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Leishmaniasis - Trends in Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Treatment

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ISBN: 9789535112327 9789535142362 Year: Pages: 536 DOI: 10.5772/57067 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Of all the parasitic diseases, leishmaniasis is one of the most diverse, with a variety of manifestations, from relatively minor cutaneous lesions to deadly visceral infections. It is also widespread, causing human disease in the Americas, Asia, Europe and Africa. The environments in which this disease occurs range from desert to tropical jungle to urban habitats. Not surprisingly, the literature on this disease is written in a variety of languages including Portuguese, Arabic, English and French among others. This book provides a synopsis in English of much of the recent research on leishmaniasis, with a focus on the epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment of the disease as described by researchers around the world, but with a focus on the research from Brazil and the Middle East.

Stress, Shock, and Adaptation in the Twentieth Century

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Rochester Studies in Medical History ISBN: 9781580464765 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_478052 Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 082834 (chapter 1) and 084988 (chapter 9)
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:11
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Stress is one of the most widely utilized medical concepts in modern society. Originally used to describe physiological responses to trauma, it is now applied in a variety of other fields and contexts, such as in the construction and expression of personal identity, social relations, building and engineering, and the various complexities of the competitive capitalist economy. In addition, scientists and medical experts use the concept to explore the relationship between an ever increasing number of environmental stressors and the evolution of an expanding range of mental and chronic organic diseases, such as hypertension, gastric ulcers, arthritis, allergies, and cancer. This edited volume brings together leading scholars to explore the emergence and development of the stress concept and its definitions as they have changed over time. It examines how stress and closely related concepts have been used to connect disciplines such as architecture, ecology, physiology, psychiatry, psychology, public health, urban planning, and a range of social sciences; its application in different settings such as the battlefield, workplace, clinic, hospital, and home; and the advancement of techniques of stress management in a number of different national, sociocultural, and scientific locations.

The Invention of the “Stressed Animalâ€&#157; and the Development of a Science of Animal Welfare, 1947–86 (Book chapter)

Book title: Stress, Shock, and Adaptation in the Twentieth Century

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Rochester Studies in Medical History ISBN: 9781580464765 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 082834 (chapter 1) and 084988 (chapter 9)
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:05
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Stress is one of the most widely utilized medical concepts in modern society. Originally used to describe physiological responses to trauma, it is now applied in a variety of other fields and contexts, such as in the construction and expression of personal identity, social relations, building and engineering, and the various complexities of the competitive capitalist economy. In addition, scientists and medical experts use the concept to explore the relationship between an ever increasing number of environmental stressors and the evolution of an expanding range of mental and chronic organic diseases, such as hypertension, gastric ulcers, arthritis, allergies, and cancer. This edited volume brings together leading scholars to explore the emergence and development of the stress concept and its definitions as they have changed over time. It examines how stress and closely related concepts have been used to connect disciplines such as architecture, ecology, physiology, psychiatry, psychology, public health, urban planning, and a range of social sciences; its application in different settings such as the battlefield, workplace, clinic, hospital, and home; and the advancement of techniques of stress management in a number of different national, sociocultural, and scientific locations.

Evaluating the Role of Hans Selye in the Modern History of Stress (Book chapter)

Book title: Stress, Shock, and Adaptation in the Twentieth Century

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Rochester Studies in Medical History ISBN: 9781580464765 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 082834 (chapter 1) and 084988 (chapter 9)
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:05
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Stress is one of the most widely utilized medical concepts in modern society. Originally used to describe physiological responses to trauma, it is now applied in a variety of other fields and contexts, such as in the construction and expression of personal identity, social relations, building and engineering, and the various complexities of the competitive capitalist economy. In addition, scientists and medical experts use the concept to explore the relationship between an ever increasing number of environmental stressors and the evolution of an expanding range of mental and chronic organic diseases, such as hypertension, gastric ulcers, arthritis, allergies, and cancer. This edited volume brings together leading scholars to explore the emergence and development of the stress concept and its definitions as they have changed over time. It examines how stress and closely related concepts have been used to connect disciplines such as architecture, ecology, physiology, psychiatry, psychology, public health, urban planning, and a range of social sciences; its application in different settings such as the battlefield, workplace, clinic, hospital, and home; and the advancement of techniques of stress management in a number of different national, sociocultural, and scientific locations.

Melothesia in Babylonia. Medicine, Magic, and Astrology in the Ancient Near East

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ISBN: 9781614516934 9781614517757 9781614519348 Year: Pages: 112 DOI: 10.1515/9781614516934 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-02 11:21:06

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This book examines the Babylonian backgroundof melothesia, the science of charting zodiac influences on the human body, which transformed older divination by connecting astrology with medical techniques. Special attention is given to a text from late-5th-century Uruk, which is argued to be an important representative of this new approach to the healing arts, previously only known from Greek and medieval astrology.

Keywords

astrology --- medicine --- magic --- melothesia

Galeni In Hippocratis Epidemiarum librum I commentariorum I-III versio Arabica / Galen. Commentary on Hippocrates' Epidemics Book I

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Book Series: Corpus Medicorum Graecorum – Supplementum Orientale ISBN: 9783110405835 9783110406597 9783110406771 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 736 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_531190 Language: English|Uncoded
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Wellcome Trust - 084192MA
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-29 09:34:24
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The present volume offers the first critical edition of Book 1 of the medieval Arabic translation of Galen's Commentary on the Hippocratic Epidemics, produced by the celebrated translator Hunayn ibn Ishāq (d. ca. 870). The edition is based on all extant Arabic textual witnesses, including the Arabic secondary transmission. The translation of Galen's commentary became a crucial source for the development of medicine in the Islamic world, especially in the nascent field of clinical medicine. It was frequently read and quoted in later Arabic medical literature, and several Arabic authors used it to produce a wide range of didactic writings for medical students and practising physicians.&#xD;&#xD;The English translation, which aims to convey some of the flavour of the Arabic translation, comes with extensive notes on the differences between the Greek original and the Arabic translation. A thorough comparison between the two versions of the commentary provides important insights into the translation style and technique of Hunayn ibn Ishāq and his circle and Arabic medical terminology at the time.

New Trends in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine - Official Book of the Japanese Society for Regenerative Medicine

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535117247 9789535142317 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: 10.5772/58896 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:09

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This book is an edited collection of all the achievements of the main members of the Dental Division of the Japanese Society for Regenerative Medicine, which derives from the Japanese Forum for Regenerative Dentistry established in 2003. Scientific meetings held by these organizations gleaned specific experiences of the academic community as well as clinical experiences of the most renowned experts in the field of dentistry. The editors are especially proud of bringing together leading biologists and dentists of all specialties. This unique collection of reports on the achievements and experiences of experts from all over the world represents the current spectrum of possibilities in tissue engineering of substitutes not only in dentistry but also in medicine.

This book has been produced and distributed with the support from The Japanese Society for Regenerative Medicine.

Aging and Health

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783318027297 9783318027303 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Karger Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103014
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-26 11:22:14
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Aging is a major risk factor for chronic diseases, which in turn can provide information about the aging of a biological system. This publication serves as an introduction to systems biology and its application to biological aging. Key pathways and processes that impinge on aging are reviewed, and how they contribute to health and disease during aging is discussed. The evolution of this situation is analyzed, and the consequences for the study of genetic effects on aging are presented. Epigenetic programming of aging, as a continuation of development, creates an interface between the genome and the environment. New research into the gut microbiome describes how this interface may operate in practice with marked consequences for a variety of disorders. This analysis is bolstered by a view of the aging organism as a whole, with conclusions about the mechanisms underlying resilience of the organism to change, and is expanded with a discussion of circadian rhythms in aging.

Scottish Medicine and Literary Culture, 1726-1832

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Book Series: Clio Medica: Perspectives in Medical Humanities ISBN: 9789401211734 Year: Pages: 315 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_512371 Language: English
Publisher: Rodopi Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097597
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:47
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Scottish Medicine and Literary Culture, 1726–1832 examines the ramifications of Scottish medicine for literary culture within Scotland, throughout Britain, and across the transatlantic world. The contributors take an informed historicist approach in examining the cultural, geographical, political, and other circumstances enabling the dissemination of distinctively Scottish medico-literary discourses. In tracing the international influence of Scottish medical ideas upon literary practice they ask critical questions concerning medical ethics, the limits of sympathy and the role of belles lettres in professional self-fashioning, and the development of medico-literary genres such as the medical short story, physician autobiography and medical biography. Some consider the role of medical ideas and culture in the careers, creative practice and reception of such canonical writers as Mark Akenside, Robert Burns, Robert Fergusson, Sir Walter Scott and William Wordsworth. By providing an important range of current scholarship, these essays represent an expansion and greater penetration of critical vision.

Phrenological Controversy and the Medical Imagination: ‘A Modern Pythagorean’ in Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine (Book chapter)

Book title: Scottish Medicine and Literary Culture, 1726-1832

Authors: ---
Book Series: Clio Medica: Perspectives in Medical Humanities ISBN: 9789042038912 9789401211734 Year: Pages: 315 Language: English
Publisher: Rodopi Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097597
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04
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Scottish Medicine and Literary Culture, 1726–1832 examines the ramifications of Scottish medicine for literary culture within Scotland, throughout Britain, and across the transatlantic world. The contributors take an informed historicist approach in examining the cultural, geographical, political, and other circumstances enabling the dissemination of distinctively Scottish medico-literary discourses. In tracing the international influence of Scottish medical ideas upon literary practice they ask critical questions concerning medical ethics, the limits of sympathy and the role of belles lettres in professional self-fashioning, and the development of medico-literary genres such as the medical short story, physician autobiography and medical biography. Some consider the role of medical ideas and culture in the careers, creative practice and reception of such canonical writers as Mark Akenside, Robert Burns, Robert Fergusson, Sir Walter Scott and William Wordsworth. By providing an important range of current scholarship, these essays represent an expansion and greater penetration of critical vision.

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