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Making room: Facilitating the testimony of child witnesses and victims

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ISBN: 978192038347 Year: Pages: 70 Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-09 12:15:32
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About the publicationCourt rooms are frightening places for anyone testifying. Even adults are fearful about giving evidence in front of magistrates and judges, and about being questioned by prosecutors and defence lawyers. Imagine how much more scary that must be for a child. Even worse, in sexual offences children have to talk about embarrassing things, for which they do not even have an adequate or accurate vocabulary. South African law has excellent provisions which allow children to testify via intermediaries and in separate rooms, so that they need not encounter the offender. But this is only as good as the provisioning allows. In the 2009 case of Director of Public Prosecutions v the Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development, the Court laid emphasis on these special arrangements, and at the time directed the Minister of Justice to place a report before the Constitutional Court on the readiness of the courts to provide the specialised services. Five years on, this report looks at the statistical evidence that is currently available, coupled with empirical evidence gathered from visits to sexual offences court, to determine how much progress has been made towards the goal of children being able to testify in a safe, child-friendly environment.About the authors:The Centre for Child Law was established in 1998 and is based in the Faculty of Law at the University of Pretoria. The Director of the Centre is Prof Ann Skelton.The Centre contributes towards the establishment and promotion of the best interests of children in South Africa through litigation, advocacy, research and education.Table of ContentsFOREWORDACKNOWLEDGMENTSIntroductionBackgroundQuantifying compliance: Where we were compared to where we are3.1 Intermediaries3.2 Separate child witness testifying rooms3.3 CCTV systems3.4 One-way mirrorsReported experiences: A qualitative view of court services for child victims and witnesses4.1 Eastern Cape4.1.1 Lusikisiki Court4.1.2 Engcobo Court4.1.3 Qumbu Court4.1.4 Ngqeleni Court4.1.5 Mthatha Court4.1.6 Concluding reflections on the Eastern Cape4.2 Free State4.2.1 Welkom Court4.2.2 Odendaalsrus Court4.2.3 Bothaville Court4.2.4 Concluding reflections on the Free State4.3 Gauteng4.3.1 Cullinan Court4.3.2 Bronkhorstspruit Court4.3.3 Krugersdorp Court4.3.4 Palm Ridge Court4.3.5 Pretoria North Court4.3.6 Concluding reflections on Gauteng4.4 KwaZulu-Natal4.4.1 Durban Court4.4.2 Camperdown Court4.4.3 Pinetown Court4.4.4 Verulam Court4.4.5 Pietermaritzburg Court4.4.6 Concluding reflections on KwaZulu-Natal4.5 Limpopo4.5.1 Sibasa Court4.5.2 Giyani Court4.5.3 Louis Trichardt Court4.5.4 Concluding reflections on Limpopo4.6 Mpumalanga4.6.1 Middelburg Court4.6.2 Ermelo Court4.6.3 Nelspruit Court4.6.4 Mhala Court4.6.5 Concluding reflections on Mpumalanga4.7 North West4.7.1 Brits Court4.7.2 Mmabatho Court4.7.3 Lehurutshe Court4.7.4 Zeerust Court4.7.5 Lichtenburg Court4.7.6 Concluding reflections on the North West4.8 Northern Cape4.8.1 Barkly West Court4.8.2 Warrenton Court4.8.3 Hartswater Court4.8.4 Douglas Court4.8.5 Kimberley Court4.8.6 Concluding reflections on the Northern Cape4.9 Western Cape4.9.1 Atlantis Court4.9.2 Parow Court4.9.3 Wynberg Court4.9.4 Paarl Court4.9.5 Cape Town Court4.9.6 Concluding reflections on the Western CapeSurvey results: Observations and some recommendations5.1 Lack of accommodation5.2 Intermediaries5.2.1 Skills and competency5.2.2 Debriefing of intermediaries5.2.3 Evaluation of intermediaries’ performance5.2.4 Appointment of intermediaries – Contract5.3 Awareness of the needs of child victims and witnesses5.4 Lack of toys and other means to keep children busy5.5 Lack of refreshments for child victims and witnessesConcluding recommendations

Contemporary Developments in Child Protection

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ISBN: 9783038421184 9783038420873 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 184 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-087-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-09 15:02:36
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Volume 1 "Policy Changes and Challenges" takes as its central theme the ongoing and challenging issues which child protection agencies have to address and the policy and practice initiatives that are developed to try and address these. The volume includes papers on: the relationship between the decline in the rate of ‘unnatural’ deaths and the growth of concern about child abuse in the USA between 1940 and 2005; mandatory reporting; the balance between providing urgent intervention and meeting chronic need; risk and the Public Law Outline in England; the nature and implications of ‘child centred’ policies; the impact of intimate partner and family violence; the intended and unintended consequences of high profile child abuse scandals; developing multi-disciplinary team work in a health setting; and the possibilities of technology-based innovations in prevention programmes.

Contemporary Developments in Child Protection

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ISBN: 9783038421191 9783038420880 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 193 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-088-0
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-09 15:06:21
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Volume 2 "Issues in Child Welfare" is primarily concerned with how best to respond to maltreatment ‘within’ the family and hence has a range of papers which are much more concerned with the area of policy and practice more traditionally framed in terms of ‘child welfare’ and social work with children and families. It also includes a paper on how to respond to child maltreatment and neglect in a large hospital context.

Contemporary Developments in Child Protection

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ISBN: 9783038421207 9783038420897 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: 207 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-089-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-09 15:09:52
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Volume 3 "Broadening Challenges in Child Protection" takes a somewhat broader brief and reflects many of the changes over the past twenty five years in terms of the broadening of concerns from maltreatment within the family to maltreatment in a variety of extra-familial contexts, including: sport, the internet, various institutional settings and is much more concerned with sexual abuse and the challenges for criminal justice and public protection.

Brain Development and the Attention Spectrum

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889194827 Year: Pages: 96 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-482-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-16 15:44:59
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Early-onset and enduring developmental deficits in attention, especially if combined with increased hyperactivity, and impulsivity, may result in constant impairments in multiple domains of personal life. The full spectrum of symptoms is characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity, which is maladaptive and inconsistent with a comparable level of developmental age known as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). ADHD is considered one of the most common neurobehavioral disorders and of childhood, and among the most prevalent chronic health conditions.Given the wide heterogeneity and complex manifestations of the disorder, there is an importance in a developmental perspective that views ADHD as a multi-factorial disorder with multiple, causal processes, and pathways. The symptoms of ADHD should be cast, not as static or fixed neurobehavioral deficits, but rather in terms of underlying developmental processes.Even experienced professional might minimize the prevalence of a disorder among certain groups of patients. Therefore, the existence of attention disorders might become ""transparent"" for both the patient and the professional. This might lead to a non-accurate diagnosis, harm the treatment aspects and has potential non beneficial prognostic aspects.The developmental approach can provide predictions as to how characteristics associated with attention develop over time and how multiple risk and protective factors transact to impact it's development, as well as the development of a broad range of associated co-morbid features.Among children with mental retardation, autistic spectrum disorders, children who were born premature, born with low birth weight, as well as among those who suffer from chronic disorders (such as epilepsy, diabetes, chronic kidney disease or asthma), as well as among otherwise healthy preschoolers - the assessment of attention performance might be very challenging. In this research topic, we explore the latest cutting edge research on the biological and neural pathways as well as on psychosocial and behavioral correlates of brain development and attention spectrum. In doing so we aim to highlight: what is currently known regarding this new conceptualization of attention as a spectrum; the mechanisms underlying this spectrum; and where this field is headed in terms of developing our understanding of the link between brain development and attention performance.

Keywords

ADHD --- Attention --- Brain --- autism --- Child --- Delay --- development --- fetal --- maturation --- spectrum --- visual

A Philosophical Examination of Social Justice and Child Poverty

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ISBN: 9781137426017 9781137426024 Year: Pages: 206 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_579612 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 296
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-15 11:01:14
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This book examines child poverty as a topic of social justice. The authors develop a theory of social justice for children based within the capability approach, apply it to the injustice of child poverty and propose a theory of the responsibilities of different agents towards children living in poverty.

Framing French Culture

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ISBN: 9781922064875 Year: Pages: 291 DOI: 10.20851/framing-french Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Social Sciences --- Languages and Literatures --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 04:26:04
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Throughout this book, the concept of framing is used to look at art, photography, scientific drawings and cinema as visually constituted, spatially bounded productions. The way these genres relate to that which exists beyond the frame, by means of plastic, chemically transposed, pencil-sketched or moving images allows us to decipher the particular language of the visual and at the same time circumscribe the dialectic between presence and absence that is proper to all visual media. Yet, these kinds of re-framing owe their existence to the ruptures and upheavals that marked the demise of certain discursive systems in the past, announcing the emergence of others that were in turn overturned.

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