turn been affected by culture. The traditional dualism of nature and culture is transformed into an explanation of an evolutionary process in which body and mind are understood to be intertwined and mutually constitutive.

Rousseau and the Problem of Human Relations

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ISBN: 9780271074641 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_605032 Language: English
Publisher: Penn State University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-23 11:01:19
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Among Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s chief preoccupations was the problem of self-interest implicit in all social relationships. A person with divided loyalties (i.e., to both himself and his cohorts) was, in Rousseau’s thinking, a divided person. According to John Warner’s Rousseau and the Problem of Human Relations, not only did Rousseau never solve this problem, he believed it was fundamentally unsolvable: social relationships could never restore wholeness to a self-interested human being. Warner traces his argument through the contours of Rousseau’s thought on three distinct types of relationships—sexual love, friendship, and civil or political association. Warner concludes that none of these, whether examined individually or together, provides a satisfactory resolution to the problem of human dividedness located at the center of Rousseau’s thinking. In fact, concludes Warner, Rousseau’s failure to obtain anything hopeful from human associations is deliberate, self-conscious, and revelatory of a tragic conception of human relations. Thus Rousseau raises our hopes only to dash them. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

The Art of Ethics in the Information Society. Mind you

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ISBN: 9789462984493 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.5117/9789462984493 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-15 11:01:16
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New technologies are often implemented before their ethical consequences have been fully understood. In this volume, experts working in the sciences, arts, and philosophy of technology share novel perspectives on how we can

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