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The Social Nature of Emotions

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199099 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-909-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Emotion is a defining aspect of the human condition. Emotions pervade our social and professional lives, they affect our thinking and behavior, and they profoundly shape our relationships and social interactions. Emotions have traditionally been conceptualized and studied as individual phenomena, with research focusing on cognitive and expressive components and on physiological and neurological processes underlying emotional reactions. Over the last two decades, however, an increasing scholarly awareness has emerged that emotions are inherently social – that is, they tend to be elicited by other people, expressed at other people, and regulated to influence other people or to comply with social norms (Fischer & Manstead, 2008; Keltner & Haidt, 1999; Parkinson, 1996; Van Kleef, 2009). Despite this increasing awareness, the inclusion of the social dimension as a fundamental element in emotion research is still in its infancy (Fischer & Van Kleef, 2010). We therefore organized this special Research Topic on the social nature of emotions to review the state of the art in research and methodology and to stimulate theorizing and future research. The emerging field of research into the social nature of emotions has focused on three broad sets of questions. The first set of questions pertains to how social-contextual factors shape the experience, regulation, and expression of emotions. Studies have shown, for instance, that the social context influences the emotions people feel and express (Clark, Fitness, & Brissette, 2004; Doosje, Branscombe, Spears, & Manstead, 2004; Fischer & Evers, 2011). The second set of questions concerns social-contextual influences on the recognition and interpretation of emotional expressions. Studies have shown that facial expressions are interpreted quite differently depending on the social context (e.g., in terms of status, culture, or gender) in which they are expressed (Elfenbein & Ambady, 2002; Hess & Fischer, 2013; Mesquita & Markus, 2004; Tiedens, 2001). The third set of questions has to do with the ways in which people respond to the emotional expressions of others, and how such responses are shaped by the social context. Studies have shown that emotional expressions can influence the behavior of others, for instance in group settings (Barsade, 2002; Cheshin, Rafaeli & Bos, 2011; Heerdink, Van Kleef, Homan, & Fischer, 2013), negotiations (Sinaceur & Tiedens, 2006; Van Kleef, De Dreu, & Manstead, 2004), and leadership (Sy, Côté, & Saavedra, 2005; Van Kleef, Homan, Beersma, & Van Knippenberg, 2010). This Research Topic centers around these and related questions regarding the social nature of emotions, thereby highlighting new research opportunities and guiding future directions in the field. We bring together a collection of papers to provide an encyclopedic, open-access snapshot of the current state of the art of theorizing and research on the social nature of emotion. The state of the art work that is presented in this e-book helps advance the understanding of the social nature of emotions. It brings together the latest cutting-edge findings and thoughts on this central topic in emotion science, as it heads toward the next frontier.

Childhood in the Late Ottoman Empire and After

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Book Series: The Ottoman Empire and its Heritage ISBN: 9789004293120 9789004305809 Year: Volume: 59 Pages: 304 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_613397 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-20 10:48:39
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This title, in its entirety, is available online in Open Access. This volume explores the ways childhood was experienced, lived and remembered in the late Ottoman Empire and its successor states in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries when rapid change placed unprecedented demands on the young.

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history

Performances of Peace: Utrecht 1713

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ISBN: 9789004304772 9789004304789 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_613346 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 09:19:18
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Performances of Peace: Utrecht 1713 aims to rethink the significance of the Peace of Utrecht (1713) by exploring the nexus between culture and politics. This book is available in Open Access.

Public Justice and the Criminal Trial in Late Medieval Italy

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Book Series: Medieval Law and Its Practice ISBN: 9789004311350 Year: Volume: 20 Pages: 231 DOI: 10.1163/9789004311350 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 09:19:18
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This book examines the administration of justice in the small northern Italian town of Reggio Emilia at the end of the fourteenth century. Through an examination of material from the judicial archives from the period 1371-1409, this study investigates the development of public justice, inquisition procedure, and dispute resolution in late medieval Reggio Emilia, also incorporating comparative material, especially archival material from Bologna at the end of the fourteenth century. This study seeks to add to the discussion on dispute resolution and court processes in late medieval Europe, moving the discussion outside the major urban centers of late medieval Italy to the periphery of urban life. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

history --- politics

Engines of Truth

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ISBN: 9780300216554 9780300125665 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_604618 Language: English
Publisher: Yale University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103442
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-11 11:01:10
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During the Victorian era, new laws allowed more witnesses to testify in court cases. At the same time, an emerging cultural emphasis on truth-telling drove the development of new ways of inhibiting perjury. Strikingly original and drawing on a broad array of archival research, Wendie Schneider’s examination of the Victorian courtroom charts this period of experimentation and how its innovations shaped contemporary trial procedure. Blending legal, social, and colonial history, she shines new light on cross-examination, the most enduring product of this time and the “greatest legal engine ever invented for the discovery of truth.” This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

history

Political Strategies in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781607325659 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_604531 Language: English
Publisher: University Press of Colorado Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-11 11:01:20
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New data from a variety of well-known scholars in Mesoamerican archaeology reveal the creation, perpetuation, and contestation of politically authoritative relationships between rulers and subjects and between nobles and commoners. The contributions span the geographic breadth and temporal extent of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica—from Preclassic Oaxaca to the Classic Petén region of Guatemala to the Postclassic Michoacán—and the contributors weave together archaeological, epigraphic, and ethnohistoric data. Grappling with the questions of how those exercising authority convince others to follow and why individuals often choose to recognize and comply with authority, Political Strategies in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica discusses why the study of political authority is both timely and significant, reviews how scholars have historically understood the operation of political authority, and proposes a new analytical framework to understand how rulers rule. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

The World's Oldest Church

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Book Series: Synkrisis ISBN: 9780300216516 Year: Pages: 344 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_604619 Language: English
Publisher: Yale University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-11 11:01:24
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Michael Peppard provides a historical and theological reassessment of the oldest Christian building ever discovered, the third-century house-church at Dura-Europos. Contrary to commonly held assumptions about Christian initiation, Peppard contends that rituals here did not primarily embody notions of death and resurrection. Rather, he portrays the motifs of the church’s wall paintings as those of empowerment, healing, marriage, and incarnation, while boldly reidentifying the figure of a woman formerly believed to be a repentant sinner as the Virgin Mary. This richly illustrated volume is a breakthrough work that enhances our understanding of early Christianity at the nexus of Bible, art, and ritual. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

history

Fact and Fiction

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ISBN: 9781487511401 9781442645981 Year: Pages: 368 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_604621 Language: English
Publisher: University of Toronto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103456
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-11 11:01:26
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"Fact and Fiction explores the intersection between literature and the sciences, focusing on German and British culture between the eighteenth century and today. Observing that it was in the eighteenth century that the divide between science and literature as disciplines first began to be defined, the contributors to this collection probe how authors from that time onwards have assessed and affected the relationship between literary and scientific cultures.&#xD;Fact and Fiction’s twelve essays cover a wide range of scientific disciplines, from physics and chemistry to medicine and anthropology, and a variety of literary texts, such as Erasmus Darwin’s poem The Botanic Garden, George Eliot’s Daniel Deronda, and Goethe’s Elective Affinities. The collection will appeal to scholars of literature and of the history of science, and to those interested in the connections between the two."&#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Mind, Body, Motion, Matter

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781487511418 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_604622 Language: English
Publisher: University of Toronto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-11 11:01:28
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Mind, Body, Motion, Matter investigates the relationship between the eighteenth century’s two predominant approaches to the natural world – mechanistic materialism and vitalism – in the works of leading British and French writers such as Daniel Defoe, William Hogarth, Laurence Sterne, the third Earl of Shaftesbury and Denis Diderot. Focusing on embodied experience and the materialization of thought in poetry, novels, art, and religion, the literary scholars in this collection offer new and intriguing readings of these canonical authors. Informed by contemporary currents such as new materialism, cognitive studies, media theory, and post-secularism, their essays demonstrate the volatility of the core ideas opened up by materialism and the possibilities of an aesthetic vitalism of form. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

literature --- history

Making the White Man's West

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ISBN: 9781607325635 Year: Pages: 312 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_604532 Language: English
Publisher: University Press of Colorado Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-11 11:01:30
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In the early nineteenth century, critics like Zebulon Pike and Washington Irving viewed the West as a “dumping ground” for free blacks and Native Americans, a place where they could be segregated from the white communities east of the Mississippi River. But as immigrant populations and industrialization took hold in the East, white Americans began to view the West as a “refuge for real whites.” The West had the most diverse population in the nation with substantial numbers of American Indians, Hispanics, and Asians, but Anglo-Americans could control these mostly disenfranchised peoples and enjoy the privileges of power while celebrating their presence as providing a unique regional character. The first comprehensive study to examine the construction of white racial identity in the West, Making the White Man’s West shows how these two visions of the West shaped the history of the region and influenced a variety of contemporary social issues in the West today. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

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