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Demystifying Climate Models: A Users Guide to Earth System Models

Authors: ---
Book Series: Earth Systems Data and Models ISSN: 2364-5830 ISBN: 9783662489574 9783662489598 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 274 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-48959-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Meteorology and Climatology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-15 18:27:33
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This book demystifies the models we use to simulate present and future climates, allowing readers to better understand how to use climate model results. In order to predict the future trajectory of the Earth’s climate, climate-system simulation models are necessary. When and how do we trust climate model predictions? The book offers a framework for answering this question. It provides readers with a basic primer on climate and climate change, and offers non-technical explanations for how climate models are constructed, why they are uncertain, and what level of confidence we should place in them. It presents current results and the key uncertainties concerning them. Uncertainty is not a weakness but understanding uncertainty is a strength and a key part of using any model, including climate models. Case studies of how climate model output has been used and how it might be used in the future are provided. The ultimate goal of this book is to promote a better understanding of the structure and uncertainties of climate models among users, including scientists, engineers and policymakers.

Structural Analysis and Renovation Design of Ageing Sewers. Design Theories and Case Studies

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783110471748 9783110471915 Year: Pages: xiv, 380 DOI: 10.1515/9783110471748 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Mechanical Engineering --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-19 14:54:22
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In Japan, as a large number of sewer lines approach and exceed their design service life, rehabilitation of these ageing sewers to ensure their safe operation and upgrade their functions gains urgence. In this pioneering work, Z. Shi, M. Nakano and Y. Takahashi present a systematic treatment of structural analysis and renovation design of ageing sewers as semi-composite pipes, including testing and construction guidelines. The concept of a semi-composite pipe and the application of fracture mechanics of concrete in numerical modelling are the two distinctive features of the established design theories, which have been employed for sewer renovation in Japan for more than 20 years, with the total length of renovation construction now exceeding 700 km. The leading authors have engaged in designing the renovation of ageing sewers since the mid 1990s, and the book will become a valuable reference work for sewer engineers worldwide, and academics and students in civil, urban and architectural engineering departments.

High Performance Concrete Technology and Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535126508 9789535126515 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.5772/61562 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Construction
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Concrete is widely used because of its versatility, affordability, and availability of raw materials, strength, and durability. Urban development that took place through the world in the last few decades yielded significant developments for concrete technology. The term high-performance concrete (HPC) is relatively new, and it refers to many properties such as strength, durability, sound and heat insulation, waterproofing, and side advantages such as air purification, self-cleaning, etc. Researchers and engineers are constantly working for improving concrete properties. This book provides the state of the art on recent progress in the high-performance concrete applications written by researchers and experts of the field. The book should be useful to graduate students, researchers, and practicing engineers in related fields.

Structural Bridge Engineering

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9789535126881 9789535126898 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.5772/61683 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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There are many books on preliminary studies and research in bridge design as well as basic knowledge on bridge engineering, but most books supply the needs of practicing engineers who may have problems in estimating, designing or constructing suspension bridges. Therefore, this book is intended to serve as a source of information for problems related to bridge engineering including sustainable bridge development, traditional approaches and recent advances in highway bridge traffic loading, aesthetic analysis issues in designing a new bridge, applications of various methods for the dissipation of seismic energy for bridges, new technologies of bridge design as well as structural identification of bridges using non-destructive experimental measurement tests.

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