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Understanding the Human Factor of the Energy Transition: Mechanisms Underlying Energy-Relevant Decisions and Behaviors

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198801 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-880-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Abstract

An increasing number of countries are shifting toward sustainable energy economies, emphasizing the use of renewable energy sources, increases in energy efficiency and the abatement of greenhouse gas emissions. The success of such an energy transition will depend not only on the development of new energy technologies, but also on major changes in the patterns of individual energy-related decisions and behaviors resulting in substantial reductions in energy demand. Consequently, the behavioral sciences can make important contributions to the energy transition by increasing our understanding of the multiple factors and mechanisms that underlie individual as well as group-based decisions and behaviors in the energy domain and by creating a basis for systematic interventions that reduce energy usage. Many different types of relevant behaviors and decisions need to be considered in this context, including decisions to invest in energy-efficient household equipment, adjustments of energy-critical habits related to heating, eating, or mode of transportation, and participation in the political discourse related to questions of energy. An integration of the expertise of the different disciplines of the behavioral sciences is thus needed to comprehensively investigate the impact of the different drivers and barriers that may determine energy-related decisions and behaviors, including economic factors such as price level, social factors such as norms, communication patterns and social learning processes, and individual factors such as values, attitudes, beliefs, heuristics, affective biases and emotions. The potential impact of these factors on the success of the energy transition is considerable: for example, a recent projection of the energy demand in Switzerland until 2050 has estimated the reduction potential related to psychological and sociological factors between 0% and 30%, depending on which behavioral changes will be implemented in society. Increased research efforts from the behavioral sciences are required to ensure that the full reduction potential can be achieved. This Research Topic brings together contributions from different disciplines such as psychology, affective science, behavioral economics, economics, sociology, consumer behavior, business science, sociology, and political science, that improve our understanding of the many factors underlying decision-making and behavior in the energy domain, and contribute to the development of targeted interventions that aim at reducing energy demand based on these factors.

AVATAR Therapy for Refractory Auditory Hallucinations (Book chapter)

Book title: Brief Interventions for Psychosis

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319305196 Year: Pages: 13 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30521-9_4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust - 098272
Subject: Psychiatry --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-17 11:26:14
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AVATAR therapy is part of a new and exciting wave of therapies which adopt an explicitly
relational and dialogic approach to working with the distressing voices. To understand
the AVATAR approach, it is important to consider its position in the evolution
of psychological interventions for distressing voices.

Brief Interventions for Psychosis

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319305196 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30521-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust - 098272
Subject: Psychiatry --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:07:58
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This book offers a clinical guide that brings together a broad range of brief interventions and their applications in treating psychosis. It describes two core approaches that can narrow the current, substantial gap between the need for psychotherapeutic interventions for all individuals suffering from psychosis, and the limited mental health resources available. The first approach involves utilizing the standard therapeutic modalities in the context of routine clinical interactions after adapting them into brief and effective formats. To that end, the book brings in experts on various psychotherapeutic modalities, who discuss how their particular modality could be adapted to more effectively fit into the existing system of care delivery.
The second approach, addressed in detail, is to extend the availability of these brief interventions by utilizing the circle of providers as well as the social circle of the clients so that these interventions can be provided in a coordinated and complementary manner by psychiatrists, psychologists, clinical social workers, case managers, peer support specialists and other providers on the one hand, and by family members, friends, social and religious institutions on the other.

Dishonest Behavior: From Theory to Practice

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889450275 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-027-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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The rapidly growing field of behavioral ethics shows that dishonest acts are highly prevalent in all walks of life, from corruption among politicians through flagrant cases of doping in sports, to everyday slips and misdemeanors of ordinary people who nevertheless perceive themselves as highly moral. When considered cumulatively, these seemingly innocuous and ordinary unethical behaviors cause considerable societal damage and add up to billions of dollars annually. Research in behavioral ethics has made tremendous advances in characterizing many contextual and social factors that promote or hinder dishonesty. These findings have prompted the development of interventions to curb dishonesty and to help individuals become more committed to ethical standards. The current e-book includes studies that test and advance current theory and deepen our understanding of the cognitive and physiological processes underlying dishonest behavior, discuss possible implications of findings in behavioral ethics research for real life situations, document dishonest behavior in the field and/or directly examines interventions to reduce it.

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